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KEEP ?VULK COOL AND CLEAN
Warm Weather ls Trying on Dairymen,
but More Especially on Women
t??--. -Keep Vessels Clean.
: The season is rapidly approaching
when greater care must be taken of
milk. Warm weather is trying on the
dairyman, but more especially on the
farmer's wife, who must care for the
milk from a few cows. Preparations
should therefore be made to keep the
milk cool and clean.
The facilities for keeping milk on
the average farm are very inadequate.
Not enough cool space is available for
the average furm woman, hence she
has difficulties in saving the milk and
ripening the cream evenly.
In the first place, the milk vessels
are important. They should be of the
right kind, with no seams in the pans,
pails, etc., to harbor germs. There
should be plenty of vessels and they
should be kept scrupulously clean,
aired, steamed and sunned occasion
A refrigerator is almost a necessity
on the farm these days. There are
many perishable foods as well as milk
to be kept. The cost of a refrigerator
fis not great when the utility and econ
omy of keeping foods are considered.
DAIRY COWS RELISH SILAGE
Result Given of an Experiment Con*
ducted by Pennsylvania Station
Decrease in Yield.
In an experiment conducted by the j
Pennsylvania station, according to a
report received by the department of i
agriculture, two lots of five cows each J
were fed for three periods of four
weeks. Lot 1 received silage alone for
roughage during period 1 and 3 and
mixed hay and silage during period
2, and lot 2 received hay and silage
during periods 1 and 3 and silage dur
ing period 2.
The milk yield decreased with both
systems of roughage, but the decrease
was less with silage and hay. When
silage and hay for roughage followed j
silage alone there was a slight increase
in milk yield over the initial produc
tion. Except in one instance there
was a decrease each period. When
High Producing Type.
the cows received hay they con
sumed practically the same amount
of silage as when no hay was
included in the ration. Both lots
consumed an excess of protein and
net energy above that necessary for
maintenance and milk production
when based on Eckles* standard. There
were no apparent undesirable physi
cal effects from the feeding of silage'
alone for roughage with the grains
.used. There was very little difference
in the cost of the two rations or in
the feed cost of milk and milk fat.
'No perceptible difference was observed
In the health of the two lots.
MILK FEVER IS BOTHERSOME
Danger Among Cows Appears Great.
I est in Late Summer-Keep Animal
I in Barn and Feed Hay.
! Milk fever Is a rather serions tron
jble with good cows, as it is said that
.none but well-bred, heavy-producing
tcows have it. It seems to be more
iprevalent among gra3S-fed cows.
The danger of milk fever among
Icows seems to be greatest in late sum
imer or early fall, notably June, July,
lAngust and September. The recom
mendation is to put the cow in the
?barn and feed dry hay about; a week
?before sh? comes fresh. Three oT
?four days before calving the cow is
jgiven a dose of salts with a little gin
jger. Another dose is also given five
or six hours after the calf is born. A
bucket of warm water should be given
the cow two or three times a day. She
?should not be allowed to have cold
"water for some time.
FEED ROUGHAGE TO DRY COWS
'Profitable, However, to Feed Sufficient
Grain to Have Them in Good
Dry cows can be maintained on hay
and silage or roots. It is profitable
however, to feed cows a sufficient
amount of grain during the dry period
to have them in good physical condi
tion at calving time.
Cows should be dry for six to eight
weeks prior to calving. It does not
pay to have them dry for a longer
If your poultry house, stable
or hog barn is infested with in
sects and you want to have
clean, fresh, attractive interiors
in your buildings, try the follow
ing mixture: Slake five quarts
of lime with hot water to the con
sistency of cream. To this add one
pint of zenoleum or a coal tar
product, and one pint of kerosene.
Dilute until it can be applied
with a brush or spray pump. The
coal tar product kills disease
germs, the kerosene destroys
mites and the lime whitens the
HEN MANURE IMPROVES SOIL
Droppings Should Be Collected Daily
and Mixed with Substances to
According to the Maine station, the
droppings should . he collected daily
and mixed with substances which will
(1) prevent loss of nitrogen, (2) add
sufficient potash and phosphoric acid
to make n better balanced fertilizer,
and (3) improve the mechanical con
dition of the manure so that it can be
applied to the land with a manure
This can be done ns follows: To
each 30 pounds of the manure add ten
pounds of sawdust, good dried loam,
or peat, 16 pounds of acid phosphate,
eight pounds of kalnit. Such a mix
ture will contain about 1.25 per cent
of nitrogen, 4.5 per cent of phosphoric
acid, and 2 per cent of potash, which,
used nt the rate of two tons per acre
would furnish 50 pounds of nitrogen,
1S5 pounds of phosphoric acid, and SO
pounds of potash, and at the present
price of fertilizing Ingredients is worth
about $10 per ton. The mixture would
furnish a well-halnnced stable ferti
lizer, which, although not fine enough
to work well in drills, can be success*
fully applied with a manure spreader.
The treated manure should be well ,
sheltered until time to apply to the
land-that is shortly before plowing.
CONSTRUCTING A FARM GATE
Directions Given for Making Durable
and Cheap Barrier-Convenient
and Easily Made.
CBy BURDINE TVEBB.)
Take board strips, one inch thick, j
three inches broad, and the proper
length and width you want your gate,
nail them across each other, making
about .three-Inch cracks.
Then take the same size and width
pieces and double the crosses, nailing
securely. A half pound of No. 8 nails
will do the work.
Use ordinary light hinges. I use
seven crosspieces, and then by dou
bling these, which ls absolutely neces
sary, you will have to use 14, with
four pieces lengthwise, making a total
of 18 pieces, a cheap and durable and
In making the latch use any of sev
eral convenient methods.
PROPER WATERING OF H0RP?
Expert of North Dakota Experiment
Station Suggests Water Be
Given Before Feed.
The proper watering of the horse is .
Important. Mr. Peters of the North
Dakota experiment station makes the
following suggestions. A horse that ls
thirsty should be watered before being
fed hay or grain, rather than after.
The reason for this is that the stomach
pf the horse is comparatively small,
And if he eats a heavy feed of grain
or hay or both, and then drinks a large
quantity of water, a portion of the
feed will be washed from the stomach
into the intestines before it has been
sufficiently acted upon by the digestive
fluids of the stomach, and colic is like
ly to develop. The regular practice
should be to water before feeding.
SOME SEEDS CARRY DISEASE
Development of Resistant Varieties
and Disinfection ls Favored as
Best Preventive. ,
Several wilts and blights which at
tack ordinary vegetables are carried
from year to year on the seed. The
most common of these are celery blight
and some- of the cabbage rots.
The best preventive in either case
ls a development of resistant varieties
and also a disinfection of the seed to
prevent carrying the disease to new
CONTROL CORN ENEMY
Extremely Difficult to Eradicate
Insect Begins Operations Early In
Spring, Soon After Planting-In
fested Soil Should Be Deep
Injury to corn by wireworms occurs
in early spring, soon after planting.
If the seed does not sprout, or the
young corn plants wither and die
down, the cause is generally wire-,
worms. Land that has been in grass
often is crowded with these larvae,
which collect on corn hills, eating
first part of the seeds and later the
roots of the plants.
Wireworms are extremely hard to
control, because they remain in the
ground and are Inaccessible practical
ly all their lives.
J. A. Hyslop, in a recent bulletin of
the U. S. department of agriculture
makes the following recommendations
for wireworms infesting corn:
Thorough preparation of the corn
seedbed, and a liberal use of barn
yard manure or other fertilizer will
often give a fair stand to corn in spite
of wireworms. A vigorous plant may
One of the Corn Wireworms (Melano
tus Communis); a, Adult Beetle; b,
Larva; c, the last Segments of
Same; d, Pupa. All Enlarged. From
Chittenden, U. S. Department of
be able to produce roots enough to
withstand the depredations of several
Land that is in corn, and badly in
fested should be deeply cultivated,
even at the risk of "root pruning" the
soil. Land should be cultivated as
long as possible, and as soon as the
crop is removed, it should be deeply
plowed and thoroughly cultivated-be
fore sowine now crop.
The interposing of a crop not se
verely attacked by wireworms, such
as field peas and buckwheat, between
sod and corn would materially reduce
the number of wireworms in the soil
when corn is planted.
Corn wireworms generally are con
fined to poorly drnined, or heavy and
sour soil. In many cases of this kind,
after the land was tile drained thc
injury ceased. No direct relationship
between draining and disappearance
of wireworms can be ascertained, but
they usually go togerher.
BALANCED RATION IS NEEDED
Carefully Select Al Fertilizers for
Garden-Sheep Manure Will
Help Plan's Along.
Fertilizers, the plantfood for the
garden, should be carefully selected.
Nitrogen, which stimulates leaf
growth, is best supplied by turning un
der rich, well-rott<d or composted ma
nure, or rotting vtgetable matter. Ni
trogen also is sujplied In such fertil
izers as nitrate ?f soda and sulphate
Potash tends t> hasten the maturity
of the plant, buc also has a tendency
to counteract the work of nitrogen.
On this account those not experienced
in using potasl will find sulphate of
potash better, ?r at least safer In most
cases, than tie muriate. On account
of the disturbed commercial conditions
potash is haidwood ashes.
Plants neel a balanced ration. If
they are la?king In nitrogen, they
show pale eaf and stunted plant
form. Exee? of nitrogen is shown by
large leaf aid plant growth with im
perfect frutage. If the plants lack
potash, the: will not be fruitful.
PREVENT EROSION OF SOILS
Terracing and Contour Farming Aro
Comrig Into Favor as Good
The firm practices that canse ex
cessive ?roslon are continuous cultiva
tion, sh.How plowing, furrowing with
the slob's, leaving the land bnre in
winter, neglect of gullies and the ex
haustion of organic matter.
Pracices tending to control erosion
are s.stemntic rotations containing
fewer cultivated crops and more hay
and ptsture crops, the gradual deep
eningof soil by occasional deep plow
ing, be use of barnyard and green
mamfes, winter cover crops such ns
rye ind wheat, and prompt attention
to gillies and ditches.
Terracing and contour farming are
coning into favor as preventive prac
tice as lands increase in value. Tiling
poo'ly drained sloping lands such as
sporty hillsides, helps by opening up
thr subsoil and carrying part of the
w&er off through the tiles.
writes more Life Insm
any company in Amer
one. They have lowest
dividends and free disab
of all companies in tl
E. J. NORRIS
m THE .
Happiness is the only pood. The
place to be happy ls herc. The time to
be happy is now. The way to be hap
py is tc ake others so.-Robert In
WAYS OF SERVING FRUITS.
Toss some ripe even sized strawber
ries in French dressing to marinate.
Serve them on lettuce
leaves with chicken or
Make a round sponge
cake and when cold
scoop out the inside and
cover with a pink icing,
then fill the center with
whipped cream and
strawberries that have
been cut up and sugared
to taste. Pile high and garnish with
small ripe berries. Make a handle of
angehen and serve at once.
Strawberry Sirup.-Take six pounds
of strawberries, two pints of water,
two ounces of tartaric acid and the
sugar needed. Dissolve the acid in
the water and pour over the fruit.
Let stand twenty-four hours, then
strain off the juice without crushing
the fruit. All or three cupfuls of sugar
to every pint of juice and when boil
ing hot, bottle and seal. This sirup
may be used for fruit drinks, pud
ring sauces and sherbets.
Cherry Mousse.-Cook together a
pound of cherries and one-half cupful
of sugar. Put two tablespoonfuls of
cherry juice into a basin, add the
yolks of two eggs and cook over water
stirring until creamy; dissolve one
and a half teaspoonfuls of powdered
gelatin with a half cupful of cherry
juice, add it to the yolks, with one
half cupful of whipped cream and the
whites of the eggs beaten stiff and a
few drops of red color. Pour into
small wet molds lined round with pa
per ; decorate with whipped cream and
Fruit Salad.-Take a cupful of
strawberries, one-half cupful of ripe
raspberries, half a cupful of stoned
cherries, three bananas, one-half cup
ful of red currants, one-half cupful
of white currants and two tablespoon
fuls of chopped coconut. For the salad
dressing, cook together a half cupful
of water, six tablespoonfuls of sugar,
and a cupful of fruit juice, when thick
as sirup remove and chill. Pour over
the fruit and sprinkle with chopped
coconut just before serving.
When serving a cold drink, to make
the glass more attractive roll it in hot j
water then fill with the iced drink.
Light Saw, Lathe and Shin
gle Mills, Engines. Boilers,
Supplies and Repairs, Porta
ble, Steam and Gasoline En
gines, Saw Teeth, Files. Belts
and Pipes, WOOD SAWS
GINS and PRESS REPAIRS
The Hartford Fire
is one hundred and seven (107)
years old. Writes more Fire In
surance than any fire insurance
company in America.
You will be perfectly safe with
a Hartford Fire Polic}7.
E. J. NORRIS, Agt.
Southern Railway System
An Ambition and a Record
no special privilege not '
'pHE needs of thc South are identical with thc ne
of the Southern Railway, thc rrowth and success of one m
tur upbu?iiinc of :lie ether.
The Southern Railway isles no favors
accorded to others.
The ambition of thc Southern P.a?way Company is to ?rr that
unity ttf intere.-t that i: born of co-operation between the puMic ind
the railroad: to rec prrfrcied that fair and f rari: polio- in the si-nare
ment of railroads which invites thc cooadsnce of Keremneattl
arrncirs; to realize that liberality of treatment which will enable it
to obtain the additional capital needed fol the acquisition of better and
cnlarced facilities incident to thc deuaud for increased and better
service; ar.d, snaily
To take its niche in the body politic of the South alonc'ide of
other rrrat industries, with no nore, but with equal liberties. ei;uai
rights and equal opportunities.
" The Southern Serves the South."
Have you purchased a pair of
the celebrated Crossett Oxfords
yet? If not, come in and see our
new spring stock in all of the pop
ular leathers and lasts. We also
sell the Selz-Schwab shoes. Nothing
better for the money.
DORN & MIfflS