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I MOST REMARKABLE
Fifty miles inland from Valparaiso
is the city of Santiago, the capital of
Chile and the fourth South American
city in population. From its broad
central avenue, the Alameda, lined
with statues and four rows of trees,
one can look upon mountains crowned
with perpetual snow. From here the
transcontinental tourist departs for
the ride over the Trans-Andean rail
road, the first rail line to conquer the
tremendous Andean barrier, and prob
ably the most wonderful feat of rail
road engineering in the world.
The passenger making this trip will
have an experience never to be forgot
ten. To quot*;- a writer : "If any other
trunk line of railroad traverses a re
gion so extraordinary, it has not yet
SECTION OF ROAD AND
ElECTKITY IN OSE
Heavily Laden Freight Trains Are
Handled With Ease.
LOCOMOTIVES 00 WORK WELL
Tractors Draw Their Loads up Steep
Mountain Slopes at Speed of 15
Miles an Hour-Does tho
Work of Four Engines.
Probably nothing proves more con
vincingly the success of electrification
In the case of a certain Western rail
road than the ease with which heavily
laden freight trains are handled on the
steep mountain grades. Every 24 hours
five of these trains, consisting ol' some
thing like sixty cars each, are moved
each way across the mountains, and so
well do the big electric locomotives do
their work that there is an average
saving of four hours for each train on
each 100 miles of the run. This cnn
be understood when it is realized that
the electric tractors draw their trains
Tip the steep mountain slopes at a
speed of 15 miles an hour, and even
better, where formerly three or four
steam locomotives panted and wracked
themselves in a violent effort to attain
half that speed with much smaller
: All this is amazing when it ls re
.ealled that only a little more than 90.
years ago George Stephenson's firs;
steam locomotive made its maiden trir
on a rail line between Stockton and
Darlington, England. The train was
composed of 34 vehicles, representing
a gross load of about ninety tons, and
the rate of travel ranged between five
and ten miles on hour. A warning sig
nalman rode ahead on horseback.
New Type of Locomotive.
Last year a new type of locomotive
made its maiden trip on the Rocky
mountain division of the road, running
westward from Harlowtown. Mont.,
over the Continental divide. How radi
cally different it was from the British
pioneer! It weighed 2S4 tons, three
times as much as Stephenson's whole
train, and its titanic hauling power
?was such that it could draw a load
equivalent to 35 of Stephenson's trains
np a grade of 52.S feet in a mile at a
.speed of 16 miles an hour.
This capacity is typical of all of the
electric tractors now used on the
mountain section of the line. Super
ficially, they quite fail to give that
hint of power which is characteristic
of their big steam rivals.
Within the carlike body of each are
eight massive 430-horse power motors,
geared to a like number of driving
axles, which produce a motive force
of 3,440 horse power. Outwardly these
locomotives appear to be two, because
they ye divided in the center; this is
done in order to insure greater flexi
bility In handling and when rounding
Because these tractors can be con
trolled with equal ease from either
end, like a trolley car, no turntable is
required at division points. From end
to end the huge engines have a length
Of 112 feet.
Gain Made in Speod.
The electric locomotive does the
work of four ordinary steam engines, |
and is capable of handling its full ;
tonnage on a heavy grade at from
fifteen to sixteen miles an hour, as 1
against the eight to ten miles an hour
possible with four of its steam rivals. :
On a 1 per cent grade, or a rise of
52.8 feet in a mile, the electric.engine
is able to haul a passenger train of
800 tons at a rate of 25 miles an hour,
while on level stretches it can do a
mile a minute. This ls a very con- j
-jftderable gain over the speeds obtain- ;
RAILROAD IN CHILE
Penetrating deep valleys, beside
rushing torrents, clinging to the per
pendicular sides of precipices a thou
sand feet deep, stretching by HS
eerie bridges over vast chasms, plung
ing through 25 tunnels, climbing the
slopes of snowy peaks 15,000 and 22,
000 feet in elevation, ascending far
above the timber ' v? the train finally
passes over the Co.. nental Divide, at
10,400 feet elevation in a three-mile
tunnel, and then descends to the fertile
plains of the Argentine.
No greater transition could be ex
perienced. Behind are the mountains
and in front limitless prairies.
Unparalleled scenic grandeur has
been left behind and a world devoted
to agriculture and commerce entered.
ENTRANCE TO TUNNEL.
nble under similar conditions with
It must be remembered that each
steam locomotive is a self-contained
power plant which may not be ope
rated to tile best advantage by the men
In charge of it. It takes a long time to
start ah ordinary locomotive that has
been standing in the roundhouse, and
this work calls for the attention of the
engineer and fireman from the very
beginniug of steam raising. More than
that, a certain amount of coal is
burned at low efficiency in raising the
water to the steaming point and then
to the desired operating pressure.
There is no return upon this outlay.
Furthermore, all the time during
which the locomotive ls waiting in the
yard or station and not actually en
gaged in hauling represents an un
profitable period, and finally there are
the halts for fuel and water along the
nm and the protracted attendance at
the end of the journey when the en
gine is again returned to a round
house. One might cite other condi
tions, such as leaky valves, changes of
altitude, and the effects of weather
en route, which have a very decided
bearing upon the working and the
cost of operating steam locomotives.
See, then, how different is the story
In the case of the electric tractor.
Each of those electric locomotives is
entirely Independent of coal pockets,
along the way, for it needs neither fuel
nor water, and therefore does not have
to" drag along behind it a bulky, bur
densome tender. Further, the man at
the lever has nothing whatever to do
with the generation of energy, and, ac
cordingly, nil of those tractors can be,
?perated exactly alike. '
Needs Little Care.
No matter what the grade, the mo
torman knows that his supply of mo
tive force will romain constant and
equal to the tax on it, his locomotive
meeting each changing condition eas
ily and without wracking stress. It
! can run a thousand milos without over
hauling, and for that reason can cover
several steam railway divisions at one
stretch. It has no ashes to dump, no
flues to clean, and no boiler to in
spect. It cnn be started out of its
roundhouse at an instant's notice ; it
can be housed at the end of its run
With only a few minutes' attention,
and for these reasons the cost of su
pervision and maintenance falls far be
low that of Its steam rival.
As one of the experts has said,
"Winter, above all, demonstrates the
efficiency of the electric locomotive.
Its great driving power gives lt a
marked advantage over Its steam com
petitor in pushing through heavy
snowdrifts. Of even more Importance,
however, is the fact that while the
steam tractor experiences most trouble
In bitter cold weather, through slow
fires, loss of heat by radiation, and
frozen pipes, the electric locomotive
is actually at its best under such con
"Not only are electrical conditions
favored by the dry, cold air of winter,
but since practically the only difficulty
with electric motors ls their tendency
to heat when working at maximum, lt
follows that the colder the weather the
less the colls will heat"
CONSUMPTION OF COAL |
A report issued by the New
York Chamber of Commerce < ?
shows that the railroads of the
? country in 191G consumed an un- < >
<? precedented total of 200,000,000 <t
tons of coal. In former years, <?
o the report says, the amount sel- o
dom ran above 150,000,u? tons.
<> It is estimated that the railroads o
in 1910 expended $2GU,O0O,0?? for
<? fuel, allowing nothing for tho o
cost of handling. ^
BAD HABIT OF UNTIDINESS
Cities Spend Much Money on Parks
and Then Tolerate Junkheaps
and Refuse-Piled Alleys.
The other day we walked by a par
ticularly attractive suburban resi
dence. The house was good and the
broad lawn showed both taste and
care. Like a pretty little Rirl in a be
coming Sunday school dress, with her
hair curled, the premises made you
think pleasantly that somebody's af
fection was centered upon it. It was
So attractive that we turned into the
cross street in order to walk along
that side of the grounds. A garage
stood at the corner of the grounds
abutting on an alley; and fairly in the
mouth of the alley, unavoidably catch
ing the eye of whoever passed down
.the cross street, lay a heap of junk
and offal, evidently thrown out from
the garage and the house. The alley
itself looked as though it might lead
to a pigsty.
That is strictly typical. The alley,
of course, did not belong to the house
holder, and he did not care a rap how
It looked ; so, with one hand he offered
the passer-by a rose, while with the
other ho hit him in the eye with an old
We do litter up the landscape abom
inably. It is a national habit that
ought to be broken. Cities and towns
should not only have ordinances ?or
bldding unnecessary litter, but enforce
them. Anywhere you will find a city
spending $100,000 or $1,000,000 to
make a beautiful park, and then toler
ating all sorts of needless ugliness.
Any woman will tell you there is
no use in wearing a fine dress along
with a hat that has boen fished out of
a garbage cap ; for the dress simply
emphasizes th? hat. The more we
spend on parks and front yards the
less tolerable junkheaps and refuse
plied alleys become. What cities and
towns are insisting upon reasonable
sightliness?-Saturday Evening Post.
STUCCO IS IN FOUR ?LASSES?
It May Be Used to Overcoat Old
Frame, Brick or Stone Structures
or to Cover New Buildings.
Stucco Is used In four general
classes of construction. First, the over
coating of old frame structures; sec
ond, application to new structures hy
the use of wooden or steel framework
with wooden or metal lath; third, its
application to cid brick or stone struc
tures; fourth, Its npnllcatlon to con
crete block buildings.
The first and second classes of work
require little description. In the third
class tho mortar joints of the brick or
stone work are raked out to a depth of
about one inch, to form a key for the
new stucco. The surface of the brick
or stone is thoroughly cleaned and wet
before applying the stucco, which
should be forced into the joints to
their full depth.
Tho fourth class is the application of
stucco to Portland cement concrete
block building. This ls a very attrac
tive and satisfactory method of con
struction. The concrete biock, when
Intended to be covered with stucco,
;nay be made witji plain faces and no
special attention is required to secure
a smooth surface.
Public Fruit Trees.
Fruit trees in place of shade trees
in our parks, is the suggestion of a
reader. "Would not apple, pear, cherry
or other fruit trees make a finer dis
play in the spring," he asks, "than the
shade trees commonly used, besides
furnishing fruit later in the season?"
"Formerly," he adds, "there were plen
ty of apples on the market ; now only
a few are to be had. These are so
high in price that only the rich man
can afford them; similar conditions
exist In regard to other fruit." The
suggestion is worthy of consideration,
and has been carried out in Germany,
we believe, although if we hark back
to boyhood days, the memory of the
zest with which we enjoyed pilfered
fruit may suggest practicul difficulties
in the way of the plan for America.
Los Angeles Times.
Traffic Problems Adjusted.
An efficient traffic department can
save the individual shipper hundreds,
possibly thousands, of dollars each
year. The traffic department of the
present day-chamber of commerce acts
as eyes and ears for every shipper.
The maze of regulations, tariffs and
service conditions on railroads is so
intricate that one man cannot keep up
with all the changes. It is costly for
every business house to maintain a
traffic division of its own. So all of
them can go in co-operatively and got
all the* service their business demands
ut an insignificunt eost.
Street Tree Roots Near Surface.
Nearly all street tree roots are
found within two feet of the surface.
Seldom are conditions favorable for
deeper delving. Soils should be pre
pared so that roots may penetrate to
any depth, but conditions must be in
viting. Air must freely penetrate be
yond the root zone, and there dyna
mite and wash sand down into the
rent and cracked soil that It may not
again close up solid.
COAL and SCRAP
For the next three weeks I will
pay forty cents per 100 lbs. for
all kinds of Scrap Iron except old
boilers. Rush it in as my price
will decline after three weeks.
Coal shipments now enroute aod I
will be glad to name summer prices
to be delivered in July and August,
M. A. TAYLOR.
June 18. 1917.
Colds, LaGrippe, Rheumatism
A pleasant but effective emulsion,
which rebuilds the tissues, revives the
system, adds strength and stimulates
the nervous system. It has no alco
hol, and is in every sense a tonic.
$1,00 PER BOTTLE
Ask Your Druggist.
Monufactured Solely By
THE FERRO! CO..
Columbia, S. C.
I take this means of letting the
people know that I have re-opened
my pressing club, and will appre
ciate their patronage. I am better
prepared than ever to clean and
press all kinds of garments, both
for ladies and gentlemen. All ?vork
guaranteed. Let me know when
you have work and I will send for
it and make prompt delivery.
Sheppard Building Down Stairs
To My Friends an 1 the
Although I have accepted the
position as City Carrier, I have
no intention of discontinuing the
Insurance business. Your busi
ness will receive the same core
ful attention, and will be appre
Orrice Honrs:-0:00 P. M. to
8:00 P, M.
J. T. MARLING
At The Farmers Bank.
? Edgefield, S. C.
GEO. F. MIMS
Eyes examined and g.asses fitted
only when necessary. Optical
work of all kinds.
EDGEFIELD, S. C.
College of Charleston
South Carolina's Oldest College
133rd Year Begins Sept. 28
Entrance examinations at all the
county seats Friday, July 13, at 9:00
Four-year courses lead to the B.
A. and B. S. degrees. A two-year
pre-medical course is given.
A free tuition scholarship is as
signed to each county of the State.
Spacious buildings and athletic
grounds, well equipped laboratories,
unexcelled library facilities.
Expenses moderate. For terms
and catalogue address
HARRISON RANDOLPH, Pres.
A. H. Corley,
Appointments at Trenton
How TO Give Quinine To Children.
PEBRILINE is the trade-mark name elven to an
improved Quinine. It is a Tasteless Syrup, pleas
ant to take and does not disturb the stomach.
Children take it and never know lt is Quinine.
Also especially adapted to adults who cannot
take ordinary Quinine. Does not nauseate nor
cause nervousness nor ringing in the head. Try
lt the next time you need Quinine for any pur
pose. Ask for 2-ounce original package. The
?me FEBRlUNfi is blown in battle. 25 * c au.
is the appropriate designation of the
Mountains of Western North Carolina
Located in the magnificent section of
lofty mountains, abounding in towering
peaks, beautiful rivers, smiling valleys
and charming wooded slopes, are hun
dreds of excellent places at which to
spend the summer, ranging from pre
tentious hotels with gay social life to
home-like boarding places, quiet re
treats and camps for roughing it.
Get Out in the Open
Golf, tennis, horse-back riding, mountain climb?
ing, boating, bathing, motoring, driving, and alj
other out-door recreations.
Send the Boys to a Summer Camp
Excellent camps to take care of the growing boys
during vacation time. Academic instructions if de
sired. Out-door life and athletic instructions under
Many Wonderful Sights
In the "Land of the Sky" within a one-day trip
from any central resort.
To be found at Asheville, Hendersonville, Hot
Springs, Lake Junaluska, Wavnesville, Brevard,
Saluda, Lake Toxaway, Flat Rock, Tryon, Black
Mountain, Ridgecrest and many other.
Southern Railway System
Write for illustrated literature, fares and schedules'.
FRED R. McMILLIN,
Division Passenger Agt.
J. A. TOWNSEND, 228 Eighth St.,
Ticket Agt., Edgefield, S. C. Augusta, Ga.
Collett & Mitchell
Large stock of Drugs and Drug Sundries always
on hand-fresh from the leading manufacturers.
Prescriptions accurately compounded from
drugs any hour of the day or night.
A Share of Your Patronage
F. E. GIBSON, President LANSING B. LEE, Sec. and Treas.
FARMERS, MERCHANTS, BUILDERS,
ff you are going to build, remodel or repair,
we invite your inquiries.
COMPLETE HOUSE BILLS A SPECIALTY.
We manufacture and deal in doors, sash, blinds
stairs, interior trim, store fronts and fixtures,
pews, pulpits, etc., rough and dressed lumber,
lath, pine and cypress shingles, flooring, ceiling
Distributing agents for Flintkote roofing
Estimates cheerfully and carefully mane.
Woodard Lumber Co.
Corner Roberts and Dugas Streets,
Our Motto: S