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VENTILATION OF DAIRY BARN
Better Health of Animals ls Assured
by Supply co Fresh Air-King
More of us every year are building
barns with ventilating flues or put
ting flues into stables already built.
Fresh air means better health in herds.
The system described by F. H. King,
the Wisconsin authority on ventila
tion, never has been outclassed. It is
the natural way.
In illustration, the movement of the
air is shown by arrows. The pure air
comes in above the animals and the
foul air is taken cut through the out
take shafts which have their openings
down near the floor and extend up j
through the roof or to the cupola.
Some builders run the shafts straight i
up through the roof, others run them
Up to1 the roof and then over to the
cupola, and some join the lower shafts ,
at the ceiling and then use but one !
main shaft to the roof at each end
as shown here.
The galvanized metal shaft is pre
ferred by most dairymen who have :
used this sort of ventilating system.
Air Pressure ls Shown at D. D. Forc
ing Air in at B. B., and Out by Suc
tion at Top of Shaft A.
A general rule seems to be well . tried j
out that thirty square inches of out-';
take and intake area are about right j
for each grown animal housed in the ;
stable. This being true, there would
be needed two shafts, each 10 by 15
for a herd of ten cows. The intake ;
openings should be of the same area.
A damper in ceiling at C can
be opened if the temperature of the
stable grows too warm. There can be
DO regular circulation unless there are
aa many and as large intakes as out
takes. Also, the intakes should let the j
air in at the ceiling, or above the level |
of the lower openings in the outtakes
or foul-air shafts.
HANDLING MILK IN SUMMER;
Whether Intended for Table, Cream
ery or Market, lt Must Be Sweet
to Srlng Best Price.
It is no trick at all to keep milk
sweet in cold weather. It may stay
in the sun half a day in December1
without any damage, but in June and
July it must be handled very care
fully. Whether the milk or cream ls
intended for the table, the creamery, i
or the milk market, It must be sweet
if it is to bring the best price.
To keep milk sweet just two simple
things must be very carefully looked
after: (1) it must be cooled as com
pletely and quickly after milking'
as possible, and (2) absolute cleanli
ness of palls, pa ns, and .cows raus?_ be
secured. If this is ?onel thunda>
storms will no longer sour the milk.
The warm, damp weather which we
have just before thunderstorms really
does tend to cause milk to sour If lt
has not been properly cared for. ,
This souring takes place because lit
tle invisible plants called bacteria get
nto it in dirt or by lurking In the cor
ers and seams of poorly cleaned palls
nd cans. The remedy ls p?a?n. Keep
he bacteria out by using seamless
ails and cans and seeing that abso
utely no dirt or dust gets Into the
lk In the stable or anywhere else. I
AIRY PRODUCTS IN DEMAND1
possible to Buy First-class Dairy '
Cows at $80 Per Head-Breed Up
the Common Stock. j
The great demand for dairy prod
ts has caused the price of good
lry cows to be very high. Reports
om associations of dairymen show
at lt is impossible to buy first-class :
iry cows at even $80 a head. . With !
ch a demand for cows In old dalry j
trlcts, there will be few good cows !
ved Into new dairy territory. So, j
only way new districts can be sup
ed must be by breeding up the
mon stock by the use of good dalry
ALFA FAVORED FOR COWS j
unt of Protein Necessary to Feed
n Form of Expensive Concen- I j
trates Is Reduced.
ROF. J. C. KENDALL.) '
alfalfa Is available for dalry j
amount of protein that ls :
r to feed in the form of ex- i
concentrates is materially and 1
V.??iy reduced. For cows that do '
\give large yields of milk, a bal- j
oration can be made by feeding ,
lia hay and ensilage. This makes
ome-grown ration that can be pro
ed cheaply, a very Important factor
he economical production of dalry
The Charge, the
By REV. J. H. RALSTON, D. D.
Secretory of Correspondence Department,
Moody Bible Institute, Chicago
TEXT-But your iniquities have sepa
rated between you and your God, and
your sins have hld his face from you.
that he will not hear. . . . For our trans
pressions are multiplied before thee, and
our sins testify against us: for our trans
pressions are with us; and as for our ini
quities, we know them; . . . And the Re
deemer shall come to Zion, and unto them
ttiat turn from transgression in Jacob,
saith tile Lord.-Isa. 59:2, 12, 20.
In the days of the old prophets,
trouble between God and sinning men
was as evident a?
it is today. In the
reading of the
chapter that pre
cedes the one
from which the
texts are tak^n,
we road that the
to do certain
pleased God ; ho
ing very religious,
in a formal way,
they were devot
ing themselves to
and feastings, but
..ie trouble- be
tween them and Go "-is not removed.
It was fortunate foi .hem that they
had some religious leaders that knew
things spiritual, and who were faithful
in telling the people that they were
not doing what was pleasing to God
Charge of Worldliness.
If the application of these words
were made to the church today, which
would be very proper, the charge
would not be wise if it were made in
the form of details or the naming of
peccadillos of improper conduct, but
if the church were charged with world
liness, with betrayal of pure doctrine,
with robbery as far as withholding of
ferings to God are concerned, then
tho charge would attract attention.
The church, of God today in its sinful
condition stands ns a buffer between
God and th* unsaved world. A great
load of guilt is on lt today on this par
ticular account. It is a misrepresen
tation of what Christ and his religion
ure. The world does not today read
Christ properly because it reads the
perverted message of Christ that the
church presents in Its life.
But the shortcomings of the church
will not redeem any unsaved man, nor
be an excuse for not getting right with
God. Here every tub must stand on
its own bottom. What is wrong with
the unsaved man? Simply that he ls
out of right relationship with God ;
there is a lack of adjustment. A man
can fence all he pleases, and try to
throw the blame on God, but ultimate
ly the trouble is with himself. His
sins have separated between him and
God, and these must he got out of
the way. God must be faithful to
man. and to show his love he says
through his ministers. "Your sins
have hld his face from you that he.
will not hear."
God's Part and Man's.
The charing of sin is God's part;
the confessing of sin ls man's part.
Fortunately, the people to whom the
prophet spoke heeded his word, and
we read that they made detailed con
fession. Confession ls In a way
the same thing as repentance, and
some men have shown themselves to
be strong In repentance, indeed, there
Is no explanation of their standing be
fore God, except conceding that they
knew how to repent. We have David
and Peter as examples. Such confes
sion Is coming out candidly and ac
cepting the righteousness of the charge
of God. God has passed judgment, his
charge is made and man must, like one
of ancient times, acknowledge the
charge In order that God may be jus
tified when he speaks and be clear
when he judges. We might note In
this part of the confession that the In
dividual says "his sins are multiplied
before him"-that ls, they are In an
exaggerated form, really what they
are, as compared with what he has
heretofore considered them to be. He
concedes, also, that his sins belong to
The need of the day in which we
find ourselves is confession, national
confession, church confession, individ
ual confession. Some nations today
are on their knees. They are on their
way to true blessing because they are
going to get right with God. The or
ganized church ls hardly on its feet
yet, and it ls slipping further and fur
ther away from the truth of God, and
not until it gets to Its knees and con
fesses Its attachment to the world, Its
departure from truth, its failure to
understand its true mission, will it
have God's favor.
The inevitable follows confession of
sin, namely, blessing. In the text we
are told that the Redeemer shell come
to Zion. The trouble with the world
and with the church and the individ
ual Is. that the Redeemer ls not pres
ent. This coming of the Redeemer
may fairly be considered in the first
piaee ns a spiritual coming. The ideal
situation is expressed by the term Im
manuel, which means "God with us,"
but God cannot be with us If we hold
to our sins und do not confess and for
sake them. God remains away from
nations and churches and Individuals
as far afi his blessings are concerned,
who do not confess their sins and re
turn to him.
TREE SURGEON LIKE DENTIST
Cavity Must Be Cleaned, Treated With
Antiseptic, and Then Filled
The treatment of cavities in trees,
caused by decay, is not fundamentally
different from that of dentistry, though
the tree surgeon is not so much "down
in the mouth" as the dentist. All de
caying matter must be cleaned out.
right down to solid living tissue. The
cavity is then treated with an anti
septic to prevent further decay, and
the whole (likewise the hole) filled
with concrete and In such manner as
to exclude air as much as possible.
The tree then begins to heal over the
edges of tho wound to the concrete.
Sometimes metal has been used for
covering cavities and with good re
sults. Elastic cement, asphalt and
Method of Pruning Large Limbs: (a)
Tree Before Pruning; (b) the Same
With Limbs Cut Close and the Scars
Finished With Mallet and Chisel.
sawdust, paraffin and sawdust, wood
pulp and cement, excelsior and as
phalt, tar with sawdust or oakum,
wooden blocks, bricks, stones and a
great variety of materials have been
used for both filling and covering and
all are good if the work is well done.
The disinfectants used are copper sul
phate, corrosive sublimate, formalin,
bordeaux, carbollneum or creosote
(these are best), coal tar and even
kerosene. No matter which is used, the
cavity should receive more than one
treatment before being filled or other
PROFIT FROM THE BACK YARD
Any House Owner, at Small Expense,
Can Build Garage Which Will
Soon Pay for Itself.
Most house owners have a rear lot
that is of no use to them, and Is gen
erally a source of expense. Why not
turn the back yard Into a moneymaker ;
at a reasonable expense you can build
a concrete or brick garage big enough
to hold four cars on the average lot
that will earn for you 25 per cent prof
it on the cost of the building, or pay
for Jtself in four yenrs^
*Th?s being a masonry building with
a tar and gravel roof there Is no
charge for upkeep or repairs. Such
garages have been found to be a source
of satisfaction to the owners as they
Improve the looks of the back yard In
most cases, and relieve him of the la
bor and expense of keeping it in or
If a person also wishes to have n
garden he cnn by putting up trellis
work conceal the garage so that per
sons in the street cannot see it, also
a roof garden can be maintained on |
the garage when desired.
In planting out street atd hlghwaj
trees, the fundamental prhciple gov- J
ernlng the work should be cs In all th?
broad field of agriculture the crea
tion of conditions suitable to the par- ]
ticular plants to be used. If propel ,
conditions do not exist, they must be r
made. If rainfall is insufficient, irri
gation sufficient to overcome the natu
ral deficiency of water sapply must J
be practiced. If rainfall ls excessive. *
drainage must be had by blasting to t
free soil or digging deep holes and mix-1 x
lng sand, wood ashes, lime or decuying j j
vegetable mutter with the soil before j j
replacing it in the holes Physlcnl I j
condition of soils is of far greater mo- j
ment than- the chemical properties, .
therefore deep holes, dug or blasted, .
together with deep prepamtory culti
vation is essential to succss.
Beauty Demanded In Suburbs.
"Beauty is a necessary fictor in the
development of suburban property,"
says H. A. Jones, a Detroit real estate
man. "City people who nove out to j
those communities which ire sure to
surround Detroit as the cly develops,
will expect city conveniences and rapid
transit to their employment, but they
will also expect something of country
"Therefore no suburbni property 1
unless laid out with the id<a of beau- I
ty in mind, is likely to boonie fully '.
built up. People will not have their 1
homes squeezed into 30-foo lots, with <
no parks, trees or landscape beauty, j
when they have gone uwa; from the ,
heart of the city just to ge such,sur- \
foundings." ' [
Trees Along Fenc?.
Trees along the fences ?dd beauty
to tlie riiT?undings. They attract use
ful birds and often serve hem as a j
retreat from storms and birts of prey, r
Each ?n His Place.
Three men went to the worldwide war,
Each worked in the place he found,
One went out on the battlefield,
One to increase the harvest yield,
And one to the mill in town.
Three men 'rose as the sun came up,
Each brushed the sleep from his
One fell into his place at drill,
One took his bucket and went to the
And one put his hands to the plow.
Three men toiled when the sun was
A dust from the struggle 'rose,
One drove the enemy down to defeat,
One furnished rations of bread and
And the other made their clothes.
The three lay down in the quiet night,
The day had been nobly won,
For one "had finished his bit at the
One had toiled on his farm on the hill
And one had stayed by his gun.
-Thomas DeWitt Jones.
In Her Mother's Home, Says Thia
Georgia Lady, Regarding Black
Draught. Relief From Head
ache, Malaria, Chills, Etc.
Ringgold, Ga.- Mrs. Chas. Gaston,
of this place, writes: "I am a user
of Thedford's Black-Draught; in fact,
it was one of our family medicines.
Also in my mother's home, when I
was a child. When any of us child
ren complained of headache, usually
caused by constipation, she gave us
a dose of Black-Draught, which would
rectify the trouble. Often in the
Spring, we would have malaria and
chills, or troubles of this kind, we
would take Black-Draught pretty reg
ular until the liver acted well, and
we would soon be up and around
again. We would not be without it,
for it certainly has saved us lots of
doctor bills. Just a dose of Black
Draught when not so well saves a
lot of days in bed."
Thedford's Black-Draught has been
In use for many years in the treat
ment of stomach, liver and bowel
troubles, and the popularity which lt
now enjoys is proof of Its merit
If your liver ls not doing its duty,
you will suffer from such disagree
able symptoms as headache, bilious
ness, constipation, indigestion, etc.,
and unless something is done, serious
trouble may result.
Thedford's Black-Draught has been
found a valuable remedy for these
troubles. It is purely vegetable, and
acts in a prompt and natural way,
regulating the liver to its proper
functions and cleansing the bowels of
impurities. Try it. Insist on Thed
ford's, the original and genuine. E 79
tual Insurance Associ
Property Insured $2,500,000.
WRITE OR CALL on the un
dersigned for any information you
may desire about our plan of insur
We insure your property against
FIRE, WINDSTORM or LIGHT
and do so cheaper than any Com
pany in existence.
Remember, we are prepared to
prove to yon that ours is the safest
and cheapest plan of insurance
Our Association is now; licensed
:o write Insurance in the counties
)f Abbeville, Greenwood, McCor
mick, Laurens and Edgefield.
The officers are: Gen. J Frasei
Lyon, President, Columbia, S. C.
L R. Blake, Gen. Agt., Secy. &
Treas., Greenwood, S. C.
\. O. Grant, Mt. Carmel, S. C.
i. M. Gambrell, Abbeville, S. C.
ino. H. Childs, Bradley, S. C.
\. W. Yonngblood, Hodges, S. C.
5. P. Morrah, Willington, S. C.
[i.N. Chamberlain, McCormick, S.C.
3. M. Nicholson, Edgefield, S. C.
F.L.Tim merman, Pln't. Lane, S. C.
T. C. Martin, Princeton, S. C.
^V. H. Wharton, Waterloo, S. C.
J. R. BLAKE, Gen. Agt.
Greenwood, S. C.
Jan. 1st, 1917.
Do you know why you have sick
headache, diabetes, neuralgia, rheu
matism and liver or kidney troubles ?
[t's because you are being poisoned
3y products of your own body. Your
organs of elimination are not work
ing properly. Waste material that
mould be thrown out is being retained
:o poison and intoxicate your system,
rhat could not happen if the boweta
vere kept open with Granger Liver
Regulator. This splendid preparation
s purely vegetable and non-alcoholic.
Demand Granger Liver Regulator at
row drug* store-25c a box-and take
io other. There is nothing: "just aa .
C.oDVri?ht 1909. br C. E. Zim?s-?rcian O0.--N0. 51
THERE is no doubt about
money in the bank, it is
sure and positive. Maybe slow, but there
is the satisfaction that it is sure. Posi
tive in every way, both that it will grow,
and that it is safe.
BANK OF EDGEFIELD
OFFICERS: J. C. Sheppard, President; B. E..Nicholson, Vice-President
E. J. Mims, Cashier; J. H. Allen. Assistant Oashier.
DIRECTORS : J. C. Sheppard, Thos. H. Rainsford, John Rainsford, B. E.
Nicholson, A. S. Tompkins. C. C. Fuller. E. J. Mims. J. H. Allen.
Over-work, worry and
the constant strain of a
business life are often
a cause of much trouble.
Dr. Miles' Nervine
is highly recommended
Jfor all Nervous disor
ders. It is particularly
invaluable to business
jjsvomen. Regulate your
bowels by using
IF FIRST BOTTLE, OR BOX,
FAILS TO BENEFIT YOU, YOUR
MONEY WILL BE REFUNDED.
"I suffered with nervous at
tacks and headaches. Then my
liver got out of order and lt
seemed as though my whole
system was upset. I com
menced using Dr. Miles' Nerv
ine and also took Dr. Miles'
Liver Pills and now I feel per
fectly well In every way. My
bowels als^ ara in good shape
MRS. AUGUSTA KEISER,
1149 Portland Ave.,
Rochester, N. T.
BARRETT & COMPANY
ARRINGTON BROS. & CO.
Wholesale Grocers and Dealers in
Corn, Oats, Hay and all
Kinds of Seeds
Corner Cumming and Fenwick Streets
On Georgia R. R. Tracks
YOUR PATRONAGE SOLICITED
?JSF" See our representative, C. E. May.