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WHERE OILED HIGHWAYS PAY
Better on Sand Than on Clay or Loam
Soils-Oil Sometimes More Sat
N isfactory Than Water.
Oiled earth roads should not be re
garded as a permanent improvement
but are much better than common
earth roads, in the opinion of W. S.
Gearhart, professor of highway engi
"Oiled roads do not require so much
dragging as ordinary earth roads,"
said Professor Gearhart. "They shed
water better and do not become so
dusty. Although oiled roads are not
so satisfactory as gravel roads, they
may be a help In developing good
The best results from oiling are to
be obtained by applying the oil when
Macadam Treated With Oil.
the road is hard, smooth, dustless, and
without any ruts or pockets, according
to Professor Gearhart.
Where there is a pocket in the road,
water will gather after every storm.
Oil works better on sandy soils than
on clay or heavy loams. Loam soils
may be helped by sprinkling a light
coating of sand over the oiled surface.
After the first year it is better to ap
ply from one-quarter to one-third of a
gallon of oil to each square yard of
surface in the spring and the same
amount again in the fall.
For laying the dust on city streets,
oiling may be as economical and more
satisfactory than water, particularly
if the soil is sundy. When city streets
are oiled it is best to cover the cross
walks with dust or dirt so tnat they
will not be covered with oil. When
the oiling process is finished the dust
or dirt may be swept away. Surface
oiled streets are not satisfactory if the
soil is clay or loam, for the oily dust
blows about and is curried into build
ings and upon walks.
MOISTURE FOR ROAD MAKING
There ls Certain Water Content at
Which Soil Packs Hard-Remove
All Grass and Weeds.
Road making is largely a matter of
moisture control. When soil contains
too much water it becomes mud, and
when it has too little moisture it be
comes dust. But there is a certain
moisture content at which soil packs
hard. And this is just about thc
amount of moisture that a soil will
hold readily. This usually can be
maintained in a road that has good
drainage, that is well crowned so the
water will run off when it rains and
that is free from grass and weeds.
These if allowed to grow, will soon
draw the moisture out of the soil and
so remove the binding material.
CONVICTS ON PUBLIC WORKS
Proportion on Road Improvement In
creased From 1.3 Nearly to 13
Per Cent Since 1885.
The proportion of convicts employed
on public works instead of on lease or
contract has Increased since 1S83 from
33 to 80 per cent and the proportion
on road work alone from 1.3 to nearly
13 per cent, according to a report by
the federal public roads office based
on a survey of many prisons. State
rather than county supervision of con
vict labor on roads is recommended.
It Is not at all difficult to convert
the owner of a new automobile to the
good-roads theory, if he is caught at
the moment when he ls trying to
worm his way through a fresh sod
improvement, two miles and a haK
long and running from fence to fence.
New Position for Goethals.
Major General Goethals has accept
ed the newly created post of state en
gineer of New Jersey. New Jersey is
about to expend $1,500,000 on a new
By Hi Akers
1917, by "W. G. Chapman.)
Mrs. Treat felt that her evening
"at home" had been- a success, and
she confided this fact to her cousin,
Ina Brett, who was spending a few
weeks with her. Mrs. Treat was a
young widow with a comfortable in
come left her by her elderly, departed
husband. Her greatest ambition in life
was to "get in" with the literary set.
Never having achieved anything in that
line herself she did not know just how
to go about It Ina Brett had won
dered whether her cousin had a reifl
appreciation of genius, the true aristo
cracy of brains, or whether, being un
able to climb Into the very exclusive
rich circle, she had thought of this as
a fad, or the next thing In exclusive
ness. However, Mrs. Treat was on the
way to achieve her ambition, whatever
may have been her motive.
"Well," she said to Ina, after the
last guest had gone, "it was a suc
cess, wasn't it?" To the girl's cor
dial assent, she added : "Do you know
I didn't tell them Ward B?ntley was
going to read from his book, I was so
afraid he might not come. After this
I'm not going to be afraid. When
they know that one of the most suc
cessful novelists of the year was my
guest, they won't hesitate to accept.
It puts me on the right footing."
"It was nice of Mr. Hassett to get
him to come," observed Ina.
"O well, Dave Hassett will do any
thing for me."
"I should say he would! He's that
much in love with you, he'd-"
"Sell his s oui?" que: ?*? violet Treat
"No, he values his s.ia little too
much for that."
"Oh," laughed the other, "you think
so ! Well lt wouldn't do him any good
If he did. I have given him to under
stand that He's a nice, interesting
She Stopped Arrested by the Sound of
chap, but what has he ever done?
He says he writes for a living, but he
will never tell you what it is. I sup
pose it's stuff for some trade paper,
or cheap hack work he's ashamed of."
"Yes, I know I asked him once what
he was writing, and he said he was
"Experimenting!" laughed Violet.
"Don't you believe it! He can't af
ford to 'experiment' He hasn't a
penny except what he earns, and he
just manages to keep body and soul
together. That dress suit of his is
beginning to look a bit shabby."
"No one notices his clothes!" ex
claimed Ina, rallying strongly to Has
sett's defense. "He was the best
talker, the most interesting man here
Violet Treat stared at her cousin In
"Ina Brett !" she exclaimed. "What
about Ward Bentley?"
"Oh, his book was charming, delight
ful ! I loved it ! But he, the man him
self, wasn't n blt interesting to me.
His conversation was to me actually
flat, and commonplace."
"It often happens that people who
can write, cannot talk," said Mrs.
Treat. "He has done something. That's
more to the point Poor Hassett, I
suppose will drudge along this way the
rest of his days. I'm glad you are
getting Interested in him. I wish you
would take him off my hands."
"Thank you," freezingly responded
i Ina. "I don't fancy I could take him
off your hands If I wished to. Be
sides I'm not exactly obliged to take
up with anyone's leavings."
"Now, dearie," coaxed Violet, "I was
only joking. I was just glad you were
friendly, that's all."
It soon became apparent that nil
Mrs. Treat's lines were out to ensnare
the now famous novelist. Ward Bent
ley. David Hassett saw this, and
seemed to accept his fate with quiet
resignation. He sought the society of
Ina Brett more and more till MrO.
Treat secretly opined the girl had tak
en her advice, which she had nt firsi
zo scornfully rejected. As for Ina, sh*.
felt that Hnssett's attentions mennl
only good fellowship. But one day she
awakened to fact that her regard foi
him meant a great deal more.
One evening she said to him: "1
wish you would let me see something
you have written."
"How do you know it would be
worth your while to take time to read
It?" Hassett asked.
"I know it would be worth while."
Her voice had the ring of firm con
"Don't think Tm not grateful for
your faith, your confidence In my abil
ity. It means to me more than you
think. But just now I am pot boil
ing. Some day perhaps-" He stopped,
and looked away.
"Not 'some day,'" she cried. "You
must do It now! Never let your gift
from God be buried. You have no
right to do that 1"
"No right !" he echoed blankly.
"No, it is yours ! It belongs to you !"
After that he was silent, and ab
stracted, and soon went away.
Invitations were out for Ward Bent
ley's "at home." His studio was very
"artistic," and "who's who" were ex
pected to be there. Ina went alone
on the afternoon of the affair, and find
ing the outer door which led to a
draped passageway open, entered. She
stopped arrested by the sound of angry
"You hawked that novel all over,"
yelled Bentley, "and you were mighty
glad to sell it to me for five hundred
dollars, and let me put my name to it.
You were glad too to sign a contract
to write another on the same condi
"I was starving," answered the voice
of David Hassett, "i had to make that
"Yes, and now because I got it pub
lished, put up my good money for it,
and it's a success, you want to crawl
out of your contract."
"No, I don't. The second book is
almost finished. I'm asking you to
give me half of the royalties."
"No, you'll keep your contract It's
my name, not yours that's worth some
thing now. ni divide the royalties
on the one after this."
"No you won't," answered Hassett
"There won't be any more after this.
Til take my chances with my own
name. If I die at it that's my look
out. I won't be a part of this con
temptible lie any longer."
Bentley changed his tone, and
begged and pleaded with Hassett, of
fered to give him all the royalties, and
finally offered to pay him for the use
of his own name as author. But Has
sett was firm in his refusal.
Ina, at first too astounded to move,
crept away wondering why such a
scene could have happened on a recep
tion day. She looked at her watch,
and found she had made a mistake,
and was an hour too early. The mys
tery was solved. Her intuitions about
the two men had been correct.
She did not see Hassett till several
days Inter. He looked at her with a
new light in his eyes.
"I have taken your advice," he said.
"Will you go on having faith in me?
And when I have done something
worth while, will you share it with
She put her hand in his, and said:
"We shall not have long to wait."
Early Indian as a Farmer.
The Indian farmer raised many
kinds of vegetables and was experi
menting with many others before the
advent of the European races. The
tomato, which is of South American
origin, was on his list. Although he
did not have onions, he was gathering ?
ninny kinds of flower bulbs, such as
lilies, and using them in soups. The
Indian dietary included the greens
cooked with a piece of fat meat. Su
mac, sorrel, milkweed, yellow dock and
dandelion were also on his menu. He
was gathering mushrooms and puff
balls and other fungi. In fact the In
dian was able at all times to give to
the strangers from beyond the great
water a revised menu. The Jerusalem
artichoke was an Indian discovery.
The peanut, which is now so plentiful
ly sold here, was considered a valu
able food product by the Indians.
Heath Hen Almost Extinct.
People from all parts of the United
States go to Martha's Vineyard to see
the heath hen. So says the state or
nithologist, Prof. Edward Howe For
bush. He has just finished a 44-mile
tramp on the island which he made
for the sake of learning the truth about
the survivors of this almost extinct and
valuable species, says the Boston Tran
script, neath hens are cousins of
prairie chickens. In Colonial times
they were so abundant east of the Al
leghenies that they were slaughtered ? J
freely for eating, for they are one of ?
the most toothsome of all the birds np
on which men feed. Human and ani
mal enemies so destroyed them that J
the last specimen on the mainland dis- ?
appeared and there survived only a
little flock of a few individuals on
Shlranubi, Mystic Fire of Japan.
Shirnnubi, the mystic fire of Ariake
bay, Kyushu, has been famous for the
past 2.000 years, the sight being con
sidered one of the great wonders of
the Japanese seas.
In the Taiyo magazine M. Kaneko re
lates his Impressions of the fire. Ac
cording to Mr. Kaneko, the first light
appeared like a distant star about five
miles distant. Suddenly the volume of
light increased until it soon covered an
area of many miles. The light moved
with the waves and resembled electric
lights being lighted and then suddenly
extinguished. Mr. Kaneko says that
intermittent wavelike movements are
the chie* characteristics of the mystic
fire. He fails to find a key to the or
Igiu of the fire.
writes more Life Insur?
any company in Ameri
one. They have lowest
dividends and free disabi
of all companies in th
E. J. NORRIS,
Baptist S. S. Convention.
Programme of the Baptist Sun
day school convention at Bethany
church on the 18th and 19th of
10:00 A. M.-Devotional exer
cises by the moderator, J. D.
Roll call ot Sunday schools.
Address of welcome, by B. P.
Talbert. Response by A. S. Tomp
Election of officers.
Report from Sunday schools.
Appointment of committees.
Query: Is a Graded School a
Success? W. B. Cogburn.
Is it Necessary for Effectiv
Work in the Sunday Schcol? Dr
E. P. Jones. J
Adjournment for dinner.
Query: Is it advisable for the
Collection of the Sunday Sohools to
go to Benevolence and the Church
Tax Support the Sunday School
Financially? J. D. Hughev, Rev.
W. R. Smith.
Denominational Literature, Rev.
P. B. Lanham, Rev. J. A. Gaines.
TnuRSDAY MORNING, 10:00 A. M.
Devotional exercises, Rev. W. R.
General discussion of Sunday
school work, Rev. T. J. Watts.
The Attitude of the Sunday School
to the World-Wide Crisis. Kev.
C. G. Wells and Rev. H. B. White.
Adjournment for dinner.
The Sunday School as an Evan
gelistic Koree. Revs. J. F, Warren,
W . J. Gaines.
J. D. Hughey, Chairman,
Dr. E. P. Jones,
Rev. P. B. Lanham,
A. S. Tompkins,
W. B. Cooburn,
Light Saw, Lathe and Shin
gle Mills, Engines. Boilers,
Supplies and Re;, .irs, Porta
ble, Steam and Gasoline En
gines, Saw Teeth, Files. Belts
md Pipes, WOOD SAWS
GINS and PRESS REPAIRS
FOR COTTON WEIGHER.
I respectfully announce that I am
i candidate for rs-election to the
position of public cotton weigher
!or the town of Edgefield and pledge
nyself, if elected, to the same faith
'ul discharge of duty in the future
is I have endeavored in the past.
C. H. B. Williams.
BITTERO Family Medicine. ,
The Hartford Fire
is one hundred and seven (107)
years old. Writes more Fire. In
surance than any fire insurance
company in America.
You will be perfectly safe with
a Hartford Fire Policy.
E. J. NORRIS, Agt.
Southern Railway System
An Ambition and a Record
THE needs of the South are identical with the needs
of the Southern Railway: the trowtb and MCCM of one meant
:bc upbuilding of ibe other.
The Southern Railway asks no favors-no ipecial privilege not
accorded to ethers.
The ambition of the Southern Railway Company is to see that
unity of interest that ?5 born of co-operati.-.n between thc rublic and
the railroad*: to see perfected that fair and frank policy in the manage
ment of railroadi which ir.vites thc conrider.ee of c&vernmental
afencirs; to realize that liberality of treatment which will enable ic
to obtain thr additional capital neoded for thc acquisition of better and
enlarged facilities incident to thc dcaiand for increased and better
service; and, anally
To take its niche in thc body politic of the South alonciide of
other rreat imiustrtcs. with no more, bul witt equal liberties, equal
riebts and equal opportunit?:..
" The Southern Serves the South."
Have you purchased a pair of
the celebrated Crossett Oxfords
yet? If not, come in and see our
new spring stock in all of the pop . J
ular leathers and lasts. We also j
sell the Selz-Schwab shoes. Nothing
better for the money.
DORN & MIMS