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UNLOADING GRAVEL FRO
Of all the machines that have been
pressed Into war service, none ap
pears to have more individuality and
more consciousness of its own im
portance than the narrow gauge rail
road, the "light railroad," as it is
known in military phraseology. With
its fussy little engines, it is to be
found everywhere behind the front
It is scarcely an exaggeration to
?say that without the narrow gauge
railroad, the artillery preparation
Tvhlch is the essential preliminary of
any attack on a trench position, would
Much has been written concerning
the splendid services rendered by the
motor lorries at Verdun, and they cer
tainly did much to save the situation.
But on that occasion they were act
ing in their proper capacity as an
emergency service. They enabled the
Trench troops to resist the first Ger
man onrush, and so gave time to the
'military engineers to build the narrow
gauge lines which could alone be re
garded as a satisfactory and perma
nent means of supply.
Rapidly Laid. ~M
. The narrow gauge railroad, with
tracks 60 centimeters (two feet) apart,
is easily and. rapidly laid down. Its
rails are riveted two by two to metal
ties, and can be put together with a
minimum of delay. With a thin layer
of ballast the rails can be laid almost
anywhere. Thanks to the narrowness
'of the gauge they can follow the most
tortuous course, and hills have no ter
rors for them. They can negotiate
safely curves of a radius of 80 yards,
and can climb a grade of 3 in 100.
The military light railroad needs
relatively little in the way .mbank
ments and engineering, an- the work
of laying down the track can be car
ried out with great speed. A gang of
SOO men under the direction of a few'
experts can lay a half mile a day
ready for immediate use. The engines
?used are capable of hauling a load of
25 tons up a grade of 3 in 100.
The cars consist of a simple platform
mounted on four wheels, which is coo
FIND CARS IN MUD
?Mystery to Passengers on Ferry
Beats Finally Solved.
VARIOUS KINDS 8F SURMISES
.Object of Strange Cr?tft Anchored:
Along Manhattan Side of North
River, of Considerable Inter
est to Commuters.
Passengers on . North river ferry
"boats who have had a mystery on their
hands for some time past were grati
fied the other morning when the solu
tion was presented right to their very
Considerable interest was evoked by j
the presence of a huge barge that was j
a cross between a dredger and a freight i
?ar float. The strange craft, which
was heavily manned, has been an
chored along the Manhattan side all
the way from Fourteenth street down
to Chambers, and although there were
always signs of activity aboard none
of the commuters was able to find out
what it was all about, says New York
Sun. Occasionally a diver could be
seen going down and every morning
men on the deck would be casting out
leaded lines as if they were engaged
in a 16-pound fly-casting competition.
Many Surmises Made.
There were all sorts of surmises as
to the purpose of the vessel. A maa :
from Montclair suggested a hunt for
pirate gold. An East Orange citizen
of a practical turn was sure the work
ers were laying a cable. Glen Ridge
chipped in with something about mine
laying and Rutherford reckoned it
might be plotting out the harbor for
the war department. Little Falls
rather suspected they were digging the
channel deeper and so it went.
The guessing has been good all win
ter, but nobody came near the facts.
Finally fortunate travelers on the
8:19 witnessed the climax.
Mystery ls Solved.
The big derrick on the deck swung
around and down. Half a dozen
voices shouted directions. A diver
waved his hand like a trainman' to
someone inside and finally a voice
hoarser than all the rest bellowed some
unintelligible order. An engine coughed
and groaned, the derrick began to lift
and in a jiffy there swung into sight
-what? A freight car.
Last fall a barge was sunk off
Fourteenth street and several loaded
freight cars were sent to the bottom.
They were valuable enough to spend
BACK OF WAR LINE
M NARROW GAUGE CARS.
structed to carry a load of eight tons.
The French staff has a carefully
prepared map of the German railroads
before Verdun at the moment of the
great offensive. It provides eloquent
evidence of the extent to which the
Germans avail themselves of the nar
row gauge railroad for the purpose of
attacks. Behind the German trenches
the country is covered with a network
of lines that for their complexity and
number can only he compared to the
filaments of a spider's web. Wher
ever the ground affords cover for ar
tillery, there the lines are most com
plicated and close. At certain points
on the most advanced sections of the
narrow gauge line a series of sidings
betrays the position of the heavy guns,
which fire from trucks on the rails.
Advantages of Roads.
The great advantage of the light
railroad is that practically it does not
take up any road space. When
weather permits the roads are left en
tirely free for motor and horse-drawn
vehicles, which thus become a supple
ment of the light railroad.
German shells do not interrupt traf
fic on these lines, since even when by
a lucky chance the line is damaged, it
ls a matter of no great difficulty or
time to restore communication.
Before this war the importance of
the narrow gauge railroad was not
realized. Everything for the army is,
of course, brought up as close as pos
sible to the firing line by the broad
lines, but owing to the great range of
modern heavy artillery, trains cannot
hope to come up along the ordinary
lines with safety and regularity. As
a rule, the normal railhead for the
broad gauge lines is from six to ten
miles from the front. In times of at
tack each broad gauge railhead may
be called upon to deal with as much as
2,000 tons daily of ammunition and
Upon the return of peace France ex
pects to utilize the whole magnificent
system of light railroads built up dur
ing the past two years for agricultural
something on their recovery, but they
were hard to find because the swift
tide toppled them along the bottom of
the river and the silt covered them up
when they came to rest. At last, how
ever, they were located and lassoed
and brought to the surface and the
mystery was solved.
NEW RUSSIAN RAILROAD LINES
Altai Road, Serving Needs of Rich Ag
rlcultura! and Mineral Region of
Siberia Now Open for Traffic.
In spite of, and even because of, the
war, the Russian government is push
ing the construction of new railroad
lines that are likely to be of strategic
or commercial importance to the em
pire. The Altai railroad, which will
serve the needs of the richest agricul
tural and mineral region of Siberia, is
now complete and open for traffic. It
ls about 500 miles long, and connects
Nikolaevsk, on the trans-Siberian rail
road, with Semipalatinsk, in the
Steppes provinces, passing through
Barnaul, in the Tomsk government of
Siberia. The Altai region has depos
its of gold, silver, lead, zinc and cop
per that were worked in the eighteenth
Map of Altai Railroad.
and nineteenth centuries but were
abandoned for lack of transportation
facilities and for other reasons. Since
then, Russia has obtained those min
erals from abroad, chiefly from her
obliging neighbor, Germany. The Altai
region also contains an exceptionally
rich coal basin, which covers an area
of about 6,000 square miles. The new
railroad will revive the neglected min
ing industries and deliver coal and
coke in the Ural region, which needs
them badly. It is possible, too, that
the Russian government will soon build
a foundry to supply metal for the pro
jected South Siberian trunk line that
is to penetrate the Kirghiz steppes, a
region of exceptional mineral wealth.
Count Locomotive Puffs.
As a locomotive puffs, the ear can
count up only to ton a second-then
all that is heard is a continuous roar.
MAKES TOWER AN ORNAMENT
Gatekeeper Transforms What ls Usual?
ly Unsightly Box Into a Thing
A blot upon the "City Beautiful," yet
a very necessary blot, ls every gate
keeper's tower at a railroad crossing.
It must be high and unsheltered, conse
quently sunbaked and windswept. But
with the heart of a poet and the skill of
a landscape artist, T. J. Jones, a South
ern Pacific gatetender, has trans
formed his conning tower at Pomona,
Cal., into a town ornament
The bare, bleak, stilts-perched box
that must be his abode day after day
through long hours of duty now looks
like a vine-covered bird cage. The un
sightly posts are completely hidden ; on
Unsightly Tower Transformed.
one side the road's initials appear in,
living green, while the other sides bear
quaint designs, and vines outline each
ledge. Inside he has window boxes and
potted plants wherever they will not
Interfere with "business." The wee
space around his castle between the
tracks he has fenced with smooth,
whitewashed stones, and within it has
done such systematic, intensive farm
ing that he has raised more tomatoes,
potatoes, onions, peas and carrots than
he can use. The sturdy young man
with the spade is a happy specimen of
a thrifty American; certainly he Is a
standing rebuke to all lazy neighbors
with weed-covered lots.
GLARING STREET LIGHTS BAD
Best Results Obtained From Globes
Which Are Dense Enough to
Soften the Rays.
"Illuminating engineers are now
turning all their energies toward a
system for the proper distribution of
street lighting," writes Walter R. How
ell, in Good Health. "They have
unanimously agreed that the best light
is that from a globe that is dense
enough not to reveal the form of the
actual light within, but to give the ef
fect of light streaming forth from the
The reason for this ls that street
lamps are necessarily against a dark
background, and the amount of glare
upon the eyes depends to a great de
gree upon the background against
which the light ls seen. An electric
light, unshaded, against a dark velvet
wall covering, for instance, will be
found much more trying to the eyes
than would the same light with a
white wall paper behind it.
Work for Chambers of Commerce.
In civic work the inauguration of
clean-up, beautification and safety-first
campaigns are properly a part of the
yearly work of chambers of commerce.
This work, done under the supervision
of experts, brought to a community
by a chamber%f commerce, is produc
tive of more lasting benefit than when
carried or. by willing, but more or less
inexperienced, local workers. The bet
terment of housing conditions is an
important feature of this work, and
those cities providing housing condi
tions and living conditions for em
ployees that are above the average are
reaping rich returns in contented work
men and a stable labor market
An official inspection of wood-block
pavement laid in Minneapolis during
190G shows that in only two out of 13
sections were more than 5 per cent of
the blocks depressed as much as one
half inch below the general level of
the street. The two exceptions were
in the heaviest traffic districts of the
city, and one of them showed 13.5 per
cent ol' the blocks depressed as com
pared with 16.5 per cent in the other
section. Those sections of pavement
made with long-leafc?d pine and birch
showed only 2 per cent of the blocks
depressed after ten years' service.
A Los Angeles business man has
transformed the Unsightly back yard
of his expensive store by clearing it
of rubbish, planting It with flowers and
vines, placing bright Navajo rugs on
the ground and setting several comfort
able chairs about the place. A victrola
also adds to the attractiveness of the
yard. Thus the owner has, at small
expense, doubled his available space.
Men and half-grown boys, white
and colored; Carpenters, Mechanics,
Laborers, etc. Steady work, good
wages and free house rent. Pay
roll weekly in cash. Railroad fare
refunded if work one week. WRITE
or COME to see us.
Columbia Clav Company,
Columbia, S. C.
DR J. S- BYRD,
OFFICE OVER POSTOFFICE
Residence 'Phone 17-R. office 3.
Notice to Creditors.
All persons indebted to the estate
of Mrs. M. A. Houston, deceased
will make payment to the under
signed at once, and all persons hold
ing claims against the said estate
will present them properly attested
to the undersigned for payment.
W. C. Derrick.
Only One "BROMO QUININE"
To Ret the genuine, call for full name. LAXA
TIVE BROMO QUININE. Lookforsignature o?
E.W. GROVE. Cures a Cold in One Day. Stop;
couch and headache, and works off cold. 25c
For Sale by
G. W. WISE, Trenton, S. C.
And All Good Dealers
E?.^?lT'^f Ino ?5est Tonic,
^.f^Q Mihi - Laxative
SU, ' y.r'-J Pam.'iy Medicine.
A Larger Motor-More Refinements
THE new Briscoe has arrived. See it at our showrooms today.
You will fall in love with it at first sight. This latest model,
B-4-24, has everything you want in a motor car. Building
it entirely in our own factories makes possible the price, $725.
THE Half-Million Dollar Motor is larger, give?. 40 per cent
more power. Its rotary-balanced crank-shaft enables in
creased energy with unusual running smoothness. See the
roominess of this car-stretch out in it. In comfort and up-to
date conveniences Briscoe B-4-24 is easily the car of your choice.
.p. ^/*OUR satisfaction is our success. Let an immediate demon
JLJepenCl?ble [ stratton prove the car. Then let our readiness to serve at
all times make you glad you have become a Briscoe owner.
Five Passenger Touring Car $725 Coachaire $850
Four Passenger Roadster $725 Delivery Car (Canopy Top Body) $725
All Prices F. O. B. Jackson
H. E. QUARLES, Cold Spring, S. C.
Agent Edgefield, Aiken and McCormick Counties
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