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Fifty miles inland from Valparaiso
is the city of Santiago, the capital of
Chile and the fourth South American
city In population. From its broad
centrai avenue, the Alameda, lined
with statues and four rows of trees,
one can look upon mountains crowned
with perpetual snow. From here the
transcontinental tourist departs for
the ride over the Trans-Andean rail
road, the first rail line to conquer the
tremendous Andean barrier, and prob
ably the most wonderful feat of rail
road engineering in the world.
The passenger making this trip will
have an experience never to be forgot
ten. To quote a writer : "If any other
trunk line of railroad traverses a re
gion so extraordinary, it has not yet
been described." *
Penetrating deep valleys, beside
rushing torrents, clinging to the per
pendicular sides of precipices a thou
sand feet deep, stretching by 113
eerie bridges over vast chasms, plung
ing through 25 tunnels, climbing the
slopes of snowy peaks 15,000 and 22,
000 feet* in elevation, ascending far
above the timber line, the train finally
passes over the Continental Divide, at
10,400 feet elevation in a three-mile
tunnel, and then descends to the fertile
plains of the Argentine.
No greater transition could be ex
perienced. Behind are the mountains
and in front limitless prairies.
Unparalleled scenic grandeur has
been left behind and a world devoted
to agriculture and commerce entered.
SECTION OF ROAD AND ENTRANCE TO TUNNEL.
ELECTRICITY IN USE
Heavily Laden Freight Trains Are
Handled With Ease.
LOCOMOTIVES DO W8RK WELL
Tractors Draw Their Loads up Steep
Mountain Slopes at Speed of 16
Miles an Hour-Does tho
Work of Four Engines.
Probably nothing proves more con
vincingly the success of electrification
In the case of a certain Western rail
road than the ease with which heavily
laden freight trains are handled on the
steep mountain grades. Every 24 hours ]the haIts for fuel and water alonS ^
five of these trains, consisting of some- j run and ^ protracted attendance at
thing like sixty cars each, are moved I ^ end of 010 Journey When the en
each way across the mountains, and so I &ne 18 affain retnrned to a round
able under similar conditions with
It must be remembered that each
steam locomotive ls a self-contained
power plant which may not be ope
rated to the best advantage by the men
In charge of IL It takes a long time to
start an ordinary locomotive that has
been standing in the roundhouse, and
this work calls for the attention of the
engineer and fireman from the very
beginning of steam raising. More than
that, a certain amount of coal is
burned at low efficiency In raising the
water to fhe steaming point and then
to the desired operating pressure.
LThere is no return upon this outlay.
Furthermore, all the time during
which the locomotive- is walting in the
yard or station and not actually en
gaged in hauling represents an un
profitable period, and finally there are
well do tlie big electric locomotives do
their work that there is an average
saving of four hours for each train on
each 100 miles of the run. This can
be understood when It is realized that
the electric tractors draw their trains
up the steep mountain slopes at a
speed of 15 miles an hour, and even
better, where formerly three or four
steam locomotives panted and wracked
themselves In a violent effort to attain
half that speed with much smaller
All this is amazing when it ls re
called that only a little more than 90
years ago George Stephenson's first
steam locomotive made its maiden trip
on a rall line between Stockton and
Darlington, England. The train was
composed of 34 vehicles, representing
a gross load of about ninety tons, and
the rate of travel ranged between five
and ten miles on hour. A warning sig
nalman rode ahead on horseback.
New Type of Locomotive.
Last year a new type of locomotive
made its malden trip on the Rocky
mountain division of the road, running
westward from Harlowtown, Mont.,
over the Continental divide. How radi
cally different it was from the British
pioneer! It weighed 2S4 tons, three
times as much as Stephenson's whole
train, and its titanic hauling power
was such that it could draw a load
equivalent to 35 of Stephenson's trains
up a grade of 52.8 feet in a mile at a
speed of 16 miles an hour.
This capacity is typical of all of the
electric tractors now used on the
mountain section of the line. Super
ficially, they quite fail to give that
hint of power which is characteristic
bf their big steam rivals.
Within the carlike body of each are
eight massive 430-horse power motors,
geared to a like number of driving
axles, which produce a motive force
of 3,440 horse power.
locomotives appear to be two, because j dirions.
house. One might cite other condi
tions, such as leaky valves, changes of
altitude, and the effects of weather
en route, which have a very decided
bearing upon the working and the
cost of operating steam locomotives.
See, then, how different ls the story
in the case of the electric tractor.
Each of these electric locomotives is
entirely Independent of coal pockets
along the way, for It needs neither fuel
nor water, and therefore does not have
to drag along behind it a bulky, bur
densome tender. Further, the man at
the lever has nothing whatever to do
with the generation of energy, and, ac
cordingly, all of these tractors can be
operated exactly alike.
Needs Little Care.
No matter what the grade, the mo
torman knows that his supply of mo
tive force will remain constant and
equal to the tax on it, his locomotive
meeting each changing condition eas
ily and without wracking stress. It
can run a thousand miles without over
hauling, and for that reason can cover
several steam railway divisions at one
stretch. It has no ashes to dump, no
flues to clean, and no boiler to in
spect. It cnn be started out of its
roundhouse nt an instant's notice; it
can be housed at the end of its run
with only a few minutes* attention,
and for these feasons the cost of su
pervision and maintenance falls far be
low that of its steam rival.
As one of the experts has said,
"Winter, above all, demonstrates the
efficiency of the electric locomotive.
Its great driving power gives it a
marked ? '-antage over its steam com
petitor i~ pushing through heavy
snowdrifts. Of even more Importance,
however, is the fact that while the
steam tractor experiences most trouble
in bitter cold weather, through slow
fires, loss of heat by radiation, and
frozen pipes, the electric locomotive
ls actually at. its best under such con
they %re divided in the center; this is
done in order to insure greater flexi
bility in handling and when rounding
' Because these tractors can be con
trolled with equal ease from either
end, like a trolley car, no turntable is
required at division points. From end
to end the huge engines have a length
of 112 feet.
rr. ?aln Made In Speed*
- The electric locomotive does the
Vom of four ordinary" steam engines,
and is capable of handling its full
tonnage on a heavy grade at from
fifteen to sixteen miles an hour, as
against the eight torten miles an hour
possible with four of its steam rivals.
On a 1 per cent grade, or a rise of
52*8 feet in a mile, the electric engine
is able to haul a passenger train of
800 tons at a rate of 25 miles an hour,
while on level stretches It can do a
mile a minute. This is a very con
siderable gain over the speeds qbtaln
"Not only are electrical conditions
favored by the dry, cold air- of winter,
but since practically the only difficulty
with electric motors is their tendency
to heat when working at maximum, it
follows that the colder the weather tho
less the coils, will heat"
CONSUMPTION OF COAL
A report issued by tho New
York Chamber of Commerce
shows that the railroads of the
country in 1916 consumed an un- 4
precedented total of 200,000,000 X
tons of coal. In former years, v
the report says, the amount sel- ?
dom ran above 150,000,rwO tons. ?
It is estimated that the railroads <>
in 1916 expended $200.000,000 for $
? fuel, allowing nothing for the ?
^ cost of handling. ^
COAL and ?SCRAP
For the next three weeks I will
pay forty cents per 100 lbs. for
all kinds of Scrap Iron except old
boilers. Rush it in as my price
will decline after three weeks.
Coal shipments now eu route and I
will be glad to name summer prices
to be delivered in July and August.
M. A. TAYLOR.
June 18. 1917.
State of South Carolina I Court of
County of Edgefield. I Common
W. M. Rowland. Plaintiff; vs. Lucy
Notice to Creditors to file and
All persons having claims against
the instate of Chan tv Philpot, Jr.,
will please take notice that they are
required by Order of Court in above
cause to file and prov? same before
me on or before the 1st day of
October next, (l9l7), or their claims
will be forever barred thereafter as
provided in said Decree, as to any
and all funds now in my hands as
Master in re the above stated cause.
J. H. Cantelou,
Master for Edgefield County.
Dated July 13, 1917.
Colds, LaGrippe, Rheumatism
A pleasant but effective emulsion,
which rebuilds the tissues, revives the
system, adds strength and stimulates
the nervous system. It has ? no alco
hol, and is in every sense a tonic.
$1.00 PER BOTTLE
Ask Your Druggist.
Monufactured Solely By
THE FERROL CO.,
I take this means of letting the
people know that I have re-opened
my pressing club, and will appre
ciate their patronage. I am better
prepared than ever to clean and
press all kinds of garments, both
for ladies and gentlemen. All work
guaranteed. Let me know when
you have work and I will send for
it and make prompt delivery.
Sheppard Building Down Stairs
To My Friends an I the
Although I have accepted the
position as City Carrier, I have
no intention of discontinuing the
Insurance business. Your busi
ness will receive the same core
ful attention, and will be appre
Office Hours:-6:00 P. M. to
8:00 P. M.
J. T. HARLING
At The Farmers Bank.
Edgefield, S. C.
GEO. F. MIMS
Eyes examined and g.asses fitted
only when necessary. Optical
work of all kinds.
EDGEFIELD, S. C.
A. H, Corley,
Appointments at Trenton
EM'S iS THE OWLY
CSUINE ?RK5CA SAL?1
Men and half-grown boye, white
and colored; Carpenters, Mechanics,
Laborers, etc. Steady work, good
wages and free house rent. Pay
roll weekly in cash. Railroad fare
refunded if work one week. WRITE
or COME to pee us.
Columbia Clay Company,
Columbia, S. C.
DR J. S. BYRD,
OFFICE OVER POSTOFFICE
Residence 'Phone 17-R. office 3.
Notice to Creditors.
All persons indebted to the estate
of Mrs. M. A. Houston, deceased
will make payment to the under
signed at once, and all persons hold
ing claims against the said estate
will present them properly attested
to the undersigned for payment.
W. C. Derrick,
Only One "BROMO QUININE"
To get the genuine, call ior full name. LAXA
TIVE BROMO QUININE. Lookforsignatureof
E.W. GROVE. Cure9 a Cold in One Day. Stop*
cough and headache;, and works off cold. 25c
For Sale by
G. W. WISE, Trenton, S.
And AU Good Dealers
Thc iiesr Tenir.,
Milu - Laxativa
A Larger Motor-More Refinements
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Five Passenger Touring Car $725 Coachaire $850
Four Passenger Roadster $725 Delivery Car (Canopy Top Body) $725
All Prices F. O. B. Jacken
H. E. QUARLES, Cold Spring, S. C.
Agent Edgefield, Aiken - and McCormick Counties
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