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Germany's Position Less Favorable Than One Year Ago or Twa
Years Ago-In Principal Theater of War, the West, East
and Italian Fronts, the Entente Allies Have Shown
! New York.-Germany's situation at
j the end of three years of war appears
?less favorable than it did either one
? year ago or two years ago.
J She has to her credit in the last
i twelvemonth the crushing of ill-pre
I pared Roumania and the conquest of
?two-thirds of that nation's territory.
! But in the principal theater of war,
?the west, east and Italian fronts, the
?entente allies have shown, on the
fwhole, a decided superiority to the
j In the materials of war the nations
?fighting for democracy clearly have an
increasing advantage over the kaiser's
legions. They have dealt the enemy
?blow after blow which have told heav
ily in lives, if not in territory.
Germany More Desperate.
Germany's plight is rendered more
desperate than it was on August 1,
1916, by the accession of the United
States and several minor peoples to
the ranks of her enemies. Almost the
whole world is now lined up against
. Every belligerent dreads another
winter of war, but Germuny most of
all. She lacks many things to face the
rigors of a cold campaign-not only
^shells and guns', but wool for warm
"clothing and sufficient coal to run her
.rapidly deteriorating railroads and
her factories and keep those at home
comfortably warm, not to speak of the
famitie in the food fats so necessary
to those facing zero weather.
of Ypres. This the British blew up by
mines June 7, the noise being heard in
London. They captured 5,000 prison
ers the first day of the offensive and
many others later.
French Gain Hills.
Below the sector of the German re
tirement the French were equally suc
cessful. On April 1G they started a
great offensive which resulted in the
dominating "Ladles' road" falling Into
their hands, besides important posi
tions in Champagne. Their prisoners
the first two days totalled 17,000. On
May 0, along the Aisne, they took 6,100
captives-and gained points from w'hich
they looked down on the foe, as the
British did farther north.
It should be noted here, however,
that tlie French losses were severe,
resulting In the replacement of Nivelle
as commander in chief by Petain.
The last twelvemonth in the Italian
campaign has witnessed a series of
costly reverses for the Austrians, but
the Italians have been prevented from
following up their successes by the
very difficult terrain, the beaten Teu
tons falling back after eoch defeat to
new mountain positions most difficult,
italians Take Gor lr ?a.
On August 8, 1916, the Italians
stormed the stubbornly defended Go
rizla bridgehead, on the Isonzo river,
taking about 10,000 prisoners, and
they followed this success the next
day by seizing the city of Gorizia and
f- .?Looking back on the long truce of j Increasing the number of their cap
I the spring on the eastern front, it is
jhard to realize that the Russians just
o?? year ago were in the midst of a
.'splendid offensive much like that
'which has surprised the world in the
.present month. In the 1916 drive Brus
isiloff pushed far within Bukowina and
?Galicia and crossed the borders of
'Hungary. He took about 350,000 pris
[oners, mostly Austrians, and forced the
^enemy to concentrate masses of relia
ble German troops, aided by a few
?Turks, to check hin?.
The real reason his drive came to a
?halt, however, we know now was lack
of ammunition, failure of transport,
'treason within the czar's armies and
Wretched bureaucratic inefficiency.
These handicaps seem V> have been re
moved from the courageous Musco
?yites, perhaps for all time.
Roumania declared war on the Teu
tonic powers August 27 and immedi
ately invaded Transylvania, where the
weak Austrian guards were easily
pushed back and the important cities
of Hermannstadt and Kronstadt were
soon in the invaders' hands.
The kaiser sent Von Falkenhayn, a
splendid strategist just displaced by
Von Hindenburg, as chief of the great
general staff, to command on this
.front, while Von Mackensen headed
the Germans, Bulgarians and Turks,
who threw themselves on Roumania
from the south.
The Roumanians proved no match
for the combination of foes. Skillful
work by German spies, or the treach
ery of certain members of their own
army, put the Roumanians' plans of
campaign in the Teutons' hands, it is
now divulged. Bucharest fell Decem
ber 6, and ten days later all Walachia
was lost. On December 18 Russian
troops took over the whole Roumanian
front, and a few weeks later the Teu
ton advance was checked along the
line of the Sereth and Danube rivers.
Somme Battle Continues.
In the west, however, Germany was
facing a far different problem from
the poorly outfitted and trained Rou
manian peasants. When the third year
of the war opened the battle of the
Somme was still going on vigorously,
with the French and British showing a
constantly growing superiority over the
foe. Bit by bit through the summer
?and autumn the ground was wrenched
from the kaiser's m?n until the coming
of winter smothered the offensive "in
mud and blood," and, according to the
British commander, Sir Douglas Haig,
saved his opponents from an Immedi
aie great enforced retirement.
On September 22 it was announced
that the French and British had taken
55,800 prisoners in the Somme battle
between July 1 and September IS. This
total was later considerably increased.
French Win at Verdun.
At Verdun, too, the Germans suf
fered. The French in battles of the
fall and winter won back most of the
?ground lost in the offensive of the
"spring of 1916 and captured more than
?15,000 prisoners, with slight losses
The spring campaign in the west
opened this war with the Germans
falling back from the great salient
;spearpoint directed at Paris-confess
ing thereby either their weakness or
'their aversion to a'further offensive, al
though at the time German writers
,hinted darkly that Von Hindenburg
!"had something up his sleeve."
1 The "strategic retirement" began
about March 17, and the Teutons tn
'ramphantly declared lt would prevent
jan allied offensive this year. But they
spoke too soon.
On April 9 the British stormed high
j Vimy Ridge, taking on this and suc
ceeding ?ays about 12.000 prisoners.
The other enemy stronghord along the
: British line was Messines Ridge, south
Th? Italians launched a new offed/
sive the first days of November and
on November 5 they announced that
their prisoners since the fall of Go
rizia totaled 40,365.
Winter then stifled operations until
May 15, when the Italians returned
to the attack in the Carso, aiming at
Trieste. On May 18 the haul of Aus
trian prisoners was announced to be
6.432. The offensive was renewed May
25, 9.000 prisoners being taken the
first day. On May 26 Italy stated she
had taken 22,414 prisoners since
May 14. ?- .-.
The last operations left the Italians
in an unfavorable terrain and the Aus
trians counter-attacked successfully,
inflicting important losses, but not
driving back the invaders to any great
extent. The Italians apparently set
tled down to organize the conquered
soil in preparation for a new blow.
In the Balkans.
In the Balkans the deadlock con
tinues, but what changes there have
been have favored the allier. At the
west end of the lines the gallant Ser
bians last winter fought their way
back on their own soil, and with the
help of other troops took Monastir.
King Constantine of Greece gave up
the forts of Kavala to the Bulgarians
and the Germans took about 20,000
Greek soldiers to Silesia as "guests."
For this and other acts favoring the
Germans he lost his throne. Greece
is now building up a new army of
400,000 men, which will probably soon
be fighting for the cause of democracy
under the leadership of the great pa
The Italians have increased their
forces In Albania and built excellent
communications through the moun
tains, forming a junction with Sarrall's
left and securing this end of the Bal
When the marshes froze there was
a sharp Russian offensive last winter
near Riga. Otherwise, the coast front
lay dormant for many months, and
during the revolution "fraternizing"
was rife between the opposing armies.
Then the Russians, having put their
house in order, set out to show the
kaiser that free men can fight better
The sectors selected for attack lay
between the Pinsk marshes and the
Carpathians, the same as last summer.
Successes were scored at several
points, the prisoners by July ll'num
bering 42,000. The greatest advance
was near Stanislaus, from which city
. Kornlloff's men advanced across a
?eries of rivers, capturing Halicz and
Kalucz and sabering and bayoneting
the beaten Austrians.
Russian Drive Pleases.
. The unexpected "come back" over
Joyed the allies and filled the Russians
at home with martial enthusiasm.
The Turks suffered severe defeats
In the course of the year at several
points. The British splendidly re
trieved their reputation in Mesopo
tamia by recapturing Kut-el-Amara.
On March ll they took Bagdad. They
continued several scores of miles fur
ther on and also formed a junction
with the Russians northeast of Bag
Farther north the Russians held on
to their more important gains-the
great cities of Erzerum and Treblzond,
but abandoned Mush, Armenia, and a
large city but thinly settled region to
Moving out from the Suez canal
the British inflicted a severe defeat
on the Turks near Romani and then
fought their way into Palestine,
building a new railroad a? they went, j
A further slight advance would brine
them before Jerusalem. The Turks
apparently are preparing to abandon
the Holy City. They have also re
moved the Jews from the seaport of
Jaffa, treating them so cruelly that
hundreds have died.
In Germany's sole remaining colony,
East Africa, converging columns of
British, Portuguese and French are
closing In on the remnants of the de
fending army and the kaiser's over
seas dominations seem near eclipse.
All military observers expect the
war will continue through the next
winter and the new campaigns are
awaited with special Interest because
American troops will have a chance
to show their mettle on the west front
TO DRIVE AMBULANCE
a prominent author and poet, is going
to France to drive an ambulance with
a hospital on the British front. Mrs.
Wagstaff will be a valuable addition
to the hospital, being as capable at
repairing her machine as she is at
driving it She is an expert mechanic
and a crack motorcyclist
DOG'S RESCUE EFFORT FAILS
Collie, Plunging Into River, Vainly
Tries to Hold Up Body of His
Westfield, Mass.-Joseph Wrogow
sky, seven years old, was drowned In
the Westfield river at Red Rock after
his collie, Fluff, twice tried to bring the
boy to shore! -vi?- ?
Joseph and his nine-year-old brother,
; William, were playing on the bank.
Joseph slipped Into the river. The dog
plunged in, got the lad's collar in a firm
grip and tried desperately to paddle
ashore. The boy dragged the dog un
der until Fluff was forced to come up
for air. Fluff filled his lungs, then
dived and came up with his master, but
was dragged under again until he had
to let go.
Arthur Bazata came at the older
brother's screams, dived in and
brought the body of Joseph to shore.
Fluff, who hud kept diving desperate
ly, refused to come ashore ttntil Baza
ta came up with his master's form and
brought it to land.
HEARTY BREAKFAST IS 0. K.
French Medical Professor Urges Euro
peans to Follow Example of
Bordeaux, France.-The American
breakfast of ham and eggs, liver and
'bacon, beefsteak or other meat, vege
. tables and porridge, as a substitute for
the meager European morning meal, Is
recommended for France by Doctor
Bergonie, professor of the Bordeaux
Doctor Bergonie regards this substi
tution as one of the reforms most like
ly to relieve the economic situation, by
providing rational nourishment and
uvoldlng a great deal of waste.
He bases his argument on the fact
?that man requires sustenance most at
the beginning of the day when he i's
: about to make his effort, whereas In
Europe he takes his principal meal
when his day's work is half through,
when he is half tired out and is in
capable of so digesting bis meal as to
'give him proper support for the rest of
the day's work.
HOW TO WRITE TO SOLDIERS
War Department Announces Rules for
Addressing Letters to Men
at the Front
Washington.-Persons sending let
ters or cablegrams to American sol
diers in France are cautioned in a
war department announcement to in
clude in the address only the name of
the soldier, his company, regiment or
other unit, and the words "American
Expeditionary Force." The location
of the unit should not be mentioned,
even If it be known.
The envelope should also bear the
name and address of the sender.
Similar rules prevail for communica
tions from members of the expedition
ary force to friends or relatives in the
United States. Troop locations or
movements must not be mentioned.
Money may be transmitted through
postal orders, but arrangements have
not yet been completed for parcel
Keep the Land at Work.
Let UH not this season-as we
often do-waste all the work of
cultivation we give to the early
vegetable crops, by letting the land
grow up in grass and weeds as the
crops ripen. But rather let us keep
the tools of cultivation running a
little later, then, without further
working of the land, plant other
crops that will mature better in the
fall or during the winter. Late
corn, turnips, parsnips, rye, oats,
etc., may well follow the old pota
to crop or the land may be seeded
to grass, clover or alfalfa at littie
extra expense, and these crops go in
under almost ideal conditions.
Good land is required to produce
fine crops of Irish potatoes and it
will be almost a sin this year to let
rich land-that is already in good
seed bed condition-grow up in
wild grass and weeds. We often
work the potato land just as the
plants are maturing and plant corn
between the rows, then while the
potatoes are being dag the corn is
"The kaiser is a queer customer,"
said Jacob Schiff, New York bank
er and philanthropist, during a
Cooper Union debate. "The more
the German people ask of him the
less he gives them.
"The way the kaiser has treated
the German people about this bu
siness of universal suffrage reminds
me of the Blue Mill.
'The hands of the Blue Mill
you know, waited on the owner
and told him they wanted shorter
* 'Very good', said the owner
'Your wish shall be granted men
We'll begin with shorter dinner
hours.' "-Washington Star.
Southefn Railway Company.
Columbia, S. C., July 23, 1917.
To All Concerned:
Effective Tuesday, July 24, will
restore service between Trenton and
Edgefield as follows:
Lv. Trenton .... 8.00 A.M.
Lv. Parkhill . . . . 8:10 A. M.
Ar. Edgefield . . . 8:20 A.M.
Lv. Edgefield . . '-8:45 A.M.
Lv. Paikhiil . . . 8:55 A.M.
Ar. Trenton . . . 9:05 A.M.
Ill, 131 and 132 will observe)
Lv. Edgefield . . 11:15 A.M.]
Lv. Parkhill . . 11:25 A.M.
Lv. Trenton . . . 11:35 A.M.
Lv. Baynham . . 11:45 A.M.
Lv. Eureka . . . 11:50 A.M.
Lv. Milledgeville . . 11:55 A.M.
Lv. Lakeview . . . 12:03 P.M.
Lv. Crofts . . . . 12:09 P.M.
L . Pineridge Camp . 12:19 P.M.
Ar. Aiken .... 12:25 P.M.
No. Ill mixed between Edgefield
NO. 132 MIXED.
Lv. Aiken ... 12:55 P.M.
Lv. Pineridge Camp . 12:59 P.M.
Lv. Crofts . . . . 1:09 P.M.
Lv. Lake View . . . 1:15 P.M.
Lv. Milledgeville . . 1:25 P.M.
Lv. Eureka .... 1:34 P.M.
Lv. Baynham . . . 1:42 P.M.
Lv. Trenton .... 1:55 P.M.
Lv. Parkhill . . . .2:15 P.M.
Ar. Edgefield . . . 2:25 P.M.
NO. 131 MIXED.
Lv. Trenton ... 1:15 P.M.
Lv. Baynham ... 1:25 P.M.
Lv. Eureka .... 1:34 P.M.
Lv. Milledgeville . , 1:41 P.M.
Lv. Crofts .... 1:55 P.M.
Lv. Pineridge Camp . 2:08 P.M.
Ar. Aiken .... 2:15 P. M
No. Ill, 131. 132 make flag stops
above stations except Trenton which
is a stop. Time shown as informa
tion only and confers no rights.
B. W. BROOKS,
A. H. Corley,
Appointments at Trenton
On August 24th, 1917, I will sell
at public auction all the personal
property belonging to estate of Mrs.
M. A. Houston, deceased, at my
residence on corner of Addison and
Lee streets, in the Town of John
ston, S. C., at eleven o'clock.
W. C. DERRICK,
Johnston, S. C., Aug. 6, 'l7.
Bucklen's Arnica Salve
The Best Salve lo The World.
We are in the midst of summer,
and everybody needs clothing suited
to the weather. We have an un
broken stock in every department.
Come in and let us show you.
We can supply ready-to-wear gar
ments for men or women or we can
sell you the material to make up in
the home at very reasonable prices.
Also let us show you our slippers
and oxfords for men, women and
children. Styles, leather, quality
and price are all right. Come in
and, let us prove what we say.
Daiteh Bros. Bargain Store
Next Door to Farmers Bank
g BARRETT & COMPANY
Augusta ----- Georgia
Girls Need Martin's
Liver Medicine In
stead of Calomel
''My experience in work as a train
ed nurse," said a young woman
"teaches me that young girls are es
pecially subject to constipation sim
ply because they omit or neglect the
all-important duty to Nature that
should be performed without fail
every day.",, } - >!*
* And then, after they get bilious and
headachy, so many of them take that
nasty,- poisonous calomel that sickens
their stomachs and makes them have
to stay at home while it acts on them.
They would be very much better off if
they took a dose or so of Martin's
Liver Medicine, a guaranteed veget
able medicine which acts gently on the
bowels, without griping or causing
loss of time or affecting the appetite.
! Martin's Liver Medicine is sweet
end pleasant to take-a spoonful is
usually sufficient in treating a head
ache, constipation, indigestion, sour
stomach or bowels. It is guaranteed
to give satisfaction. If it doesn't,
take the empty bottle to yourjdrug
gist and get your 50c back.-.
"I have used calomel and its con?
pounds for liver trouble for years. I
have always dreaded taking it because
of its violent action, the sickness it
invariably causes and the fact that it
is a poison. Martin's Liver Medicine
is a boon to mankind in that it takes
the place of calomel, acts so effec
tively but so pleasantly, that it is
Nature itself. I cannot too highly
recommend Martin's Liver Medicine."
-W. T. McDonald, 1109 Oglethorpe
Ave., Macon, Ga. 1
Get a bottle of Martin's Liver
Medicine from your druggist, If he
hasn't it in stock, he can easily get it
for you. Insist upon having it and
refuse to accept any substitute. There
is no other medicine that is just as
For Sale by COLLETT & MITCHELL, Edgefield, S. C.
We call the attention of the boys
and men to our light-weight, warm
weather garments-just what you
need during these sweltering July
Light-weight underwear, light
weight suits, light-weight extra
trousers, lightweight coats.
Also see our stylish oxfords.
Everything to help you keep
DORN & MUS