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WAR SPEEDS IIP
No Port in World as Well Equip
ped as New York to Han
SAVING IN TIME IS SHOWN
:HIgh Speed Coal Dumpers and Light
ers Simplify Work-10,000 Tons
Can Be Loaded in Six
New York.-War has speeded np
coaling of ships in the port of New
York until no other port in the world
.at the present time is as well equip
ped to handle this important task.
So fast has become the coaling of
big vessels that enormous liners like
the Imperator can have their bunkers
...led to their capacity of 10,000 tons
in 16 hours.
The reason for the increased speed
ls largely high-speed coal dumpers
and fuel lighters. Each one of the
latter is able to give a ship 1,000 tons
of coal in eight hours, an achieve
,ment due mainly to special coal ele
i But ships requiring 1,000 tons or
less are in the big majority, whether
transatlantic or coastwise trade is
considered. And it is not essential
?that for such ships there should be a
loading device separate from the coal
barges to enable a continuous stream
of barges to ply to and from coal
In a Single Day.
For the average vessel a total of
300 tons is usually sufficient, and this
means that a ship of this sort may
discharge a cargo and take on a new
one all in the course of a single day.
With the adoption of the modern
lighter it is an easy matter to load
<oal while the cargo is being unload
ed and a new one taken on. One mod
ern high-speed lighter can coal three
such ships in an eight-hour day.
This development of modern light
ers is equalled by better facilities for
transferring coal from cars to barges.
Huge steel dumping machines now
take up a 50-ton car bodily, elevate it
and empty its contents into the barge
by tilting the entire car on the side-a
great improvement over the process
of unlocking a trapdoor in the bottom
of the car and letting the coal slide
through. These machines have a
capacity of 9,000 tons each a day.
Saving of time to the shipowner
here is shown by comparison with
Cardiff, the English port where the
largest tonnage of English coal is
loaded for export In loading a ves
sel, for example, the English shipper
uses a railroad car of ten or twelve
tons, while the American uses one of
fifty to ninety tons capacity, so that
the Cardiff docks must discharge from
five to ten carloads to every one dis
charged in New York in order to main
tain the same speed.
Carried by Steel Colliers.
Steel colliers ply between Boston
and Hampton Roads, a distance of 000
miles. Each one of these ships is capa
ble of making a round trip every week
and transporting 3~>0,000 tons of coal
a year. A vessel of the same tonnage,
.however, carrying a cargo of coal from
Cardiff to a port 600 miles away
would take a week at Cardiff to load
j its cargo and another week at its des
'tination to discharge it. Thus New
York laden ships can make three trips
. to one for a Cardiff laden vessel.
Such things as these are what places
New York as the greatest port in the
world and makes American ' .?al op
erators feel that there is a great op
portunity for exporting American coal.
.Five different companies within re
cent months have established fleets of
specially designed carriers on the
theory that with our tremendous coal
supply and superior port facilities it
will only be a question of time before
America is shipping her coal to all
parts of the globe.
I HE WALKS 35 MILES
j TO ENLIST IN ARMY I
J - t
jj McAlester, Okla.-Just be- ?
: i cause he mistrusted the Missou- ?
j f ri, Oklahoma & Gulf railroad, |
? ! John F. Dunham walked 35 miles j
j * to reach the Rock Island lines |
I ! on his journey to enlist. When f
! * Dunham reached here he was I
i sockless and coatless. He made j
? his journey in three days. I
13 NATIONS WAR ON GERMANY
[Twenty-two Governments Have Sev
ered Diplomatic Relations
j London.-An official statement from
jthe foreign office recently informed
?the British public that 22 countries
?had severed diplomatic relations with
I "Of these," the statement added,
! "thirteen are at war with Germany
land may be considered in alliance for
?that purpose." The list of the 22 ls
Russia, France, Belgium. Great Brit
ain, Serbia, Montenegro, China, Brazil.
Bolivia, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicara
gua, Japrm, Portugal, Italy, Roumania,
United States, Cuhu, Panama, Liberia,
Haiti, San Domingo.
IS DISPENSER OF COMFORT
One Englishwoman Does "Her Bit" by
Keeping Open House for Wounded
There is a large class of English
women, writes a London correspondent,
who have to keep their own homes go
ing, but who manage to take time to
help to ease the war strain. She visits
soldiers' wives and families in dark
and dirty streets, as do most of her
friends and hundreds of other women.
She never goes empty-handed. To pay
for these luxuries she dispenses with
help in the housework, rising earlier
in the morning to do it herself. Here
is the experience of one:
In the course of her visit to a hos
pital a tall, sad, young Scotchman won
her sympathy. He was grievously
wounded, but what he seemed to suffer
from most was homesickness and a
wild longing for his own people, es
pecially his mother. "She can't afford
it," he said when asked why she did
not visit him. "She could get a half
fare warrant, I know, but even then
she's not accustomed to travel, and
she'd be lost in a strange town."
This gave her an idea. She would
ask the mother to come to Leeds and
stay with her ! She met her nt the sta
tion and took her up to the hospital,
where the excited boy lay.
For a few days the old Scotch wom
an stayed with her, and then returned
to Scotland full of gratitude and de
light at having seen her son. She was
the first of many guests entertained by
this warm-hearted Englishwoman. Sol
diers' wives came, sometimes bringing
with them a baby-once or twice it
was a baby the father had never seen
before, born while he was at the front ;
soldiers' sisters, sweethearts, mothers,
all poor women who could not afford
to have come without her offer of hos
pitality. They arrived tired, anxious
and sad, and she comforted them and
cheered them, and they went away hap
pier to know that their dear ones had
so kind a friend at hand.
CAMELS ARE IN BIG DEMAND
Great Numbers of Beast of the Desert
Used by the British in Defense
Along the banks af the Suez canal
and thence along the old coast road to
the east you will find today between
the endless series of British encamp
ments caravans of camels passing to
and fro with their burdens or lyings
patiently at their mangers and chew
ing the cud with that tranquil expres
sion of the beast which no stress of
war can disturb, says the Manchester
There are more camels gathered
here than ever were assembled in the
bazaars of Cairo or Damascus. Though
the defense of Egypt has been carried
.forward from the canal itself to the
hills and dunes of the Sinai desert
and to the Land of Promise beyond,
the camel Is still an integral part of
the defensive scheme. Rouds and rail
ways, It is true, run out here and there
eastward from the bank, but there re
mains a vast hinterland unreclaimed
from the desert, waste, in which our
troops continually move.
The World on Wheels.
According to a report by the office
of public roads, which takes notice of
such matters, there wereJ8,512,996 au
tomobiles and motor trucks and 250,
820 motorcycles registered In the
United Stares in WIG. This is an in
crease of 43 per cent over the registry
of cars and trucks for the previous
year. The gain was greatest in the
Southern states, where it reached SC
per cent. On the estimate of the pres
ent population there is now an automo
bile for every 29 people in the United
States. On the basis of comfortable
seating capacity, this makes roora for
one-sixth of the inhabitants, says
Tliomas F. Logan in Leslie's. Or, in
other words, if properly apportioned,
every sixth or seventh family would be
found supplied. The total license reve
nue derived from this source for 191G
was $2i>,865,370, which represents an
Increase of $7,G09.G59 over the receipts
of the same character for the yeur
For Old Linoleum.
An old linoleum, if not worn into
holes, may be refreshed and made al
most as good as new with little trou:
ble. First, be sure that it is stretched
und tacked as ciosely as possible.
Then paint it all over with two coats
of any good wash paint, letting the
first one dry before supplementing it
with the second. When this is quite
dry, give tbe floor a coating of orange
shellac. After this is dry, go over lt
with a second coat. This gives an ex
cellent finish to the floor and will make
the linoleum not only look well, but
add greatly to its wearing quulitles.
An oil mop will keep lt clean.
Why Cherries Are Red.
It was the theory of Darwin that
nature made cherries beautiful to the
eye for a definite purpose. Red, he
said, was the most prominent and at
tractive color. Cherries turned to that
hue In order to attract birds. Birds,
noting the brilliant globules, tasted
them, found them to their liking, told
other birds and consumed the crop,
swallowing seeds and all. In this way
the cherry stones were-carried far and
wide over the country and dropped
where they might grow into other
Wouldn't Walt That Long.
"So you're a bill cellector, eh?"
"Do you believe In a hereafter?"
"I certainly do but I'm not going
to walt until then to collect this biU."
Southern Railway System
An Ambition and a Record j
E needs of the South are identical with thc needs j
Df thc Southern Railway i tuc crowtb and success of on: ?can.?
thc upbuildinc of thc other.
The Southern Railway asks no favors-no ipccial privilege not
accorded to others.
Thc ambition of the Southern Railway Company i; io ire that J
unity of interest that ia born of Operation between ?hu pcblle and ,
the railroads; to fcc perfected that fair and frar.k pokey In thc Bumer
tn?m of rallloadl which invitee thc confidence of ?roiemmental I
anodes) to realize that liberality of treatment which will enable it
IO obtain the additional capital needed for ttcacqmiitiOfl of better and
cnlarced facilities incident to thc demand for increased and better
service; inda finally-?
To take it? niche ;n the body politic of the South nlor.cjide of
other rrcat industries. wi:h no more, but with equal l?beme:, equi
ricks and equal opportunit?s.
" The Southern Serves the South." [)
For Metal or Composition
TILING AND GRATES,
Roofing and Mantel Co.
607 Broad Street,
Colds, LaGrippe, Rheumatism
A pleasant but effective emulsion,
which rebuilds the tissues, revives the
system, adds strength and stimulates
the nervous system. It has no alco
hol, and is ia every sense a tonic.
$1,00 PER BOTTLE
Ask Your Druggist.
Monufactured Solely By
THE FEBBOL CO.,
Columbia, S. C.
tual Insurance Associ
Property Insured $2,500,000.
WRITE OR CALL on the .un
dersigned for any information you
may desire about our plan of insur
We insure your property against
FIRE, WINDSTORM or LIGHT
and do so cheaper than any Com
pany in existence.
Remember, wc are prepared to
prove to yon that ours is the safest
and cheapest plan of insurance
Our Association is now licensed
to write Insurance in the counties
of Abbeville, Greenwood, McCor
mick, Laurens and Edgefield.
The officers are: Gen. J. Frasei
Lyon, President, Columbia, S. C.
J. R. Biak-?, Gen. Agu, Secy. &
Treas., Greenwood, S. C.
A. O. Grant, Mt. Carmel, S. C.
J. M. Gambrell, Abbeville, S. C.
Jno. H. Childs, Bradley, S. C.
A. W. Youngblood, Hodges, S. C
S. P. Morrah, Willington, S. C.
L.N. Chamberlain, McCormick, S.G
R. H. Nicholson, Edgefield, S. C.
F.L.Timmerraan, Pln't. Lane, S. C.
J. C. Martin, Princeton, S. C.
W. H. Wharton, Waterloo, S. C.
J. R. BLAKE, Gen. Agt.
Greenwood, S. C.
Jan. 1st, 1917.
I take this means of letting the
people know that I have re-opened
my pressing club, and will appre
ciate their patronage. I am better
prepared than ever to clean and
press all kinds of garments, both
for ladies and gentlemen. All work
guaranteed. Let me know when
you have work and I will send for
it and make prompt delivery.
To My Friends an I the
Although I have accepted the
position as City Carrier, I have
no intention of discontinuing the
Insurance business. Your busi
ness will receive the same core
ful attention, and will be appre
Office Hours:-0:00 P. M. to
8:00 P. M.
J. T. HARLING
At The Farmers Bank.
Edgefield, S. C.
Notice of Final Dis
To All Whom These Presents May
Whereas, L. G. Watson has made
application unto this Court for Fi
nal Discharge as Administrator in
re the Estate of II. O. Watson de
ceased, on this the 28th day of j
These Are Therefore, to cite any
and all kindred, creditors, or par
ties interested, to show cause be
fore me at my office at Edgefield
Court House, South Carolina, on
the 30th day of AugUHt 1917, at ll
o'clock a. m., wli3 said order of j
Discharge should not be granted.
W. T. KINNAIRD,
J. P. C., E. C., S. C.
July 28, 1917.
For Sale by
G. W. WISE, Trenton, S. C.
And All Good Dealers
OFFICE OVER POSTOFFICE
Residence 'Phone 17-R.
Pfil'? HS THE ONLY
C??GI?E ARNICA SALWS
Whenever You Need a General Tonic
The Old Standard Grove's Tasteless
chill Tonic is equally valuable as a
General Tonic because it contains the
well known tonic properties of QUININE
and IRON. It acts on the Liver, Drives
out Malaria, Enriches the Blood and
Builds up the Whole System. 50 cents.
TTTK HTCST FOR
CoDTrieht 1909. br C. S. 2?ns>erman Co.-No. 51
THERE is no doubt about
money in thb ban?, it is
sure and positive. Maybe slow, but there
is the, satisfaction that it is sure. Posi
tive in every way, both that it will grow,
and that it is safe,
BANK OF EDGEFIELD
OFFICERS: J. C. Sheppard, President; B. E..Nicholson, vice-President
E. J. Mims, Cashier; J. H. Allen. Assistant Oashier.
DIRECTORS : J. C. Sheppard, Thos. H. Rainsford, John Rainsford, B. E.
Nicholson, A. S. Tompkins. C. C. Fuller. E. J. Mi- s. J. H. Allen
A fine lot of pure Fultrhura oats at
?2.00 per bushel. Purchaser to
Jas. D. Mathis,
Trenton, S. C.
July 25, 1917.
HAIL: Prctection against Hail
damage to crops can now be had by
a policy in the HARTFORD FIRE
INSURANCE CO., through E.
J. Norris Agent. See or phone Mr,
?lif?-'s nm LIFE PILLS
Tho PIUS That Oo Cure.
is the appropriate designation of the .
Mountains of Western North Carolina
Located in the magnificent section of
lofty mountains, abounding in towering
peaks, beautiful rivers, smiling valleys
and charming wooded slopes, are hun
dreds of excellent places at which to
spend the summer, ranging from pre
tentious hotels with gay social life to
home-like boarding places, quiet re
treats and camps for roughing it.
Get Out in the Open
Golf, tennis, horse-back riding, mountain climb
ing, boating, bathing, motoring, driving, and all
other out-door recreations.
Send the Boys to a Summer Camp
Excellent camps to take care of the growing boys
during vacation time. Academic instructions if de
sired. Out-door life and athletic instructions under
Many Wonderful Sights
In the "Land ot the Sky*' within a one-day trip
from any central resort.
To be found at Asheville, Hendersonville, Hot
Springs, Lake Junaluska, Waynesville, Brevard,
Saluda, Lake Toxaway, Flat Rock, Tryon, Black
Mountain, Ridgecrest and many other.
Southern Railway System
Write for illustrated literature, fares and schedules.
FRED R. McMILLIN,
Division Passenger Agt.
J. A. TOWNSEND, 228 Eighth St.,
Ticket Agt., Edgefleld, S. C. Augusta, Ga.
Eyes examined and g.oases fitted
only when necessary. Optical
work of all kinds.
EDGEFIELD, S. C.
Invigorating to the Pale and Sickly
The Old Standard general strengthening tonic.
GROVE'S TASTELESS chill TONIC, drives out
A! alaria.en riches the blood.and builds up the sys.
tem. A true tonic. For adults and children. SOc