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ONE CHANCE I
How National Army Will Be
Raised Under Universal
READY TO START THE WORK
'Rules for Exemption Boards Will Be
Ironclad and Every Possibility of
, * Misunderstanding Eliminated
-First Call Probably Will
? Be for 750,000 Men.
! Washington.-Of nearly 9,500,000
?men of military age who have been
?registered in accordance with the se
Slective draft law, those who are physi
cally qualified and are not exempted
will have one chance in three of being
called to the colors this year.
This is the estimate that has been
made by the military authorities in
The first phase of the great task of
raising an army under the universal
service system has been completed.
More than 10,000,000 men have actual
ly been enrolled and, taking into con
sideration the number of men of regis
tration age who are now serving either
in the army or navy or National Guard,
the estimates made by the census bu
reau upon the basis of population have
been attained. All of the men subject
to the law have responded to the call.
Wait for Army Regulations.
The second phase of the problem of
raising a national army will begin as
j soon as the president has approved the
(exemption regulations which have been
'drafted by a special board under the
^direction of the provost marshal gen
eral. In many respects it is the more
.'complicated and difficult portion of
ithe task. Approximately 4,800 boards
-one for every 30,000 of the popula
tion of the country-are to be appoint
ed to pass upon the exemptions, to de
cide who shail be subject to the call
,of military duty and who shall not.
.Boards of appeal for every federal ju
dicial district must also be designated
?by the president.
When this has been accomplished
the instructions to the primary boards,
.which are to act in the capacity of
courts of first instance in passing upon
.exemptions are to be issued. Maj.
.Gen. Enoch I. Crowder and his assist
ants-among them some of the most
distinguished lawyers of the country
.have virtually completed the prelimi
nary draft which is now before the
president and the secretary of war.
As soon as it ls approved and the word
is given the huge machine will be set
in motion grinding out the first incre
ment of 500,000 men for the new na
No Comment in Advance.
For fear of confusing the 9,500,000
men who will be subject to the call,
General Crowder has been unusually
careful not to discuss for publication
the system that has been tentatively
devised. He himself has a very clear
idea, he said, of what is to be done,
but before the instructions are to be
sent out every possibility of misunder
. standing is to be weighed aud every
chance for complication is tc be elimi
nated. The rules are to be ironclad
and as specific as human ingenuity can
make them, so that there will be no
.possibility of charges of discrimina
tion and favoritism in the selection of
the men who are to take up anns with
?the first 500,000.
' Military authorities estimate that
the first draft will be for considerably
:more than that number. In addition
to the national army, the regular army
and the National Guard will probably
be brought up to war strength. There
.also must be reserve training camps,
which may be drawn upon to fill va
cancies in the active ranks. It is not
improbable, therefore, that the number
'to be selected will be nearer 750,000
Placing the number of men regis
tered at 10,000,000, it is estimated that
5,000,000 will be exempted for general
.reasons; of the remuinlng 5,000,000,
?2,500,000 will be rejected for physical
. disability, according to the standards
;now prevailing for recruits.
? There will remain, therefore, subject
ito call for duty at any time 2,500,000
I men, who will be ready at any lime to
?begin their military training. If 750,
000 are to be called, the man who has
registered and ls physically fit and
cannot claim exemption, has a little
better than one chance in three to go
?Into active service.
! It is probable rhat a certain propor
tion of those who have registered will
be exempted in classes-foreign sub
jects, those who are obviously physi
cally unfit, and In general persons em
ployed in the public sen-ice, mariners,
workmen in arsenals, armories and at
the navy yards. The regulations will
designate specifically how these gen
eral exemptions are to be made.
Those who do not full within these
?general classes must appear before the
?exemption board within their district
?and set forth their claims. The mere
I fact, for example, that a man Is mar
'ried and has children will be no bar to
?his selection for service. He must
?demonstrate that he contributes to the
i support of his family. The village
; idler whose wife takes in washing will
probably have difficulty in convincing
the board that he should not go Into
The call ?will be made by the presi
dent for a certain number of men suffi
ciently large to make it certain that
the necessary number for actual serv
ice will be obtained after eliminations
for one cause or another.
The board which is now devising the
scheme by which the men may be
chosen has experimented with various
devices for drawing by lot. It is prob
able that this phase of the draft will
be made a public ceremony, which will
be carried out at the capitols of the
states or in some other public place.
If the registrunt has run the exemp
tion gantlet he will present himself be
fore the military authorities for physi
cal examination. If rejected, he will
be dismissed, but a record of his case
will be kept. If accepted, he will be
sent to one of the sixteen cantonments
where he will undergo training to fit
him for the rigors of war or held in
readiness to enter one of the training
camps which will be drawn upon to fill
gaps in the ranks.
A Tremendous Task.
Army officials do not minimize the
difficulty of the intricate task ahead
of them. The president is wrestling
with the problem of selecting the ex
emption boards, so that there will be
no basis for charges of favoritism or
political preference. The normal board
probably will be the same as that
which conducted the registratlou, but
there will probably be many excep
tions to the general rule. An effort is
being made to obtain men only of the
highest character for the appellate
General Crowder and his assistants
are very careful not to disclose even
the most general features of the sys
tem upon which they have virtually
agreed. They fear that if it were ex
plained now changes that might be
made before its final approval by the
president would lead to confusion. For
that reason the word ls nor to be given
until every detail has been pondered
carefully, and when it is given there is
to be no retracing of steps.
POST FOR MAN HE DERIDED
Lloyd George Picks Old-Time Political
Foe Because He ls Best
Man for Job.
. London. - Premier Lloyd George
picks his subordinates in curious ways.
"On account of the food scarcity and
the need for increased production, the
premier was hard put to think of a
suitable mun to fill the post of presi
dent of the board of agriculture. A
political colleague, overhearing Mr.
Lloyd-George speak of his difficulty,
said to him.
"I know the very man you want for
"Who is that?" asked Mr. Lloyd
"Prothero, of course," was the re-,
"Prothero, Prothero," exclaimed Mr.
Lloyd George. "Let's see, isn't that
the man I had a controversy with
the man I once called the duke of
Bedford's butler, or something of that,
sort? Why, that's the very man I
Roland E. Prothero was an old
time political foe of the premier's, but
that made no difference so long us he
was an efficient man for the post.
INDIANA WOOD IN FRANCE
Used in the Making of Gunstocks and
the Wooden Part of Air
Noblesville, Ind.-Airplanes, the
wooden parts of which are mude from
walnut trees from Hamilton county,
are flying over the battlefields of
France, and gunstocks made from the
same kind of wood, cut from the same
territory, are in the hands of the
British who are fighting on the western
D. L Neher, who operates a saw
mill in this city, is filling an order for
the British government for walnut tim
ber. The contract culls for 30 carloads,
and all the lumber Is to be used In
the manufacture of airplanes and gun
stocks. Neher has contracted with A.
L. Pursel for 25,000 feet of walnut tim
ber in a strip of woodland in the vi
cinity of Nora. It brought the top
price of $6.50 a hundred feet.
lntiil iii 1 Inf ? ? ? IXiAl 1..t.,tirfirt?rl--tiitiilutlili t
I NO REGISTRATION CARD,
1 TWO NEGROES BEATEN
* Kansas City, Mo.-Uncle Sam
* uel has a misguided but willing
j? conscription aid in William Mac
4? Clellan, twenty-two, a structural
Jj steel worker. Shortly before mld
2 night MacClellan halted a pair
1|? of negroes.
.?? "See this," he queried, shov
el! ing one of the little blue regis
* tratlon certificates under their
% noses. "Got one?"
+ "No," one of the negroes re
* plied, "and what's more, we ain't
.?? goln' to wear one of them
T Whereupon the structural ^
4, steel worker proceeded to dem
* onstrate the ' superiority of ?fl
?j, trained muscle and shortly after- *
* wards marched the negroes up In %
?p front of the sergeant's desk ut *
T the police headquarters. It was %
* a fateful match for the trio. All *
? three were charged with disturb
? ing the peace. 'f
? 'That's all right, sergeant," ?
* said Uncle Sam's co-worker, T
|? "just put 'em in u cell with me." *
* MacClellan's request was not
lg granted. ^
Jt T ? TT * T .T. .T. t\ ,J. M ,1, .T. il. |T. iT Ul TT TnlT
atm naps s
, On the Hunt for Patriotic Teleg
raphers for Service in
TRAINING CAMP IS PLANNED
Former Operators Are Urged to Re
turn to the Key to Release Elig?
; bles for Service with "the He
roes of the Army."
New York.-The United States gov
ernment has leased 381 acres of lund
at Monmouth Park, near Long Brunch,
N. J., to be used as a training camp for
the reserve battalions of the signal
corps. This land has been acquired
because of Its adaptability for signal
corps work, involving all kinds of sig
naling, telegraphy and maintenance of
rapidly constructed lines of communi
; The quartermaster's department will
.build a large cantonment, consisting of
temporary barracks, kitchen, store
houses, and everything necessary to
promote tho efficient training of the
battalions, several of which have al
ready been organized.
The camp will be under the direct
supervision of Lieutenant Colonel
Hartmann, who will be assisted by oth
er officers of the regular army. An In
tensive course of Instruction will be
given to both thc- officers and men of
the signal corps, nreparing them for
service abroad in every phase of mili
tary life necessary to perform their in
teresting work on the battlefield and
to keep up the traditions of the signal
Experienced Men Needed.
Only men with education and ex
perience along signal corps lines, aside
from the special lines mentioned, and
cooks, horseshoers, farriers and me
chanics are sought for this branch of
Lieutenant Colonel Hartmann has
been given one of the biggest tasks of
the day in organizing this branch of
the new national army. He needs some
3,000 telegraphers-and he needs them
now. Telegraphers are scarce.
The unusual number of men required
cannot be taken from the commercial
and railroad forces without Jeopardiz
ing the prompt transmission of gov
Men and women who manipulated
the key in former years-and they are
legion-are being induced to return to
the wire and release eligibles for serv
ice in the signal corps.
Brig. Gen. George O. Squier, present
chief signal officer, U. S. A., is the man
on whose shoulders rests the big re-1
sponsibility for keeping up to the mark |
-and, if possible, a blt beyond-the
"eyes, ears and nerves" of the army;
better known to the layman as the sig
The signal corps has recently ad
dressed a letter t? presidents of col
leges and universities, asking their co
operation in a plan of instruction for
telegraphers and prospective telegra
phers. Six thousand young men are
needed for the first army of 500,000,
and it is proposed to tench telegra
phers the elementary knowledge of
physics and electrical engineering;
high school graduates and college men
will be given this instruction, and a
course of telegraphy in addition.
Will Furnish Instructors.
The signal corps will furnish expert
telegraph instructors, and the colleges
and universities are being requested to
furnish the theoretical and laboratory
Instruction. Young men desiring to
avail themselves of this opportunity
should apply at once. If found eligi
ble they will be enlisted, assigned to
classes and receive array pay, food,
quarters and medical attention during
the course of instruction, which is ex
pected to occupy from three to five
months, according to the ability of the
In time of peace the signal corps ls
perhaps the 'east heard of branch of
the army. In time of stress lt Is a
most vitally necessary arm. It ls the
"nerves" of the army, and as such, a
major factor in the conduct of mili
tary affairs. In fact, the last three
years of war abroad seem to indicate
it as the paramount element in the
control of modern warfare.
Congress has recently doubled the
pay of the private and Increased the
remuneration of each noncommissioned
officer. The signal corps has a greater
percentage of noncommissioned officers
than any other branch.
The pay of a corporal Is now $36 per
month, in addition to food and cloth
ing and medical attendance when
needed. The rating of a sergeant ls
now $44, with the same subsistence;
that of a sergeant, first-class, $51, and
the master signal electrician-and
many telegraphers have most of the
requirements in this direction-$81.
The signal corps is a mounted service.
A knowledge of horses, if not already
possessed, must be acquired, and a
healthful life in the open is one of the
most attractive offerings of this branch
of the service.
Savings Used to Kindle a Fire.
Alliance, O.-Mrs. Rosa Cfefher,
used an old handkerchief containing
three $100 bills, six $50 and five $10
bills, the savings for three years, to
gether v;ith some newspapers In kin
dling a furnace fire. Not even the
ashes of the currency remained.
How easy it is for one benevolent
b?ing to diffuse pleasure around him
ard how truly is a kind heart a foun
tain of gladness making everything
In its vicinity to freshen into smile3.
WAYS WITH BRAN.
As the health bread is so popular
it may be helpful to have a few ways
to vary it in bread
slfe & as well as other
SkliSI?i Bran Bread
^?mM?? Use two cupfuls of
clean bran, one
^J?^~~yi'il?T,v^)1 cuPful ?f flour, one
UjgKSM^jftjgfl cuPful of butter
'"^M^^^J mkt one-half cup
ful of molasses or
brown sugar, one teaspoonful each of
soda and salt. Mix well and bake In
moderate oven one and a quarter
Another good bran bread : Take two
cupfuls of bran, two cupfuls of flour,
two cupfuls of sour milk, one cupful
of brown sugar, one cupful of raisins,
one teaspoonful of soda, and one-half
teaspoonful of salt. After sifting the |
flour into a basin, add the bran and
other dry ingredients. Mix the soda j
with the sour milk and pour this into
the dry ingredients, tum when well |
blended into a well-greas?d pan and 1
bake in a hot oven one hour.
Fruit Bran Muffins.-Take two table- '
spoonfuls of molasses, one pint of milk, I
one cupful of bran, one-fourth of a !
cupful of walnut meats, one cupful of j
entire wheat flour, one teaspoonful of
salt, three teaspoonfuls of 'baking j
powder and one-half cupful of raisins. !
Mix the molasses, bran, milk, flour, I
salt and baking powder, nut meats and
raisins cut in pieces. Bake in a hot |
oven in muffin tins for 30 minutes.
Bran Orangeade.-Take a fourth of
a cupful of bran and cover with two
cupfuls of cold water; let it stand over
night, Strain, chill and add the juice
of an orange and serve.
Bran Gems.-Take a cupful each of
bran and graham flour, add seven
eights of a cup of milk, one teaspoon
ful of salt, one tablespoonful of sugar,
three teaspoonfuls of baking powder
and four tablespoonfuls of melted but- ?
ter. Mix the bran and other dry in
gredients together, add the melted but
ter, rum into Buttered muffin pans and
bake in a hot oven 20 to 30 minutes.
Bran Biscuit.-Take a half cupful
each of bran and flour, a teaspoonful
of baking powder, one teaspoonful of
melted butter, a little salt and mix to |
make a dough to roll. Cut In rounds
and bake in a moderate oven.
DR J. S. BYRD,
OFFICE OVER POSTOFFICE
Residence 'Phone 17-R. Office 3.
Land For ?Sale.
The undersigned will sell 800
acres of land in Meriwether town
ship, formerly the estate of M. ().
Glover but now owned by Mr. and
Mrs. R. W. Glover. The land has
two dwellings and 12 tenant houses
on 'it. Every farm has separate
pasture fenced with cattle and hog
wire. More than .300 head of cat
tle can be pastured. One of the
beet stock farms in the State. The
place has more timber than is
needed for the farm and also has
ample supply of cedar posts to' keep
ap and build additional fences.
For further information, including
terms, applv to
Mr. and Mrs. R. W. Glover,
Korth Augusta, S. O.
Aug. 21, l'J17.
I take this means of letting the
people know that I have re-opened
my pressing club, and will appre
ciate their patronage. I am better
prepared than ever to clean and
press all kinds of garments, both
for ladies and gentlemen. All work
guaranteed. Let me know when
you have work and I will send for
it and make prompt delivery.
Sheppard Building Down Stairs
S3? 7 5ttr)
GEO. F. MIMS
Eyes examined and g.asses fitted
only when necessary. Optical
work of all kinds.
EDGEFIELD, S. C.
IBuckleirs Arnica Salve
The Desi Salve In The World.
Pure Pennsylvania Motor Oil
Call on us and let us prove to you
that VEEDOL is less expensive to
use in your car.
ASK THOSE THAT USE IT
Make a trial by cleaning your
crank case out- with kerosine, fill
up with VEEDOL, and if you don't
get satisfaction, and don't run
twice as far as with cheap oil, we
will refund your money.
Stewart & Kernaghan
SOME STRIKE IT
TO PUTA UTI
IN THE BAN
CoDTrisht 1909. b? C. C. 2ims>crniaa Co.-No. 51
is no doubt about
money in the ban?, it is
sure and positive. Maybe slow, but there
is the satisfaction that it is sure. Posi
tive in every way, both that it will grow,
and that it is safe.
BANK OF EDGEFIELD
OFFICERS : J. C. Sheppard, President; B. E. Nicholson, vice-President
E. J. Mims, Cashier; J. H. Allen. Assistant Oashier.
DIRECTORS : J. C. Sheppard, Thos. H. Rainsford, John Rainsford, B. E.
Nicholson, A. S. Tompkins. C. C. Fuller. E. J. Mims. J. H. Allen,
Colds, LaGrippe, Rheumatism
A pleasant but effective emulsion,
which rebuilds the tissues, revives the
system, adds strength and stimulates
the nervous system. It has no alco
hol, and is in every sense a tonic.
$1.00 PER BOTTLE
Ask Your Druggist.
Monufactured Solely By
THE FEKKOL CO.,
Columbia, S. C.
To My Friends an i the
Although I have accepted the
position as City Carrier, I have
no intention of discontinuing; the
Insurance business. Your busi
ness will receive the same core
ful attention, and will be appre
Office Hours:-0:00 P. M. to
8:00 P. M.
J. T. HARLING
At The Farmers Bank.
Edgefield, S. C.
Appointments at Trenton
A. H. Corley,
Will Surely S?OD That Couah.