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"NITRATE OF LITTLE VALUE
?o Far That Found in Western States
Cannot Be Worked to Finan
: cial Advantage.
In connection with the search for
potash and nitrates in the United
States the government receives many
reports of supposed valuable discov
eries. A letter recently received by
the United States geological survey
of the interior department describes a
cave in one of the Southern states
winch was worked I?y tho Confederacy
during the Civil war for potassium
nitrate. This cave is said to contain
at least 1,000,000 tons of nitrous earth,
which, however, contains only 1 or 2
per cent of nitrate. The survey nov/
states that It seems very doubtful
whether such material cnn ho profit
ably used us a source of nitrate salts.
The minimum grade of caliche now
worked in the Chilean fields contains
12 per cent of sodium nitrate, and
though there has been much criticism
of tho crudeness of thc methods em
ployed there, the work is done by very
cheap Indian labor, and it is doubtful
whether leaner material could be
worked' to advantage here, where the
price of labor is so much higher. Sev
eral hundred thousand dollars has re
cently been expended in ono of the
Western states in testing the proposi
tion to utilize low-grade nitrate. The
results have been negative.
FATHER OF MODERN LIBERTY
Simon De Montfort Credited With
Idea Which Led to the Present
The commons of England were
called to sit in parliament for the first
time in 1-05, a little more than 050
years ugo, and 50 years after King
John had been forced by the barons
to sign the Magna Charts.
The man responsible for this popu
lar representation was Simon de Mont
fort, earl of Leicester, who was killed
in the battle of Evesham on August 4,
1205, only a few months after he had
gained a place in history as the father
of tho English house ot* commons. Un
der his leadership the barons had
waged a successful war on King
Henry, and had taken the monarch
and his son, afterward Edward I, pris
oners of war. Leicester, who had laid
down the law that the king derives
his power from the people and must
use it for the public good, governed
for a time in the name of the king,
und issued the ordinance in 12C5, in
which each city and town was called
upon to "choose and send two dis
creet, loyal and honest men" to rep
resent them in parliament. Thus was
laid the foundation of the house of
Taking Regular Course.
Thomas Mott Osborne, the "volun
tas' millionaire convict," said of the
food iu Auburn prison :
"It is fresh and wholesome. Better
than that of some cheap restaurants.
Better certainly than the Chat Mort
"The restaurant of the Chat Mort is
in the Latin quarter. You get there a
rabbit stew for 3 cents and a table
d'hote dinner of seven courses, includ
ing rabbit pie, is provided for 15 cents
-vin compris, that is to say, wine in
a \V?ll, at the Chat Mort one evening
no good.' 'Ms here b'iled chicken is
"But the waite,
bly replied: -citedly and volu
" 'Oh, impossible, mo.
chicken, on the contrary, Is'^J The
indeed. On Monday it was roast5"?0*1
on Tuesday it was boiled pork, yester
day it was cold chicken and today It is
bolled chicken. It will not be bad un
til tomorrow, monsieur, and then we
waiters will eat it.' "
How Navy Trains Youth.
The whole service of the United
States navy is educational. At the
training station recruits get the rudi
ments of naval training and of tech
nical instruction, which ls continued
on ship board. "The American navy,"
says the Secretary of the Navy, "offers
the American youth who wishes to
win in the race of life. The vast
majority of boys in graded and high
schools study their geography out ot
books. The bluejacket studies geo
graphy aboard ship and compares
the "book learning" with the real
thing as he circumnavigates the globe.
The school, boy at home gets his his
tory out of the books, but the blue
jacket may add to his book knowledge
a glimpse of the inside of Westmin
ster Abbey, or a sight of the Coliseum
at Borne, as he is given leave while
on his vessel's cruises around the
world. He has the fourfold oppor
tunity of serving his country, learn
ing a trade, improving his mind in
study, and travel."
A prominent business man of Nash
ville, answering the call "To plant a
garden," set out 150 cabbage plants,
.which were given to him in the early
'spring by a farmer friend. The plants
I received the very best of care, being
?watered almost every evening and the
ground around the plants was kept
-loose. The plants grew and grew until
they caused the "new gardner"" to
boast to his business friends that he
had the nicest "patch" of cabbage in
the county. With a little "salt" his
friends swallowed his statements, but
after today no more will be heard
about hJs big cabbage. They were j
found to be rape plants and not cab
opportunity as exists to
Land For Sale.
Thc Padgett Place of Estate of
S. T. Hughes. Two-and half miles
of Trenton, C., 538 acres, good
buildings, pasture tte. On railroad
between Trenton and Aiken.
Communicate with J. Gordon
Hughes, Union, S. C.
Sept. 19, 1917.
The County Treasurer's office will be
opon for th?' purpose of receiving taxes
from tho 15th day of October, 11)17, to
the 15th day of .March. 1918.
All taxes shah be due and payable
between the loth dav of October, 1917,
und December 31st, 1917.
That when taxes charged shall not be
paid by December31st, 1917. the County
Auditor shall proceed to add a penalty
of one per cent, for January, and if
taxes are not paid on or before February
1st, 1918? the County Auditor will pro
ceed to add two per cent, and five per
cont, from the 1st of March to the 15th
of March, after which time all unpaid
taxes will be coi looted by thc Sherill'.
The tax levies for the year 1917 arc
For Stnte purposes S\
" ordinary County 7
" Constitutional School Tax. 3
" Antioch -1
" Bacon Schcol District 7J
" Blocker 2
" Blocker-Limestone 4
" Collier's 4
" Flat Rock 4
" Oak Grove 3
" Red Hill 4
" Edgefield ' S
" Elmwood No. S 2
" Elmwood No. 9 2
" Elmwood No. 30 2
" Elmwood L. C. 3
" Hibler 3
" Johnston ll
" Meriwether (Gregg) 2
" .Moss 3
14 Shaw 4
" Talbert 2
" Trenton 8
" Wards 2
" Blocker R. R. (portion) 15
" Elmwood R. R. (portion) 15
" Johnston R. R. 3
" Pickens R. R. 3
" Wise R. fl. 1J
" Corporation. 10
" Sinking Fund. 3-4
All the male citizens between the ages
of 21 years and 60 years, except those
exempt by law, are liable to a poll tax
of One Dollar each. A capitation tax
of 50 cents each is to be paid on all dogs.
The law prescribes that all male citi
zens between the ages of IS and 55
years must pay $2.00 commutation tax.
No commutation tax is included in the
property tax. So ask for road tax re
ceipt when you desire to pay road tax.
JAMES T. MI.MS,
Co. Treas. E. C.
"BEST BY TEST"
Let us quote you.
To My Friends an i the
Although I have accepted the
position as City Carrier, I have
no intention of discontinuing the
Insurance business. Your busi
ness will receive the same core
ful attention, and will be appre
Office Hours:-6:00 P. M. to
8:00 P. M.
J. T. HARLING
At The Farmers Bank.
Edgefield, S. C.
Land For Sale.
We, the undersigned executors of
the estate of Mrs. Bettie Williams, -,
deceased, will offer for sale at publio
auction on the 15th day of November
at the late residence of the said de
ceased the following realestate 133
acres of land, more or less, bounded I
on the North by lands of Bub Clax- 1
ton ; East by lands of Lewis Lybrand : *
South by lands of Hodge Moyer and 1
West by lauds of John Claxton, and t
located in Edgefield county four I
miles south of Ridge Spring. Good t
school and church in one mile of a
place. Terms of sale cash. *
C. W. Salter, ?
Rhetta Lybrand, f
I take this means of letting the j
people know that I have re-opened |
my pressing club, and will appre
ciate their patronige. I am better
prepared than ever to clean and
press all kinds of garments, both
for ladies and gentlemen. All work
guaranteed. Let me know when j
you have work and I will send for j
it and make prompt delivery.
Sheppard Building Down Stairs j ?
For Sale by
G. W. WISE, Trenton, S. C.
And All Good Dealers
TO ANY LIVER
In Common Gratitude Col. W. A.
Terrell Expresses His Approval
of Martin's Liver Medicine
No Ona Will Again Take
Calomel After Once
The following unsolicited letter
was recently received by the manu
facturers ot "Martin's Liver Medi
In thc absence of any other rea
son, common gratitude calls for an
expression from mc of thc wonder
ful merits of your health-giving
Liver Medicine. With a large ex
perience in trying and using various
Liver Medicine, I have never found
any remedy that so completely
"hits the spot" and tones up thc
dilapidated feeling and makes' a
feilow feel that life is worth living.
Martin's Liver Medicine relieves
gently but effectively constipation,
starts thc liver on its active iunc
tio'.. creates a healthy and normal
appetite, and at night sleep is sweet
and rest fi:!. I lia ve used titree
Ix.tiles ot tin's splendid remedy and
am prepared to say it does all and
more than you claim for it.
VV. A. TERRELL,
Every bottle guaranteed to please
or your money back on return of
empty hollie to your druggist. 50c
For Sale by COLLETT & MITCHELL,
Edgefield, S. C.
We Solicit Your Business
Call, write or wire when desirous of information
of cotton market of country.
I G. IT. NIXON G. W. WRIGHT J
t ESTABLISHED 1891 *
* _ *
* - . +
i COTTON FACTORS I
I 851 Reynolds Street AUGUSTA, GEORGIA f
A - 4?
* Liberal Cash Advances Made on Consignments A
% Personal Attention Given All Shipments *
AA.^. A A A AA* A A A
B. B. BUSSELL. JR.
R. E. ALLEN
RUSSELL & ALLEN
857, 859 and 861 Reynolds Street
Correspondence invited and consignments solicited.
Light Saw, Lathe and Shin
gle Mills, Engines. Boilers,
Supplies and Repairs, Porta
ble, Steam and Gasolin? En
gines, Saw Teeth, Files. Belts
and Pipes, WOOD SAWS
and SPLITTERS. -
GINS and PRESS REPAIRS
We desire to announce to the
public that we have purchased the
.epair shop which has been conduct
id in Edgefield by Mr. Henry
Powell. We will at once repleuish
,he supply of material and will be
prepared to do all kinds of repairing
>f buggies, wagons, farm machinery
md will also do general blacksmith
vork. All work promptly done and
ruaranteed to give, entire satie
action. Mr. Powell wjll be with
is for the remainder of the year.
writes more Life Insui
any company in Amer
one. They have lowest
dividends and free disab
of all companies in tl
E. J. NORRIS,
COLLETT & MITCHELL
Large stock of Drugs and Drug Sundries always
on hand-fresh from the leading manufacturers.
Prescriptions accurately compounded from
drugs any hour of the clay or night.
A Share of Your Patronage
KBE3S5B B ~-r":-.ztr"V" -. -;~--.~-r,- -rr.T^-rr.-.-sT
?RRINGTGN BROS. &
Wholesale Grocers and Dealers in
I Corn, Oats, Kay and all
Kinds of Seeds
Corner Cumming and Fenwick Streets
On Georgia R. R. Tracks
YOUR PATRONAGE SOLICITED
See our representative, C. E. May.
F. E. GIBSON, President. LANSING B. LEE, Sec. and Treas.
FARMERS, MERCHANTS, BUILDERS,
If you are going to build, remodel or repair,
we invite your inquiries.
COMPLETE HOUSE BILLS A SPECIALTY.
We manufa- .ure and deal in doors, sash, blinds
stairs, interior trim, store fronts and fixtures,,
pews, pulpits, etc., rough and dressed lumber,
lath, pine and cypress shingles, flooring, ceiling
Distributing agents for Flintkote roofing
Estimates cheerfully and carefully mane.
Woodard Lumber Co.
Corner Roberts and Dugas Streets, j
Our Motto: HS
The Hartford Fire
is one hundred and seven (107")
years old. Writes more Fire In
surance than any fire insurance
company in America.
You will be perfectly safe with
a Hartford Fire Polic3r.
E. J. NORRIS, Agt.