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CULL EARLY TO GET PROFITS
Every Breeder ls Anxious to Realize
on His Flock and Get Back
Some of Investment.
The advice to cull early seems un
necessary this year, when every
breeder is anxious to realize on his
flock and get back some of the money
he has been putting into chickens. For
the home flock one wants early cock
erels, but If the trade in cockerels is
for low-priced birds only, it will not
be profitable to keep the early-hatched
males for the trade.
Keep all pullets save the deformed.
An early-hatched pullet, with all the
disqualifications mentioned in the
standard, may be the most profitable
bird on the place ns an early layer.
She can be culled before the eggs are
needed for hatching, but will pay for
her feed until then. If one is grow
ing purebreds for tho first time, get
one who understands the breed to cull.
An expert will be able to choose the
birds best worth keeping. We doubt
If capouizing will pay the farmer-cer
tainly not caponizing the early bird.
CLOVER SUPERIOR FOR EGGS
Favorite Food for Fowls, and Each .
Year Its Use ls Becoming Moro
General on Farms.
For years clover has been a favor
ite food for fowls, and each year its |
use is becoming more general. There
is a large percentage of nitrogen and
mineral matter in clover. What is
known as "rowen," the second crop,
ls best. In a hiph nutritive ration
clover equals barley, and almost equals
It should be cut when in fuir blos
som, I. e., it should not be cut before
the first blossoms begin to turn
Being very rich in protein, clover
contains potash, soda, phosphoric acid
and other Ingredients that make it one
of the best feeds for poultry. In short,
clover contains nil' the essentials in
well-balanced proportion. In a ton of
clover there are about 39 pounds of
EGGS ARE TURNED TOGETHER
Dpvi<-e Arranged by Minnesota Man
Facilitates Work Greatly-Heat I
-Every _so_ often_the maa or woman
who is hatching chickens in an incu
bator must turn the eggs over so that
the heat will be proportionately dis
tributed. To do po by hand is a sb>\v
process and involves quite a great
r ? "If' 3?^g?',v;i
Egg Turning Device.
deal of shaking up the eggs which ls '
not good. Now along conies a Minne- !
sota man and hooks up some cog '
wheels, a chain and a couple of rollers
to his incubator, and within a few sec- |
onds you can roll over all the eggs in
the incubator instead of doing it one
at a time. Take one look at the ac
companying drawing and you will see j
at a glance just how the thing works, j
FEED LATE HATCHED CHICKS
Little Ones Should Be Fed Separately
From Older Fowls-Thoroughly
It is a mistake to put the late
hatched chicks in the same yards with
older ones, to allow them to run on
ground which has been more or less
fouled by the earlier broods, or to use j
the coops which earlier broods have
used unless these coops have been I
thoroughly disiufected. The little ones
must also be fed separate from the
larger ones or the latter will get most
of the feed besides abusing the smaller i
FIT DUCKLINGS FOR MARKET]
When Eight or Ten Weeks Old Young
Fowls Should Be Fattened
Keep Only Breeders.
The early hatching ducklings, if they
are eight or ten weeks old, should be
fattened now and sent to market, ex
cept those which are to be kept over
for breeding purposes, and they should
not be fattened, but should remain on
free range if possible.
PROTECT FLOCK FROM PESTS
All Kinds of Poultry Lice Multiply
Rapidly in Summer-Use Plenty
of Vermin Killers.
In the heat of midsummer all kinds
of poultry lice multiply rapidly, and
poultry keepers should use plenty of
. lice killers to protect the flock against
the torments of these pests, which
often spoil the profit.
The Only Remedy for the Quar
rels in the Home ls Greatest
Thing in World-Love.
There are no causes for misery
more common than, and none so dis
tressing as family discord. The closer
the ties that bind, the greater the
chafing may be and the sorer the
wound that this chafing makes. The
sweeter the fruit, the sourer the vin
egar; and when family affection turns
sour, the product is worthy of the dis
cord of the bottomless pit.
No better illustration of the causes
and results of family discord does the
Bible afford than the story of Joseph,
his father and his brethren.
How many children today grieve
over the preference of parents for a
brother or sister! The less favored
one is not so winsome or pretty, per
haps, or he finds it less easy to express
his affection ; and in secret, though too
proud to tell his sorrow, he grieves
over this partiality, and comes to
think at last that he has no chance to
make his way in life in comparison
with his more favored brother.
Nothing is more foolish than the
exhibition of such partiality. Indeed,
it is almost criminal. It is apt to ren
der the favored one conceited and top
lofty, and to depress and mortify and
sour the less attractive. It is gratify
ing to know.that often the affection of
father and mother is poured out more
lavishly on the sick, the crippled, the
ill-favored ; but when the reverse is the
case, family quarrels are sure to fol
Our theme has to do with the fam
ily life of Jacob's sons. We cnn easily
trace the course of the quarrel which
almost ripeped into murder. Partial
ity, wrangling, conspiracy and Intend
ed fratricide were the seeds and fruits
of this evil tree. Every family quarrel
contains some of these hateful seeds
and may bear such hideous fruits. I
am glad that the future story of Jo
seph relieves this dark picture. Age
sometimes hardens and sours the dis
position, but sometimes it softens and
sweetens lt. In the case of Jacob and
his sous it seems to have the latter
effect. They grew to be better men as
they grew older.
At last Joseph had an opportunity
to take a glorious revenge. During all
the years of his obscurity in the pal
ace and in prison he kept a warm place
in hi? heart for his old father, and bore
no ill-will toward the brothers who had
treated him so ill.
"Is the old man your father, yet
alive?" lie asks with trembling voice
and eyes so moist that he dared not
eat with his brothers in the palace lest
he betray himself. He heaped Benja
min's plate with a fivefold portion,
showing the same partiality for the
youngest brother that his father had
shown for him. but not with the same
disastrous results. For the older broth
ers had been chastened by their af
flictions, and starved into humility,
and did not resent the favoritism
shown to Benjamin. They groveled -t
the feet of their unknown brother, the
great premier of Egypt, bowing before
him as his dream predicted, and lie
completed the conquest by forgiving
and loving then), and falling on their
necks with kisses, and giving them aft
erward of the best of the land.
Thus ended this bitter family feud.
We could scarcely have expected such
The sequel to the feud in Jacob's
family points to the only remedy for
all such quarrels. It is spelled l-o-v-e,
and it Is described more beautifully
than in in any other literature in the j
thirteenth chapter of I Coriuthians.
What a divine remedy is love for
curing family discord! It ls the only ]
one. Such quarrels, unless love ends
them, will be likely to grow more and
more bitter until they end in the di
vorce court, as they have done so
often, or possibly in murder and the
murderer's cell. j
Let us pray In every family circle,
at every family altar, for the love that
is kind, modest, well behaved, gen- i
erous, gentle, that hopes and believes
all good things about another-the love
that never falleth.-Rev. Francis E.
Clark, D. D., LL. D., founder and
President of Christian Endeavor.
DUTY OF PRESENT MINISTRY
Better Than All the Post-Mortem Tes
timonials and Devotion We
Do not keep your sublime love and
tenderness sealed up until your friends
are dead. Fill their lives with sweet
ness; speak approving, cheering words
while their ears cnn hear them, and
while their hearts can be thrilled and
be made happier by them. The kind
things you mean to do when they are
gone, do before they go. The flowers
you mean, to send for their coffins,
send to brighten and sweeten their
homes before they leave them. K my
friends have alabaster boxes laid
away full of fragrant perfumes of sym
pathy and affection which they intend
to break over my dend body, I would
rather they would bring them out in
my weary and troubled hours and open
them that I may be refreshed and
cheered by them while I need them.
I would rather have a plain coffin with
out flowers, a funeral without a eulogy,
than life without sweetness of love
and sympathy. Let us learn to anoint
our friend beforehand for burial. Post
mortem kindness docs not cheer the
burdened spirit; flowers on a coffin
cast no fragrance backward over the
. HURRY GOOD ROADS BUILDING
Country to Profit in Future From
Highways Built as Necessity of
Warfare and Defense.
It is the general opinion of motor
ists arriving In Washington from all
j parts of the country that the, war
with Germany ls acting as a sharp
prod to speed np road building. -
Whatever the war costs the nation
in dollars and lives, it will result in
? the building of thousands of miles of
: usable roads in all sections, for these
highways are now rated as one of the
? necessities of warfare and defense,
1 says Washington Star.
Possibilities of an Invasion are re
I mote, but now that lt has been decld
I ed to send an expeditionary force
abroad, it is certain that other thou
? 3ands will follow, hence the mobiliza
tion of troops on the seaboard ls some
thing not to be overlooked.
Railroads are up to their ears in
I other work and have shown their lack
' of equipment to meet ordinary de
J monds of a period of fast growth and
an attendant increase of consumption.
So other means may haye to be relied
' upon to hustle the boys In khaki to the
j ports, whence they will sail for the
j front. For this purpose the motor ve-1
; hlcle Is ready, and all it needs to add
I to its wonderful record of efficiency In
a pinch is a system of roads which can
be traveled in safety and at speed dur
j lng all seasons.
Here on the East, where the troops
i will be massed before sailing, good j
roads are considered as of vital inter-,
j est to the nation just as the raising j
: of vegetables in fields and yards which
i heretofore have produced nothing.
I Throughout the Atlantic ar?a the
mad builders are hard at it, and, In
spite of the urgency of the calls for
men for other purposes, help Is being
enlisted in the cause.
An immense amount of road building
work is being done in the South, and
in the Central Vest thousands of miles
of roads are under way, these forming
the connecting link and making pos
' slble hurried trips if such are needed.1
Experts point out that automobiles can
take an army of 100,000 men from the
Middle West to New York in less time
than can the railroads, ajul when the
highways are improved a great cut
Concrete Road in Maryland.
will be made in the running time of
the motor cars.
The West ls not overlooking any
thing in the way of road building.
There is not a state in which it is not
one of the big movements, even in a
part of the country which is least af
What Virginia is doing is being un
dertaken in greater or less degree by
many Eastern states.
HIGH VALUE OF GOOD ROADS
Estimated Cost of $900,000,000 to Get
! Surplus Farm Products to Mar*
ket or to Railroad.
J After careful inquiry it has been
! found that the average haul of the
j American farmer in getting his prod
uct to market or to the nearest ship
ping station is 12 miles, and the aver
age cost of hauling over the common
country roads Is 25 cents a ton per
mile, or $3 a ton for a 12-mile haul.
I An estimate places the total tons
: hauled at 800,000,000 a year. On the
estimate of $3 a ton for 12 miles this
I would make the total cost of getting
i the surplus products of the farra to
' the local market or to the railroad no
less than $000,000,000-a figure greater
j than the operating expenses of all the
i railroads of the United States. If any
I thing could make an argument for
i good wagon roads this statement sure
I ly may.
Litter In Hen House.
Litter kept on the floor of the poul
j try house should be removed when
; ever it becomes damp and filled with
j droppings that do not dry. Whlte
! washed walls make the poultry house
lighter and more sanitary.
Patching OW Gravel Road.
Patching done In the proper manner
j when the road is wet, followed by a
road drag, will maintain an old gravel
road surface as good as new until it Is
! so badly worn that an entirely new sur?
j face ls required.
W. W. i
W. P. CASSELS,
There can be no doubt
as to the merit of Cardui,
the woman's tonic, in
ihe treatment of many
troubles peculiar to
women. Thc thousands
of women who have been
helped by Cardui in the
past 40 years, is conclu
sive proof that it is a
good medicine for women
who suffer, lt should
help you, too.
$2 The Woman's Tonic
Mrs. N. E. Varner, of
Hixson, Tenn., writes:
"I was passing through
the . . . My back* and
sides were terrible, and
my suffering indescriba
ble. I can't tell just how
and where I hurt, about
all over, I think . ;. I
began Cardui,. and my
pains grew less and less,
until I was cured. I am
remarkably strong for a
woman 64 years of age.
1 do all.my "housework."
Try Cardup today, E-76
J. T. HARLING
Bank of Edgefield, S. C.
De misled into using infe
*ands of fertilizers. Use
ing that has been thor
tested by Edgefield farm
Line of Fertilizers"
3n on the market for about
xs. These goods are sold
Idams & Company
all on Them for Prices
CHARLESTON, S. C.
Agent, Johnston, S. C., Phone 77
bONE S ?KlKE
CoDvricbt 1V09. bT C. C. Z i rm an Co.--.No. 5!
THERE is no doubt about
money in the bank, it is
sure and positive. Maybe slow, but there
is the satisfaction that it is sure. Posi
tive in every way, both that it will grow,
and that it is safe.
BANK OF EDGEFIELD
OFFICERS : J. C. Sheppard, President; B. E. Nicholson, vice-President
E. J. Mims, Cashier; J. H. Allen. Assistant Oashier.
DIRECTORS : J. C. Sheppard, Thos. H. Rainsford, John Rainsford, B. E
Nicholson, A. S. Tompkins. C. C. Fuller. E. J. Mims.. J. H. Allen
BARRETT & COMPANY