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P - (Clemson College Bulletin.)
! Successful feeding must be efficient
and economical. All feed should be
jpaTat?bie, succulent ?nd substantial.
INo single feed excels pasture, no com
bination of feeds can excel legume hay,
concentr?tes and corn silage. So far
as practicable, the feeds should be
grown on the farm. Cows must be
good producers to feed. With good
?dalry cows liberal feeding always pays.
To keep cows In full production suc
culent feed ls essential. There are
two sources of succulent feeds; si
lage and roots. Corn silage ls usually
the cheapest feed. The quality to feed
usually varies from 25 to 50 pounds,
according to production. For small
herds, however, it may not be prac
ticable to build silos, and in such cases
mangel wurzels or some other root crop
?may take the place of silage. Linseed
?meal Is laxative and ls especially val
uable as a part of the grain mixture
'when no succulent feed ls available.
!The farmers should make speciul pro
MULEI FOB SIOCK
?As Roughage lt ls Regarded as
i Somewhat More Effective
Than Prairie Hay.
VALUABLE AS A CATCH CROP
IPIant Is Adapted to Wide Range of
Soils and Climates-Not to Be Re<
garded as Profitable in Crop
?(From the United States Department of
Foxtail millet, which makes up ap
proximately nine-tenths of all the mu
llet grown In the United States, ls de
clared by specialists In the United
[States department of agriculture to be
(valuable chiefly as a catch crop. Most
(farmers use lt to overcome a shortage
in their hay supply or to occupy a field
?"which would otherwise be Idle. For
such purposes millet ls admirably
adapted because It matures quickly
land as* a Is obtained with ease and
; Furthermore, the plant ls adapted to
a wide range of soils and climates. Al
though large yields are not obtained
'under unfavorable circumstances, mil
let does better on poor soil and In a
jdry climate than most other hay crops.
?In semi-arid regions lt frequently es
capes periods of drought because of
Its short growing season. On the other
linnd, lt ls quick to show the effect of
dry weather because of Its shallow
loot system. Compared with Sudan
?grass, Its chief competitor, millet ls de
ficient both in quality and yield of hay,
but the growing season of the Sudan
gruss ls somewhat longer, and this
provides greater opportunity In the lat
ter fur Injury from drought.
Feeding Value of Hay.
In its feeding value the hay of fox
tail millet has been found to be ap
proximately the same as timothy hay.
As a roughage for growing stock, it ls
usually regarded as somewhat more
effective than prairie hay but not the
equal of alfalfa or clover hay. It cnn
Tbe fed without danger to cattle and
sheep, and sparingly and In connection
.with other kinds of hay to horses. A
"continuous ration of millet hay. how
ever, has resulted In Injury to horses.
This fact, says a new publication of
the department of agriculture. Farm
ers' Bulletin 703, hon been denied, but
lt ls scarcely open to doubt.
Millet ls not to be regarded as a
profitable constituent of regular crop
rotations. It has been considered ex
haustive of soil fertility, possibly be
cause it gathers Its food and moisture
from the upper levels of the soil. Also,
a very small quantity of vegetable
matter is left after a crop of millet has
been harvested for hay, and therefore
there ls little humus added to the soil
when the stubble ls plowed under. Ex
perience, in fact, has shown that lt
?ia quite likely that a crop following
millet will not do so well us one fol
lowing smnll grain or corn.
Used for Human Food.
In Asia, the original home of foxtail
tnlllet, the plant ls used to a certain
.extent ns human food. It ls quite un
likely, however, says the bulletin al
ready mentioned, that there will be
any great demand for lt in this coun
try as long as wheat can be produced
'ns obunduntly as at present. Proso,
or broomcorn millet, hns been used to
;some extent as a grain crop in the
MUST BE EFFICIENT j
*E FOR DAIRY PURPOSES.
vision to have the above feeds on
hand for the coming winter when suc
culent feeds are not easily available.
Legumes make the best hay for
velvet beans and cpw^ea hay are the
cheapest sources Of protein, and when
possible, should form part of every
ration. Other roughages, such as tim
othy, millet and corn stover, require
more protein in the grain mixture.
"Farmers' Bulletin Number 743"
gives a very good rule to determine
how much grain should be fed:
MA grain mixture should be fed in
the proportion of one pound to each
three pints or pounds of milk pro
duced dally by the cow, except in the
case of a cow producing a flow of 40
pounds or more, when the ration can
be one pound to each three and a half
or four pounds of milk. An even bet
ter rule is one pound of grain each day
for every pound of butterfat produced
during the week by the cow."
Dakotas, but it is less valuable than
corn for feeding hogs and beef cattle,
and as a flesh producer does not equal
barley. The meat produced by millet
was found to contain a greater per
centage of lean than that produced by
other feeds and the fat was softer.
When fed as grain, millet seed should
always be ground. Millet, however, is
used in large quantities as chicken
feed and bird feed, and in this case
the seed can be used without grinding.
PLOWING TO KILL BILLBUGS
In Lowlands of Southern Sections
Corn Is Liable to Injury by
(From the United States Department of
Corn planted in river and creek bot
toms or other low places, especially in
southern parts of the country, ls liable
to Injury by blllbugs, snout beetles, or
"elephant hugs," as they are variously
termed. These hard-shell beetles live
normally in sedges, rushes or the large
wild grasses that grow In moist, low
ground, from which they may Invade
cornfields. Damage is done to corn by
the grubs or young of the beetles
which live inside the stems or roots of
the plants and eat out _the central
portion of the stolk, causing stunting
and serious Injury. The adult beetles
also Injure the crop by puncturing the
growing point or "bud" of D plant.
Land Infested with blllbugs should
always be plowed In late summer or
early fall. This measure, entomol
ogists In the United States department
of agriculture say, destroys the winter
quarters of the bugs. Corn should not
be followed by corn In the Atlantic
coastal plain region of the South, but
should he alternated with cotton, on
which the blllbugs cannot live. It ls
necessary to destroy all sedges,
rushes, chufn, or large swamp grasses
growing on land Intended to be plant
ed to corn, because these plants are
the natural food of blllbugs and when
present prevent their extermination.
FEED FOR FATTENING STOCK
Soy Beans Are Coming Into Favor as
Economical Ration-Cattle Make
Ground soy beans are coming into
favor as nn economical feed for fat
tening cnttle. At the Indiana experi
ment station, where extensive experi
ments In winter steer feeding have
been conducted, tho profit per ste?r
was larger where ground soy benns
were fed than when cottonseed meal
Cattle fed ground soy beans as sup
plement made more rapid gains and
greater gains on n given amount of
feed than cattle fed cottonseed meal.
Tho southern states can produce
both cotton seed and soy benns in
abundance,* and will be heurd from In
beef cattle production before many
PREPARATION OF SOIL URGED
Farmer Can Prevent Growth of Weeds
More Economically Before Plant
ing Than After.
The strangest thing about the bad
habit, which the South has of putting
In crops without proper preparation,
ls that it seems almost Impossible for
the average man to realize that he
cnn fine his soil and prevent the
growth of grass and weeds better
and more economically before the
land is planted than after the crop
ls up.-The Progressive Farmer.
GRAVELED ROADS ARE CHEAP
Can Be Built and Satisfactorily Main
tained at a Less Cost Than
(By E. B. HOUSE, State Agricultural
College, Fort Collins, Colo.)
I have heard considerable discus
sion lately concerning the policy of
our state highway commission in
constructing the kind of roads it
has decided upon, and it is often ar
gued that the only type of road is
the so-called permanent road, the one
that needs no maintenance.
If one will take a pencil and do a
little figuring, he can easily convince
Good Road in West.
himself that the policy of the state
highway commission is the correct
one. Let us consider first of all the
expensive type of road construction,
such as concrete, or the best grade
of macadam. This type of road will
cost approximately $10,000 per mile,
and let us suppose that the cost of
construction is met by issuing 20
year 4% per cent bonds. The annuul
expense on account of this first cost
would be about $780 per mile. And
these roads will need some maintie
nance, possibly not much over $50 per
mlle per year. This brings the total
cost up to about $830 annually per
mlle for the expensive or so-called per
manent type of road.
Now take a well-constructed gravel
road and the cost for this road will
run about $4,000 per mlle for con
struction, figuring again on a basis of
20-year 4% per cent bonds and the
annual account for first cost will be
about $310 per mile. The cost for
maintaining these roads, if properly
done, runs up pretty high, and lt can
be well done with an expenditure of
about $240 per mlle per year.
This makes a total annual cost then
for the surfaced road of approximate
ly $550 annually per mile. A compari
son of these two annual costs shows
$2S0 per mlle per year in favor of the
MONEY SPENT ON HIGHWAYS
Ove? $300,000,000 Expended for Con
struction and Maintenance In
United States in 1916.
More than $300,000,000 was spent on
highway construction and maintenance
in the United States in 1910. Of this
amount 16 Southern states spent ap
proximately $52,000.000. The state of
California has voted $15,000,000 to be
spent in perfecting the state highway
system and not a single county failed
to give the empowering measure a ma
jority. Ohio is talking of a $50,000,
000 highway bond issue and the stote
of Illinois will put to its voters at the
1918 election the question of Issuing
$60,000,000 in highway bonds, the in
terest and retiring fund for which is
to be provided for by an. Increase in
the motor vehicle registration fees.
EXPENSE OF IMPROVED ROAD
Manifest Advantage, as Well as Neces?
sity for Good Roads Seems to
Be Educating People.
Within very recent memory the ex
pense of good roads has been bitterly
opposed by farmers. The increasing
tax rate, due to many causes, has been
viewed with the greatest alarm. With
in the last year, the manifest advan
tage, as well as the actual necessity, of
better rural highways seems to be
gradually educating the public to the
viewpoint that good roads are an ac
companiment to the changing times In
the agricultural world. The only ques
tion now is whether or not, with all
tho vast sums expended for road im
provement, we can get good roads soon
Work Drag After Raine.
There are many times when a day's
work can be spared on the road. Af
ter heavy rains the road may need cer
tain repairs or improvements when the
overseer is not ready to call out the
hands. Why not individual farmers
donate a day's work on the road at
Joy Ride to Town.
A trip to town now to lay in the win
ter supply of necessities,' is a Joy ride
compared to what that same trip will
be when the roads get muddy.
Life Insurance Co.
writes more Life Insurance than
any company in America except
one. They have lowest rates with
dividends and free disability clause
of all companies in the United
is one hui
E. J. NORRIS, Agt.
The people who get the greatest
amount of good out of their telephone
are those who talk over it as though face
Courtesy smooths out difficulties and
promotes the promptest possible connec
The operators of the BELL System
are trained to be patient and polite under
all circumstances, but they will do better
work if they meet with patience and
politeness on the part of the telephone
The fact that you cannot see the
operator or the other party should not
cause you to overlook this. The best
results come through the practice of
j mutual courtesy.
The voice with the smile wins
SOUTHERN BELL TELEPHONE
AND TELEGRAPH COMPANY
J. J. Koach, Manager, Aiken, S. C.
GARRETT & CALHOUN
We Solicit Your Business
Call, write or wire when desirous of information
of cotton market of country.
If you on.y realized the terrible in
jury you do yourself when you take
alomel, you'd never put another grain
n your mouth. It's rank poison.
Instead of calomel, use that splendid
guaran teed vegetable compound, Mar
lin's Liver Medicine, the medicine that
<s winning favor. It is excellent for
headache, constipation and kindred ills.
It acts forcibly and quickly without
criping. Causes no loss of time from
business; does not impair the appetite.
While the prescribed dose ia ono tablespoon
ful, I bavo found by experience that a teaspoon
fulat bedtimo promotes nound sleep throughout
tho night and n comfortable rnove:ncnt beforo
breaWout lt gives me great pleasure to be able
to recommend Martin's Liver Medicine aa a pleas
ant and thorough laxative."-Andrew M. Beck
Martin's Liver Medicine is made ac
cording to the prescription of a cele
brated Southern physician who used it
for years in his practice. It is purely
vegetable and is guaranteed to give sat
isfactory results. If after using it you
are not satisfied, return the empty bot
tle and receive your 50c.
nd red and seven (107)
Writes more Fire In
?an any fire insurance
[ be perfectly safe with
Kemp Eepair Shop.
I have purchased the interest of
my brother, Calhson Kemp, in our
repair shop and hereafter the busi
ness will be conducted in my
I have employed Mr. R. N. May
son to do my horse shoeing and as
he is an expert workman we wantyoa
to give him a trial. Bring your
horse or mule to our shop when it
again needs shoeing and be con
vinced as to Mr. Mayson's expert,
Weare prepared to do all kinds
of repair work on short notice. A
large supply of first-class material
always on hand.
J. D KEMP.
Edgefield, S. C.
Notice of Final Dis
?To All Whom These Presents May
Whereas, G. Fred Long, Jr., has
made application unto this Court
for Final Discharge as Guardian in
re the Estate of James Henry
Spearman, who is now twenty-one
years of age, on this the 3rd day of
These Are Therefore, to cite any
and all kindred, creditors, or par
ties interested, to show cause be
fore me at my office at Edgefield
Court House, South Carolina on
the 7th day of Jannary, 19J8 at ll
o'clock a. m., why said order^of
Discharge should not be granted.
W. T. KINNAIRD,
J. P. C., E. C., S. C.
Dec. 3, 1917-4t.
Rats* M i ??
For Sale by
G. W. WISE, Trenton, S. C.
And AU Good Dealers
AU persons are hereby notified
not to hunt or trespass in any
manner whatsoever on my lands.
The law will be enforced against all
persons who fail to heed this notice.
This means everybody, without
L. G. Quarles.
DR J.S. BYRD,
OFFICE OVER POSTOFFICE
Residence 'Phone 17-R. Office 3.
All persons are wained not to hunt
or trespass on lands owned or
controlled by me. This means stay
G. T. Swearinger,
b_KV rc iv? BILIOUSNESS
SSTTERS AND KIDNEYS