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HAIRY LEGS ARE UNPOPULAR
Breeders of Shires Have Continued to
Breed Horses They Favored,
Regardless of Buyers.
Judging from letters which have ap
peared in the London Live Stock Jour
nal some breeders of Shire horses are
in favor of discarding the hair or the
'feather" on the legs of this breed.
These "reformers" are doubtless in
the minority, but it would be well for
the export trade In Shires if they
could bring about such a change.
Many persons in this country recog
nize the merits of Shire horses but
dOD't like their hairy legs. If English
breeders had bred the hair off instead
Shire Mar? With Foal.
of on, their horses would now be much
more popular here than they are. The
breeders of Shires have simply con
tinued to breed the kind of a horse
they liked instead of breeding what
the other fellow preferred as the
French have done. "When the Amer
ican market demanded a gray Per
cheron the Frenchman supplied it.
"When it demanded a black Percheron
he furnished that color. But the im
mutable Englishman has furnished
his trade hairy legs all the time, re
gardless of the preferences of his cus
tomers. Perhaps he will continue to
do so too.
GRAIN FOR LITTLE PORKERS
Placed in a Creep Away From Mother
Makes Weaning Easy-Best Time
If the young pips have been taught
to look for a little grain in a creep
away from their mother, weaning will
be easy. With sweet skim milk as the
basis of their ration at this time their
growth need not be interrupted at all.
While still on the sow, and prefer
ably a couple of weeks before wean
ing, is the easiest time to castrate the
young boars. Cleanliness and not too
awkward handling in the operation are
all that are necessary at this time.
If the pigs are older when castrated
more skill is required and the shock ls
much greater on the pig.
PRODUCING PIGS FOR BACON
Best Cross ls One Between Purebred
Boars and Sows of Same Breed
Crossing ls Risky.
The best cross to produce pigs for
bacon is one between purebred boars
and sows of tho same breed. To speak
plainly, crossing of breeds is rather
risky except in the hands of one who
thoroughly understands breeding, and
such men do not practice it to any
RATION FOR PREGNANT SOWS
To Insure Strong, Lusty, Active Figs,
Give Mixture of Barley, Tankage
and Skim Milk.
About three weeks before farrowing,
pregnant sows may be given a ration
consisting of nine parts of rolled bar
ley and one part of tankage, or three
pounds of skim milk to one pound of
the barley. This method of feeding
will insure strong, lusty, active new
WORK FOR 2-YEAR-OLD COLT
Good, Big, Growthy Youngster May Be
Animal Is About Mature.
A good, big, growthy two-year-old
colt may be put to work if it Is worked
only half a day each day. A three
year-old may work steadily If the load
is not a constant strain for him, while
a well-developed four-year-old is about
mature and is good for a regular place
in the work teams.
SEPARATE YARDS FOR BOARS
Animals Will Not Live Peaceably In
Same Lot-Fighting Uses Up
Lot of Vitality.
Don't try to summer two boars In
the same lot. They may live together
peaceably for a while, but some day
they are likely to fight, and then, If
one or the other is not killed, they will
he wounded, will use up a lot of vital
ity and it will be a difficult matter to
get them in breeding condition again.
HANDLING STOCK WITH DOGS
Well-Trained Collie ls Unfailing
Source of Help and Satisfaction
Teach Him to Mind.
Upon farms where stock Is kept, a
well-broke collie dog is an unfailing
source of help and satisfaction, while
an unbroken, untrained d?t; is a con
tinual nuisance. In handling stock
with a dog, it is important that the dog
be well trained, and that great care
be exercised while the animals are get
ting used to being managed by him.
When these two conditions are fulfilled
it is surprising how easily and eco
nomically stock can be taken care of.
The first essential in breaking a dog
for any purpose is to teach him to
mind. Dogs are intelligent and affec
Superior Type cf Collie.
tionate animals and are usually grati
fied to do the will of their master. If
possible, an animal should be broken
to mind without fear of punishment.
In breaking dogs to handle stock it is
a great advantage to have stock that
is used to being driven by a dog. upon
which to break the puppy. Stock that
ls not used to a" dog is often easily
frightened, or it may light the dog. It
is nu excellent plan to have an older
and well-broken dog to assist in the
training, as dugs are imitative. The
puppy quickly learns what is wanted
by association with the older dog. In
training dogs avoid shouting. It is as,
easy to teach them to mind a single !
word or a whistle, and much more sat-1
' isfactory, and remember that much
more can be accomplished by kind
ness than harshness.
RIGHT WAY TO CATCH SHEEP
Take Animal Either by Hind Leg or
Put Hand Under Jaw-Never
Grab lt by Its Wool.
An experienced sheep breeder and
flock master says never catch a sheep
by the wool. This causes the animal
unnecessary pain. But this is not all.
When you catch the sheep br the wool
you are likely to pull out the wool,
thus leaving a -bruised place in the
flesh of the animal. If the sheep Is to
??c sold for mutton the flesh will show
this bruised condition.
The proper way to catch a sheep is I
to take it either by the hind lei: jusl
above the gambrel point or by putting
the hand underneath the lower jaw
"or neck. In using a crook it is impor
tant that the sheep are not caught be
low the gambrel joint, as injury to the
leg is liable to result from this.
UTILIZE STRAW FOR CATTLE
Strict Economy Should Be Observed
and Valuable Use Made of This
On many farms where strict econ
omy is observed valuable use ls made
of straw of all kinds. Frequently the
straw Is chopped up and mixed with
other foods such as beets, mangles and
silage, so as to make the food more
palatable. Some farmers are so care
ful to get the fullest value out of straw
that after it has been used for bedding,
and later distributed over their fields,
it Is raked up again and used for bed
ding, after lying,, on the ground until
it becomes clean.
POLL EVIL CAN BE AVOIDED
Hard and Badly-Fitting Straps and
Low Ceilings and Doorways, Are
Cause of Trouble.
Poll evil, an Inflamed condition of
the horse's poll, very liable to the for
mation of deep-sented abscesses, may
be in many Instances prevented, since
the principal causes of this complaint
are hard and badly-fitting head straps,
and horses hitting their heads against
the beams of low ceilings and door
GO'OD OF COMMUNITY SHOWS
Advertise District In Such Way That
Buyers Soon Place lt en Their
Map-Value of Sire.
Considering the small cost, it is
doubtful whether any one thing has
proved so great an incentive to more
constructive breeding of good draft
horses as community colt shows. They
advertise a community In such a way
that buyers soon place lt on their map,
and at the same time the shows aro
a good measure of the value of a sire,
NATIONAL SYSTEM OF ROADS
Expert at National Capital Illustrates
How Scheme Is to Be Brought
to Successful End.
The establishment of a national sys
tem of highways ls greatly facilitated
by the federal aid road law, which
compels all the states that would share
In its benefits-and that means all of
the states-to equip themselves with
6tate highway departments. With these
state highway departments devoting
their attention to the building of state
systems of main, through-line high
ways, every condition ls favorable for
the next and crowning act-the estab
lishment of a national system of high
By way of Illustrating how a na
tional system of highways is about to
be evolved by easy and logical stages,
an expert at the national capital made
the following statement :
"Gradually the state has made itself
a compelling factor in the handling of
local road problems and, as a logical
sequence, the federal government, first
through educational activity and later
by the financial aid provided by the
federal aid law, has made itself a
powerful factor in the working out of
the state highway problems. The next
logical step follows the same course
which has been pursued by the state
governments, namely, the broadening
of federal participation to provide for
the establishment of a system of na
"This policy can be put into effect
without disturbance of existing organ
izations, without providing new means
of finance and with but little change
in existing laws. The process would
logically take a course somewhat a3
"1. The state highway departments
and the federal office of public roads
would make an initial selection from
existing state highway systems of
those highways which are of interstate
"2. A system thus selected would be
approved by congress, with the re
quirement that federal funds be ap
plied only to such system on and after
a specified date.
"3. The federal aid should be ex
tended to maintenance as well as con
struction, ns the national system of
highways should have for all time a
close relationship with the federal gov
"Some of the states already have
made plans for utilizing the aid grant
ed by the federal aid road act on roads
which could not properly be included
in a national system. But this need
Concrete Road in Mississippi.
not cause extreme conflict, ns the fed
eral funds for the first three or four
years' operation of the present act
could continue to be applied as now
planned. The appropriations for tho
first two years are already available
and considerable time necessary must
elapse before the national system
could be laid out and made ready for
the application of federal funds.
"In all probability the new scheme
would come into effect ns an extension
of the present federal aid road act."
WHY. FAMILY MOVED TO TOWN
Compelled to Make Change Because of
Poor Schools and Bad Roads
Remedy for Poverty.
"Why don't they go on to a farm?"
ls the question with which many men
dismiss from their minds the story of
some poverty-stricken family. The
chances are five to one that that same
family was induced to move to town
because of poor schools and poor roads
In the country. The remedy for much
of the poverty now in our towns is
good roads and good schools in the
country. Why should not country
schools be given the same attention
given city and town schools? Why
should not the children be permitted to
go to them over good roads with dry
feet, instead of wading through mud
and water? Good roads will make the
country a better place in which to live.
Cull Growing Flock.
Cull the growing flock of chicks as
much as possible, market all that are
in any way inferior but In good health,
and kill and bury all which seem weak
or sickly. It will not pay to keep any
but the strongest and best chicks.
To prevent tuberculosis, all milk
and milk products should be cooked
before being fed to hogs. To control
hog cholera use sanitary precautions
and anti-hog cholera serum treatment
Invitation to Visit Our Se(
We desire to call the attention .of our patrons and the j:
stock of furniture and house furnishings of all kinds, which w
Every department was replenished early, and we can sell at
FURNITURE : We are showing a complete stock of fi
a bureau, wardrobe, sideboard, china closet, hat rack, dining
ers come in and let us show you through our stock. We
invitation to call. We also carry a large assortment of iron
Ask to see our stock of Mattresses in cotton and felt,
mattress is the best on the market. Try one.
ART SQUARES AND RUGS: We are not only showi
tiest assortment of Rugs and Art Squares that we have eve
most exacting buyers. An inspection of our stock will con1
STOES, RANGES AND HEATERS: This is the seas?
aside and purchasing a new one. We have all sizes of stove
manufacturers. Large stock to select from.
Vehicles and Harness
Do you need a new buggy? Come in and let us show
gies and carriages we sell. They are made by the most re
country. We have any style you want.
Our stock of harness is large and our price is as low
double wagon or buggy harness to select from. We also ct
We always have a large assortment of coffins and cask?
from the cheap coffin to the best metal casket. Our hearse
Heavy Groceries and Plantatior
On our first floor will always be found a large stock
implements, hardware and plantation supplies of all kinds,
in every department. We can make it to )rour interest to
We desire to notify the people that
we are agents for the celebrated Chev
rolets Automobiles. If you want a car
let us show you.
We are also selling second-hand
. E. P. WINN & BROTHERS
PLUM BRANCH, S. C.
MCCORMICK AND EDGEFIELD COUNTIES.
Large Stock of
Jewelry to Select From
We invite our Edgefield friends to visit our store
when in Augusta. We have the largest stock of
. AND SILVERWARE
of all kinds that wo have ever shown. It will be a pleasure to
show you through our stock. Every department is constantly re
plenished with the newest designs.
We call especial attention to our repairing department, \$ich
has every improvement. Your watch or clock made as good as
new. Work ready for delivery in a short time.
A. J. Renkl
980 Broad St, Augusta, Ga.
BIG STOCK OF
We desire to inform our Edgefield friend that our buyers went into
the Northern and Eastern markets early, and we secured the best stock
we have ever bought. We are showing the largest line of Clothing for
Men and Boys that we have ever shown. We also have a big stock of
Staple Dry Goods that we bought early.
Every Department is Chock Full of the Newest
and Best of Everything
We extend a cordial invitation to the ladies to come in to see our
Millinery and Ready-to-Wear Department. We have all of the latest
shapes and trimmings, and our milliners can make just the hat you want
if we haven't it in stock. We are showing the largest assortment of
tailor-made suits for women that has ever been shown in Augusta. All
the new fabrics in the popular colors. Do not fail to come in to see us
at the same old stand, where many Edgefield people have been trading
Augusta Bee Hive
916-918 Broad Street ABE COHEN, Proprietor
;ond Floor I
)ublic generally to the large
'e carry on our second floor,
very reasonable prices.
irniture. When in need of
r table, dining chairs, rock
extend the ladies a special
beds, all aizea.
Our "niue Ribbon'' spring
ing the largest but the pret
r bought. Can please the
m for casting the old stoves
?S and ranges from the best
you the strong line of bug
liable manufacturers in the
as the lowest. Single and
irry a full stock of saddles.
its to select from-anything
responds to all calls-day
of heavy groceries, farming
Let us supply your needs
make your purchases at our
"BEST BY TEST"
Let us quote you.
DAVID SLUSKY & SON
The County Treasurer's office will be
open fur the purpose of receding taxes
from the l?th day of October, 1917, to
the 15th day of March, 1918.
All taxes shall be due and payable
between the 15th day of October, 1917,
and December 31st, 1917,
That when taxes charged shall not be
paid by liecember31st, 1917, the County
Auditor shall proceed to add a penalty
of one per cent, for January, and if
taxes are not paid on or before February'"
1st, 1918, the County Auditor will pro
ceed to add two per cent, and five per
cent, from the 1st of March to the 15th
of March, after which time all unpaid
taxes will be collected by the Sheriff.
The tax levies for the year 1917 are
For State purposes 8?
" ordinary County 7
" Constitutional School Tax 3
" Antioch 4
" Bacon School District 7J
" Blocker 2
" Blocker-Limestone 4
" Collier's 4
" Flat Rock 4
" Oak Grove 3
" Red Hill 4
" Edgefield 8
" Elmwood No. 8 2
' ' Elmwood No. 9 2
" Elmwood No. 30 2.
" Elmwood L. C. 3
" Hibler 3
" Johnston ll
" Meriwether (Gregg) 2
44 Moss 3
" Shaw 4
" Talbert 2
44 Trenton 8
" Wards 2
" Blocker R. R. (portion) 15
44 Elmwood R. R. (portion) 15
" Johnston R. R. 3
" Pickens R. R. 3
44 Wise R. R. li
" Corporation. 10
" Sinking Fund. 3-4
All the male citizens between the ages
of 12 years and 60 years, except those
exempt by law, are liable to a poll tax
of One Dollar each. A capitation tax
of 50 cents each is to be paid on all dogs.
The law prescribes that all male citi
zens between the ages of 18 and 55
years must pay $2.00 commutation tax.
No commutation tax is included in the
property tax. So ask for road tax re
ceipt when you desire to pay road tax.
JAMES T. MIMS,
Co. Treas. E. C.
?uckSeirs ?rnica Suive
The Best Salve In The World.