Newspaper Page Text
WATER FORCED INTO 1
A simple form of automatic clrinkii
?the trough T, is provided with n cover
fcbe lever H connects the float with tl
,the float sinks, and by means of the U
water from the tank or water pipe B
pipe It ; mn is a flange. To the right is
ulong the line ab. The cover P is nee
the float and attached parts with their
f A great deal of feed available for j
cattle is now either wasted absolutely
or put- to some less profitable use.
Failure lo utilize the full value of this
?material has increased unnecessarily
j the cost of producing meat, has di
minished the profits from cattle feed-:
lug and has discouraged many farm
ers from engaging in an industry es-1
sential to their permanent prosperity.
According to reports of experts,
who have made extensive experiments
along this line, the loss lu grain straw
and corn stover amounts to moro than
$100.<KKl,000 annually. Both of these
?product* are disposed of- most econ
omically whe: fed to cattle In con
nection wfih some form of con
centrated feed. Straw is- especially
valuable in carrying the breeding
herd through the wluter, in wintering
j stockers, and ns a supplementary
; roughage for fattening cattle. Sto
j ver, too, is an excellent feed for win
jtering cattle, especially mature breed-]
jing cows. Nevertheless, in many sec
j tions of the country where these prod
ucts are abundant, little attempt is
made*to take advantage of their value
for these purposes.
Burning ls Waste.-_
?? an annual straw crop of ap
proximately 120,000,000 tons, it is es-j
timated that only two-thirds ls put
to Its best use-live stock production.
! Of the remainder a little more than
one-half is sold or turned under and
Splendid Beef Type.
the rest-IS per cent of the total crop
-Is burned. Burning ls practically an?
absolute waste and although plowing
under does contribute something to
soil fertility, the benefit to the land
is less than that which would be de
rived from the use of the straw to
produce manure. "Of all systems of
obtaining permanent soil fertility."
fsays the report, "none Is so practical
?or as easily available as that of feed
jing live stock."
I The average value of all kinds of
straw is placed at about $5 a ton.
In many sections, of course, no such
price can be realized for it, and as a
matter of fact only about S per cent
of the crop actually is sold. Thc fig
ure mentioned, however, may be
taken as representing the value to the
farmer of straw If he will use it prop
erly in his farming operations as feed
j or bedding. In order to illustrate how
I this may be done the report gives
fthrec sample rations for wintering a
?breeding herd of beef cattle on straw
Combined with silage, shock corn and
cottonseed or linseed meal. Any one
of these rations, it is said, will provo
economical. They are as follows:
Rations for Wintering Cows.
.Ration 1- Pounds.
j Straw .10
j Silage .20
j Cottonseed meal or linseed meal. Iii
Cottonseed cake or oil cake.2
Shock corn .10
Cottonseed meal . 1
In this connection it is pointed out
also that feeding straw in the winter
will insure under certain circum
stances the full utilization of summer j
grass. In a number of western
states it frequently happens that grass
jgoes to waste because feeders are un
willing to pay the high prices asked
for steers in the spring. With an
abundance of straw on baud to lessen
the cost of wintering, feeders can take
advantage of the lower prices for
stocker cattle in the fall to secure
on reasonable terms at that timo
enough stock to pasture all the grass
the following year.
The production of corn stover is
about twice that of grain straw,
amounting to approximately 245,000,
P00 tons a year. A larger percentage
-S.l")-of this is fed than of the
straw, but the waste is nevertheless
astonishing. For this, poor methods
of feeding are largely responsible. By
far the most economical method of
handling corn is by ?nsillng, but as a j
i TROUGH FOR SWINE
np trou ph for pips is illustrated above.
D under which the float S Is situated,
fie valve V. When the trouph ls used
iver pushes the valve open so that the
cnn flow Into the trough through the
illustrated u section through the cover
essary to prevent the animals touching
matter of fact only 8.1 per cent of
the acreage was put In the silo two
years ago, the year In which these in
vestigations were made. About ll per
cent was cut for green feed and SI
per cent allowed to mature for grain.
It is in the last portion of the acreage
that the greatest waste occurs. Strip
ping the leaves from the stalks which
are subsequently burned, removing the j
stalks above the top ear only, leaving
the stalks to stand in the field until j
the loss of leaves and leaching have j
removed much of the fertilizing
value, are all unthrifty methods. Fur
thermore, almost four per cent of the
stover Is burned, ns though, Instead
of being a potential source of revenue,
it was merely a nuisance to be gotten
rid of ns a preliminary to plowing.
In some states the percentage of sto
ver that is thus thrown away Is as
high as 7 or 8 per cent and the total
loss to the country from the practice
is estimated nt nearly $15,000,000 a
Results From Roughage.
To obtain satisfactory results from
the feeding of farm roughages such
'as straw and stover, they must be
co?whhipd with some form of roncen
trated' feed. At the present time large
quantities of such feed in the form of
cottonseed meal and cake, corn, mo
lasses, peanuts and beans are export
ed for the use of European feeders. If
the straw and stover that are now
wasted were employed to feed more
cattle, these concentrates could be
consumed at home. The result would
be a tremendous saving not only In
the cost of producing beef, but in the
cost of enriching the soil ns well. In
1914, for example, about 1,000,000
tons of cottonseed n?eal-half the
total production-were applied direct
ly to the soil ns fertilizer. If this
had been fed to cattle Instead, three
quarters of the fertilizing value I
would have been returned to the soil J
ns manure. The loss of the other
fourth would have been? far more
than counterbalanced by the profit on
the meat produced economically by J
the meal and tho necessary roughages, j
Much the same thing is true of the
ocher oil meals.
Value of Meals.
The value?of these meals is far
better appreciated In Europe than
here. Denmark, fur example, feeds
annually 478 pounds of oil cake to
each of her mature cattle, the United
States approximately 24 pounds. Fur
thermore, the European feeder ls
aware of the fact that the high-pro
tein meal, while more expensive to
buy. ls inore economical to use. Meal
of this quality is seldom sold on the
domestic markets beean: 3 the Ameri
can farmer has not yet learned its
value. Cottonseed and linseed are per
haps the best known of the oil meals
but there are others the use of which
as feed could be profitably extended.
The efficient use of these and other
feeds discussed In the report Is of the j
utmost importance to the American
farmer, it ls pointed out, because the j
day when close calculation in feeding
was not necessary is, In all probability, |
past. Hereafter it Is likely that sue- ?
cess will depend upon ability to put
to the best use nil available products.
A greater knowledge of what these
products are and of the ways in which
they cnn be fed will result in the
elimination of enormous waste.
CHANCES FOR LARGER YIELD
Keep Up Cultivation of Corn, Cotton,
Grain Sorghums, Peanuts and
Do not neglect the late cultivation of
corn, cotton, grain sorghums, peanuts,
soy beans, and all other cultivated
crops. If the ground is kept clean of
weeds and prass with a good 'earth
mulch on the surface, it will Improve j
the chances of n larger yield.
LEGUMES ARE IDEAL PLANTS
They Come Nearer Giving Something
for Nothing Than Any Other Crop
-Add Much Nitrogen.
Alfalfa, clover, soy beans and the
rest of the legumes are most wonder
ful plants. They furnish nutritious
food and add more nitrogen to the
soil than they remove. They come
nearer giving something for nothing
than any other plants.
RATIONS FOR ORPHAN COLTS
Bottle and Nipple Will Be Found
Cheapest and Most Satisfactory
Means of Giving Milk.
Raising orphan colts is a hard task
which requires time and patience.
CoW's milk is the usual substitute for
mare's milk. Allowance must be made
for the fact that cow's milk is lower
in per cent of protein, fat, and ash
than mare's milk, while the Iat4^i??
lower in per cent of water and milk
At first a bottle and nipple probably
will be found the cheapest and most
satisfactory means of inducing the colt
to take the milk. The milk should al
ways be warmed to body temperature
before feeding. ?
Add enough warra water to a table
spoonful of sugar to dissolve it, then
add from throe to five tablespoonfuls
of lime water and enough milk to make
a pint. Feed one-fourth of this mix
ture every hour for a few days, grad
ually lengthening the intervals and in
creasing the amount given at a feed
as the colt grows older.
When the colt is three or four weeks
old the sugar in the milk may be dis
continued. At three months the colt
should be put on a ration of all the
sweet milk it? will drink three times
If the colt scours, cut down on the
amount of milk and give two to four
ounces of a mixture of two parts cas
I tor oil to one part sweet oil.
WORKING HORSE IN SUMMER
Large Number of Animals Lost Each
Year Through Lack of Care and
From Excessive Heat.
It no doubt would be one of the
greatest surprises that we have had
for some time, were we to realize the
large number of horses that are lost
each year from the lack of care and
from the heat ; the time is here again
when we must watch our horses care
fully so that they may work safely
and to the best advantage for us dur
ing the long hot days of summer.
The horse that will stand the hot
weatherjwell Js the_pne_thai. has been
well groomed end car?d for, you must
feed your horses well if you want them
to work well and if you want to get
the most from your feed you must
keep them clean and comfortable. The
horse that is working hard during the
hot weather should be watered at least
four or five times each day, and every
hour or hour and a half would be still
RACK FOR STOCK OPERATIONS
Sometimes Difficult and Lengthy Be*
cause of Lack of Secure Place
to Hold Animals.
Performing needed operations on
live stock ofttimes is rendered a dlffi
cult and lengthy job because of the
lack of a rack In which the animal
can be securely held. Here is one
which looks rather complex but which
will keep the animal where he can't
get away to save himself, hard ns he
may try. The animal is driven into
Rack for Stock.
the rack. Behind him one door swings
to, preventing him from backing out.
In front another door swings to
against tho left side of the neck and
another slides in -against the right
side. The lover ls locked there and
the stock ls In the stocks, for all the
world like an evildoer in ancient
times. Once you've got the animal in
that position you are nt liberty to do
your worst. He can't do anything to
stop you.-Fanning Business.
SORE MOUTH IN YOUNG PIGS
Where Disease Has Advanced to Any
Great Extent, Animal Should Be
(By I. E. NEWSOM. Colorado Agricul
tural College, Fort Collins. Colo.)
Watch the little pigs for sore mouth.
If ulcers are found isolate the litter
and treat the affected pigs. Tincture
of iodine on a cotton swab used dally
will be valuable. If the disease is far
advanced the pig should be destroyed
and the carcass burned.
MANAGEMENT OF YOUNG COLT
Teach lt to Eat Gr?.in and Alfalfa or
Clover Soon as Possible-Allow
Access 'tb Grass.
As soon as possible teach the young
colt to eat grain and alfalfa or clover,
and allow it access to grass. Crushed
oats and a little bran make the best
grain feed, but if these are not avail
able substitute crushed corn and bran
In equal parts by bulk with a little
Life Insurance Co,
.writes more Life Insurance than
any company in America except
one. They have lowest rates with
dividends and free disability clause
of all companies in the United
E. J. NORRIS, Agt.
The/people who get the greatest
amount of good out of their telephone
are those who talk over it as though face
"Coljrtesy smooths out difficulties and
promotes the promptest possible connec
The operators of the BELL System
are trained to be patient and polite under
all circumstances, but they will do better
work if they meet with patience and
politeness on the part of the telephone
The fact that you cannot see the
operator or t the other party should not
cause you to overlook this. The best
results come through the practice of
The voice with the smile wins
SOUTHERN BELL TELEPHONE
AND TELEGRAPH COMPANY
J. J. Roach, Manager, Aiken, S. C.
We Solicit Your Business
Call, write or wire when desirous of information
of cotton market of country.
Dr. William Brody in an article about
calomel in the Atlanta Constitution re
"Calomel is a cathartic and a very
crude and superfluous one. It pro
duces no special effect upon thc liver
or upon thc secretion of bile. It has
no more influence over biliousness
than any other active physic. It is
just the ancient standby, cheaper
than most other physics and retained
in use because old dogs seldom learn
As a substitute for a poison like
alomel modern physicians prescribe
urely vegetable cathartics. Mar
tin's Liver Medicine does all the
good calomel does without produc
ing calomel's injurious effects. Mar
tin's Liver Medicine is a standard
proprietary preparation for constipa
tion, sick headache and other stom
ach and liver troubles. Purely vege
table as^ to ingredients, pleasant in
taste, mild in action and fully guar
anteed. If not satisfied with it, take
the empty bottle to your druggist
and get your 50c back.
Try a dose or so of Martin's Liver
Medicine when you feel that you
need a liver regulator or a dose of
Ehysic. All good druggists sell Martin's
ndred and seven (107)
Writes more Fire In
han any. fire insurance
1 be perfectly safe with
I Fire Policy.
Kemp Kepair Shop.
I have purchased the interest of
my brother, Callison Kemp, in our
repair shop and hereafter the busi
ness will be conducted in my
I have employed Mr. R. N. May
son to do my boree shoeing and aa
be is an expert workman we wantyott.
to give him a trial. Bring your
horee or mule to our shop when it,
again needs shoeing and be con-*
vinced as to Mr. Mayson's expert..^
We are prepared to do all kind?
of repair work on short notice. A
large supply of first-class material
always on baud.
J. D KEMP.
Edgefield, S. Ci
Notice of Final Dis
To All AV hom These Presents May
Whereas, G. Fred Long, Jr., has
made application unto this Court
for Final Discbarge as Guardian in
re the Estate of James Henry
Spearman, who is now twenty-one
yeats of age, on thia the 3rd day of
December, 1917. *
These Are Therefore, to cite any
and all kindred, creditors, or par
lies interested, to show cause be
fore me at my office at Edgefield
Court House, South Carolina on
the Tlh day ol' Ja?nary, 19]8 at ll
o'clock a. m., why said order of
Discharge should not be granted.
W. T. KINNAIRD,
J. P. C., E. C., S. C.
Dec. 3, 1917-4t.
For Sale by
G. W. WISE, Trenton, S. C.
And All Good Dealers
AU persons are hereby notifi?e
not to hunt or trespass in ani
manner whatsoever on my lands
Tho law will be enforced against al
persons who fail to heed this notice
This means everybody, withon
L. G. Quarles.
DR J.S. BYRD,
OFFICE OVER POSTOFFICE
Residence 'Phone 17-R. Office 3.
All persons are wained not to hui
or trespass on lands owned
controlled by mc. This means sta
G. T. Swearinger,
TITT: BT.5T FUS. I