Newspaper Page Text
The Present Fe:
By J. N. Harper, Director Farm
?r^sr&ytg] No class of people j
51 is more red-blood
ed and patriotic |
than the farmer,
and everybody is
looking to him to
do his best. In
view of the fact
that the whole
world is demand- ?
i n g agricultural
products, now is
his golden oppor
tunity not only to
show his patriot
J. N. HARPER
Ism, but an opportunity
wealth at the same time.
Offsetting Labor Shortage
In view of the fact that farm labor
ls scarce and high, every effort should
be bent towards securing maximum
yields per acre, with fertilizer, which
is one of the best ways to conserve
Unfortunately, no industry has been
more directly affected by the war than
the fertilizer industry. The govern
ment is commandeering materials im
portant to this industry for the pur
pose of manufacturing munitions of
war and hence has greatly reduced the
possible tonnage to be used in fer
tilizers. In other words, while the
nation is calling for the largest pos
sible crop yields, there Is, at the same
time, a great demand for gun powder.
Some one has aptly said, "Plants and
cannons eat the same food.'1 Of course,
under present conditions, the cannons
must be fed first.
There is ? considerable shortage of
fertilizer ingredients, and the prices
of these ingredients are corresponding
Fertilizers Relatively Cheaper
In consequence of high prices of ma
terials, due to their scarcity, and be
cause of higher labor and transporta
tion costs, fertilizers will be higher
this spring than ever before.
While the prices of fertilizers have
advanced, fortunately for the farmer,
the prices of crops have advanced still
higher, so that fertilizers are relative
ly cheaper than before the war. A
bale of cotton with its seed will buy
more fertilizer today than ever before.
The same is true of a bushel of corn;
a ,bushel of wheat; a bushel of pea
nuts: a bushel of potatoes, etc.
Why Fertilizers Are Scarce
The causes of the shortage of fertil
izer materials may be summarized as
Previous to the war, most of our
potash came from Germany. The pot
ash now on the market is produced
largely in this country, but it is far
short of the demands. This American
NEED OF BETTER HIGHWAYS
Ohio Farmers Convinced That Im.
proved Roads Are Essential and
Promise Financial Aid.
? At a recent convention of the Ohio
Good Roads association the farmer ?
delegates spoke with the utmost con
viction of the need of improved roads,
good 3G5 days in the year, if they were
to do their part in the mobilization of
:the resources of the country in the
; cause of humanity. Moreover, these
delegates from the farms did not ask
to have the roads improved for them;
.they promised their full proportion of
j financial support for their construction.
An entirely different condition is re
,'ported from New England, New York
Sand Clay Road.
and New Jersey. There the congestion
of railway traffic makes the highways
of great value in delivering manufac
tured materials from one city to an
other; the motor truck has suddenly
become a real necessity in meeting the
urgent requirements for transporting
the products of the cities. In short,
the rational improvement of roads ls
an essential element of the grave eco
nomic problems of the day, to make the
iyaluable products of the farm and shop
"available to the user at the lowest pos
sible cost. .
This subject should be studied at
;once as an economic problem, the same
as the provision of railway and water
way transportation, the increase in cul
tivated acreage and fhe improvement
of manufacturing facilities.
Crops that cannot be moved from
?the farms except at enormous expense
and manufactured products that must
.lie in storehouses because of congestion
of railways are of little value to a na
tion which needs such things now.
Blickten s ?rnica Sa?ve
The Bes* Salve In The World.
g- in the South
Service Bureau, Atlanta, Georgia.
made potash, however, is Just as val
uable as the potash salts that were
formerly obtained from Germany.
Acid phosphate is scarce, due to tho
fact that there is a shortage -of sul
phuric acid-a necessary compound in
the manufacture of acid phosphate.
Sulphuric acid ls scarce, because py
rites, from which most of it is made,
has been coming from Spain and ships
are not now available with which to
The fertilizer manufacturers have
been compelled to turn to the domes
tic pyrites, and readjust their manufac
turing plants to the production of sul
phuric acid from brimstone obtained
from Louisiana and Texas. The gov
ernment is requiring of the fertilizer
manufacturers sulphuric acid in large
amounts to be used in the manufacture
Then, too, there is considerable dif
ficulty in obtaining supplies of rock
phosphate, because of the transporta
The supply of nitrates has also been
curtailed because large amounts of sul
phate of ammonia are being taken for
refrigeration purposes, and the manu
facture of munitions. Cotton seed
meal, a valuable source of nitrogen, is
being used more and more for feeding
live stock. Tankage, another splendid
source of nitrogen, is also being used
for the sam purpose; consequently cot
ton seed meal and tankage are high in
Nitrate of soda is more expensive at
the Chile mines, and shipping rates
have increased enormously, and muni
tion requirements are heavy.
The fertilizer manufacturers find it
hard to secure bags for shipping, since
there is a tremendous shortage of bur
Thus it can be easily seen that It will
be very difficult to obtain necessary
fertilizer materials, and the farmer
must take due notice and act accord
ingly If he would make sure of getting
his plant food.
Order At Once
The farmer must not overlook the
fact that transportation difficulties are
increasing daily. The railroads are lit
erally overwhelmed. They have, there
fore," been compelled to rule that fer
tilizers and freight in general must
move in full car load lots, which means
cars must be loaded to their maximum
Therefore, Mr. Farmer, order your
fertilizers NOW; order PLENTY of
them; use them liberally and judicious
ly, and thus secure maximum yields of
crops, and so do your part to supply
the crjdrg needs of the world, while
at the same time you increase your
Auditor s Notice.
All persons owning property of any
kind whatsoever, or in any capacity, as
husband, guardian, executor, adminis
trator or trustees are required to make
returns of the same to the Auditor
under oath within the time mentioned
below and the Auditor is required by
law to add a penalty of 50 per cent to
ell property that is not returned on or
before the 20th day of February in any
All male citizens between the ages of
21 and 60 years except those exempt
by law are deemed taxable polls. The
50 per cent penalty will be added for
failure to made seturns.
For the convenience of tax payers. I
or my representative will be at the fol
lowing appointed places on the dates
mentioned to receive tax returns,
Ropers, Monday, Jan. 14th 1918;
Meriwether, (at JoeThurmonds Store),
Tuesday, Jan. loth, 1918; Colliers, Wed
nesday, Jan. 10th, 1918; Red Hill,
Thursday, Jan. 17th, 1918; W. R. E.
Winn's Store, Friday, Jan. 18th, 1918;
Cleora, Saturday, Jan. 19th, 1918;
Pleasant Lane, Tuesday, Jan. 22th,
1918; Meeting, Wednesday, Jan. 2Xrd,
1918; Johnston, Thursday, Jan. 24th,
1918; Herin.s Store, Friday. Jan. 25th,
1918; Trenton, Saturday, Jan. 26th, 1918.
The office will be open to receive re
turns from the first day of January till
the 20th day of Feb. 1918, as prescribed
J. R. T'M MER M AN,
Auditor, E. C. S. C.
The State of South Carolina,
County of Edgetield.
By W. T. Kinaird, Probate Judge.
Whereas, J. E. Ousts has made
suit to me, to arant him Letters of
Administration of the Estate and
effects of A. Clark Ouzts, de
These Are Therefore to cite and
admonish all and singular the kin
dred and Creditors of the said A.
Clark Ouzts, deceased, that they be
and appear before me, in the Court
of Probate, to be held at Edgetield,
South Carolina in my office, on the
17th day of January ( 1918) next,
after publication thereof, at ll
o'clock in the fcenoon, to show
cause, if any they have, why the
said Administration should not be
Given under my Hand, this 29th
day of December, A. D" 1917.
W. T. KINNAIRD,
Probate Judge E. C.
Jan. 1, 1918-3t.
A. H. Corley,
Appointments at Trenton
CORRECT RATIONS FOR PIGS
Animals on Pasture Will Gain Rapidly
If Given Additional Allowance
of Grain Feed.
Pips, grain-fed on pasture, will gain
a pound or more a day from weaning
to a weight of 200 to 2;"i0 pounds, while
those getting little or no grain will
gain hut one-half to three-quarters of
? pound per day. This will bring
spring pigs to a markelahle weight in
early fall, at the period of high prices,
whereas those being pastured only are
not ready for market until a month or
two later. A grain ration, hy bring
ing the hogs to an earlier market, re
duces the time of feeding, the risk, and
the interest on the investment. The
animals are in higher condition, with
a finer and more palatable meat and
Farmers substituting pasture entire^
ly for grain and other concentrated
feeds to their market hogs through the
summer will find that before market
ing in the fall it will be advisable to
feed grpin to harden the soft fat and
meat and put on additional weight.
Light hut steady grain feeding on
pasture, however, gives better results
than a heavier feeding during a short
er finishing period.
GOOD RAM ALWAYS CHEAPEST
Scrub Animal ls Particularly Expen
sive at Present High Prices of
Wool and Lambs.
A scrub ram is expensive nt any time
but doubly so at the present high price
of wool and lambs. A good ram has
many times proved to be more than
"half the flock." Many successful and
progressive sheep breeders trace their
start on the road to success to the pur
chase of a good ram. Sometimes the
price of the ram has looked high, but
time proved it to be .the cheapest and
by far the best investment ever made.
At the University of Missouri college
of agriculture a good mufton ram, such
as any farmer could purchase at S30
to $40 this season, bred to western
(Colorado) ewes, sired lambs that av
eraged two and a half pounds more at
three months of age. when they were
marketed, than lambs, out of the same
class of ewes, which were sired by an
inferior or scrub ram. Furthermore
lambs sired by the superior ram sold
for CO per cent more per 100 pounds
than by the inferior ram.
CHECK FOR RUNAWAY HORSES
Blinders So Hinged and Controlled as
to Make lt Possible for Driver
to Stop Animal.
The blinders on this device are so
hinged and controlled hy a checking
device as to make it possible for the
driver to control the horse, if it starts
to run, writes C. J. ?Lynde in Farmers
Checking Device for Runaways.
Mail and Breeze, by depriving it of
its straight ahead vision, or to stop
lt in the same way. in the absence of
the driver, by arranging the checking
device so lt will be pulled by the turn
of the wheel.
SWEET CLOVER FOR PASTURE
No Other Leguminous Crop, With Ex
ception of Alfalfa, Furnishes as
Much Good Feed.
With the exception of alfalfa on
fertile soils, no other leguminous crop
will furnish as much nutritious pas
turage from early spring until late
fall as sweet clover, when it is prop
erly handled. Live stock thrive on it.
Animals which have never been fed
sweet clover may refuse to eat It at
first, but this distaste can be over
come by turning them on the pasture
as soon as the phiuts start growth.
There is practically no danger from
bloat from sweet clover, according to
Farmers' Bulletin 820, "Sweet Clover;
Utilization," which has just been is
sued by the United States department
HOGS NEED SUCCULENT FEED
Pumpkins Are Excellent for Swine Be
cause Seeds Are Especially Good
Pumpkins make good hog feed.
Hogs need a little succulence of some
kind to keep them in good condition
and help them make the best use of
grains. Pumpkins are especially good
for hogs because the seeds are excel
lent worm exterminators. Keep that
Life Insurance Co.
writes more Life Insurance than
any company in America except
one. They have Jo west rates with
dividends and free disability clause
of all companies in the United
E. J. NORRIS, Agt.
The people who get the greatest
amount of good out of their telephone
are those who talk over it as though face
Courtesy smooths out difficulties and
promotes the promptest possible connec
The operators of the BELL System
are trained to be patient and polite under
all circumstances, but they will do better
work if they meet with patience and
politeness on the part of the telephone
The fact that you cannot see the
operator or the other party should not
cause you to overlook this. The best
results come through the practice of
The voice with ile smile wins
SOUTHERN BELL TELEPHONE
AND TELEGRAPH COMPANY
J. J. Roach, Manager, Aiken, 8. C.
We Solicit Your Business
Call, write or wire when desirous of information
of cotton market of country. ?
If you on.y realized the terrible in
jury you do yourself when you take
calomel, you'd never put another grain
in your mouth, lt's rank poison.
Instead of calomel, usc that splendid
guaranteed vegetable compound, Mar
tin's Liver Medicine, the medicine that
is winning favor. It is excellent for
headache, constipation and kindred ills,
lt acts forcibly and quickly without
griping. Causes no loss of time from
business; does not impair the appetite.
Wh'le tho prescribed dose is one tablespoon
ful, I have found Ly experience that a teaspoon
ful at bedtime promotes sound sleep throughout
tho night and a comfortable movement before
breakfast, lt pi ves ma (cremt plet jure to Le able
to recommend Martin's Live Medicine as a pleas
ant and thorough laxative.-'-Andrew M. Beck
Martin's Liver Medicin?is made ac
cording to the prescription of a cele
brated Southern physician who used it
for years in his practice. It is purely
vegetable and is guaranteed to give sat
isfactory results. If after using it you
are not satisfied, return the empty bot
tle and receive your 50c.
indred and seven (107)
Writes more Fire In
han any fire insurance
II be perfectly safe with
1 Fire Policy.
Kemp Kepair Shop.
I have purchased the interest of
my brother, Calhson Kemp, in our
repair shop and hereafter the busi
ness will be conducted in ray
I have employed Mr. R. N. May
son to do my boree shoeing and as
be is an expert workman we want you
to give bim a trial. Bring your
horse or mule to our shop when it
asrain needs shoeing and be con
vinced as to Mr. Mayson's expert
Weare prepared to do all kinds
of repair work on short notice. A
large supply of first-class material
always on hand.
J. D. KEMP.
Edgefield, S. C.
Notice to the Public.
I have installed a
for grinding meal, corn on stalk,
velvet beans in pod or on vine, oats
in sheaf, -or any way you want
W. A. Pardue
For Sale by
G. W. WISE, Trenton, S. C.
And All Good Dealers
All persons are hereby no'.ified
not to hunt or trespass in any
manner whatsoever on my lands.
The law will be enforced against all
persons who fail to heed this notice.
This means everybody, without
L. G. Quarles.
DR J. S. BYRD,
OFFICE OVER POSTOFFICE
Residence 'Phone 17-R. Office 3.
All persons are wained not to hunt
or trespass on lands owned or
controlled by me. Tim means stay
G. T. Swearinger,
^= B 9 T T E R 3 AND liTDNEYS