Newspaper Page Text
VOL. 82 EDGEFIELD, S. C., WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 16, 1918 NO. 45
Y/eefc of Prayer Observed. W.
C. T. U. Will Meet. Short
age of Coal Experienced.
Cultus Club Met.
The Woman's Missionary Society
of the baptist church observed last
week as a special week of prayer for
Although the weather was most
disagreeable, and snow and ice cov
ered the ground at times, every
meeting was had, these being beau
tiful and spiritual ones, and tho
.members all felt that they were
greatly benefitted by these heart-to
Morday afternoon's meeting was
in ch?rge of Mrs. M. T. Turner;
Tuesday afternoon, Mrs. J. L.
Walker. The Y. W. A. and G. A.
iiad charge of Wednesday's pro
gram, and this was held at the hour
that evening instead of the regular
prayer service. Kev. W. S. Brooke
conducted this and the young girls
gave a yery enjoyable program.
Thursday afternoon Mrs. E. R.
Mobley conducted the meeting, and
Mrs. W. J. Hatcher had charge of
Mrs. J. R. Fizer, State corres
ponding secretary, was present and
gave a most instructive talk, and
then she-told something of the book
that the mission study class con
templates beginniug at an early
Mrs. Fizer spoke of her great de
light in being in Johnston, this be
ing her first visit, and she said
some good things of this society.
Mrs. Hatcher had invited to this
meeting representatives from the
two mission societies of the
churches of the colored people, and
these were present, and seemed to
be much instructed by the illustra
ted chart lesson of the map, show
ing what parts of the world were
When the offering was taken the
president brought ..forward $1.00
3nd asked that this be included in
The members of the society great
ly rejoice that they will be able to
send, as a result of this week of
The Sunbeam's offering is $30.00.
The G. A., twenty-six in number,
The Y. W. A., ten in number, is
The R. A., eighteen in number,
The weather bas been most un
usual recently, anti that of last Fri
day afternoon and evening was most
freakish. There was thunder and
lightning, followed by wann, heavy
rains, and the un usual ly wann at
mosphere was noted. In an hour
or more the wind was at a very
rapid rate, and did considerable
il.image about the town. About
ten o'clock ii was almost a hurri
cane, and some that bad retired
arose, and some feared the blowing
over of the houses.
The oth'ee of Carolina Public Ser
vice Co. was unroofed, and main
water tanks had the tops blown ofF,
and several large trees on Main
street were blown over and the
limbs of many- twisled off.
Just as the storm was beginning
the lire, alarm sounded, and i tew as
found that the home of Mr. Robt.
Long was in danger of catching fire
from the chimney, which was burn
ing out. The heavy down pour of
rain soon made an end to the fall
Mr. M. W. Clark, who has been
so ill with pneumonia, is nov." im
Mrfc. C. D. Kenney has gone to
Fairfax to visit her daughter, Mrs.
David D. Moore. Mr. Kenney is
now located at Blackville as a trav
Mrs. W. P. Cassells has returned
from a month's stay at Ellenton
with her mother, Mrs. Bell.
Mr. Garland Coleman, who now
resides in Gainesville, Fla., has
been for a visit to his parents, Mr.
and Mrs. Wm. Lee Coleman.
Mrs. Missouri Lott returned last
**week from a visit to her son. Mr.
Luther Lott, at Araericcs, Ga.
Owing to the shortage "of coal
there will be no evening services,
Sunday and Wednesday, at the Bap
tist church until March 1, but every
morning service will be held. It
may be that an evening union ftr
vice will be arranged, so that a ser
vice will be held at one church
The quarterly report of the Ba
tist Sunday school was not only tl
best of 1917, but one of the best
the history of' the school. The
are 401 members enrolled, with i
average of 1G1, the average havir
been cut down by the several Su
days of disagreeable weather. Tl
collections of the twenty classes fi
the quarter amounted to ?457.0
Orphanage Day, as observed by tl
school, helped tc swell the amoun
In the annual report there were fij
on the annual roll of honor-Mr
Avery Bland, Miss Zena Payne zr
Messrs. J. W. Stim>n and Cec
Sawver and little Rhodes Watso:
T?ie W. C. T. U. will meet c
Friday afternoon with Mrs. A. 1
Lewis at 3:30 o'clock. At tb
meeting the first work of the ne
year for soldiers and sailors will I
discussed and entered into. Tl
amount to be given for the Hoste:
House in Columbia will be decide
on and sent iv treasurer, as well i
other matters. There be man
matters to discuss of interest to a
members, and plans will be mad
for the observance of Thursday
January 24, as the day of pray?
for National Constitutional Prob
According to directions this unio
sent telegrams and personal appeal
to representatives and senators fo
the elimination of the six-yea
clause, the appeal being for Na
tiona! Constitutional Prohibition.
Mrs. Clias. Early and little chil
dren of Florence are spendin;
awhile here in the home of th
former's father, Mr. W. W. Satcher
Mr. J. P. Cullem of tiie Philipp
section is quite sick with pneumo
nia. Mr. Cullum ls a confederan
veteran, and the members of tin
Mary Ann Baie chapter bearing
that he was using oranges as on<
item of his diet, arranged a tempt
ing box of fruit and sent to him ir
the name of the chapter.
Mr. and Mrs. J. G. Mobley ha\(
moved from east Johnston to tlu
dwelling vacated by Mr. Jesse Der
rick and family, nearby the Baptisl
Mr. Robert Warren is at home
from a visit to Florida, in the bonn
of his uncle, Mr. Scott Warren.
Mr. W. J. Ilatchei has gone tc
Chattanooga in interest of business.
Messrs. Earl Smith, J. H. Tatt
and Rodgers went to New Vorklasi
week to attend the automobile show,
Mr. and Mrs. William Toney an?]
family are domiciled in one ol' lb?,
dwellings in Eidson park.
Mrs. Charles Samms of <4aincs
vilb', Fia., bas been for at hort visit
to Mrs. L. S. Maxwell, these twe
having been classmates at college.
On Saturday afternoon several
friends were invited in to meet Mrs.
Samms, and a most pleasant while
was sp^nt, the hostess entertaining
all most charmingly.
Mrs. Albert Dozier, who has been
in the Columbia hospital for several
weeks, bas returned to ber bonn
Mrs. J. R. Fizer, corresponding
secretary of the State Baptist W.
M. H., spent last Wednesday ami
Thursday here with Mis. W. J
Ilatchc*. (?nile a mun ber ol' thc
ladies here knew Mrs. Fizer, having
met her at State conventions, and ii
was a great pleasure to see bei
Miss Maggie Cummings of Aiken
lias been visitiug Mrs. Alvin Ow
Mrs. Earl Mish, who has been
visiting relatives in Washington,
I). C., and in Virginia, will arrive
this week to spend awhile in the
home of her brother, Dr. P. N.
The Cultusclub met with Mrs. L.
S. Mavwell on Tuesday afternoon,
Miss Gertrude Strother, Pres., con
ducting business. This club has in
vited Mrs. J. L. Coker, State presi
dent of Federation of clubs, to be
its guest at the occasion of Reci
procity in February, and HIIC has ac
cepted the invitation. This club
and the New Century club will
unite in the observance. One of
Shakespeare's plays was studied,
Miss Daisy Brockington leading
ibis part of the meeting. The
hostess served a delicious repast in
pretty style, and later all enjoyed
opera selections of the victrola.
The New Century club met with
Mrs. II. 1). (-irani on Saturday af
ternoon, the date being changed so
as not to conflict with the meetings
of the week of prayer. The club
decided to send at once Sit).00 to
aid in community work, the amount
'of Si,000 having been decided on
Tax Commission In?
tors Concerning 1
In view of the Constitutional re
quire that all property shall be as
sessed upon uniform basis, and in
order to prevent inequalities arising
from different standards of assess
ment in the different counties of the
State, the Tax Commission, after a
conference with the County Audi
tors and the Chairmen of the County
Boards of Equalization, has adopted
fifty per cent of the true, reasonable
market value of property aa the
common standard upon which all
assessments of property for the pur
poses of taxation, regardless of
classes, shall be made throughout
the State in the 1018. Thia stand
ard will apply both to the assess
ments originally made by the Tax
Commission and to those originally
made by the Township Boards of
You are, therefore, instructed, in
taking the tax returns, to have the
I tax payer state in the column calling
?for the "value by the tax payer" the
true market value of the property iu
question, which, in his opinion, rep
resents the full 100 per cent value
of the property. This is in accord
ance with the oath printed at the
bottom of the tax return in which
the tax payer is required to say that
the property returned by him is list
ed at what he honestly believes to
be its market value. When the re
turns are so taken they are to be
turned over to and passed upon by
the township or other local boards
of assessors, who shall inquire into
the value placed upon the property
by the tax payer, and verify the
value so stated by the tax payer.
After ascertaining what is the
market value of the property in
question, the township or other lo
cal boards of assessors shall assess
50 per cent, or one-half thereof as
the value of the property for pur
poses of taxation, and write same in
the column value by the township
board. The column for value by
the County Boards will be left
blank to be used by the County
Boards in equalizing, or changing
the assessments made by the town
ship boards, where, they lind it nec
essary in order to remove inequali
ties that may occur in passing on
the separate pieces of property.
In assessing real estate each lot,
farm, plantation or separate parcel
ol' land is lo be separately returned
witii a statement as to the number
of building thereon, with the value
nf the buildings stated separately
from the value of the lands, and so
described as to be identified by the
local Board of Assessors and other
In assessing real estate, the tax
payer is not required to state the
; value thereof. Tue true value is to
: bu originally ascertained by the
township or other local boards of
assessor.-, and in ascertaining the
value, the township or other local
boards should not apply one value
per acre to all lands in the same tax
district without regard to locality,
i fertility, or other local conditions
especially affecting the piece of
k certain magistrate had the rep
; utalion of being very hard on va
; grants. One of these caine before
him charged with loitering, and af
ter he had pleaded guilty the magis
trate put some questions to him,
which he answered readily enough.
"llave you any visible means of
"Yes, your worship," replied Joe
as quick as lightning. Then, turn*
j inir to where he perceived his wife
in the audience, ''Stand up, Mary,
so that his honor eau see you."-An
by the executive committee. There
are about one thousand or more
members in the Federation which
makes fifty cents per capita. The
club had the funds already in the
treasury, it having been economical
in the matter of having year books
printed, and in other wajs. Several
of the Borap-booka for the soldiers
were broaght in, and the members
reported sending magazines to the
soldiers. The subject of the pro
gram was "Poets of Antebellum
Period," and Miss Alma Woodward,
as leader, made thia very pleasant.
There were several good readings
structs County Audi
1918 Tax Returns.
property ir. question, but should as
certain the true, reasonable market
value of the lands and buildings
separately, and after so ascertaining
the true, reasonable market value of
the several piecps of lands and of
the buildings thereon, the township
or other local boards of assessors
shall take 50 per eent'of the market
value so ascertained by them as the
value of such property for the pur
poses of taxation. If the tax payer
has stated what he deems the true
value, and the property is assessed
for more than 50 per cent of value
stated by tax payer he shall he noti
fied of the increase.
The same standard is to be pur
sued in taxing all classes of prop
erty, such as bank shares, textile in
dustries, oil mills, cotton mills, rail
road, horses and mules, and other
properly throughout the State, to
the end that each tax payer shall
pay taxes upon the same proportion
ate part of the real value of the
property owned by him as is paid
by every other tax payer in the
State. This is required by the Con
stitution. For this reason it is nec
essary that the tax payer make true
returns of the market values; that
they be verified by the township or
other local boards of assessors and
that the same per centage, namely,
50 per cent, of all such values shall
be taken as the basis for assessment
of all classes of property.
The tax payer, when he makes
his return, is required to swear to
what he honestly believes is the
market tfalue of his property, and
the oath must be administered to
the tax payer by County Auditor or
other officer authjri/.ed to adminis
ter an oath; and this information is
to be used by the County Boards
when they undertake to ascertain
the m??rl?it value, and to tajke__50
per cent thereof as the taxable value.
New returns must be made in 1018.
A mere reference to former returns
will not be allowed. In case of
personal property not listed or re
turned in 1018, the penalties by law
If the adoption of thia common
standard results, as it probably will,
in an increase of the aggregate as
sessed value of property throughout
the State, the danger of excessive
taxation will be avoided by the ac
tion of the General Assembly in
authorizing a reduction of whatever
levy may be fixed by it to such a
rate as will only raise the amount
of appropriations made and au
thorized by law. The levying of
taxes is entirely within the control
of the Legislature. The assessment
of taxes is entrusted to the County
Auditors, B o a r d s of Assessors
Boards of Equalization, the Tax
Commission and the Tax Board of
Review. If the tax officers fail to
do ibeir duty injustice must fol-,
SOUTH CAROLINA TAX
A. W. .IONICS, Chairman.
[ Don't Let Your Cotton Damage.
At the present time, three pounds
and a half of cotton is worth over a
dollar. Good middling is worth iud
will bring$2.50 more than middling.
A bale of good middling cotton ex
posed to the weather for a very
short time will become so discolored
on the surface as to grade middling.
The buyer ai ways grades by the sur
face if it ia poorer than the cotlon
further in the bale.
Cotton is entirely too valuable to
be neglected. It should not be left
lying around gins or on the ground
in yards, as when exposed for long
it will rot and damage ten or more
pounds. Those who haven't a floor
ed house in which to put their cot
ton should either sell it or store in a
warehouse. As a rule, storage houses
are tho better. Where placed in
one of these, the cotton will be fully
insured and the owner will have it
at the market, ready to sell any
time that he sees tit. The charges
for warehousing are too high in
some instances, but the co?t of
"storing" on the ground at the gin
or farm is always much higher.
Freights are becoming acutely
congested. Local mills are right
now debating the advisability of
purchasing their supply of cotton
at home. The farmer who allows
his cotton to daraaere or rot will not
be able to sell it, because the mills
haven't the time nor facilities to
pick and condition rotten cotton.
Take care of the cotton. If it is
allowed to rot to any considerable
extent, money will be lost by hold
ing, even though the market should
go much higher. Five hundred
pounds of cotton at 28 cents will
bring more money than 470 pounds
at 30 -.?nts. It doesn't take long
for cotton to damage 30 pounds.
Income Tax Return.
In a communication received by
this paper from D. C. Hey ward,
Collector of Internal Revenue, Co
lumbia, S. C., announce,-, chat a fed
eral income tax oliioer will be sent
into this county on Januar.y 21,
1918, and will be here until Jan
uary 20,. 1918. Information as to
where this ofrn-er will bav? bia
headquarters can bs obtained from
the postmaster or any of the bank
ers. He will be willing to help per
sons subject to the income tax
make out their returns without any
cost to them for his services.
Returns of income for the year
1917 must be made on forms pro
vided for the purpose before March
1, 1918. Because a Hood many peo
ple do not understand the law, and
wont know how to make out ^eir
returns, the government is sending
in this expert to do it for them.
But the duty is on the taxpayer to
make himself known to the govern
ment. If a person does not make
return on or before March 1, 1918,
penalties as provided by law will be
incurred. If you are not sure about
being subject to the tax you had
better see the income tax man while
be is here. Whether you see the
income tax man or not you must
make return if subject to the tax.
Persons resident in other counties
may, if they want to, come and see
the income tax mau who will be
D.C. Hey ward', Collector of In
ternal Revenue, suggests that every
body start figuring up at once his
income and expenses so as to be
ready with the t? g tires when the ex
pert arives Expenses, however, do
not mean family expenses, money
used to pay off the principal of a
debt, new machinery, buildings or
anything like that. They mean
what you spend in making youl
money, interest, taxes paul, hired,
help, amount paid for goods sold,!
seed, stock bought for feeding, rent j
(except for your dwelling), etc. In- '
ennie includes about every dollar
Appreciative Letter From
The following letter has been re- j
ceivcd by a member of the local:
chapter 1). A. K. here from Mr.
M. 1). Lyon in reply to a letter j
from tile member who made the
gift which is mentioned ip the let
United States Battleship,
My Dear Friend:
I was surely glad to receive your
very good letter of Dec. 15, with
its sincere expression of your friend
ly interest in me. A few days af
terwards the box came with the
scarf, sweater, wristlets and helmet.
I can't begin to tell you how much 1
appreciate them, I have tried them
on, and they certainly look nice.
Besides they are so warm that I do
not think I will ever get cold
again, even in this frozen north.
Many a cold night, wrapped up
warmly in them I shall think of
you and your friends who have
been so thoughtful and generous
I hope I shall hear from you
sometime again, as I should like to
keep up a friendship that has be
gun under such pleasant circum
Again thanking you for your
active and friendly interest in the
men of the service. I remain
Very respectfully your?,
M. D. Lyon, ?. S. ?ST.
Dec. 19, 1917.
Addi ess Care Battleship Pennsyl
vania, Box 10, Care Pastmaster,
Don't let the channels of your
bugt'y wheels run without a tire.
Let us put new lubber tires on ata
very reasonable price. We make a
speciality of this class of work.
J. D. Kemp.
RED OAK GROVE.
Beautiful Reflections During
Shut in Days. Social Circle
No. 2 Will Meet With
The book of 1917-how was it
closed-I mean by us the readers
of the dear old Advertiser, and as
"Dorothy Dix" the talented Amer
ican highest paid lady writer would
call it, have you taken stock? It is
well to circumspectly take stock on
our lives at least once in the year,
sepmine- proper to do it beginning
with New Year.
The Christmas spirit of 1917
seem naturally tempered by the
consideration of national and inter
Soon followed Wilson's message
to Congroas, Secetary Baker's
planai ion as to the war conditions,
then the matter concisely speaking,
means much civilians to carefully
and prayfully consider. Oh that
each of us would realize there is a
part for us to do in winning vic
tory, then, our task would no long
er be booked upon, as burdensome,
but a duty; a privilege that we have
of helping ethers. So many means
by which service to our nation can
be rendered, that none need stand
in idleness. I'm sorry, yet'tis true,
never-the-less, that the lire of true
patriotism, burns mighty low in
many lives, even among those of
average intelligence. Well that
may seem rather broad assertion
for us, but a good way is to judge
a tree by the fruit it bears.
Not only has the continued se
verely cold weather retarded farm
ivor1^, but indirectly effected busi
ness in various ways.
Many think grain is seriously in
jured if not totally destroyed.
Billy Suuday the great evangelist
has pronounced the world, as ein
jursed, and we read too where a
Catholic priest came nearer the
i.iarfc that we needed to humble our
selves, and tret nearer to God. All
abiding mercy has been nieeted out
lo us. And now that God is call
ing to us through thc- lives of our
^oung man-hood, JOW can we heed
not His mercy?
Mrs. Janies Pollard has said,
'Peace must eenie to the world
through (l) Reconciliation. (2)
Revelation. Hope. (4') Submis
sion, (?) Service. Many are giving
their lives for the principles of
liberty. Reid tin.- Bible study, by
Mrs. Pollard in Royal Service. It
plainly brings out facts from a
We are earnestly hoping, these
.old shut in days we have been hav
ing has done at least some g>>od,
that we have availed ourselves of
ipiiet reflective thoughts, as to the
betterment of ourS. S., church, and
the community. For at least im
proving one helps the other, and
much needs be done.
Social Circle No. 2 will hold
meeting at early dateat Mrs Lamb's.
Much business shall be considered,
for our New-Year must be the best
We feel that community has lost
useful material, by the removal of
of .Mr. and Mrs. Luther Timmer
man and family to South Georgia.
We feel sure though our loss will
be only anolhers gain, therefore we
feel grateful for their having been
Mr. Joe Conner Bussey, son of
Mr and Mrs. J M Bussey, a student
of Clemson has been visiting his
aunt Mrs. Mamie Bussey during his
vacation. The Clemsonians will
soon don the uniforms of khaki.
We admiro the sentiment.
Mr, W, H. Timmerman of Marti
nez, Ga., has been visiting his sister
and brother, Mrs. Lamb and Mr.
Mrs. Eva Bussey spent the holi
days," accompanied bv Miss Ellie
Wates with their sister, Mrs. Jo
seph Ramsey of Florence, S. C.
The vacation of our Limestone
girls, Misses Kathleen Kenrick, Ma
mie Bussey and May me Holmes has
been prolonged by the bad weather.
Let us sell your real estate for
what it is worth.
DAVIS REALTY CO.,
Edgefield, S. C.
Full stock of undertakers' sup
plies, from the cheap coffin to the
best metalic casket. Oar hearse re
sponds promptly to all calls.
B. B. Jones.