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MORE HOME GARDENS NEEDED
Necessity Will Be Greater Coming
Year and Organization and Co-op
eration Should Be Begun Now.
.Co-operation has been suggested as
a solution of many problems in farm
production, and now J. T. Rosa, Jr.,
of the University of Misouri college of
agriculture suggests co-operation as a
means of reducing production cost for
the vacant lot gardener. The average
city gardener is not in position to plow
and prepare a garden plot himself.
Mr. Rosa suggests that a number of
gardeners in a given neighborhood em
ploy a mun and team to prepare their
gardens. In this way the expense can
be divided among them and the man
and team can be kept busy throughout
the day. If the community garden
movement is extensive enough men
and teams may be hired by the day or
week, and each gardener's plot can be
fitted in turn. In this way the work
can be done more cheaply than where
each gardener hires his plot prepared
hy the job. A great deal of trouble
can also be eliminated. Other advan
tages, such as purchasing fertilizers, ?
manure, seeds, plants and other gar
den supplies can be had through co- .
Since the spring garden should be
planned in the* fail, Mr. Rosa suggests
that organization be effected immedi
ately. The advantages of fall plowing
sind fall manuring have boen demon
strated. The work should be done
while the weather permits.
Co-operation will also provide ef?
dent means of marketing the surplus
products. Mr. Rosa suggests that ev- :
erv town have an organization of this
sort. If the project Is not supported
by some other civic organization, the j
municipal authorities, or some indus- :
Trial concern, the community garden j
movement should be organized on an
independent basis. If the movement is
large enough a technically trained man
or woman might he employed to super
the work. This, would be advisable
only where the community garden plan
was extensive and where the garden
ers were well organized. While it may
not be possible to organize the whole
town, it is entirely possible for neigh
bors to obtain some of the benefits of
the organization by co-operating in
preparation of their garden plots. The
necessity for home gardens will be j
greater than ever in 101S. and plans
should be made immediately, so that
the garden %vork will be more efficient
and give better results during the
WINTER STOPS THE INSECTS
Rlarlr firming RMI? onrt Ott??- *?-*
Killed, But Merely Experience
With the coming of the frosts and
freezing weather the insects are si
lenced, and as long as the temperature
holds below 50 degrees Fahrenheit
they are rendered also inactive, ac
cording to a writer. Above that the
hardier beetles and grasshoppers, along
with a few spiders, are moving about,
and when the sunshine warms the air
mdre and more certain moths and but
terflies and two-winged Hies, including
the gnats, are on the wing.
Some species of insects feel the ef
fects of cold li.r less than others, and
this does not seem to be influenced by
sturdy bodies, hairy coverings or the
situations in which they are found.
The gnats aro among the most fragile
species, but they and the slim-bodied
water Stridors aro found active later
in the autumn and earlier in the spring
than any other creatures, excepting
perhaps the mourning-clonk butter
fly and the wasps, all of these crea
tures responding lo the sunshine on
the warmer, thawing days of winter.
The black ground beetles also are
quickly resuscitated by slightly warm
This proves the fact that most In
sects are not normally killed by cold,
but merely experience suspended ani
mation, and are ready to resume their
activity after any length of time.
In boring for oil, lt is a common ex
perience for the drill to strike enor
mons flows of salt water. Formerly ,
this salt water was supposed to be rain '
water, which soaked through beds of j
salt on its way down to some chasm
in the bowels of the earth, says Roches
ter Union and Advertiser. The latest
scientific opinion ls Inclined to believe
that the salt water comes from prehis
toric oceans, buried In the earth by
geologic changes, In much the same
way that burled forests gave rise to
the coal beds. These hidden oceans
are not conceived as lying in a subter
ranean space or hollow, but as filling
the billions on billions of crevices in
beds of porous rock.
Petroleum From Shale Banka.
An important new process for ex
tracting petroleum from the enormous
banks of oil-bearing shale of certain
western states is indicated in an
nouncements from Nevada. Such a
.process if successful would help great
ly in solving the gasoline problem. The
new process, which is now being test
ed, was developed by a prisoner in the
Nevada 6tate prison. A special pardon
was granted him to give him an oppor
tunity to continue his chemical work.
Often Destroyed by Fire.
Time after time, together with the
rest of the city of Moscow, the Krem
lin has been burned, the last occasion
being in 1S12 when it was occupied
by Napoleon and the inhabitants of.
the city themselves started the con
flagrations in all parts of the city. It i
was indeed these tires which forced !
the little corporal to commence his j
disastrous retreat across the snow-!
hound steppes of Russia. Napoleon1
had his headquarters in the Kremlin, '
and while the Humes were not su de
structive- lhere as in other parts of the
city, yet they forced evacuation.
Scientific investigation has proved
that compression of a high degree does
not injure the fiber, and cotton is pack- J
ed in other countries today at a den-1
sity substantially three times that of j
ours by the most economical practice.
Tlie Egyptian package has a density j
of about 37 pounds a cubic foot; the
Indian cotton is compressed to 45
pounds per cubic foot; while some In
dian and Chinese baling plants effect a
density of from 55 to CO pounds of
cotton per cubic foot.
The Arab as a Neighbor.
The Arab makes a good neighbor.
His love of the beautiful in architec
ture is evidenced in a hundred cities
where his handiwork survives. Every
visitor to Granada knows what was
left behind at the Alhambra. When the
Arab met Rome, he produced Palmyra;
having absorber? the Sassmian dynas
ty of the nco-Persian empire in 037,
jhe Arab created Bagdad; in overrun
ning Spain, ne worked magic at Cor
dova abd Secille. ^
To Remove Smoke Stains.
This suggestion will be beneficial td
housewives who have not the conven
ience of electricity or the modern gas
fixtures. Frequently the ceiling
above an old-fashioned gas jet be
comes discolored from smoke and heat.
The discoloration may be removed If
a layer of starch and water is applied
with a piece of flannel. After the mix
tun- has dried it should be brushed:
lightly with a brush. No stain or mark
Women Catch Fish With Hands.
Fishing in Samoan seas is often done
by tlie women, and without nets, boats
or hooks. They simply wade into the
water and form themselves into a ring.
The fishes being so plentiful, they are
almost sure to imprison some in the i
ring. These women are very quick and
active, and every rime they catch a
fish with their hands they simply throw
it, alive, iuto the basket on their back.
Translation of Y. M. C. A.
W. Gordon Griffiths of the Y. M. O,
A. told an audience at Cefu that lu; was
proud to be a Welshman although he
was unable to speak the "language of
Paradise." Ile had, however, learned
one thine in Welsh anil that was that
me ie UL-rs i. JU. U. A. may De trans
lated to mean "Yma Mae Cyfle Arder
chog".' ("Uere is a splendid oppor
Coffee a Nutrient.
Coffee is net a stimulant pure and
Simple, but a very considerable nutri
ent. Justus Liebig proved that, by
taking equal lots ol* men. working in
the salt mines, feeding one lot bread
and meal. Hie other bread and coffee,
and comparing results. The coffee
squad did more work and came out
in better shape than the meat eaters.
Freeman was visiting at his grand
pa's home, and as he was a mischiev
ous Utile chap, WHS constantly being
told, "Don't do this," and "Don't do
that." Finally, with a look of disgust
on his face, he climbed up into a cbair
aad asked, seriously, "What can a fella
do in this house, anyway?"
Studying Plant Life in India.
In order to encourage arboriculture
and the stud} ol' pfttut life the govern
ment of India lias offered a series of
valuable prizes to be awarded to those
who are most successful in various
lines in connection with the growth of
trees and shrubs on government land,
We are told that Tom Hood liked
best to work in a serious vein, on such
poems as "The Bridge of Sighs." As
he put it himself: "Ifs only for my
livelihood that I'm a lively Hood."
Endurance of Reindeers.
The reindeer ls said to be able to
endure more fatigue than any other
draft animal except tho camel.
It has been known to pull 200 pounds
10 miles an hour for 12 hours.
Wrong Side Up.
"Why didn't you toss a coln to de
cide which to do?" "I did, but the
darn thing didn't come down the way
I wanted lt to."-Buffalo Express.
You can climb no higher than Jujl
with your feet, but with your mind
you may inherit eternity.-A Japan
He-"You seem to think I couldn't
make any woman happy." She-"Oh
yes, there ls one j your widow."
Sunday School Times Points Oui
to Mankind the Peril of
As we have known fanners to be
come what is called "lund-poor"
through acquiring more lauri than they
eau ever work, so there are people who
are "thought-poor" through excessive
'thinking. Thought plays so important
a part in life, and so many experience
such difficulty in thinking, that it
seems impossible there should ever be
such a thing as overthought. But
there Is; and it keeps more than a few
souls from the vitality and progress
which ought to be theirs. They think
every subject nearly to death. Horace
Bushnell in his. early life found that
thought alone would never let him into
the secret of tho Christian life, and it
took so much courage for him to say
what he did that he found he had to
think himself out of his overthluking.
The intellectual power may be so ex
aggerated that at last it fails of Its of
In the first place, we think too long
over many matters. The time comes
when we ought to stop and betake our
selves to decision. Or we go on refin
kig about something long after we
have reached the main point, so that
we weaken the force of lt.
i Poor Kind of Thinking,
i A pastor In ono of our great
1 churchesiliad had ?ii his mind for some
j time a banker who attended his church
i b?t had never connected himself with
1 15?; p?, overthought the case "of
I ttifit banker A hundred times he had
I tried to think up some way of reaching
' bim. But one day last autumn he
I threw jiwny ids flunking and went
, straight to the bunk and to the man's
I desk. Tie did not know at all what he
; would say to h?m, but having gotten
I there he told him without elaboration
! just what he had come for. Ile told
him that he wanted him to come out
; and make a profession of faith In
I Christ. That was blunt enough,
j ' But feeling that so important a mat
j ter needed a great deal of prepara
tion, the banker mihi tn the minister
that he had been thinking of that sub
ject for a great many years, and bis
tone implied that he would probably
go on doing it a good many more
I "Well," said the minister, "don't you
think that is a pretty poor kind of
thinking which can go on for years and
i never get anywhere nearer a conclu
The banker smiled and said he
thought that was a good point. It had
been pretty poor thinking. It was not
the kind thal had led to his success in
business. And with that he cut short
his thinking and let action do the rest.
At the meeting of the elders who
were to receive him into the church he
was asked why he took this step, and
he replied that the pastor had asked
him why he did not take it, and that
he had said he had been thinking of it
Tor years, nut me pasror rom min time
was pretty poor thinking and he
thought so too. Therefore he asked to
bc received into the church. He was
hearty and happy nil tho days of his
too brief membership, for it proved
that he bad no more years in which to
think ?he matter over. That year was
There is no point in our whole
make-up whore pride is more Involved
HMM In the mntter of our thoughts.
Perhaps that was what the prophet
meant when he said, "Let the un
righteous man forsake his thoughts."
What thoughts? All kinds of prepos
sessions about what God can do, all
staggering at the promises through un
belief, too much familiarity with what
we call "human probabilities," and all
those philosophies generated In our
own brains and from off our own levels
as to what life can become. The logic
of our owu unaided thoughts tends
generally I?' the direction of limitation
and littleness. We make some scheme
of what will be feasible or best, and
then when it Is all tightly framed we
ask God to carry it out. Forsaking
such thoughts is hard business. God's
great winds can hardly blow Into these
tight-shut plans of ours.
How is overthought and anxious care
to be remedied? There Is just one
way, and that is by taking God's
thoughts. The Psalmist said, "In the
multitude of my thoughts within me
thy comforts delight my soul." You
can see the man with his mind going
round and round but unable to think
anything out. and still Imposing upon
his mind a burden to which it ls un
equal. And then whon he could make
nothing of it all there came In upon
him eTkergles of another kind and a
higher order, what he calls God's com
forts, influences which come off from
r&rher levels than lils own disturbed
mind. They cooled him in his fever,
they cleared his view, they brightened
his outlook, cleansed his heart and in
vigorated his will, and seemed Hke a
sheer gift from God. It has been well
said that God's thoughts are the only
cure for care.
Danger of Half Truths.
Not toe violent contest between
parts of the truth, hut the quiet sup
pression of half of lt, ls the formidable
evil ; there >s always hope people are
forced to Msten to both sides; lt is
when they attend only to one that er
rors harden ?nto prejudices, and trutl
Itself ceases to have the effect of *ruth
by being exaggerated into falsehood.
John Stuart Mill.
Happiness is where lt ls found nn<!
seldom where it is sought.-Selected
Life insurance Co.
writes more Life Insurance than
any company in America except
one. They have lowest rates with
dividends and free disability clause
of all companies in the Lnited
E. J. NORRIS, Agt.
The people who get the greatest
amount of good out of their telephone
are those who talk over it as though face
Courtesy smooths out difficulties and
promotes the promptest possible connec
The operators of the BELL System
are trained to be patient and polite under
all circumstances, but they will do better
work if they meet with patience and
politeness on the part of the telephone
The fact that you cannot see the
operator or the other party should not
cause you to overlook this. The best
results come through the practice of
The voice wiil the smile vins
SOUTHERN EELL TELEPHONE
AND TELEGRAPH COMPANY
J. J. Roach, Manager, Aiken. S. 0.
F. E. GIBSON, Presidenta LANSING B. LEE, Sec. and Treas.
The Best Time to
Build is Now
Free booklets on Silos, Barns,
Implement Houses, Residences,
etc., with suggestions of great
Also "Ye Planary" service
through the Lumber Exchange
Ask for further information if
interested. The service is with
Woodard Lumber Co.
'Phone - - 158
AUGUSTA - - - - GEORGIA
tidred and seven (107)
Writes more Fire lil
ian any fire insurance
I be perfectly safe with
Keinp Bepair Shop.
I have purchased tho interest of
my brother, Call ison Kemp, in our
repair shop and hereafter the busi
ness will be conducted in ray
I have employed Mr. R. X. May
son to do ray hor?e shoeing and as
be is an expert workman we want you
to give him a trial. Bring your
horse or mule to our shop when it
again needs shoeing and be con
vinced as to Mr. Mayson's expert
Weare prepared to do all kinds
of repair work on short notice. A
large supply of first-class material
always on hand.
J. D. KEMP.
Edgefield, S. C.
Notice to the Public.
I have installed a
for grinding meal, corn on stalk,
velvet beans in pod or on vine, oats
in sheaf, or any way you want
W. A. Pardue
For Sale by
G. W. WISE, Trenton, S. C.
And All Good Dealers
I take this'means of letting the
people know that I have re-opened
my pressing club, and will appre
ciate their patronage. I am better
prepared than ever to clean and
press all kinds of garments, both
for ladies and gentlemen. All work
guaranteed. Let me know when
you have work and I will send for
it and make prompt delivery.
Sheppard Building Down Stairs
DR J.S. BYRD,
OFFICE OVER POSTOFFICE
Residence 'Phone 17-R. Office 3.