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American Price Rigidly Regulated
by United States Food
CONSUMERS HERE PAY 9c.
Sugar Cost 35 Cents a Pound During
Civil War-Refiners' Profits
Sugar is selling today throughout
America at from 8% to 9 cents a
pound to the consumer, even though
there is a world shortage which has
reduced this cation's sugar allotment
to 70 per cent, of normal.
Through the efforts of the United
States food administration the sugar
market has been regulated as far as
the producer, refiner and wholesaler
is concerned. The food administration
has no power to regulate retail prices
except by public opinion. Even though
more than 85,000 tons of sugar have
been shipped to France in the last
four months the retail grocer's sugar
price is around 8 to 8^ cents. He
should sell this sugar at 8y> to 9
cents, the food administration believes,
and asks the American housewife to
pay no more than this amotlnt.
Last August when the food admin
istration was organized the price of
sugar rose suddenly to ll cents a
pound. During the Civil War sugar
cost the consumer 35 cents a pound.
By regulation of the sugar market and
reducing the price to and 9 cents
and keeping it from advancing to 20
cents the food administration has sav
ed the American public at least S1S0,
000.000 in four months, according to
a statement made by Herbert Hoover
the other day.
"It is our stern duty to feed the al
lies, to maintain their health and
strength at any cost to ourselves,"
Mr. Hoover declnred. "There has not
been, nor will be as we see it, enough
sugar for even their present meagre
and depressing ration unless they send
ships to remote markets for lt. If we
in our greed and gluttony force them
either to further reduce their ration
or to send these ships we will have
done damage to our abilities to win
"If we send the ships to Java
for 250,000 tons of sugar next-year
we will have necessitated the em
ployment of eleven extra ships for
one year. These ships-if used in
transporting troops-would take
150,000 to 200,000 men to France."
Reason for World Shortage.
As Mr. Hoover pointed out, the
United States, Canada and England
were sugar Importing countries before
the war, while France and Italy were
very nearly self supporting. The main
was Germany and neighboring powers,
the West Indies and the East Indies.
German sugar is no lonper available,
as it is used entirely in Germany,
which also absorbs sugar of surround
England can no longer buy l,4On.00O
long tons of sugar each year from
Germany. The French sugar produc
tion has dropped from 750,000 to 21 u,
000 tons. The Italian production bas
fallen from 210.0(H) tons to 70,000 tons.
Thus three countries were thrown
upon East and West Indian sources
foe 1,92"?,000 tons annually lo maintain
their normal consumption.
Because of the world's shipping
shortage the allied nations started
drawing on the West Indies for sugar;
East Indian sugar took three times
the number of ships, since the dis
tance was three times as great. Sud
denly the wost was called on to fur
nish and did furnish 1,420,000 tons of
sugar to Europe when 300,000 tons a
ytar was the pre-war demand. The
r.IIles had drawn from Java -100,00(1
tons before the shipping situation be
"In spite of these shipments," Mr.
Hoover stated the other day, "the
English government In August reduced
the household sugar ration to a basis
of 24 pounds per annum per capita.
And in September the French govern
ment reduced their household ration
to 13 2-10 pounds a year, or a bit over
1 pound of sugar a month. Even this
meagre ration could not be filled by
the French government lt was found
early In the fall. America was then
asked for 100,000 tons of sugar and
succeeded in sending SH.000 tons by
December L The_French request was
granted becnuse the American house
hold consumption was then nt least ">?i
pounds per pierson, and it was consid
ered the duty of maintaining the
French morale made our course clear."
Today the sugar situation may
be summarized by stating that If
America will reduce its sugar con
sumption 10 to 15 per cent, this
nation will be able to send 200,000
more soldiers to France.
Sugar today sells at seaboard re
fineries at $7.2") a hundred pounds
The wholesale grocer has agreed tc
limit hi3 profit to 25 cents a hundred
plus freight, and the retail grocer is
supposed to take no more than :"0 cent?
a hundred pounds profit. This regu
lation was made by the food adminis
tration, which now asks the housewife
to reduce s'lgar consumption ns mucli
as possible, susing other sweeteners
and also reminds her that she should
pay no more than 9 cents a pound foi
Contre! of Cane Refiners' Profits.
"Immediately upon the establish
ment of the food administration," Mr
Hoover said, "an examlnntlor
made of the costs and profits of
lng and lt was finally determine
the spread between the cost o
and the stile of refined cane
should he limited to $1.30 per bu
pounds. The pre-war differenth
averaged about S3 cents and incr
costs were found to have been 1
ed by the war In Increased cost
fining, losses, cost of bags, labor,
ance, Interest and other things, i
more than cover the difference,
prolonged negotiations the re
were placed under agreement i
llshlng these limits on October 1
anything over this amount to be a
extortionate under the law.
"In the course of these lnve
tlons It was found by canvass o
Cuban producers that their sugar
during the first nine months o:
past year, sold for an average of i
$4.24 per hundred t o. b. Cub
which duty and freight added ti
refiners' cost amount to about
per hundred. The average sale
of granulated by various reflnerle
cording to our Investigation, was f
$7.50 per hundred, or a differentl
"In reducing the differential to
there was a saving to the public <
cents per hundred. Had such a
ferentlal been In use from the li
January, 1917, the public would
eaved In the first nine months ol
year about $24.800,000."
With a view to more efficient oi
lzation of the trade in Imported sn
next year two committees have
formed by the food administration
L A committee comprising r<
sentatives of all of the element
American cane refining groups,
principal duty of this committee !
divide the sugar imports pro rat
their various capacities and see
absolute justice ls done to everj
2. A committee comprising three
resentatlves of ,the English, Fr<
and Italian governments; two re
sentatives of the Americnu refir
with a member of the food adniinif
tion. Only two of the committee 1
arrived from Europe, but they re
sent the allied governments. The
ties of this committee are to detent
the most economical sources froi
transport point of view of all the
Hes to arrange transport nt unlf
rates, to distribute the foreign sn
between tho United States ami all
subject to tlie approval of the Am
can, English, French aud Italian ?
This committee, while holding str
views as to the price to be paid
Cuban sugar, has not had the il
voice. Tliis voice bas rested in
governments concerned, together \\
the Culian government, and I wish
state emphatically that all of the u
tiemen coucerned as good commen
men have endeavored witli the ut m
patience and skill to secure a lo>
price, and their persistence has
duced Cuban demands by 15 cents ;
hundred. The price agreed upon
about $4.00 per hundred pounds, f. o
Cuba, or equal to about $G duty pi
"This price should eventuate,'
Mr. Hoover said, "to about $7.31
per hundred for refined sugar fron
the refiners at seaboard points oi
should place sugar in the hands oi
the consumer at from 8?-2 to ?
cents per pound, depending upor
locality and conditions of trade, oi
at from 1 to 2 cents below th?
prices of August last and from one.
half to a cent per pound cheaper
"There is now an elimination
speculation, extortionate profits, a
in the relining alone the Amelie
people will save over $25,000,000
the relining charges last year. A pr
of these savings pies to th? Cubil
Hawaiian, Porto Rican and Lousianil
producer and part tu the consumer.
"Appeals to prejudice against ti
food administration have been mai
because the Cuban price Is 34 cen
above that of 1917. It ls said In elie
?hat the Cubans are at our mere;
that we could get sugar a cent lowe
We made exhaustive study of the co
of producing sugar in Cuba last yet
through our own agents in Cuba, ai
we find It averages $3.39, while mar
producers are at a higher level. \\
found that an average profit of i
least a cent per pound was necessai
in order to maintain and stimulai
production or that a minimum price <
$4.37 was necessary, and even th
would stifle some producers.
"The price ultimately agreed was 5
cents above these figures, or about on<
fifth of a cent per pound to the Amer
can consumir, and more than th!
amount has been saved by our redui
tion in refiners' profits. If we wish t
stifle production In Cuba we coul
take that course just at the time of a
i times in our history when we wan
production for ourselves and the a
1 lies. Further than that, the state de
partment will assure you that such
course would produce disturbances I:
Cuba and destroy even our presen
supplies, but beyond all .these materia
reasons ls one of human justice. Th I
great country has no right by th
might of Its position lo strangle Cuba.
"Therefore there is no impositloi
upon the American public. Charge
i have been made before this commit
I tee that Mr. Rolph endeavcred to ben
! eflt the California refinery of which h<
i was manager by this 34 cent Increas*
In Cuban price. Mr. Rolph did not flj
the price. It does raise the price t<
! the Hawaiian farmer about thai
i amount. It does not raise thc profit ol
, the California refinery, because theil
I charge for refining ls, like all other rc
: Auers, limited to $1.30 per hundred
pounds, plus the freight differential on
the established custom of the trade.
"Mr. Rolph has not one penuy of h>
? teresf lu that refinery."
["Tanlac Is The Best
Remedy I Ever Took"
MRS. CISSON HAS STRONGEST
ENDORSEMENT FOR IT,
ENJOYS FINE HEALTH.
YEAHS PKEVIOUSLY, SHE SAYS,
TANLAC GAVE HER
"fanlac is the best remedy I ever
took for any trouble, and I am glad
to recommend it b e ca u a e it
gave such fine results," said Mrs.
Jessie Cisson, of No. 15 Main St.,
Woodside, Greenville, in a state
ment she gave Mah 31st. "I took
Tanlac for a generally run down
and weakened condition, and at the
lime I was almost sure I had a
mild case of pellagra. I was very
weak and very nervous. My head
ached all the time, I was troubled
a lot with dizziness and my appetite
had about left me.
"But I felt like a new person
when I quit taking Tanlac. I
irained in weight and strength right
from the time I began taking it.
I soon had a pood appetite, and the
Tanlac soon had me feeling well
and strong. The headaches and
nervousness were relieved. I am
enjoying fine health now and have
been ever since I quit taking Tan
lac, and that was a year aero."
Edgetield, Penn & Holstein.
Cold Springs, H. Ernest Quarles.
Edgefield, R. F. D. No. 2, J. H.
Johnston, Johnston Drug Com
Modoc, G. C. McDaniel.
Parksville, Robertson & Com
Plum Branch, J. VV. Bracknell
Plum Branch, R. F. D. No. 2,
E. P. Winn & Bro.
Trenton, G. W. Wise.
Have just received 100 sets of
harness that will be sold at the low
est possible price.
B. B. Jones.
Duing the session of the Legisla
ture my clients may see me at my
of?ice on Monday and Saturday of
each week. In the meantime they
can either write me at Edgefield or
Columbia, and all matters will have
B. E. NICHOLSON.
Jan. 7, 1918.
WELL SUPPLIED WITH "
We desire to inform the
farmers of Edgefield county
that we have on hand ready
for delivery all brands and
formulas made by the Vir
ginia-Carolina Chemical Co.
Also a full supply of the
''Quality Line of Fertilizers''
made by Coe-Mortimer & Co.
Before making your fertil
izer contracts for 1918 call to
We can also supply you
with meal and 16 per cent,
acid for mixing your own
fertilizers at home.
w. w. ADAMS & co.
ill make every acre produce its ut
i food crops, cotton and tobacco, a
needed by our country. You will
rve your country and yourself by
ng each acre liberally with
i national car and labor shortage. Delay 5s dangerous.
ATLANTA, GA. CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Factories: Atlanta, Albany, LaGrange, ^Moultrie, Savannah, Ga.
WILMINGTON and GREENSBORO, ft. C.,
CHESTER and COLUMBEA, S. C.
FOR SALE BY
Edgefield Mercantile Co.
Edgefield, South Carolina