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TO AVOID HAZARDS BY FIRE
Right Kind of Construction and Effi
cient Inspection Will Prevent
Much Damage, Says Engineer.
"Proper methods of construction and
efficient building inspection will pre
vent a very large proportion of the
fires which annually do so much dam
age in American cities," says lt. S.
Whiting, an architectural engineer,
who has made a compilation and care
ful study of more than 200 building
codes. Whiting sums up his conclu
"The allowance of ten feet between
buildings in uncongested districts is
about the average found in building
codes, although a greater distance is
advisable and often specified, and in
some cases the space is increased to
SO feet or more. If an ordinance lim
iting the distance between buildings
had been provided in the building code
of Atlanta, Ga., the conflngration of
May 21, 1017. might have resulted not
so disastrously. It is next to impos
sible for firemen to fight a fire satis
factorily between two burning build
ings if the space between them is not
?wide enough for two persons to pass
comfortably, which seems to have been
the case in Atlanta.
The width of building lots is a mat
ter that should be carefully thought
out and regulated hy local authorities,
and especially in a congested dwelling
house district, and should not he per
mitted less than 85 feet; bettor still,
platted with a width of from 40 to 50
feet, thus allowing liberal space on
each side of every dwelling.
"Buildings such as public garages,
oil houses and refineries, rendering
plants, varnish works, etc., as well as
buildings used for the storage or han
dling of larpe quantities of combust
ible material, whether of fire resistive
"or non-fir? resistive construction,
should be erected only in isolated [oca-1
tions. where their contents cannot be |
considered as a fire hazard for adjoin- ?
lng or nearby buildings.''
FEARED NEW QUARTER BOGUS
Coin of Recent Vintage Caused Balti
more Business Houses to Make
In the future Uncle Sam should cer
tainly notify Baltimore in advance
when he is going to spring a new coin,
for the appearance of a new quarter
of the vintage of 1917, which differs
slightly from the first issue, has
caused anxiety to a number of good
Baltimoreans because they thought
they were "stung." Rumors that coun
terfeiters were flooding the city with
"phony" money naturally followed,
states the Baltimore Evening Sun.
The new coin arrived unannounced
and it was not lom: before experts no
ticed the slight difference between it
and the first issue of the 1017 quarter,
and then they got busy. The most per
sistent rumor was that counterfeiters
were plying their trade in Baltimore
and that many of the large business
houses, the United Railways and the
public in general had been "caught"
for hundreds of dollars. On the old
quarter there are nc stars under the
eagle, while on the new coin there are
three. There are seven stars on one
side of the eagle and six on the other
on the coins of the first Issue, while
the bird on the new coin is flanked by
only five stars on each side with three
underneath. The milling on the new
coln is different from the old and the
"In God We Trust" on the one is much
larger than on the other.
The subtreasury has had a number
of inquiries about the coin, and a half
dozen banks which were consulted hud
also been asked to express an opinion
as to whether it wu s good or not, and
they all vouch for it. The whole trou
ble seems to be that the new coin was
sprung on Baltimore without notice.
The Life of the Skyscraper.
Builders and men of allied interests
are discussing again the question of
the lifetime of the modern skyscraper.
When a symposium on this subject
was published along in l?O? there
still were in the foreground some "ifs"
of corrosion, vibration and electro
lysis as affecting steel frames. Never
theless, est!mutes of durability ranged
from 5,000 years to a vague "forever."
Today sees the old "ifs" happily
disposed of, says a writer. Tall
structures torn down after a decade or
more of service have revealed their
protected steel work as good as new.
But the very act through which this
reassuring condition has been made
known has shown forth the real, lurk
ing enemy of the towering city edifice.
The foe of the modern skyscraper ls
the more modern skyscraper. And the
prophet is justified who, in the 1005
symposium, merely said for the many
storied structure that it would last "as
long as we want lt to."
Master and Servant.
It ls held to be the duty of n master
to see that the number of servants en
gaged on any particular work is suffi
cient to secure the reasonable safety
of each one of them, in Wallace V. Tre
mont & G. R. Co., L. R. A. 1017D, 9"?9,
which further holds that the duty of
a master to furnish proper tools, appli
ances and a safe pluce, emhraces hu
man instrumentalities and mechanical
?evices. _. ._ .
SUPPLIES FROM ARCTIC ZONE
Eskimo Slaughters and Allows to
Waste Many Valuable Animals,
Declares an Explorer.
It appears that the Eskimo is just
a? consistent anti conscientious in
killing animals as In's civilized broth
er of warmer climes is in killing
mon, observes the Detroit News.
He kills, therefore, in the course
of thc year, many more animals
than he has any use for, but as he
has no idea of an export market, he
merely throws thc carcasses out to
the wolves, or lets them sink in the
"Thc actual amount of meat, fish,
fat, oil and leather that could be
brought in by the Eskimos is enor
mous," says Christian Lcden, who
has been an Arctic explorer for many
years. "By utilizing only the seven
tribes I visited in my last exploring
expedition, wc could have 300,000
pounds of caribou meat. 300,000
! pounds of caribou fat, 9,000,000
j pounds of walrus meat, 12,000,000
j pounds of baluga or white whale
I meat, 1,800,000 pounds of salmon,
13,800,000 pounds of oil from wal
rus, seal and bulaga, 3,000,000
j pounds of walrus leather, 4,000,000
pounds of whale leather, 150,000
pounds of sealskins and 40,000
pounds of walrus and narwhal
Tliia is obviously no mean addition
j to the failing supplies of thc tem
' perate zone.
! WAR GARDENS WERE SUCCESS
Home Vegetable Patches Yielded $350,
! 000,000 and Expected to Do Better
j What about thc war gardens of
1017 ? Did they amount to anything?
; Did they yield any profits? Will
: there be war gardens in 1918?
j _ The national emergency food SaT~ \
den_ commission declares the war
j gardens were a success, and gives the
'. greatest encouragement for next
year's war gardens.
I In 1917 there were nearly 3,000,
000 gardens, aggregating 1,150,000
acres of city and town land under
cultivation. As these gardens were
tilled intensively, the products had
relatively high value, being figured
in terms of retail prices which would
have otherwise been paid for food
purchased elsewhere, it is estimated
that their yield was valued at $350,
'. 000,000, or $17.50 per family.
'? The glass jar manufacturers sold
' about 119,000.000 canning jars and
j a survey of the household canning.
I in 20 typical towns throughout the
' country showed that housewives used
j but one new jar to over three and
j one- quarter old jars already on
On this basis the housewives of the
country put up nearly 500,000,000
quart jars of vegetables and fruits,
which is believed to be three times as
much as was ever packed before.
BRITAIN'S ARMY NEEDS.
The British armies in France
alone each month require 95,000 tons
of oats; 4,000,000 gallons of gaso
line, 20,000 tons of flour, 10,000,000
pounds of jam, and 75,000 tons of
hay. Ponder on these figures, writes
Isaac F. Marcosson in the Saturday
Evening Post, and you begin to real
ize that demands are written on ten
league canvases with brushes of
comet's hair i
Professor of Archeology-Did you
ever see so fine an ivory carving of
the human figure?
The Professor of Mathematics
Never. In my classes the ivory
doesn't extend below the chin. The
spines are cartilagenous.
EARLY TO RISE, QUICK TO FIGHT.
"Why do they make you soldiers
get up at 5:15 in thc morning?" in
quired thc training-camp visitor.
"Because that makes us feel like
fighting," grimly responded the for
mer young man about town.
"The demands for money now
adays are simply enormous."
"Terrible, terrible! Here's the
government wanting $2,000,000,000,
and only this morning Jones asked i
me to lend him a V."
"I heard Billy had a bad smash
up when he took his fiancee out in
his automobile for a joy ride."
"Yes; even the. engagement waa
WAR AND PEACE CASUALTIES
More Spectacular to Lose Limbs in
Battle Than in Factory, but Re
Education ls Necessary.
George Edward Barton, author of
"Tie-Education," recently gave out a
most interesting interview in Wash
ington, where he had gone to see the
secretary of war, the French ambas
sador and the heads of several de
partments of thc surgeon general's
office on the subject of the re-educa
tion of maimed and crippled soldiers.
Mr. Barton, who is head of Consola
tion House in New York, said in
"The needs of the re-education of
cripples are not made by war, but are
only intensified by it; we draft a
whole army of industrial cripples
every year. The federal commis
sion on industrial relations gives the
annual list of accidents, approxi
mately, 35,000 fatalities and 700,000
injuries involving disability of over
"That these figures would be
equaled by the casualty list in our
army overseas is improbable, and
while it is perhaps more spectacular
to lose one's arm or leg in the din
the turmoil of battle than it is to
lose the same member in that of a
mill, factory or foundry, the results
-so far as the individual is con
cerned-are practically the same,
and the needs of society for the re
education of that man are identical."
Mr. Barton's book formulates a
plan whereby disabled soldiers may
be made almost or wholly self-sup
DISCORDS : '
Smart-What broke up therma
len r orchestra ?
Wise-The members were not in
"Sarb," said Hop, with a hurt ex
pression on his handsome face, "you
shouldn't have told that story about
us tnat appeared in the paper, with
a cut, Wednesday."
"Because it wasn't true, that's why
not. And it puts me in a bad light.
It represents me as trying to make
a touch for five dollars. Now I
never, under any circumstances, bor
row money from my friends."
"Hop," said Sarb, patiently, "let's
"Last winter I used to feed the
dear little snowbirds."
"Won't you keep it up ?"
"Certainly not. Instead of wasting
bread crumbs on the dear little birds,
I feel morally obliged to catch 'em
and eat 'em."
HOME REASONS. "*
"Why do you think a man like
Jaggers, with a wife and growing
daughters, is so anxious to go to the
"I heard him say he wanted ?ome
peace and quiet."
"Bliggins is studying French."
"Great. Bliggins will never stop
talking. But it will be some comfort
not to be able to understand him."
Tie-Our hostess swept out the
room without a single glance.
She-Well, that doesn't surprise
me, the way her room looks.
ONE IS ENOUGH.
Country Editor-Will you pay
your subscription with vegetables?
Country Subscriber-I will pay it
with a vegetable.
"Your honor, I arrested this man
at the Frivolity theater."
"Is ho an actor?"
And Was Run-Down, Weak and
Nervous, Says Florida Lady.
Five BoiHes cf Cardui
Made Har Wei
Kathleen, Pla.-Mrs. Dallas Prine,
of thia placo, Bays: "After the birth
of my last child...I got very much
run-down and weakened, so much
that I could hardly do anything at
all. I was so awfully nervous that
I could scarcely endure the least
noise. My condition was getting
worse all the time...
I knew I must have some relief or
I would soon be in the bcd and in a
serious condition for I felt so badly
and was so nervous and weak I could
hardly live. Hy husband asked Dr.
-about my taking Cardui. He
said, 'It's a good medicine, and good
for that trouble', so he got ree 5 bot
tles.. .After about thc second bottle I
felt greatly improved.. .before taking
it my limbs and hands and arms
would go to sleep. After taking it,
however, this beor circulation disap
peared. My strength came back to
me and I was soon on the road to
health. After the use of about 5 bot
tles, I could do all my house-work
and attend to my B?X children be
You can feel safe In giving Cardui
a thorough trial for your troubles. It
contains no harmful or habit-forming
drugs, but is composed of mild, vege
table, medicinal ingredients with no
bad after-effects. Thousands of women
have voluntarily written, telling of
the good . Cardui has done them. It
GhO?i? help you, too. Try it. E 74
-F o r
. J. T. HARLING
Bank of Edgefield, S. C.
Light Saw, Lathe and Shin
gle Mills, Engines. Boilers,
Supplies and Repairs, Porta
ble, Steam and Gasoline En
gines, Saw Teeth, Files. Belts
and Pipes, WOOD SAWS
GINS and PRESS REPAIRS
GEO. F. MIMS
Eyes examined and g.asses fitted
only when necessary. Optical
work of all kinds.
EDGEFIELD, S. C.
All persons owning property of any
kind whatsoever, or in any capacity, as
husband, guardian, executor, adminis
trator or trustees are required to make
returns of the same to the Auditor
under oath within the time mentioned
below and the Auditor is required by
law to add a penalty of 50 per cent to
Bil property that is not returned on or
before the 20th day of February in any
All malft citizens between the ages of
21 and 60 years except those exempt
by law are deemed taxable polls. The
50 per cent penalty will be added for
failure to made seturns.
For the convenience of tax payers, I
or my representative will be at the fol
lowing appointed places on the dates
mentioned to receive tax returns,
The office will be open to receive re
turns from the first day of January till
the 20th day of Feb. 1918, as prescribed
J. R. TIMMERMAN,
Auditor, E. C. S. C.
Whenever You Need a General Tonic
The Old Standard Grove'9 Tasteless
chill Tonic is equally valuable as a
General Tonic becnuse it contains the
well known tonic properties of QUININE
and IRON. It acts on the Liver, Drives
out Malaria, Enriches the Blood and
Build9 up the Whole System. SO cents
ftuclkleirs Arranca Sadve
The Best Salve In The World.
We beg to announce that we are
now ready to deliver fertilizers for
this season, having secured a liberal
supply which we have on hand in
our warehouses ready for delivery.
Haul your fertilizers now while you
eau get your supply. Do not wait until
there is congestion of freights, when you
cannot get goods shipped.
Armour, Swifts and Koyster our spe
cialty. Mixed goods with potash, mixed
goods without potash. 16 per cent, acid;
2(i per cent. acid, cotton seed meal.
The Edgefield Mercantile Co.
CoDTiinbt l'-'OS. by C. E. Zi-c-ocrman Co. - No. 5!
THERE is no doubt about
money in the bank, it is
sure and positive. Maybe slow, but there
is the satisfaction that it is sure. Posi
tive in every way, both that it will grow,
and that it is safe.
BANK OF EDGEFIELD
OFFICERS : J. C. Sheppard, President; ?. E. Nicholson, vice-President
E. J. Mims, Cashier; J. H. Allen. Assistant Oashier.
DIRECTORS : J. C. Sheppard, Thos. H. Rainsford, John Rainsford, B. E
Nicholson, A. S. Tompkins, C. C. Fuller. E. J. I^ims. J. H. Allen
She depends upon you to help
feed her fighting men-to re
lieve the privation and sufferings
of her allies-to help her meer
the unprecedented demand for food
stuffs in this country-and Europe!
Make every acre count! The way to do it is through
(?careful preparation of the soil. Use fertilizer of known
reliability-the old, reliable, time-tested "Giant Lizard
It will make the soil richer and more fertile, furnishes,
the plant with available and soluable food until maturity
and improves the quality and quantity of the crop. Don't
experiment with other brands - insist upon Planters
Fertilizer, with the Giant Lizard Trade Mark on every
bag. Look for it! Consult the Planter agent in your town
-or write us direct for free advice-information-and
prices. Tlie congestion of freight and traffic due to the
war, makes it imperative that you place orders early to
insure prompt delivery. Bear this in mind-order now.
PLANTERS FERTILIZER & PHOSPHATE CO.
Cha-leston . - - - - - South Carolina