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TIME FOR DRAGGING ROADS
Much Depends on Character of Road
Material-No Exact Rule Will
Fit All Cases.
If clay is mixed with water and
"puddled" and then allowed to dry a
hard, almost waterproof, and nearly
dustless material ls formed. If a
smooth, well shaped road could be con
structed of this material it would
never become very muddy or very
dusty, and would be an ideal earth
road. Under ordinary conditions this
ideal is not realized, because, after
heine: puddled the earth dries in ruts
and holes which are rough while dry
and which hold water like dishes when
it rains. If the muddy road, after
Dragging Road in Fall.
being puddled by the horses' hoofs
and wagon wheels, can be smoothed
out and properly shaped before dry
ing then the ideal Is attained, and
this smoothing and shaping is the
work accomplished hy the road drag.
The water standing in pools and pud
dles is spread out over a larger sur
face, so that it dries quickly, the min
ute holes or pores in the clay are
smeared over find closed, making: the
surface more nearly waterproof; the
ruts and hole? are gradually filled
up and made smooth, and just enough
earth is moved toward the middle to
give the proper crown. The result ls
a smooth, hard, well-shaped road
which will shed water and never be
comes very muddy in wet weather
or very dusty in dry weather.
From the above discussion it can
readily be seen that dragging .should
be done when the road is wet, or at
least when it is moist. The exact
time to drag any given road will de
pend upon the character of the road
material, and no exact rule can be
given which will fit all cases. If traf
fic can be kept off from the dragged
portion for awhile then the road may
be dragged when it is very wet and
sloppy, but if wagons are going to
follow right behind the drag, making
deep ruts as soon as the old ones
are filled up, the dragging must be
deferred until the road has partly
dried out. Good judgment and experi
ence on the part of the operator will
soon tell him what is the best time to
drag any given road. Road.s which
dry out quickly must be dragged im
mediately after a rain, while others
may be allowed to dry for several
days before bein? dragged. Dragging
a dry road simply makes it dusty.
Draggim: should be done, if possible,
after every rain, and as soon there
after as conditions are right.
SURFACING TKE FARM ROADS
Materials Ordinarily Used in Building
Roads Are Too Expensive-Few
' Many of the materials- ordinarily
employed in road construction will be
found too expensive for use in improv
ing tho fnnn roads. One or more of
the following will, however, usually
"be found avnilahle and within the
means of the farmer for surfacing bli
ro:ids and paths: gravel, mixtures of
Rand and clay, cinders, brickbats from
.old buildings, brickyard waste and
quarry waste. The material selected
.should, however, he hard enough to
withstand crushing under heavy loads
and possess sufficient bindiup: power
to compact well and maintain a firm,
hard surface under all ordinary weath
IMPROVE ROADS AND DRIVES
Where Any Considerable Amount of
Hauling ls Necessary Surface
Improvement Is Needed.
Roads rind drives immediately
around the farmyard and barns which
are used very frequently are usually
?of sufficient Importance to warrant
some surface Improvement. Very light
or extremely sandy soils cut up badly
In dry weather, while certain heavy
land absorbent soils become very sticky
and soft during the rainy season.
Where any considerable amount of
hauling is necessary, roads over soils
or this character may require to be
$300,000,000 Lost Yearly.
Tiie farmers of the United States
.have been allowing ?300,000,000 in real
money to escape from their pockets
each year because of poor roads, ac
cording to the testimony of experts
who made a survey of the effect of bad
, roads upon markets for the depart
ment of agriculture.
Building Plank Road.
For the sake of economy and con
venience; a plank road constructed in
'portable parts ls being laid across the
? California desert.
Fatigue and Toxin.
The idea that fatigue is due to a
sp?cifie toxin, as suggested by Weich
art early in the century, has been a
popular one, but the late investigation
of Lee and Aronovitch at Columbia
university shows it to have no good
foundation. There is nothing, there
fore, to encourage the hope tlint an
antitoxin may be found. In the ex
periments made with animal muscles,
a test: muscle suspended in the juice
of a fatigued muscle lost much In con
tractile power, but the .iuice of a non
fatigued muscle produced substantial
ly the same effect.
Largest Poisonous Reptile.
The Surucucu, known as the bush
master, ls the largest poisonous reptile
in the world, and is fortunately rare
and found only in the depths of t?ie
jungle and swamps, where man rarely
penetrates. It attains a length of
twelve to fifteen feet; the color of its
body is rose, or rather yellowish pink,
with brown patterns and tints of
purple. Its bite is almost always fatal.
Its fangs are an inch long and as much
as ten ounces of venom have been ex
Thought and Faith.
Men who are seeking for knowledge
in regard to subjects as to which there
can, in the nature of things, be none,
might well ask themselves whether
there te to be no sphere left in human
thought in which faith can operate.
It was said of Arnold of Rugby that
his mind could rest as quietly in the
presence of doubt as in that of discov
ered truth. It ls a great thing to be
able to believe where we cannot prove.
Floods in Brazil.
The native inhabitants of Brazil
have lately been suffering from the
disastrous effects of the flooding of
the Amazon, whose relentless waters
have submerged the countryside for
hundreds of miles around. At regu
lar intervals this mighty river over
flows its banks, und a famous traveler
estimated that no fewer than 5,000,000
natives have lost their lives during
the last five centuries through these
He Didn't Know.
In a murder trial six experts were
examined. Most of them had a na
tional reputation. A hypothetical ques
tion of 20.0(10 words, which It required
two hours to read, was asked of Doc
tor Jelley, a Boston expert on insanity.
The learned doctor answered the ques
tion iu three words: "I don't know."
A frank answer, but rather perplexing
to counsel.-Case and Comment.
Figures Time of Falling Stone.
The time a stone would require to
fall the 4.000 miles to the ceuter of
the earth, has been calculated for the
Paris Academy of Sciences, by AL
Sanger. Considering the influence of
the varying density of the earth, he
finds the time would be 10 minutes 15
seconds, but if the mean density is as
sumed to be the condition, the time
would be 79 seconds greater.
Our Rabbits. <
The term rabbit was formerly more i
properly applied to the burrowing spe- I
des of the obi world. Lepus cuniculus
(meaning to burrow), though by com- 1
mon usage our molly cottontail has so
long been termed a rabbit that the
name will now stand, as will that of
jack rabbit for the big western hare of
the prairies and Pacific coast.
Women Better or Worse.
Women, when they are bad, aro
worse than men and more disposed to
commit crime. When the sex which
is sweet l?y inheritance once becomes
degraded it falls into greater excesses
than the oilier. Women are always
either much better or much worse
A Commuter's Ambition.
We'd like to be in a financial posi
tion when we take a meal out, ns we
do once every two or three months
with all the regularity of clockwork,
to go to some place where "fruits in
season" on the menu doesn't mean
chiefly bananas.-Ohio State Journal.
Hint to Young Men.
Young men cnn aid in the conser
vation of coal and electric current by
terminating their calls a? a patriotic
hout. Besides, every girl needs a cer
tain amount of sleep.-Pittsburgh Ga
Typewriting Fades Out.
It has been found that typewriting
on parchment deeds ls not durable. In
deeds deposited within very recent
years many lines are Illegible and sev
eral Mnes have completely disappeared.
Crayon Will Help.
When someone has knocked a white
place In the wall paper copy the proper
coloring of the figure with crayons
and the spot will not show.
He-"Your friend Isn't much stuck
on her looks." She-"Say, she
wouldn't dare shoot her own husband."
"How did the boy get his motor
cycle?" "Ile seized the cycle-loglcaJ
moment to ask for lt"
The County Treasurer's office will be
apen for tho purpose of receiving taxes
from the loth dav of October, 1917, to
the 15th day of .March, 1918.
All taxes shall be due and payable
;>etween the 15th day of October, 19]7,
ind December 31st, 1917.
That when taxes chnrged shall not be
paid by December31st, 1917. the County
Auditor shall proceed to udd a penalty
)f one per cent, for January, and if
taxes are not paid on or before February
1st, 1918, the County Auditor will pro
ceed to add two per cent, and five per
?ent. from the 1st of March to the 15th
)f March, after which time all unpaid
Laxes will be collected by the SherilF.
The tax levies for the year 1917 are
For State purposes Sh
" ordinary County 7
" Constitutional School Tax 3
" Antioch 4
" Bacon School District 7J
" Blocker 2
" Blocker-Limestone 4
" Collier's 4
" Flat Rock 4
" Oak Grove 3
" Bed Hill 4
" Edgelield 8
" Elmwood No. 8 2
" Elmwood No. 9 2
" Elmwood No. 30 2
" Elmwood L. C. 3
" Hibler 3
" Johnston ll
" .Meriwether (Gregg) 2
" Moss 3
" Shaw 4
" Talbert 2
" Trenton 8
" Wards 2
" Blocker R. R. (portion) 15
" Elmwood R. R. (portion) ? 15
" Johnston R. R. 3
" Pickens R. R. 3
" Wise R. R. li
" Corporation. 10
" Sinking Fund. 3-4
All the male citizens between the ages
>f 12 years and CO years, except those
;xempt by law, are liable to a poll tax
)f One Dollar each. A capitation tax
>f 50 cents each is to be paid on all dogs.
The law prescribes that all male citi
:ens between the ages of 18 and 55
rears must pay $2.00 commutation tax.
STo commutation tax is included in the
>roperty tax. So ask for road tax re
?eipt when you desire to pay road tax.
JAMES T. MIMS,
Co. Treas. E. C.
Crocus Bags, any size. Bring
bern to our store and we will pay
narket price for them.
SText Door to the Farmers Bank
low To Give Quinine To Children.
'HDRILINE is the trade-mark name Riven to an
mproved Quinine. It is n Tasteless Syrup, pleas
int to take and does not disturb the stomach.
Children take it and never know it is Quinine.
Uso especially adapted to adults who cannot
ake ordinary Quinine. Does not nauseate nor
ause nervousness nor ringing: in the head. Try
t the next time you need Quinine for any pur*
K>se. Ask for 2-ounce original package. The
lome F?BRILIN? is blown in batUc. 25 cent*
ill make every acre produce
i food crops,
needed by on
rve your count
ns each acre li
i national car and labor shortage.
ATLANTA, GA. CHARLOT!
Factories: Atlanta, Albany, Lagrange, Moultrie,
WILMINGTON and GREENSBORO,
CHESTER and COLUMBIA, S. C
FOR SALE BY
Edgefield, South Carolina
Large Stock of
Jewelry to Select From
We invite our Edgefield friends to visit our store
when in Augusta. We have the largest stock of
of all kinds that we have ever shown. It will he a pleasure to
show you through our stock. Every department is constantly re
plenished with the newest designs.
We call especial attention to our repairing department, which
has every improvement. Your watch or clock made as good as
new. Work ready for delivery in a short time.
A. J. Renkl
980 Broad St. Augusta, Ga.
Increase the Yield of F
NOW-when we face the most critical food situation in Am
tive that every acre of land be made to produce its utmos
speeded up - methods must be devised to insure heavj
vide food, not only for our own countrymen-but for the starving
Corn, cotton, truck, barley, wheat, oats-these, and all other cr
high prices, and a little attention given to the proper soil dressing
dredfold later. Planters Fertilizers are especially suited to the n
have been used with unvarying success throughout the South for
has used them and he will say:
QOUBLES YOUR YU
For every crop you plan to sow, there's a Planters Fertilizer espe(
productiveness of your soil. Ask our agent in your town for infor
or write us direct-KOW. Remember, you should be careful in
ERS FFRTILIZERS-other brands are unsatisfactory substitut
Giant Lizard Trade-Mark, stamped plainly on every bag. It's \
faction. Do not accept it unless it bears this distinguishing mar]
carly to avoid delayed deliveries, due to the congestion of freight
Planters Fertilizer and Phc
All persons owning property of any
kind whatsoever, or in any capacity, as
husband, guardian, executor, adminis
trator or trustees are required to make
returns of the same to the Auditor
under oath within the time mentioned
below and the Auditor is required by
law to add a penalty of 50 per cent to
v\\ property that is not returned on or
before the 20th day of February in any
All male citizens between the ages of
21 and GO years except those exempt
by law are deemed taxable polis. The
50 per cent penalty will be added for
failure to made seturns.
For the convenience of tax payers. I
or my representative will be at the fol
lowing appointed places on the dates
mentioned to receive tax returns.
The ollice will be open to receive re
turns from the first day of January till
the 20th day of Feb. 1918, as prescribed
J. R. TIMMERMAN,
Auditor, E. C. S. C.
How To Give Quinine To Children.
FKBRILINEisthetrnde-mnrk name Riven to ntl
improved Quiuiue. It is a Tasteless Syrup, pleas
ant to lake ami docs sot disturb the stomach.
Children take it and uever know it is Quinine.
Also especially adapted to adults who cannot
take ordinary Quinine. Does not nauseate nor
cause nervousness norritiRing in thc head. Try
it the .?ext lime you need Quinine for any pur
pose. Ask for I-ounce original package. The
flame FEBRIL1NE is hiowu iq bottle. 25 cents
Only One "BROMO QUININE1'
To get the genuine, call lor full name, LAXA
TIVE BROMO QUININE. Look for signature of
E.W. GROVE. Cures a Cold in One Day. Stops
couph and headache, and works off cold. 23c
erica's history, it is impcra
5t. Crop production must be
; harvests, for we must pro
\ countries of Europe, as well,
ops, will bring phenominally
; NOW, will repay you a hun
iceds of Southern soils. They
? years. Ask any farmer who
:ially designed to increase the
mation, free advice, or prices,
ordering to specify PLANT
:es. Look for the well-known
.our protection from dissatis
Ic. Orders should be placed
: and traffic due to the war.