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DISEASES AND INSEC
FIELD PEAS IN BLOOM,
(Prepared hy the Unltefl States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
Powdery mildew Ls usually most de
structive on .-ate-planted or late-matur
ing varieties of field peas. It is also
confined rather closely to humid cli
mates, where it sometimes reduces the
yield considerably. The remedy for
this disease lies lor the most part lu
the rotation of crops, hut where only
small portions of a field are affected
the disease can be controlled by spray
ing with bordeaux mixture. If large
areas are affected lt ls not economical
Leaf-Spot or Pea-Blight.
Another disease which has been
troublesome in the pea-caniiing dis
tricts of both Wisconsin and Ohio is
the leaf-spot or p?a-blight Tins dis
ease can be controlled In the same way
as powdery mildew by spraying with
bordeaux mixture where the area af
fected is small, but in large fields the
farmer must depend upon the rotation
of crops. Although the disease is car
ried on the seeds, treatment of the seed
with insecticides or hot water Is not
effective, because the germ of the seed
is Injured by the treatment more
quickly than are the spores of the fun
The pea weevil, the most serious In
sect enemy of the field pea, is a small
grayish or brownish gray beetle,
marked with lighter spots. The Insect
lays its egg on the young pod and this
ogg hatches out aud produces a larva
which bores through the wall of the
pod and enters the young pea, where
it feeds on the growing embryo and
later pupates. The pupa remains in
the seed until the next season, usually
emerging from the pea the following
spring, but the behavior (if the weevils
Is unfortunately not uniform In this
respect, many of them coming out
sooner, so that the dates of emergence
will range from harvest to planting
time the following year. One remedy
for the attacks of tho weevil Is to store
Most Effective Method Yet Test
ed ls to Starve Pest.
HOW IT CAM BE WORKED OUT
Divide Plot Into Two Parts, One of
Which ls Available for Cultiva
tion, Fowls Being Kept on the
(Prepared by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
The very serious losses caused by
the gallworm nematode in gardens,
especially in the South, have resulted
in the trial of numerous methods of
control. One of the most effective
methods yet testet! is to starve the
pest. This may be accomplished hy di
viding the garden into two parts, one
of which is available for cultivation,
fowls being kept on the other half,
and changed from one to the other
about every two to four years. The
gallworm ls absolutely dependent on
the roots of the higher plants for its
nourishment. If no such plants are
allowed to grow, the pest ls starved,
and In the course of a year or two
it can be brought to a stage where its
ravages will not be serious.
Alternation of Fowls.
The suggested alternation of a fowl
mn with gurden may be brought about
simply by fencing In the fowls. If
possible, lt would be well to arrange
the division of the land in the direc
tion of Its slope, so that the drainage
will not be from the garden to the
fowl run or vice versa. Tho Idea is to
keep the fowl run free from vegeta
tion for a year or two. This means
about the maximum number of fowls
for the area mvst be kept and that
the soil must be occasionally spaded or
otherwise stirred. This stirring of the
soil ls a good thing for the fowls, and
helps also to reduce the nematode
pest, for every time the earth Is spad
ed, fresh soil Is brought to the action
of the sun and air and becomes more
or less disinfected through their ac
tion on the eggs and larvae of the
Practicable in Many Gardens.
There are thousands of gardens
.where this procedure Is practicable.
Definite Information with regard to
the existence of the gallworm nema
tode may be obtained by submitting
abnormal roots to the department of
agriculture for examination.
thc seed Intended for planting in tight
bags and hold it over for one year, in
which case the beetle will emerge from
the seed and die before the next
planting season arrives. Another meth
od employed by seedsmen is to fumi
gate the seed with carbon blsulpbid,
milich can be obtained at a reasonable
cost from any druggist. In applying
this remedy the seed must be placed lu
a tight box or barrel and exposed from
30 to 48 hours to the fumes of this
liquid. The carbon blsulpbid should
be exposed in a shallow dish placed on
top of the pens, since tho vapor is
heavier than air. This vapor wh-?n
mixed with air is quite inflammable,
and care should be taken not to ignite
it in any way; otherwise, a serious ex
plosion may occur. One pound of the
liquid is usually considered sufficient
to fumigate 100 bushels of pens, but
it is well to use somewhat more than
this in order to be sure of killing all
Continuous cropping of the land to
the field pea ls almost sure to mean n
constant Increase in the numbers of
the pea weevil. Practically the only
remedy for this state of affairs is tc
stop growing peas for several years, lu
which case the weevil will he exter
minated through lack of food.
Another Insect which occasionally
does considerable damage is the pen
aphis, or plant louse, lt has appeared
In pea-growing sections at interval.*
and practically destroyed the season'?
crop, but it does not stay with the crop
so continuously year after year as doe
the weevil. The aphis increases rap
Idly during a period of warm, dry
weather, but a heavy rain, even wher
the insect is abunduut, will sometime:
free the vines almost entirely from it
Unless some weather condition acts
In this way to destroy the pest, th*
only hope of the farmer ls for the par
asites of the aphis to increase suffi
ciently In numbers to overcome anc j
ROAD GRADER IS EFFECTIVE
Machine Should Be In Charge of Skill
ful and Sensible Operator-Prac
The road grader is a very effective
machine, if properly used, but should
be in charge of a skillful ?ind sensible
operator. Cutting should begin ut
the sides, and if the surface ls cov
ered with sod nnd weeds the blade
should be set on the first round In
such a way that this material will be
scraped into the ditch and not on the
road. It can then be removed with
shovels. In shaping up the road thc
entire width of the blade should be
used, If possible, ami lt should he set
at almost right ancles with the center
line of the road, so that enough will bo
carried ulong to lill up the rms and
holes. At each mund enough mate
rial should be moved toward the cen
ter to build up a proper crown, but
ir must be remembered that a crown
of ono Inch to the foot is about suili
clent, and lt should not bi' made any
steeper. A man can learn more about
the proper operation of a grader from
actual practice than in any other way.
PREVENT DISEASE IN STOCK
Two Important Preventives of Loss
Are Proper Feeding and Good
Proper feeding and sanitation are
two Important preventives of dis
euse losses In farm animals. If care
fully applied these measures may pre
vent many losses of meat animals.
Keep the animals sturdy and disease
resistant by feeding a good, whole
some diet. Young animals need par
ticular care and should be kept grow
ing. A balanced ration should be fed
-one that contains enough digestible
protein to supply the needs of bone
and muscle growth.
SIMPLE RATION FOR POULTRY
Mixture of Half and Half Beef Soraps
and Wheat Bran Fed In Hoppers
A very good, but simple poultry ra
tion is a mixture of half and half beef
scraps and wheat bran fed In hoppers
and cracked corn given twice a day in
deep litter so that the fowls must
scratch lt out. The wheat and the
scraps contain a great deal of protein
or flesh-forming material, and the corn
supplies the carbohydrates or fat
forming elements. Of course, a vari
ety of food is necessary to obtain the
That Bill for
Bj F. A. MITCHEL
(Copyright, 1317. Western Newspaper Union.
"Grace," said Mr. Larraniore, Tn
getting old and it is high time to pro
vide for such condition as you am
Mr. Larraniore wns stalled.
"What I wish to say," he continued
"is that I have the same feeling foi
you as if you were my own daughter."
"I lin ve enough to leave you comfort
able when I come to the jumping of
place and I have enough to leave Dick
comfortable, but if I divide the prop
erty between you both there ls noi
enough to make either comfortable."
"Then, uncle, It is your duty to leave
your property to your own son."
"Why can't I leave it to you and hin
as one person?"
"It is impossible."
"Dick would rather I would leave Ii
to you jointly. He-"
"Now, uncle, I know what you mean.
I've heard it all from Dick. Dick and ]
have always been brother and sister
and such we'll always be."
This ended the father's attempt to
help his ?on to secure the wife that
son wnnted. Dick Larramore was en
gaged in business in another city and
seldom visited his home, so his foster
sister was not troubled with his atten
tions. Sis months after this attempt
of his father to make a match betwean
the two Grace said to her uncle:
"What's the matter with Dick? He
has never let so long time go by before
without coming home for a visit."
"I think some girl is keeping him."
' Grace looked grave.
"I shouldn't be surprised," continued
Mr. Larramore, "to hear any day that
he Is engaged."
"Why do you think so?"
'.Well, you know Dick's salary Is not
very large and he occasionally falls
back upon me. The other day he sent
me n bill for flowers."
"Oh ! I see."
Tlie subject was not pressed further.
A few days later Dick received a letter
from hH cousin-foster sister chiding
him for remaining away from home so
long without a visit. His father was
very much hurt nt his son's neglect of
This letter brought Dick home for
the next week-end. He had an Inter
view with his father at which the lat
ter denied that he considered his son
neglectful of him and commended him
for standing by his business. The old
man went to bed early and Dick spent
the rest of the evening with Grace.
"Who is this person you're sending
flowers to?" asked Grace In a cold tone.
"I wouldn't send flowers to a person,
I would only send them to an attrac
There was a brief silence between
them which was broken by Grace.
"Do you think you have a right to
marry when your father is getting old
and needs your attention?"
"He isn't getting my attention. Yon
are taking care of him and doing it far
better than I could. I supposed you
were to remain single as long as ho
"How very self-sacrificing you are,"
"It's self-sacrificing of you. I've
heard you say often thnt you were go
ing to be nn old maid for dnd's sake."
"I suppose after dear uncle's death
you will bring this woman you're go
ing to marry Into the house and I shall
have to vacate?"
Tm not going to marry" this wom
an. "If I marry I shall marry a lovely
"Supposing-" Grace said with great
seriousness, "supposing that I should
die before your father, do you suppose
he would he able to put up with n '
?frange person who you would bring
into the house to take ray place?"
"But you're not going to die, and
I'm not going to bring a 'strange per
son' into this house."
"I don't know; I've had queer feel
ings about my heart lately."
"You don't mean it; who is the cad
who is making the trouble with your
"You know very well that I don't
mean it in that sense nt all. If I did
you would not be the person to refer to
my lover as a cad."
"You kho'w very well that I would
not do what you are going to do. If I
marry, uncle will be perfectly satisfied
to have me marry and approve of the
gentleman who is to be my husband."
"Oh! he is to be a gentleman, Is
"He has one fault."
"He le very unfeeling! he doeBn't
seem to realize what a noble, good fa
ther ho bas."
Dick opened his eyes very wide and
looked up at the celling; Grace's eyes
were glued to the floor. Presently
"Which, being interpreted, means
that you are willing to sacrifice your
self to dad's desires."
"I will marry no man who does not
"And I will marry no girl who does
not love me."
The dialogue here came to an abrupt
end, for Dick caught her In his arms
and sealed her Ups with kisses. i
The nest morning, when Mr. Larra- '
more came downstairs his son grasped '
his hand and said feelingly:
"A million thanks, dad."
"Yea, that story about the bill for
flowers did lt."
1_ thought lt WOnld." ,
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are those who talk over it as though face
Courtesy smooths.out difficulties and
promotes the promptest possible connec
The operators of the BELL System
are trained to be patient and polite under
all circumstances, but they will do better
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politeness on the part of the telephone
The fact that you cannot see the
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The voice with ihe smile wins
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J. J. Roach, Manager, Aiken. S. C.
F. E. GIBSON, President]
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Thone - - 158
AUGUSTA - - - - GEORGIA