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USE FOR THE WINTER ASHES
Accumulation From Furnaces and
Stoves May Be Profitably Mixed
With Heavy Clay in Gardens.
Saving the ashes from furnaces and
stoves, and utilizing the winter's sup
ply on gardens that are constituted of
heavy clay, has boen found to be a
very good plan, observes a writer. A
great many of the gardens in various
sections are of such heavy clay that it
is difficult to work them successfully.
Yet in most cases the owners are
throwing away the very substance that
can chanci' the texture of these heavy
clay soils. There are many piles of
coal ashes that the producer hires
hauled away winch should go onto this
This work of improvement should co
on for many years, as only a thin lay
er of ashes should be applied at one
time. It is better to have a layer about
an inch at any one turning over of
the soil so that thc ashes will be thor
oughly mixed with the clay. If the
layer of ashes is too thick some of it
will lie in pockets in the soil and this
may for a time interfere with the up
ward movement of soil water during
the dry time of sommer when the
plants must have this capillary supply
of moisture to do well.
But at different times in the same
year layers of coal ashes can be thus
worked In. for the clay soil rapidly be
comes incorporated with the lighter
material. I know of heavy clay soil
that has yearly had an application of
coal ashes for the last 18 years and
has so thoroughly combined with the
applied material that the soil is now in
excellent condition and not nt nil too
light in texture as it might be thought
The ashes do not need to be sifted,
but should have the unburned coal
picked out, ns the pure carbon will re
main as it is for a lifetime or more.
But most of the big cinders will de
compose very rapidly, as the carbon
has been driven off in the burning. A
small proportion of unburned coal will
not do any particular dnmajre.
KEEPING THEIR HELP BUSY
Labor Turnover ls a Most Important
Problem for Majority of Stores
In Matter of Help.
These days, when good help is
scarce and hard to get, says a trade
authority, and when every store ls giv
ing more consideration than ever to
the reduction of the labor turnover,
anything that tends to keep people em
ployed even when, from the depart
ment standpoint, it ls not the season
for such employment, is beneficial.
Some stores have found this out. while
others let their help go when the sea
son gets slack and go to the trouble
and expense of rehiring them later, if
they can get them.
There are some stores, however, that
are keen on keeping down a labor turn
over to the lowest possible point. They
keep workroom forces employed both
in and out of season, setting them nt
making lampshades and other novel
ties, where needle ;?ill is required,
when there ls no occasion for them to
work at their regular trade. Because
this assures the workers of employ
ment all through the year, the stores
in question not only have little trouble
in getting the employees they need, j
but also get the best ones.
Junior Red Cross.
The children of the United States
are to share in the great war. not in
the fighting forces, of course, but in a
very vital way nevertheless, says Pop
ular Mechanics Magazine. With the
approval of the president, the Red
Cross has undertaken the organization
of the conni ry's millions of school chil
dren into the Junior Ked Cross.
Among the tasks they will undertake,
under the guidance of their teachers
and others, are tho making of knitted
articles, saving of garden seed for use
in rehabilitating France, making ere
tome rest pillows filled with snippings
?rora odds and ends of material, mak
ins, crutch pads of unbleached muslin,
and others, are the making of knitted
gloves, etc., to be sold for the benefit
of the Red Cross fund. In an executive
message, which is unusual in that lt
is addressed directly to the children,
the president says : "It will teach you
how to save, that suffering children
elsewhere may have a chance to live."
Charity Stamp Warning.
Use all tlie Ped Cross stamps or
charity stamps you please, but don't
stick 'em on the address side of let
ters or parcels. Disobey and your let
ter may be interred in the dead letter
office. Moreover, the following coun
tries feel about the matter just as Un
cle Sam does:
Austria, Brazil, British East Africa,
Uganda, Antigua, Barbadoes, Bermu
da, British North Borneo, Canada, Cay
man Islands, Cyprus, Gold Coast, Do
minica, Fulkland Islands, Gambia,
Gibraltar, British Honduras, Guatema
la, Union of South Africu, Jamaica,
Mauritius and dependencies, Montser
rat, Nevis, Norway, Southern Nigeria,
Portugal, St. Christopher, St. Lucia,
St. Vincent, Seycnolles, Sierra Leone,
British Somallland, Trinidad, Turks
and Caicos Islands, Virgin Islands
^British), Germany, Great Britain,
OPERATION1 OF A ROAD DRAG
Mistake for Operator to Think That
All He Has to Do ls to Drive
Team-Get Best Angle.
Whenever the road drag has been
tried and pronounced a failure it is
safe to say that it was not used often
enough or else it was used at the
wrong time or in the wong way. Some
operators seem to think that all they
have to do is to drive the team and
the drag will automatically do the
work, but this is a sad mistake.
In the first place the manner of
hitching .the team to the drag greatly
Operating a Road Drag.
affects its operation. If a short hitch
is used the tendency is to raise the
front edge of the drag, while a longer
hitch makes it cut deeper and ino\>e
more material. The correct length of
hitch to use depends upon the height
of the team, arrangement of harness,
etc., and must be determined by trial.
The amount of skew or angle which
the drag makes with the center line
of the road also affects the results.
The greater the skew (i. e., the small
er the angle between the drag and the
center line of the r^ad) the more
earth will be moved toward the cen
ter. Usually this skew angle should
be about 45 degrees, but here again
the judgment and experience of the
operator must be brought into play.
The driver cnn control the opera
tion to a large estent by shifting his
position upon the drag. When he ap
proaches a high spot in the road he
can step toward the front, thus mak
ing the blade cut deeper, while at a
depression he can step toward the
rear, in this way raising the cutting
edge and dumping the earth which is
being pushed ahead of the drag. By
stepping toward the end of the drag
nearest the center of the road he can
increase the skew and so move more
earth toward the center line, while
stepping to the other end of the drag
has the opposite effect. In road drag
ging it is especially true that "prac
tice makes perfect" provided that com
mon sense is used along with the
HOW TO PREVENT ROAD DUST
Breaking Up of Ridges Formed When
Roadbed ls Wet From Standing
Water Causes Trouble.
Dust in the road is largely caused
hy the breaking up of the ridges
formed when the road bed is wet from
standing water. If the roadbed is
kept well crowned and smooth water
will run off. The surface will soften
up some iu case of a long rain, but it
will not be nearly so bad ns when
there are ruts which hold the water.
The wheels of each passing vehicle
make the rut a little deeper. The
best way to keep the roadbed smooth
is to run over it wiih the road drng.
This should be done soon after it
rains. The soil is then soft so it can
be easily scrnped off and dropped into
any depressions. The harrow also
lays the soil down in layers. It sort
of plasters it down, which makes a
harder surface than when the soil is
dumped onto the roadbed. The road
drag ls the most effective dust preven
ter except oiling the roads..
ATTENTION TO SIDE DITCHES
Provision Should Be Made to Remove
All Surface Water Rapidly
Guard Against Erosion.
Special attention should be paid to
providing side ditches which will re
move all surface water rapidly. Side
ditches on long, steep grades should
be protected against serious erosion
by riprap, transverse timbers or other
beams. Culverts and bridges should
be of ample size and be built as per
manent structures. Drain tile should
be laid to carry off underground wa
ter. Side ditches which are kept clean
and have sufficient slope to lead the
water away are usually preferable to
tile drainage, but the latter ls neces
sary In some places.
Agitation In Winter.
Good roads agitation always ?hows
a more rapid pulse during winter, and
converts a great number of people
who object to traveling over highways
that look like an Alpine mountain
range. But man has a short and brit
tle memory. When summer comes and
the roads lie down flat again public
enthusiasm also lies down and buttons
the flaps on Its coin pocket.
Drag Whenever Possible.
Drag whenever possible at all a*ra
S0?3 pf tfag yejyA
You will make every acre produce its ut
most in food crops, cotton and tobacco, all
greatly needed by our country, You will
best serve your country and yourself by
fertilizing each acre liberally with
There is a national car and labor shortage. Delay is dangerous.
SW?FT & CO. FERTILIZER WORKS
ATLANTA, GA? CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Factories: Atlanta, Albany, LaGrange, Moultrie, Savannah, Ga.
WILMINGTON and GREENSBORO, N. G.,
CHESTER and COLUMBIA, S. C.
VOR SALE BY^ -
Edgefield Mercantile Co.
Edgefield, South Carolina
The County Treasurer's office will be
open for the purpose of receiving taxes
from the 15th day of October, 1917, to
the 15th day of March, 1918.
All taxes shall be due and payable
between the 15th day of October, 1917,
and December 31st, 1917.
That when taxes charged shall not be
paid by December 31st, 1917, the County
Auditor shall proceed to add a penalty
of one per cent, for January, and if
taxes are not paid on or before February
1st, 191S, the County Auditor will pro
ceed to add two per cent, and five per
cent, from the 1st of March to the 15th
of March, after which time all unpaid
taxes will be coliected by the Sheriff.
The tax levies for the year 1917 are
For State purposes
" Ordinary County
" Constitutional School Tax
" Bacon School District
" Flat Kock
" Oak Grove
" Red Hill
" Elmwood No. 8
" Elmwood N'o. !?
" Elmwood -No. 30
" Elmwood L. C.
" Meriwether (Gregg)
" Blocker R. R. (portion)
" Elmwood R. R. (portion)
Johnston R. R.
'* Bickens R. R.
" Wise R. R.
" Sinking Fund.
All the male citizens between the ages
of 12 years and GU years, except those
exempt by law, are liable to a poll tax
of One Dollar each. A capitation tax
of 50 cents each is to be paid on all dogs.
The law prescribes that ail male citi
zens between the ages of 18 and 55
years must pay $2.00 commutation tax.
No commutation tax is included in the
property tax. So ask for road tax re
ceipt when you desire to pay road tax.
JAMES T. MI MS,
Co. Treas. E. C.
Crocus Bags, any size. Bring
them to our store and we will pay
market price for them.
Next Door to the Farmers Bank
How To Give Quinine To Children.
PEBRILINH?9 the trade-mark name jdven to on
improved Quinine. It is a Tasteless Syrup, pleas
ant to take and does not disturb the stomach.
Children take it and never know it is Quinine.
Also especially adapted to adults who cannot
take ordinary Quinine. Does not nauseate nor
cause nervousness nor ringing in the head. Try
lt the next time you need Quinine for any pur
Dose. Ask for 2-ounce original package. Tho
Mame F?BRIUNE ia blown ia bettie, ii west*
Large Stock of
Jewelry to Select From
We invite our Edgefield friends to visit our store
when in Augusta. We have the largest stock of
of all kinds that we have ever shown. It will be a pleasure to
show you through our stock. Every department is constantly re
plenished with the newest designs.
We call especial attention to our repairing department, which
has every improvement. Your watch or clock made as good as
new. Work ready for delivery in a short time
NOTICE TO DEBTORS AND
Notice ?9 hereby given to all per
sona indebted to the estate of F. E.
Randall, deceased, to make pay
ment to either of the undersigned.
And all persons holding claims
against the said estate should pre
sent them for payment to either of
the undersigned properly attested.
W, H. PARDUE,
R. D. RIPLEY.
Jan. 19, 191S.
A. J. Renkl
980 Broad St.
I "After four in our family had died
j of consumption 1 was taken with
a frightful cough and lung trouble,
but my life was saved and I gained
* pounds through using
H1 E5 V
a W. Ii. Tatterson, Wellington, Tex..
1 PKICE COc and $1.00 ?T AIL DRUGGISTS. I
Only One "BROMO QUININE"
To pet the genuine, call for full name, LAXA
TIVE BROMO QUININE. Lookforeizuatureof
E.W. GROVE. Cures a Cold in One Day. Stops
couph and headache, and works off cr>!d. 25c
EVER before, in the history of the country,
have farm products brought such high prices.
And the successful farmer will reap the benefit ^f'y//
in bigger profits. Naturally, the larger your crop, the
greater will your profit be. Hence, it is essential that you
make each acre produce its utmost. For prize crops of cotton,"
corn, truck-use Planters Fertilizer. 90 to 95 bushels of
corn - 1 to 2 bales of cotton per acre, are records established
through use of this reputable fertilizer on Southern farms.
DOUBLES YOUR YIELD
For many years, Planters Fertilizer has been the preference of the South's
most successful farmers, because they have made it possible to produce
bigger, better crops. Make every acre count this year-get results
that will astonish you. Consult our agent for Free Advice, infor
mation and prices-or write us direct, TODAY. It means dol
lars to you. . -
Planters Fertilizer and Phosphate Co.
Charleston South Carolina