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(Prepared by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
. If there is any place where theory
and practice "link together" it is in
the value of the purebred sire in live
stock improvement. Theory says
"blood will tell," and practice proves
There is abundant testimony to show
that a grade or mongrel sire will
"backfire" and the offspring prove a
degraded or nondescript animal. On
the other hand, evidence Is not lacking
that the offspring resulting from the
service of the sound purebred sire will
not only be a valuable addition to any
stud, herd or flock and a credit to th?
judgment and Intelligence of the
breeder, but will bring a higher price
on the market.
Many concrete Instances can be
given illustrating the benefits and prof
its resulting from the use of purebred
sires. Two or three cases from widely
separated districts will show the
greater advantages resulting from
wise and careful selection. There is
the case of a man out West who be
gan farming with a small number of
scrub mares which he always bred to
purebred stallions. The mares aver
aged about 1,200 pounds and at prices
prevailing today would barely bring
S125 apiece. Some of the p >'t colts
sold at maturity ut prices as high as
$175, while fillies that were retained
and in turn later bred to purebred
draft stallions produced male and fe- J
male colts none of which sold for less
than $160. Three mares sold at $235
each and $450 was offered for one \
team. When lt is remembered that
this man started with scrub mares it
can readily be seen what the next crop
TO SELL PRODUCTS
There ls Special Need of Stand
ardization for Crops.
TUBERS IN IMPORTANT PLACE
Wholesalers and Retailers Aim to
Handle Potatoes On as Narrow"
Margin of Profit and Expense
as ls Possible.
(Prepared by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
Standardization ls generally taken
to mean the establishment of suitable
standards of quality which will Include
such regulations concerning the har
vesting, handling, sorting, sizing, and
packing as will Insure a uniform
standard product of high quality. It
should also be extended to Include the
shipping containers used. Standards
for fruits and vegetables are difficult
to establish because of their perishable
nature, the wide difference in varie
ties, and the varying conditions under
which they are grown.
Need of Standardization.
There is a special need of standard
ization of potatoes, because they oc
cupy such an important place on the
tables of most families. Wholesalers
and retailers usually aim to handle
potatoes on as narrow a margin of
profit and expense as possible because
they are such a bulky and widely used
commodity, but In order to be han
dled on the narrowest margins the
product must be standardized so that
expense and risk In handling, waste,
and loss, are reduced to a minimum.
The demand at this time Is for the es
tablishment of uniform grades for po
tatoes which shall be accepted as the
basis for all trading In this crop
throughout the country. Such nation
ally accepted grades would give buyer
and seller a foundation on which to
deal with a better understanding and
Grade According to Custom.
Today each grower or community
usually grades according to local cus
tom, if at all, and, as a result, whole
sale dealers have very little confi
dence in the quality of their purchases
until they are carefully inspected. For
this reason these firms prefer to buy
from large shippers, or fanners' co
operative marketing agencies, that
have built up a reputation for ship
AND GOOD CONFORMATION.
of colts from purebred stallions will
briii?:. In other words, this man ls
grading up by using ^ood sires. Hi.?
profits would have been still larger
had he started with grade mares in
stead of scrubs. The results, however,
show the value of the purebred male
and his Influence for Improved live
Another Instance Is that of an Ohio
farmer who several years ago pur
chased a purebred mare of one of the
popular draft breeds, which has in
eleven years produced ten colts, nine
of which were raised. These colts in
creased this man's bank account to the
extent of $4,U30. The highest price
received was $S50 for a four-year-old
mare, and the lowest $325 for an
eleven-months-old colt. Included In
the total given is $300 which this man
estimates as the value of a weanling
filly which he is keeping.
In a Northern state a good purebred
stallion and a grade were standing In
the same community, the owner of the
purebred charging a fee of $15 while
the grade stallion stood at a fee of $10.
A wise fanner bred his mares to the
higher-priced purebred, while a neigh
for, feeling that the cheapest was the
best, patronized the grade. This is
what happened: Two fillies sired by
the purebred stallion could have been
sold for $750, but the owner would not
let them go at that price, claiming
they were worth more. The other
farmer sold two mares by the grade
stallion for $200. One striking thing
about this Instance Is that the mares
owned by both of these farmers were
of practically the same type und breed
ph.g only uniformly high-grade prod
An effort ls being made In many
states to standardize the varieties
grown. This movement aims to con
fine the planting in each section to a
very rVw varieties which have been
proven the best for that locality. An
endeavor Is then made to plant only
seed true to name anti of the best se
lection. The result of such methods is
to standardize these few varieties of
pure strains and eventually make the
section widely known as producing
certain varieties to a high degree of
perfection and in large quantities.
Advocate National Standards.
Organizations of growers and ship
pers have advocated national stand
ards and grades for potatoes, which
the various states might also establish,
In order to obtain fixed uniform
standards. The states could compel
the use of such grades whenever any
grades were used, thus forcing grow
ers, buyers and deniers on the market
to use and respect those grades. All
rejections and disputes will be much
easier to adjust when such a basis Is
LARGE VARIATION IN YIELDS
Calculations on Drought-Resistant
Crops Must Be Based on Average
Years, Not on Best.
In estimating the number of hogs
that a farm will carry, It must be re
membered that even with the most
careful farming of drought-resisting
crops, there is still a big variation In
yields from year to year. Calcula
tions must be based on the poor not
on the best years. The hog business
can, to a certain extent, he expanded
or contracted to match the supply of
grain by marketing hogs nt different
weights. A nice fnt hog weighing 175
pounds will usually bring close to the
top of the market. If there ls a sur
plus of grain, the sam<> hog can be
made to weigh 300 pounds or more.
KEEP YOUNG PIGS GROWING
Business of Little Porkers to Develop
Good Frame, Grow Muscle and
Lay on Fat.
Keep the young pigs growing from
the stnrt. It is the pig's business to
develop a go<?d frame, to grow bone,
muscle, and vital organs, and to *ay on
fat. Plenty of posture, some grain., ex
ercise and good, sanitary quarters are
all very necessary if the pig Is to be
both thrifty and profitable.
DEAL AND IDEAL
By RUDOLPH TRESSINGHAM,
(Copyright, 1S17, Western Nevspaper Union.)
Clancy Wyeth had a deal in mind and
process. Joseph Trull an ideal. The for
mer was popularly designated as a
keen, practical business man, the lat
ter as a visionary and dreamer. Na
ture had formed both with strong in
Clancy Wyeth was floor broker for
a big firm on the grain exchange. Its
offices were a rare glitter of gilt and
plate glass. Joseph Trull had a desk
and narrow office in an obsolete busi
ness block, where he did translation
work for the foreign departments of
"I have a pretty idea in mind," he
told a friend one day. "You know our
old family homestead, fifteen miles
from the city of Fendale, is mine. It
has not beeu occupied for two years.
They have built up some palatial
homes near to it, and I have been walt
ing, expecting to get a good offer for
it. Well, the house is old, but it can
be made habitable. There arc fifteen
bearing cherry trees in the orchard.
I'm going to have a crowd of these lit
tle ones out for a week, soon as the
cherries are ripe."
"Excellent! grand!" commented his
"I shall pick out fifteen of the most
deserving children," continued Trull,
"and apportion to each a tree. It will
be their tree to dream over, to long
for, weeks before the visit. I will keep
the fifteen for a week, hire a cook and
a nurse. One week end the mother of
each little one will come out and pick
one tree, and I will see that the cher
ries are delivered hy wagon at the
Just this plan Jasper Trull put Into
operation. The mothers who came out
with the little ones, were provided
with ladders and baskets, and went
home happy and content. There was
one little tot, the youngest of the
group, a girl not yet three years of
age. She and the others were allowed
to roam freely about the place.
"I cannot find little Dora," the
nurse informed Trull one afternoon
near dusk, and he started off in senrch
of her. Nearing a high hedge that
separated the grounds from those of
a fine mansion occupied by a family
named Crosby, he caught the echo of
voices, and paused. He noticed a hole
in the hedge, and peering over its top
his eye took in a lovely picture.
Upon the grass was seated a beauti
ful young woman, whom he doubted
not was Miss Eunice Colby. She had
little Dora in her lap, and had woven
a garland of flowers for her. The
prattling tot was beaming with de
"Please excuse me," spoke Joseph,
"but the nurse ls anxious about this
wandering little charge of hers, and I
promised to find her."
"Oh, you are Mr. Trull," spoke the
young lady, arising and kissing little
Dora and then handing her through the
hedge. "I have heard so much of
your noble work. Will you not allow
this sweet little mite to come over
again tomorrow? The rest of the
family are away, and she Is rare com
Joseph promised. The nurse herself
the next morning took Dora to the
hedge and consented that she should
remnin all day in Miss Colby's charge,
as the latter wished.
Now, by a strange freak of fate,
Clancy Wyeth visited the Colby home
that day. He had only a casual ac
quaintance with Miss Colby, but he
had her in view as a prospective heir
ess, and hoped to make an Impression.
For his "deal" looked fine.
"The little brat!" he fairly hissed,
after devoting an hour to Miss Colby,
he found her devotedly engrossed in
entertaining her little visitor and act
ing rather bored at his presence. He
went away disgruntled.
"She won't be so indifferent, wheD
I make my pile on the deal," he mut
"Please keep a little back from the
hedge, Miss Colby," Trull said one eve
ning. "Little Dora is down with fe
ver. The doctor says it is infectious,
and that we must quarantine the
house. Do not run any risk. I will
have the nurse keep you informed as
to how Dora gets along."
But there was no nurse the next day.
They had taken the alarm, as well as
the cook. Both had departed. Trull
had cooked the breakfast himself, and
was attending as best he might to the
three who had come down with the
fever, when a knock at the door sent
him thither. He opened it to confront
Miss Colby. She hnd a suitcase in
her hand nnd started to come in.
"You must not," he told her. ??It
would be only to expose yourself to
"But 1 have come to stay," persist*
ed the determined little lady. "Please
don't scold or deter me, Mr. Trull," she
pleaded. "I have sent for two nurses
in tho village, and, if you will Iso
late and care for the well ones, we
will attend to the sick little charges."
One month after that, Clancy Wyeth,
the man of the deal, found that the
information he had paid for as to the
potato crop was a fraud. The market
broke, his firm failed, and his dream
of opulence ended.
About that same time there was a
grand jubilation at the Trull home
stead, for Eunice Colby and her aids
had brought the invalids safely
through tnoir ordeal.
"You have wrought a blessing," Jas
per told Eunice, and love as well as
gratitude impelled the sentiment, and
In tho depths of those beautiful eyes
he read a mystic response that thrilled
his soul to hope and happiness.
Life Insurance Co.
writes more Life Insurance than
any company in America except
one. They have lowest rates with
dividends and free disability clause
of all companies in the United
E. J. NORRIS, Agt.
The Hartford Fire
is one hundred and seven (107)
years old. Writes more Fire In
surance than any fire insurance
company in America.
You will be perfectly safe with
a Hartford Fire Policy.
E. J. NORRIS, Agt.
In keeping; with modern tenden
cies of architecture.
for your Fire Places, Floors and
Youngblood's Old-Style Tin.
All grades of Metal and
American Twin Asphalt Shingle?,
American Ready-Roll Roofing,
NEPONSET WALL BOARD
Roofing and Mantel Co.
625 Broad St.
Crocus Bags, any size. Bring
them to our store and we will pay
market price for them.
Next Door to the Farmers Bank
She depends upon you to help
feed her fighting men-to re
lieve the privation and sufferings
of her allies-to help her meet
the unprecedented demand for food
stuffs in this country-and Europe!
Make every acre count ! The way to do it is through
I ^careful preparation of the soil. Use fertilizer of known
reliability-the old, reliable, time-tested "Giant Lizard
DOUBLES YOUR YtftLO
It will make the soil richer and more fertile, furnishes,
the plant with available and soluable food until maturity
and improves the quality and quantity of the crop. Don't
experiment with other brands - insist upon Planters .
Fertilizer, with the Giant Lizard Trade Mark on every
bag. Look for it! Consult the Planter agent in your town
-or write us direct for free advice-information-and
prices. The congestion of freight and traffic due to the
war, makes it imperative that you place orders early to
insure prompt delivery. Bear this in mind-order now.
PLANTERS FERTILIZER & PHOSPHATE CO.
Charleston South Carolina
Large Stock of Winchester Loaded Shells for Hunters
Call to see US when in Augusta
HARDWARE DEPARTMENT OF
E. M. Andrews Furniture Company
1289 Broad Street
We call the attention of our farmer friends throughout Edgefield county U??
to our large stock of
Can supply them with plow steels, plow stocks, plow gears, harness, shop j|
tools, and everything in our line at very reasonable prices. We buy in large
quantities and can sell very close.
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