Newspaper Page Text
Safeguard the American Soldier
From Liquor, Says Dr.
Wilfred T. Grenfell.
Dr. Wilfred T. Grenfell of La
brador, writing in the London
Times not long ago, said, I am- an
Englishman. Recently I have been
speaking a good deal in America,
and especially at one or two of the
very large cam?s for soldiers, where
I have met many of th 2 officers, and
also at Washington, D. C. You are
aware of the response here to the
soldiers' Y. M. C. A. work, indica
ting the very strong feeling in
America of tho need of kelping to
send a clean army to fight for high
ideals. Several times the conversa
tion in my presence has turned on
the subject of the remarkable, in
deed, almost absolute freedom from
drunkenness and the small amount
of immorality among the soldiers
here, and then comes always the
turn to it which brings a Hush of
shame, I confess, to my checks, as
an Englishman, when a clean Amer
can officer turns round and says,
'Ah, but they will get all the alco
hol they want 3nd the danger that
comes with it as soon as they get
to England and to France." The
question to-day is one of deeds not
words; of facts, not opinions.
When is our beloved motherland
going to believe the fact-that rul
ing out the temptation to drink by
closing down on the sale of liquors
of an intoxicating nature as bever
ages is of vital importance?
"For over thirty years I have
.lived among seafaring men in fish
ing vessels on both sides of the At
lantic, and in many winters in the
bitter cold of the north-eastern coast
of America, and as a medical man,
capable of observing facts, I know
the individual is far better able to
withstand hardship and is far-fitter
without any of it, aud also that pro
hibition of its sale has been of im
"Can you not find space to ex
press the opinion of aa Englishman
who loves England as his life,
and who is hurt every time he bas
to listen to the facts of wasted food
and degraded manhood and wasted
efficiency just because we won't
tackle the strangling liquor traffic
as we do the Hun-namely, by
Training Little Children.
(By Mrs. Lenore R. Ranus.) .
Everyone knows that a normal
.child has an active mind, but many
parents do nothing to strengthen or
train this vital part of their child's
life, leaving all mental development
to the teachers in the schools. Those
parents are indeed fortunate who
have kindergartens in their town or
city, for the kindergarten gives sys
tematic mental training to children
as early as the fourth year.
The easiest way to teach a child
to think is through play. The moth
er can begin to sing Mother Goose
rhymes to the mere infant-in-aims.
As the child grows, he recognizes
the words and often the tune?. La
ter, he will ask for his favorite
songs or rhymes, and then begin to
sing and recite himself. Up to this
point the mother has accomplished
three things: Strengthened the
memory, cultivated an ear for music
and the ability to carry a simple
tune and enlarged the child's vo
Be sure to use only the best gram
mar when talking with a child. Ba
by talk is funny for the grown-ups
for a while, .but the difficulty the
child faces in overcoming this is
As the child grows older, a story
hour should become a part of each
day. This is really a lesson in lan
guage. The mother should begin
with the finger plays when the child
is eight or nine months old, such as
"Th is is the church and this is the
steeple," "Pat-a-cake," the count
ing lesson, "The thumb is one; the
pointer two, the middle finger three,
ring finger four, little finger five,
and that is all you see." What the
child imitates he begins to under
stand. That is tho great purpose of
the finger plays.
As the child grows, other stories
can be added to the story hour. A
normal child from about two years
of age on, loveB the stories of "The
three bears," "The three pigs,"
"Little half chick," "Little red
hen" and other simple tales.
In telling stories to children, es
pecially to very young children,
avoid the element of fear.
Children love best the stories
they have heard before. A good
rule is to let the child choose his
own story. Mother can introduce a
new story when she deems best. An
other good plan is to have the child
tell mother a story sometimes, as
this will aid self-expression and be
a lesson in language.
To teach counting, make use of
the play spirit again. In bouncing a
ball, repeat the old-time jingle
One, two, buckle my shoe." You
will be surprised at how quickly the
little ones will begin to count.
Again, in building blocks, make a
game of counting by saying, "Give
motlier one block," then give moth
.er one, two. three blocks, etc. It is
unwise to teach a child under three
numbers higher than ten. They are
well started it* they are able to count
as high as this correctly.
To develop the power of concen
tration, without wiiicb no human
can be successful in life, lhere must
be a certain amount of directed plav
each day. Children are given this
in kindergarten, and the mother can
also give it to them in the home.
When mother sews, the opportunity
to direct play is at once afforded,
by having the child sit close by and
sew a piece of loose-woven cloth,
such as canvas or scrim. A big blunt
pointed needle should be chosen for
the purpose and tied securely to a
heavy thread. When the child shows
evidence of fatigue, the work should
be laid aside for another day.
Large, colored, wooden, kinder
garten cubes and spheres, one inch
in size, with a hole through the cen
ter to string on shoelaces, are also
tine for a lesson in concentration.
This occupation shculd be permit
ted only when mother's close by to
watch and help. Kindergarten ma
terials can be secured either from
Milton Bradley Co., Springfield,
Mass., or from E. Steiger &? Co., 40
Murray street, N. Y.
For a child of three or older, kin
dergarten sewing cards which are
perforated and to be worked in col
ored worsteds, are interesting and
instructive. An economical way to
procure such cards is for mother or
father to cut out squares or oblongs
out of cardboard, lightly trace an
apple, ball or some other object on
one of the pieces and then perforate
the outlines every half inch, making
the holes as large as the head of a
pin. These outlines can then be sew
ed by the child in bright colors,
working up and down in the holes.
Be sure the outlines of the objects
to be sewed are large, as small ob
jects are too trying for young bauds,
The French Orphan.
Oh, mother! I've just learned about
A little one, and cute as she ern be
I know, although I havn't seen her
She lives in France, away across the
And now, I'm going to give her all my
For, mama, she doesn't get enough to
And when it's cold, and I wear shoes
She just has rags to tie about her feet.
May I send some of mine? Say yes,
And one or two of everything I wear?
It makes me glad inside to think about
Sisters, you often say, should always
Perhaps, the lady said, she'll write a
In her own language; but it means the
As our own does, when she translates
And I shall know her really truly
Let's go and get them now, and take
The ship may sail to-day across the
We mustn't let my sister dear go hun
For, think, what if instead of her,
'twas mc! $< >fp -sjj
-Clara E. Whitcomb.
In practically ail of the exact ex
periments with alcohol it has been
noted that the subjects thought they
could work better after taking it
than they did before. Alcohol de
ceives men as to their ability, lt
gives a false feeling of courage .by
diminishing the perception of ban
ger and a false impression of ability
to do work by weakening power to
perceive the difficulties, to grasp the
details, to measure the efforts put
forth to accomplish the task.
Notice to Stock
My Jack will make the season at
Wm. Allen Mobley's farm, west-end
of Edisto street, Johnston, S. C.
Service fee $15.00 insuring mare to
get with foal. Five dollars paya
ble when mare is biod, and the bal
ance when colt is foaled. Notes or
contracts for deferred payments
must be given. Not liable should
B. T. Boatwright
Phone No. 12-7 W
GEO. F. MIMS
Eyes examined and g.asses fitted
only when necessary. Optical
work of all kinds.
EDGEFIELD, S. C.
The Requirements Boiled Down
for Busy Folks.
Returns must be filed on or before
April l, 1!)1S.
Tux due may be paid now or on or
before June 1">. IMS.
If you are single and your net in
come for 1017 was $1,000 or more you
must file a return.
If you were married and living with
wife (or husband) and had a net in
come of $2,000 or more for 1017 you
must file a return.
Husband's and wife's income must
be considered joiutly, plus income of
Income of a minor or Incompetent,
derived from a separate estate, must
be reported by his legal representa
Severe penalties are provided for
those who. neglect or evade the law.
For false or fraudulent return there
is a penalty not exceeding .$2,000 fine
or year's Imprisonment, or bo:h, plus
100 per cent, of tax.
For failure to make return on or
before April 1, 1918, fine ls from $20
to $1,000, plus 50 per cent, of tax due.
Returns must be filed with the Col
lector of Internal Revenue of district
in which you live.
An agent may file return for a per
son who is Ul, absent from the country
or otherwise incapacitated.
Each return must be signed and
sworn or affirmed by person execut
Single persons are allowed $1,000
exemption In computing normal tax.
A married person living with wife
(or husband) is allowed $2,000 exemp
tion, plus $200 for each dependent
child under IS.
_A liead^ pf family, though single, is
allowed $2,000 exemption if actually
supporting one or more relatives.
Returns nui?t show the entire
amount bf c?ndtigs* gains and profits
received during the year. -* . ?3'"
Officials and employees are not taxa
ble on the salaries or wages received
from a state, county, city or town in
the United States.
Interest on state and municipal
bonds issued within the U. S. ls ex
empt from, federal income tax and
should be omitted.
Interest on United States govern
ment bonds is also exempt, except on
individual holdings of Liberty Fomrs In
excess of $0,000 par value.
Dividends are not subject to normal
tax, but must be reported and included
in net income.
Gifts and legacies are not income
and should not be Included on the re
turn of the beneficiary.
Life insurance received ns a bene
ficiary or ns premiums paid back at
maturity or surrender of policy ls not
Payments received for real or per
sonal property sold ls not Income, but
the profit realized thereon ls income
for the year of sale.
Amounts received in payment of
notes or mortgages ls not Income, but
the interest on such notes or mort
gapes ls taxable Income.
From the entire gross income cer
tain allowances are made In arriving
at the net Income.
Necessary expenses actually paid In
the conduct of business, trade or pro
fession may be claimed.
A farmer can claim payments for
labor, seed, fertilizer, stock feed, re
pairs on buildings, except his dwelling;
repairs of fences and farra machinery,
materials and small tools for Imraedl
The amount of rent paid for a farm
may also be claimed as a tenant farm
Payments $or live stock are allowa
ble if bought for resale. But If bought
for breeding purposes cattle are an In
vestment, noi an expense, and cannot
A storekeeper can claim amounts
paid for advertising, clerk hire, tele
phone, water, light and fuel, also dray
age and freight bills and cost of op
erating and repairing wagons and
A physician can claim cost of his
professional supplies, rent, office help,
telephone, expense of team or automo
bile used In making professional calls
and expenses attending medical con
A dentist can claim similar Items,
except team or auto expense, which
are not necessary In his profession.
Expenses that are personal or con
nected In any way with the support or
well being of a person or family are
The costs of machines, Instruments,
vehicles or Implements that are more
or less permanent In character are not
Allowable as an expense. They are in
Interest paid on a mortgage or other
personal Indebtedness Is allowable on
a personal return.
All taxes paid within the year can
be taken out on a federal return, ex
cept federal Income taxes, Inheritance
taxes and assessments for local Im
Losses sustained In business or
through fire, storm or shipwreck or by
theft, except when compensated by In
surance or otherwise.
Wear and tear of rented buildings or
machinery used In business may be
You can also claim the amount paid
to the Red Cross and to other charita
ble, reL'.gious or educational organiza
tion to the extent of lo per cent, of
your net Income,
Full and Running Over"
Farmers of Georgia and South Carolina:
The most important question before America to-day
is the PRODUCTION OF FOOD AND FEED necessary
to carrying on the war, the feeding of our armies and
the feeding of the armies of the Allies,
We have proudly boasted that Imperial Georgia and
South Carolina might be cut off from all the rest of
the world and they could still supply their own needs.
But we have not been feeding ourselves-by half.
Now, the United States Government calls on us to
make good; to raise enough food for ourselves to as
sist in feeding the armies of our Allies and the wives
and children of our aliied troops who are holding the
trenches waiting for American re-inforcements, who
have been facing death for three years and sacrific
ing their all that they, as well as AMERICANS, MAY
CONTINUE TO ENJOY THE BLESSINGS OF LIBERTY
OF THOUGHT, WORD AND ACTION.
The Allies entered 1918 with a food supply smaller
than at any time since the war began. The crops of
Europe will be short this year than ever. It is up to
America, and it is up to the SOUTH.
The Food Administration may draw an iron ring
around the South another year. Do you want to face
starvation like Europe is faciug it, and go hungry
while your pockets jingle with gola; or do you want
to share gloriously in this war for Liberty?
History records no instance in which the South has
failed to do her share. For God's sake let history
repeat itself now. You farmers of the South, forget
yourself and put your heart and soul in winning this
war. No one has a greater opportunity than you.
Plant food, food, food!
Let your slogan be: "Food and feed
stuff, full and running over."
Augusta Cotton Exchange