Newspaper Page Text
Food Administration Outlines
Policy to Meet Desperate
The National Food Administration is
anxious to impress tte message of
conservation to the utmost. The peo
ple of the country at large do not ap
preciate the demand, for wheat. The
Food Administration at Washington
has stressed the situation in this na
tion wide proclamation:
"If we are to furnish the alMes with
the necessary proportion of wheat to
maintain their war bread from now
until the next harvest, ana this is a
military necessity, we must reduce
our monthly consumption to twenty
one million bushels a month as against
our normal consumption of about for
ty-two million bushels or fifty per cent
of our normal consumption, reserving
a margin for distribution to the army
and for special cases, leaves for gen
eral consumption approximately one
and one-half pounds of wheat products
weekly per person. Many of our cus
tomers are dependent upon bakers'
bread, such bread must be durable,
and therefore requires a larger pro
portion of wheat products than cereals
baked in the household. Our army
and nary require* a full allowance.
The weU to do in oar population can
make greater sacrifices In the con
sumption of wheat products than can I
the poor. To effect the needed sar- '
ings of wheat, we are wholly deepnd
ent npon the voluntary assistance of
the American people, and we do aBk
that the following rules be observed:
"First, householders to use not to
exceed a total of one and one-half
pounds per week of wheat products
per person.This mesas not more than
one and three-fourths pounda of Vic
tory bread containing the required
percentage of substitutes and about I
one-half pound of cooking flour, maca
roni, crackers, pastry, pies, cakeB,
wheat breakfast cereals all com
"Second, public eating houses and
clubs to observe two wheatless days
per week, Monday and Wednesday, as
at present. In addition thereto not to j
serve in the aggregate total of more
breadstuffs, macaroni, crackers, pas- '
try, pies, cakes, wheat breakfast ce
reals, containing a total of more than !
two ounces of wheat flour to any one i
guest at any one meal. No wheat |
products to be served unless espe- j
cially ordered. Public eating estab-1
Ushments not to buy more than six ;
pounds of wheat products per month I
per guest thus conforming with lim- j
itations requested of the house- j
"Third, retailers to sell not more |
than one-eighth of a barrel of flour to |
any town customer at any one time
and not more than one-quarter of a
barrel to any country customer at any
one time, and in no case to sell wheat
products without sale of an equal
weight of other cereals.
"Fourth, we ask the bakers and gro
cers to reduce the volume of Victory
bread sold, by delivery of the three
quarter pound loaf where one pound
was sold heretofore, and correspond
ing proportions in other weights. We
also ask bakers not to increase the
amount of their wheat flour purchas
ed beyond seventy per cont of the
average monthly amount purchased in
the four months prior to March first.
"Fifth, manufacturers using wheat
products f r non-food purposes should
cease such use entirely.
"Sixth, there ls no limit upon the
use of other cereals, flours, and meals,
corn, barley, buckwheat, potato flour,
etc. Many thousand families through
out the land are now using no wheat
products whatever, except a very
small amount for cooking purposes
and are doing so In perfect health and
satisfaction. There is no reason why
all of the American people who are
able to cook in their own households
cannot subsist perfectly well with the
use of less wheat products than one
and one-half pounds a week.
USE MORE IRISH POTATOES
-In Order That They Will Not Over
lap New Crop.
Columbia.-South Carolina can help
very materially now in the conserva
tion of wheat by using Irish potatoes.
The produce people report to the food
administration at Columbia that there i
are unusual quantities of excellent j
Irish potatoes on hand in this state i
for immediate use.
It is important that these Irish pota
toes bo used so that they will not over
lap into the new crop, and because
they are the best available substitute
Potatoes are universally liked. The
food administration has boen assured
that Irish potatoes can be bought at
Tery reasonable prices from all local
markets, and if they cannot be had the
food administrator at Columbia would
be please dto be advised so that any
deficient market can be supplied.
Potatoes are an acceptable substi
tute for bread. A pound of baked
potatoes is equal in nutritive value to
aeren ounces of bread. Use the per
sonable potato as a wheat and as a
brtfa? substitute. In the present food
criais all cereals are precious; they
will keep and the potatoos won't.
SUPPLIES FROM ARCTIC ZONE
Eskimo Slaughters and Allows io
Waste Many Valuable Animals,
Declares an Explorer.
It appears that the Eskimo is just
as consistent and conscientious in
killing animals as his civilized broth
er of warmer climes is in killing
mon, observes the Detroit iNews.
He kills, therefore, in the course
of the year, many more animals
than he has any use for, but as he
has no idea of an export market, he
merely throws the carcasses out to
the wolves, or lets them sink in the
"The actual amount of meat, fish,
fat, oil and leather that could be
brought in by the Eskimos is enor
mous/' says Christian Leden, who
has been an Arctic explorer for many
years. "By utilizing only the seven
tribes I visited in my last exploring
expedition, we could have 300,000
pounds of caribou meat, 300,000
pounds of caribou fat, 9,000,000
pounds of walrus meat, 12,000,000
pounds cf baluga or white whale
meat, 1,800,000 pounds of salmon,
13,800,000 pounds of oil from wal
rus, 6eal and bulaga, 3,000,000
pounds of walrus leather, 4,000,000
pounds of whale leather, 150,000
pounds of sealskins and 40,000
pounds of walrus and narwhal
This is obviously no mean addition
to the failing supplies of the tem
WAR GARDENS WERE SUCCESS
Home Vegetable Patches Yielded $35Q>
000,000 and Expected to Do Better
What about the war gardens of
1917 ? Did they amount to anything?
Did they yield any profits? Will
there be war gardens in 1918?
The national emergency food gar
den commission declares the war
gardens were a success, and gives the
greatest encouragement for next
year's war gardens.
In 1917 there were nearly 3,000,
000 gardens, aggregating 1,150,000
acres of city and town land under
cultivation. As these gardens were
tilled intensively, the products had
relatively high value, being figured
in terms of retail prices which would
have otherwise been paid for food
purchased elsewhere, it is estimated
that their yield was valued at $350,
000,000, or $17.50 per family.
The glass jar manufacturers sold
about 119,000,000 canning jars and
a survey of the household canning
in 20 typical towns throughout the
country showed that housewives used
but one new jar to over three and
one- quarter old jars already on
On this basis the housewives of the
country put up nearly 500,000,000
quart jars of vegetables and fruits,
which is believed to be three times as
much as was ever packed before.
BRITAIN'S ARMY NEEDS.
Tlie British armies in France
alone each month require 95,000 tons
of oats; 4,000,000 gallons of gaso
line, 20,000 tons of flour, 10,000,000
pounds of jam, and 75,000 tons of
hay. Ponder on these figures, writes
Isaac F. Marcosson in the Saturday
Evening Post, and you begin to real
ize that demands are written on ten
league canvases with brushes of
comet's hair !
Professor of Archeology-Did you
ever see so fine an ivory carving of
the human figure?
The Professor of Mathematics
Never. In my classes the ivory
doesn't extend below the chin. The
spines are cartilagenous.
EARLY TO RISE, QUICK TO FIGHT.
"Why do they make you soldiers
get up at 5:15 in thc morning?" in
quired the training-camp visitor.
"Because that makes us feel like
fighting," grimly responded the for
mer young man about town.
"The demands for money now
adays are simply enormous."
"Terrible, terrible! Here's the
government wanting $2,000,000,000,
and only this morning Jones asked
me to lend him a V."
"I \heard Billy had a bad smash
up when he took his fiancee out in
his automobile for a joy ride."
"Yes; even the engagement was
Just Before the
j By ALAN HINSDALE
(Copyright, 1S17, Western Newspaper Union
Before the Russian revolution thei
was no more luxurious dwelling plac
for a sovereign than the Winter Pa
ace at what was then called St. P<
tersburg. What its condition Is now
don't know, for I have not seen I
since it ceased to be the czar's res
Not long before the breaking out c
the world's war, I was a tourist In th
capital of Russia, and had letters t
the American ambassador there and t
prominent Russians. Through the en
bassy I received an invitation to a ba
at this same Winter Palace. I will nc
pause to describe the scene of spier
dor, but will mention one womar
about twenty-five, who was not onl
very beautiful, but bore on her cour
tenance the stamp of a marked spiri
within. "That woman," I said to :
friend, "interests me; I would like t
be presented to her."
"I have her acquaintance," he sale
and will introduce you with pleasr.K
This he did, but I did not find mud
comfort in the brief chat I had wit]
her. She seemed to have matters oi
her mind that prevented her maklnj
herself agreeable to an untitled strang
er from America.
There Is a story connected with he
that I will narrate. It was told me b;
the man who introduced me to her
Kaluzsky came from the same plac?
as she. In their social circle was Ste
pan Serozha, an intimate friend o:
Paul, whom Paul described to me ai
a splendid fellow, endowed with grea
patriotism. There were two girls be
tween whom he divided his attentions
One was Liza Ark&devna, a modes
country girl, the other Sonia Mikhail
off, the girl I met at the Winter Pal
ace. The latter- spent much time ii
the capital and was occasionally seer
at Imperial functions.
Paul told me that Stephan favored
Liza, and that Sonia was trying to wli
him from her. Stephan admitted thal
Sonia was secretly in favor of the rev
olutionists, and was endeavoring to en
Hst the talented Stephan in the caust
of the people. But this was confiden
tlal; Sonia was supposed to be loyal
to the government
Beyond the fact that Sonia was
Liza's rival, Liza distrusted her. Sh?
warned Stephan not only agalnsl
Sonia's influence, but against giving
himself up to association with one ol
the secret circles of revolutionists
which were to be found all over Rus
sia. Liza begged Stephan to consider
the horrors of Siberia, and the danger
he would run by identifying himself
with any move disloyal to the govern
ment "Besides," said Liza, "I am told
that no one can tell whom to trust;
one's most intimate friend may be his
One day it was announced that
Stephan and Liza weTe betrothed.
Sonia was present at the betrothal
ceremonies. She seemed not In the
least to mind having lost Stephan to
Liza and wished them both great hap
piness. In doing so she kissed Liza.
Paul who was present told me that
when this salute was given, he judged
from the way Liza received lt that she
considered it a Judas kiss. At any
rate she seemed turned to ice.
About a week after this Stephan
disappeared. It was not feared by his
friends that he had been made away
with by the government, for he had
not-so he had assured Liza-commit
ted any disloyal act, having promised
her that he would not do so. Time
passed and nothing was heard of the
missing man. At last it was reported
by one who knew him that, he bid seen
Stephan in shackles on his way to Si
About this time Sonia was placed
under arrest by the government ac
cused of being a member of a revolu
tionary circle. She had strong friends
at court and it was said that they se
cured her release. At any rafe after
being held some time her friends ex
pecting every day that she would be
sent to Siberia she was let out of
prison and restored to favor. It was
not long after this that I saw her at
the Winter Palace. Paul and I were
leaving the palace when she passed
out to enter her auto to be driven
away to her apartments. I went to
Paul's home with him and over a glass
of wine and a cigar he told me the
story. We little thought that we were
so near its climax.
The next day Paul called at my ho
tel and with a look of horror on his
face, told me that when Sonia's chauf
feur opened the door of her limousine
bc found her dead with a dagger in
I too was appalled but not as much
as Paul who had known the victim
My first thought was that Liza was
implicated in the murder. I suggested
it to Paul who frowned it down at
I did not receive a solution of the
mystery till after the deposition of the
czar and the release of the Siberian
prisoners. Then I heard it from Paul.
Sonia was a government spy. For
revenge upon Stephan who had turned
from her to Liza, she falsely denoun
ced him as a revolutionist. Her ar
rest was a blind. A circle of revolu
tionists to which she belonged and
whose secrets she was giving the gov
ernment, learning of her treachery ap
pointed one of its number to dispatch
Stephan being freed from Siberia re
joined his betrothed,
WELL SUPPLIED WITH
We desire to inform the
farmers of Edgefield county
that we have on hand ready
for delivery all brands and
formulas made by the Vir
ginia-Carolina Chemical Co.
Also a full supply of the
"Quality Line of Fertilizers"
made by Coe-Mortimer & Co.
Before making your fertil
izer contracts for 1918 call to
We can also supply you
with meal and 16 per cent,
acid for mixing your own
fertilizers at home.
w. w. ADAMS & co.
-F o r
J. T. HARLING
Bank of Edgefield, S. C.
The Besr Hot Weather Tonic
GROVE'S TASTEI.ESSchill TON IC enriches tht
blood, buifds up thc whole system and will won
derfully strengthen and fortify you to withstand
the depressing effect of the ho? summer. 50c.
I take this'means of letting the
people know that I have re-opened
my pressing club, and will appre
ciate their patronage. I am better
prepared than ever to clean and
press all kinds of garments, both
for ladies and gentlemen. All vvork
guaranteed. Let me know when
you have work and I will send for
it and make prompt delivery.
S Used 40 Years
Die Woman's Tonic
?) Sold Everywhere Q
? ... *
WT Ff11)" Si TP The Best Tonic,
?"?^rFin O MikI ' dative
BITTERS) Family Medicine.
You are invited to come in and see
our beautiful assortment of shirts. AVe
sell the celebrated Eclipse shirts, the
best on the market for the money.
Large assortment to select from.
Our Spring Oxfords-both the cele
brated Crossett Oxfords and the Selz
Schwab Oxfords-are arriving*. Come
in and let us fit you.
Every department is being filled
with new spring goods.
DORN & MIMS