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MATING AND BREEDING PLAN
Quality and Not Quantity Counts
These Days-Bigger Returns Se
cured From Small Flock.
As quality and not quantity, is what
counts these days, it will pay better
to hatch a small number of chicks
from the best fowls In the flock, than
it will to hatch a large number from
ordinary stock. A great many make
the mistake of trying to keep too
many fowls in their breeding yards,
In order to keep a good stock of lay
ers on hand. A small flock that has
Barred Plymouth Rock Cockerel.
been culled, and you know to be good
stuff, will bring larger returns in the
It ls very important to look after
the ages of the fowls to be mated. As
a rule cockerels are mated to hens,
and cocks to pullets. This is all right,
yet one can get good results by mat
ing fowls of the same age, provided
they are well matured. It ls never
advisable to mate pullets with cock
erels. A male bird two years of age
Twelve to 14 hens should be mated
with one male for best results. It is
sometimes the case that a male may
be mated with a larger number of hens
with good results, but it Is risky to
You should be sure that you have a
good male bird at the head of your
flock. If the male Is strong and vig
orous at all times, yon will at least,
be half certain of strong eggs for
PROFITS IN EGGS PRODUCTION
Experimental Results at Indiana Sta-!
tion Show That There ls Money
in the Business.
Considerable attention has been
given to the present lack of profit in
PCE production. But data gathered by
the Purdue Experiment station show
that there has been a pood profit dur
ing the past year, despite the high
prices of feeds.
Experimental results at that station
have shown that it takes six pounds of
.mixed feeds to produce a dozen eggs
on the farm. On this basis, with local
grain prices, it cost 9.0 cents for feed
to produce a dozen eggs in 1914-15;
9.3 cents In 1910-16. and J.O.7 cents in
3916-17. During the same periods the
average income per dozen eggs was
18.1 cents. 20.2 cents and 30.4 cents re
spectively. This means a profit over
feed cost of 8.? cents in the first-named
period ; 10.9 cents in the second, and
14.G cents in the third, or during the
Doesn't It look like there's still a
profit in producing eggs on the farra?
CANKER INDICATIVE OF COLD
Also Results From Injuries Received
Fighting-Plan for Treatment
While canker is usually indicative of
a cold, it is also the result of injury.
When male birds have reen fighting,
cankers are likely to form from Injury j
to the mouth. Germs get rooted in
these wounds and set up ulcerating
sores. Digestive disorders will cause
canker. Look to the diet of birds that
are affected ; clean out the cankers j
and apply pure soda, or creolln, if at
hand Make a swab of cotton on a j
toothpick, and touch every spot of the j
sore. Peroxide of hydrogen, diluted
with an equal amount of water, will
cleanse. The sore should then be
touched with carbolized vaseline.
KEEP POULTRY HOUSES DRY
Difficult Matter When Outside Is Fair
ly Reeking With Moisture
Change Litter Often.
When the outside ls fairly reeking
with moisture it Is difficult to keep the
Inside of the poultry quarters from
dampness. By changing the litter
often and providing ventilation enough
to carry oft* all the foul air. the fowls
can be fcept reasonably comfortable,
and it is a relief to know that this
fciud of weather cacnot last always.
Edgefield County Pension Roll
J. L. Covar, Edgefield; Whitfield
Glauzier, Edgefield; J. A. Lanier,
Franklin; W. L. Nicholson, John
ston; W. C. Hart, Edgefield; W. L.
J. H. Co sey, Collier; W. M. Cor
ley, Cleora; S. W. Prince, Modoc.
Class C, No. 1.
G. W. Broadwater, Cleora; W. A.
Cartledge, Modoc; J. A. Stevens,
Colliers; T. C. Strom, Edgefield;
W. E. Timmerman, Edgefield; J. M.
Turner, Johnston; M. C. Whitlock,
Class C, No. 2.
G. M. Boswell, Edgefield; T. J.
Booth, Trenton; J. 0.s Carpenter,
Trenton; J. W. Collins, Cold Spring;
J. P. Cullum, Trenton; H. W. Do
bey, Johnston; J. E. Doolittle, Reho
both; H. W. Eubanks, Franklin; D.
E. Gibson, Johnston; J. P. Hagood,
Pleasant Lane; J. W. Hester, John
ston; O. W. Lanier, Rehoboth; G.
W. Mathis, Cold Spring; J. C. May
son, Cleora; W. T. McManus, Meet
ing Street George Ouzts, Johnston;
G. G. Pardue, Trenton; J. P. Rikard,
Wards; J. W. Synons, Johnston;
, Jacob Smith, Edgefield; G. W.
Vance, Red Hill.
Class C, No. 3.
Ann Randall, Johnston.
Class C, No. 4.
Bettie J. Adams; M. A. Bartley,
Edgefield; Sallie V. Bunch, Poverty
Hill; M. J. Burton, Pleasant Lane;
J. J. Bryant, Trenton; H. E. Carpen
ter, Trenton; Melissa Carpenter,
Johnston; Emmeline Cartledge,
Edgefield; Kate Crouch, Trenton; S.
A. Denny, Johnston; Ann Doolittle,
Modoc; Mally Dorn, Edgefield; Vi
cey Dorn, Edgefield; Cornelia ' F.
Glover, Edgefield; Virginia C. Gil
christ, Rehoboth; Sallie Gray, Edge
field; Nannie S. Griffin, Edgefield;
Eliza Hamilton, Plum Branch; Sai
dee J. Hill, Edgefield; Frances
Holmes, Edgefield; Sarah A. Holmes,
Modoc; M. C. Hughey, Rehoboth; L.
E. Langley, Longmires; Virginia C.
Lott, Johnston; Emma Mayson, Cle
ora; M. L. Mayson, Cleora; Lucinda
Minor, Edgefield; Nannie A. Moul
trie; Fannie Murphy, Trenton; E. B.
McClendon, Chavis; Lucinda Mc
Clendon, Cold Spring; Ella McCul
lough, Edgefield; Ida T. Nicholson,
Edgefield; Elizabeth Ouzts, Meet
ing Street; Jane E. Ouzts, Edgefield;
Mary G. Pardue, Collier; Zella A.
Paul, Edgefield; Carrie Ransom,
Edgefield; Emmeline Ripley, John
ston; Mrs. A. B. Roper, Edgefield;
A. E. Seigler, Rehoboth; Susannah
Stevens, Elmwood; Mary Strom,
Cleora; Sarah Timmerman, Cleora;
Sarah Ann Turner, Johnston; Lucin
da White, Plum Branch; M. A. H.
Williams, Chavis; Narcissa Williams,
Johnston; J. A. White, Edgefield;
Mary C. Waters, Johnston; Sarah
Wood, Edgefield; Ann Whitlock,
Meaning of the Colors.
How many people can tell what is
the significance in their entirety of
the red, white and blue of the
American tiapr the national colors?
It is. of course, generally under
stood that one star represents eaeb
state included in the Union and
that the first flag contained 13 stars,
representing 13 original states. The
designers of the American emblem
had intended that the red stripes
represent the blood-shed necessary
to establish us as a nation. The
white is indicative of the pnrity'.of
our constitution and our form of
government. The blue is symboli
cal of the clear dome of headen,
wherein are set the stars of the
Union and under which all pao pl ex,
regardless of race, color or religion,
may breathe the air of freedom. It
is the unconquerable flag of the
Early Destruction of Stalks Destroys
Food cf Insects and Their Hi
In all cotton sections where the boll
weevil ls present farmers should gath
er the cotton crop as rapidly as possi
ble in order that vhe fields may be
cleaned up and the stalks destroyed.
Early destruction of stalks serves two
purposes-lt destroys the food of the
fall crop of weevils and it destroys
the hibernating places. Where possi
ble cut the stalks after the crop is
harvested and plow them under, mak
ing sure to cover all the stalks com
pletely. If tbs farmer has not suffi
cient team power to do this the safest
plun is to burn the stalks.
HEN RECORDS ARE VALUABLE
Not Possible to Tell When Fowls Are
Worth Keeping or When Not With
out Something to Go By.
It may not be possible .to tell when
hens are worth keeping and when they
should not be sold. In fact this will
be impossible unless records are kept.
But no chances should be taken on
very old hens or hens that have never
shown their worth as layers. It will
be safer to keep pullets.
Only Those Redeemed by the
Blood of Christ Can Enjoy
Thia has been the uppermost topic
in my mind, and my constant medita
tion, and the theme of several Bible
studies, during these past summer
days, and I can think of nothing so
glorious while we sojourn In these mor
tal bodies. Such a life Is the privilege
of every true believer, and gives a fore
taste of heaven even here on earth.
We cannot begin this walk, this heav
enly life, till we are redeemed for the
spirit through Micah, when he exhorts
to do justly, love mercy and humble
ourselves to walk with God, is speak
ing to those who had been redeemed,
Micah 6:4, 8. It is impossible for
those who are not redeemed by the
precious blood of Jesus Christ, as
Israel was saved from death by the !
blood of the Passover lamb in Egypt,
to walk one step with God. It is the
height of folly and unbelief to think
or talk of serving God, or worshiping
him, or holding communion with him,
unless we have been born from above
and become children of God by faith
in Christ Jesus. The sad thing is that
so few of his redeemed ones seem to
want to walk with him, for it is so
costly, and the way ls so narrow, yet he
is ever looking and longing for such,
that he may show himself strong on
their behalf, and be glorified in them,
II Chron. 16:9. It ls written of Enoch,
Noah and Levi, that they walked with
God, Genesis 5:24 ; 6:9 ; Mal. 2:6 ; but
If we consider the cost of it to each of
them, and that the whole world still
Heth in the evil one, the prince and
god of this world, and that fellowship
with the world means enmity with*
God (I John 5:19, R. V.; John 14;80;
II Cor. 4:4 ; James 4:4), lt may help us
to understand why, though many are
called, few are willing to be his choice
ones. It means constant living with
him, walking as he walked, walking in
love, much study of his purpose as re
vealed through the prophets, full
agreement with him about everything
and every detail of his plans, no will
of our own about anything, sincere and
continual abandonment of our whole
being to him, that he may work in us
to will and to do all his good pleas
ure, and that we desire In all things
and at all times only his approval (I
Thess. 5:10; I John 2:6; Eph. 5:1;
Luke 24:25; Amos 3:3, 7; John 6:38;
8:50; Romans 7:1. 2; Phil. 2:13; I
Thess. 2:4). It Implies patient con
tinuance in well-doing till absent from
the body or caught up to meet him In
the air. not thinking of any set time en
which he may come, but wholly occu
pied with himself, rind ready to fill any
appointment of service or suffering If
only he may be glorified in us.-Rev.
D. M. Stearns in Kingdom Tidings.
yOW TO LOVE IN GOD'S WAY
The Infinite Everlasting Never Falling
Love of God ls Our Perfect
Love that dependo on circumstances '
Is not love. Love that grows deeper
and better under the loved one's re
sponse is not love. Perfect love, so
perfect that It cannot be improved up
on, alone is real love. God loves us
with that unimprovably perfect love;
nnd we can love others with the same
love. To have God's own actual life
as our literal life Is the secret; and
God's perfect love offers to us his only
son Christ who is God, to be not only
our Savior but our life and our love.
When we accept God'9 gift in entire
faith in him, then "God abideth In us.
and his love Is perfected in us" (I !
John 4:12). H. G. Guinness has de-j
scribed this perfect and perfected j
love : "There is therefore a love which
ls infinite In its measure! There Is a
love which is everlasting in its dura- j
tion ; which is omnipotent In its power,
which is unchangeable In Its character,
which Is all pervading in its presence,
which pnsseth knowledge ! There is a j
love which has creation for its theater, j
earth for its footstool, Heaven for its ;
chief abode, its everlasting home! Of j
all created love it is the source, and of j
all blessings it is the giver !" And it ls i
with exactly this supernatural love |
Hint God asks and enables us to love ]
others,-"because as he is, even so are
we in this world" (I John 4:17).-S.
If I must force myself to do a thing, 1
then I am only partly adjusted to my
true self. The ultimate will or law
of tho universe Is harmony. There ls
a way of thinking, a way of doing and
being, which will spare us the fric
tion of life-an easiest, happiest way.
. . . But, just because it Is the
easiest and simplest way, it Is the
hardest to find, and the one which man
ls slowest to adopt; for It calls upon
each Individual soul to do the hardest
possible deed; namely, to conquer self,
t? ?et go, to trust, to become recep
tive.-Horatio W. Dresser.
The Spiritual Attitude.
Nothing is so Important as the for
mation of spiritual habits. Practice
daily and hourly the presence of God,
so that you can at all times hear his
voice speaking to you and through you.
-E. V. H.
Momentum of Power.
Only those who are lifted up from
the earth draw men unto them. The
world is possessed by those who are
?iot possessed by lt. ?Tut momentum
of love Ts" the source of power.-Fran
ks G. Peabody.
We invite our fr
ff goods in every depi
? and other shipment
We invite the la
j the prettiest we ha
! fore the tremendom
Too many new tl
Next to Farmen
FEEDS FOR (DAIRYING
High Prices ?ause Farmers and
Owners to Hesitate.
Kafir, Silage and Alfalfa Hay Make
Nearly Balanced Ration for Cows
-Grain Needed for Heavy
(By A. C. BAER, Department of Dairy
ing, Oklahoma A. and M. College, Still
Farmers nnd owners of dalry cows
are lamenting over the high price of
feeds, and are wondering If there Is
any profit In dairying under these con
ditions. The farmer cannot do any
thing more patriotic than to keep the
cows. The nation nnd the state need
dairy products-the host of nil foods.
Cows cnn be profitnhly kept even at
present high prices of feeds. Knfir,
silage and alfalfa hay make nearly a
balanced ration for dairy cows. One
ton of alfalfa hay per cow, along with
good silage, should keep her in milk
flow until the pastures are again avail
Many dairymen are grinding up al
falfa hay and feeding lt instend of
Heavy milk producers should have
some grain, but cows can be fed less
grain if some form of legume hay ls
National necessity requires that milk
production must be maintained or the
necessary food for our nation will not
The prices received by farmers for
butterfat and milk are comparatively
as high as the price of fped. and dairy
ing is almost as profitable ns it ever
Dairviup, or the keeping of cows, has
many advantages to the fanner. It af
fords a steady cash income throughout
the year, and it keeps all labor on the
farm profitably employed. It ennbles
the fanner to utilize much roush feed
material which otherwise would find
ny market. Dairying helps to provide
manure for other crops. Most of tho
talk about dairying not being profit
able at present prices of feed Is net
based on fact.
Dairy fanners should prepare to
grow their own cow feeds, riant al
falfa or cowpeas or soy beans. Build
a silo and fill it with com or kafir, and
the feeding problem is solved. High
priced grains need not be fed In large
FIX CHICKENS FOR MARKETS
Best to Dry Pick Where Shipment Is
Long Distance-Sell Scalded
Fowls Near Home.
Dressed poultry for long-distance
shipments had best be dry-picked, but
for near-by markets or home consump
tion scalding is perfectly proper. In
fact, scalded birds sell best to home
The water must be as near the boil
ing point as possible, without boiling.
Care must bc taken In scalding. The
legs should first be dry-picked, so that
it will be necessary to immerse them
in hot water, which would change their
color nnd cause them to lose their
brightness. Neither thc head nor the
feet should touch water. If the hend
ls allowed to get in hot water it will
present a sickly appearance.
The market generally accepts fowls
that are either scalded or dry-picked,
I with the exception of broilers; with
tue latter, dry-picking alone is allow
able. Scalding nlso increnses the tend
ency to decay. It ls claimed that scald
ed fat fowls do not cook so well as If
DR J.S. BYRD,
OFFICE OVER POSTOFFICE
Residence 'Phone 17-R.
iends to come in and see our pretty spring ?
tient of Slippers and Oxfords just received, |
;s arriving several times a week.
dies in to see our beautiful Silk Dresses,
ve ever offered. . They were bought be- ?
s rise in price, and are marked very low.
lings to mention them all. Come in and
5 Bank Edgeheld, S. C.
The people who get the greatest
K amount of good out of their telephone
are those who talk over it as though face
Courtesy smooths out difficulties and
promotes the promptest possible connec
The operators of the BELL System
are trained to be patient and polite under
all circumstances, but they will do better
work if they meet with patience and
politeness on the part of the telephone
The fact that you cannot see the
operator or the other party should not
cause you to overlook this. The best
results come through the practice of
The voice wiih ihr smile wins
SOUTHERN BELL TELEPHONE
AND TELEGRAPH COMPANY vi
J. J. Eoach, Manager, Aiken, S. 0.
BARRETT & COMPANY
Augusta - Georgia
Large Stock of
Jewelry to Select rom
We invite our Edgefield friends to visit our store
when in Augusta. We have the largest stock of
of all kinds that we have ever shown. It will be a pleasure to
show you through our stock. Every department is constantly re
plenished with the newest designs.
We call especial attention to our repairing department, which
has every improvement. Your watch or clock made as good as
new. Work ready for delivery in a short time.
A. J. Renkl
980 Broad St. Augusta, Ga.