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TO AVOID HAZARDS BY FIRE
Right Kind of Construction and Effi
cient Inspection Will Prevent
Much Damage, Says Engineer.
..Proper methods of construction and
efficient building inspection will pre
vent a very large proportion of tho
fires which annually do so rpnch dorn?
og? in American cities," says R. S.
Whiring, an architectural engineer,
.who has made a compilation und care
ful study of more than 200 building
codes. Whiting ?urns up bis ceo elu
"The allowance of ten feet between
buildings in uncongested districts is
about the average fourni in building
codes, although a greater distance is
advisable and often specified, end ia
some eases the spot? ls increased^ to
30 fest or more. If an ordinance Uro
fttng the distance Between buildings
bad been provided tn the bnOdlng code
of Atlanta, Ga., the eonftagration of
May 21, 1917, might tease resal ted not
so disastrously. It is next to impose
Bible for firemen- to fight a fire satis
factorily between two burning build
ings if the space between them is not
wide enough for two persons to pass
* comJartaNy, which seems to have been
the case In Atlanta.
The width of building lots bra mat
ter that should be carefully thought
out and regulated by local authorities,
and especially In a congested dwelling
house district, and should not be per
mitted less than 85 feet; better Still,
platted with a width of from 40 to 50
feet, thus allowing liberal space on
each side of* every dwelling.
"Buildings such as public garages,
oil houses and refineries, rendering
plants, varnish works, etc, as well as
buildings used for the storage or han
dling of large quantities of combust
ible material, whether of fire resistive
or non-fire resistive construction,
should be erected only in isolated loca
tions, where their contents cannot be
considered as a fire hazard for adjoin
ing or nearby buildings."
FEARED NEW QUARTER BOGUS
Com of Recent Vintage Caused Balti
more Business House - to Make
In the future Uncle Sam should cer
tainly notify Baltimore in advance
when he is going to spring a new coln,
for the appearance of a new quarter
of the vintage of 1917, which differs
sQghtly from the first issue, bas
caused anxiety to a number of good
Bal?moreans becaase they thought
they were "stung." Eui DOTS that conn*
terfotters were flooding the-city with
..phony" raooey nerurafly followed?
states the Baltimore Evening Sun.
The new coin arrived unannounced
and it was not lom; before experts no
ticed the slight difference between lt
and the first Issue of the?1917 quarter,
and then they got busy. The most per
sistent rumor was that counterfeiters
were plying their trade in Baltimore
and that many of fhe large business
houses, the United Railways and the
publie in general had been "caught"
for hundreds of dellars. On the old
quarter there are nc stars under the
eagle, while on the now coin there are
three. There are s-ven stars on one
side of the eagle and six on the other
on thc coins of the first issue, while
the bird on the new coin is flanked by
only five stars on each side with three
underneath. Tho milling on the new
coin is different from the old and the
"In God We Trust" on the one ls much
larger than on the other.
The 8ubtreasury has had a number
of inquiries about the coin, and a half
dczeii banks which were consulted had
also been asked to express an opinion
as to whether it was good or not, uud
they all vouch for it. The whole trou
ble seems to be that the new coin was
sprung on Baltimore without notice.
The Life of the Skyscraper.
Builders and men of allied interests j
are discussing again the question of I
the lifetime of the modern skyscraper. |
When a symposium on this subject
was published along ir 1905 there
still were in ?the foreground some "Ifs"
of corrosion, vibration and electro
lysis as affecting steel frames. Never
theless, estimates of durability ranged
from 5,000 years TO a vague '.forever."
Today sees the old "Ifs" happily
disposed of, says a writer. Tall
structures torn down after a decade or
more of service have revealed their
proieeted steel work as good as new.
But the very act through which this
reassuring condition bas boen made
known has shown forth the real, lurk
ing enemy of the towering etty edifice.
The foe of the modern skyscraper ls
the more modern skyscraper. And the
prophet ls justified who, In the 1905
symposium, merely said for the roany
storied structure that lt would last "a8
long as we want it to."
Master and Servar.f.
lt is held to be the duty ^f a master
to see that the number of servants en
gaged on any particular work is suffi
cient to secure the reasonable safety
of each one of them, rn Wallace V. Tre
mont & G. R. Co., L. R. A. 1917D, 959,
which further holds that the duty of
a master to furnish proper tools, appli
ances abd a safe place, embraces hu
man Instrumentalities and mechanical
INFLUENCE OF REALTY MEN
Dealer's Point of View May Be of
Much Benefit to Cfty or Town,
According to an Expert.
Henry Turnor Bailey, dean of the
Cleveland School of Art, aroused wide
comment by a- recent address before
the Cleveland real ?t?te board. On
some architectural oddities-wltfch he
named-his comment was caustic. His
suggestions Were constructive as well
as critical. Excerpts from the talK
"The real estate man's inflnenee
Tinon tho city's ftftnre ls immense.
Whether that Influen?a is good or bad
depends upon the real estate men's
point- of view.
"If ho hua a narrowly selfish ideal tte
win crowd Ma land with shacks, put
up by tibe cheapest bwilder he can find.
Urns adding to the ugGness of the City
and its dangore, phjisieai and moral.
Or. he will bulS? apartment houses
with no arcfrftoc&wil beauty, and still
further handicap the future. Jacob
Rite used to ac y that his long experi
ence had led him to the point where
he could Affirm with positive assur
ance. Tites saith the Lord, thou shatt
hare hut'one iamfly under ooo PCOST"
To Moteture-Proof Brick Walls.
The following sooting for rough
brick waite is used by the United
States government for painting light
1 houses, and it effectually prevents
moisture from str-lkisg through :
Take of fresh Rosendale cement,
three parts, and of si can, fine sand,
one part; mix with fresh water thor
oughly.. This gives a gray or granite
color, dark or light, according to the
color of the cement. If brick color is
desired, add enough Venetian red to
the mixture to produce the color. If
a very light color is desired, lime may
be used with the cement and sand.
Care must bc token to have all the in
gredients weH mksed together. In apply
ing the wash, the wall must be wet with
dean fresh water; then follow imme
(Bateiy vritn the cement wash. This
prevents the brisks from absorbing the
water from the wash too rapidly, and
gives rime for the cement to set. The
wash must be weH stirred during the
application. The mixture is to be
made as thick BS can ba applied con
veniently with-a whitewash bruah. It
ls admirably suited for brickwork,
fences, etc., but it cannot be used to
advantage over paint whitewash.
True Child of the Wild.
?Summer or winter there ls no mis
taking the arboreal individuality, the
unique personality of lady beech. Ber
very independence and originality have
generally excluded her from parks a od
improved estates and all places where
nature is bent and broken by the two
by-four rules of ort and artificiality.
She is a true child cf tue wild. Given
her own way she is one of the best
of friends. At all seasons she Invites
amicable intimacy and rewards all her
woodland acquaintances. But best of
all is ber winter mood, when almost
alone among the syswn sisterhood she
stands clad and-seemly, with summer's
voice liagering In her boughs and
warm kindliness sounding in the music
of her crinkled bangles.-Exchange.
Weither 8? Long-Staple Cotton.
A lot of 60 odd bales sold at John
ston last week fer 40 cents. A few
bushels of RPP?? unsold-?2.00 a
bushel, cash with order.
P. N. Lott, Johnston, S. C.
We have some 1 arley flour, you
can buy without substitutes. Use it
and save wheat for our soldiers.
L. T. May.
DELICIOUS CORN MUFFINS.
Hebe's ap. oki ia&Moued recipe for
.evo mtrfrlrts (hot OAS F???rrt?y been
aevtaed and med -n-itti mxuiswl success
m ?weTal of t?te Karger Na'w ?*ylf b?
tele: To make three arid a naif d?z?n
nxrfkiB tai? one cjnst mUft, six ouiwes
butter substitute, twohft wrtwes of
ttgji* syrup o> boaejs fb?'r.eggs, pine:h
of sait, two otroves baking powder,
ooo and a half pounds .opoimml- and
one and a BaJf pounds tye flouts. The
butter ?od cyrop sho?d? ft? *ho?o?ghly
mixed ; then adfi tho e??S ercidm?rv.
Pour In the milk and add the ?ye nour
mined wiife .owwoeal arid baki?g pow
GEO. F. IfllfS
0 ? T O M B T R ?S T
Eyes examined anc g.??ses fitted
?nly when necessary. Optical
work of al) kinds.
EDGEFIELD, S. C.
-F o r
J. T. HARLING
Bank of Edgefieid, S. C.
I take this?means of letting the
people know that I have re-opened
my pressing club, and will appre
ciate their patronage. I am better
prepared than ever to clean and
press all kinds of garments, both
for ladies and gentlemen. All work
guaranteed. Let me know when
you have work and I will send for
it and m?ke prompt delivery.
Sheppard Building Down Stairs
WELL SUPPLIED WITH
We desire to inform the
farmers of Edgefield county
that we have on hand ready
for delivery all brands and
formulas made by the Vir
ginia-Carolina Chemical Co.
Also a full supply of the
"Quality Line of Fertilizers"
made by Coe-Mortimer & Co.
Before making your fertil
izer contracts for 1918 call to
?/e can also supply you
-with meal and 16 per cent,
acid for mixing your own
fertilizers at home.
w. w. ADAMS & co.
Notice to Stock
My Jack will make the season at
V/n. Allen Mobley's farm, west-end
f Edisto street, Johnston, S. C.
ervice fee $15.00 insuring; mare to
et with foal. Five dollars p?ya
le when mare is bred, and the bal
nce when colt is foaled. Notes or
ontraets for deferred payments
mst be given. Not liable should
B. T. Boatwright
Phone No. 12-7 W
For Sale, Grafton
1(51 acres of good farm land, lo
cated in Edgefield County, al
Morgana, has good eight room
dwelling house, 2 good outhouses;
125 acres in cultivation; balance in
timber; bas well water and 3
springs; 2 new barns; has two good
tenants paying 2400 lbs. lint cot
ton. For terms and other informa
tion address Mrs. Jeesie Crafton,
Augusta Hotel, Broad and 5th St.,
Augusta, (4a. ?.
Price $25 per acre net.to me.
GENUINE ARNICA SALVE
I Used 40 Years
S The Woman's Tonic
Q Sold Everywhere ?
. ... .
We invite our friends to come in to see the new
spring merchandise for men und boys.
Large assortment of spring suits to select from-lat
est fabrics and newest styles.
See Our Beautiful Hats
in Straw, Panama and Felt.
Large stock of ECLIPSE Shirt. Just what you
need for thc warm weather.
See our Crossett Oxfords and our
the best and most stylish footwear on the market for the
Dorn & Mims