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TESTER MADE FROM SHOE
(Prepared by the United States Depart
ment o? Agriculture.)
As soon as a fertile egg is placed
nuder a hen, or io an Incubator, de
Telopment begins. All eggs should be
te.?ted at least twice during the period
of incubation, preferably on the sev
enth and fourteenth days, and the in
fertile eggs Mid dead germs removed.
White eggs con be tested on the fourth
or ??ih day, while the development in
eggs I avicg brown shells often cannot
be seen by the use of an ordinary egg
teeter until the seventh day. Dead
germs soon decay and give off a bad
odor If allowed to remain ..nder the
hen. Infertile eggs make good feed
for young chickens. Most incubator
companies furnish testing chimneys
with their machines which will fit ordi- ;
nary lamps. Electric or gas lamps may
bemused In a box with a hole slightly
smaller than an egg cut in the side of
the box at the sanie level as the light.
They may also be tested by sunlight,
or daylight, using a shutter or curtain
with a small hole in It for the light
to shine through.
Home-M ade Tester.
A good home-made egg tester, or
candler, can be made with a large shoe
box, <>r :my box that is large enough
to go over a lamp, by removing the
end and cutting a hole a little larger
than the size of a quarter in the bot
tom of the box, so that when it is set
HONEY REGIONS OF COUNTRY
Attention Should Be Paid to Locality
Best Adapted to Commercial
(Prepared by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
In choosing a place for commercial ;
beekeeping, attention should be paid'
to the regions best adapted to this j
industry, and it should also be remom-]
bored that not all localities within a
main region are equally valuable. The ?
chief honey regions of the United
States are (1) the white clover region!
of the Northeast; (2) the southeast-1
ern region, west of eastern Texas,
with a wide variety of nectar sources;
(3) the alfalfa recrion of the West;
(4) the mountain sage region of south
ern California, and (5) the semiarid
region of Texas and adjacent states.
In all of these regions commercial bee
keeping ls practiced extensively, and
tn all of them, too, there is room for
a great expansion of the industry as
a commercial enterprise.
In addition to these larger regions,
many more restricted areas offer spe
cial Inducements to the beekeeper. It
is possible to name here only a few
of these, simply to indicate the type
of localities in which beekeeping is :
profitable. Typical plams of restrict
ed distribution and of value for nec
tar are buckwheat, wild raspberry and
wlllowherb in the burned and rut
over forests of the North, Spanish
needle in swampy lands, heartsease or
smartweed in cornfields of the middle
West, tupelo in southern swamps, and
linden nr basswood.
The valuable honey sources of the
United States are so many that a list
would be of considerable size, and if
ali the plants from which honey bees
gather nectar were included, the list
would be formidable. From the ones
here mentioned it is evident now
even more than in normal times that
a beekeeper must examine his locality
carefully to see what honey plants are
at hand before embarking In commer
cial beekeeping. There is no difficulty
in finding suitable locations, however,
for thousands of acres of excellent
honey plants are inadequately sup
plied with bees.
RAISE DUAL-PURPOSE CATTLE
Popular With Small Farmer Who De
pends on Animals for Milk, But
ter, and Meat Supply.
The dual-purpose cattle are popu
lar with (he small farmer who keeps
but a few cattle and must depend on
them to produce all the milk and but
ter needed for the family and." at the
same time; raise calves or steers which
.will sell readily for slaughtering pur
poses. They have not been popular
with the ranchman or farmer who
gftlaga large numbers of cattle.
3 EGGS ARE FERTILE
? BOX AND COMMON LAMP.
over a kerosene lamp the hole In tht
bottom will be opposite the blase. A
hole the size of a silver dollar sboulc
be eut in the top o? the box to alk>\j
the heat to escape.
How Egge Are Teated.
The ?ffgs aro tested with the tergf
end up, so that the six? of the air eel
may be sown a? weil a? the condition
of the embryo. Tile testing shculc
take place in a dark room. The infer
tile egg when held before the small
hole with the lamp lighted inside th?
box will look perfectly clear, thc samt
as a fresh one, while a fertile egg wiH
show a small dark spot, known as the
embryo, with a mass of little blood
veins extending In nil directions, if th?
embryo is living; ff dead, and the cg*
has boon ineubated for at leastt 4(
hours, the blood settles awuy f?om th?
embryo toward the edges of the yolk
forming in some ?ist?? an irreg-uiai
circle of blood, known as a blood ring,
Eggs vary in this respect, some Know
ing only a streak o? blood. All infer
tile* eggs should be removod at the ftrsi
test. The eggs containing strong, liv
ing embryos are dark and well filles
up on the fourteenth (Lay, and show t
clear, sharp, distinct line of demarca
tion between the air colls and th?
growing embryo, while dead germ?
show only partial development, anc
lack this clear, distinct outline.
AVOID WASTE IN GOOD FOOD
Much Milk Spoils Because Kept Un
covered in Warm Kitchen -"lies
and Insects Harmful.
(Prepared by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
Important amounts of perishable
foods ?ir^ made dangerous or inedi
ble in households because they are ex
posed unnecessarily to heat, germs,
dust, dirt, or to flies and other in
Much milk spoils quickly because lt
is kept uncovered in warm kitchens.
Close observance of the doctrine
"Keep perishable food, especially
milk. cool, clean, and covered crmtinu
onsly" may make a striking diffurence
In the food bills of many families.
Tn other eases,' one or two vege
tables, beets or carrots, for instance,
not needed Immediately are thrown out
or allowed to spoil instead 0/ ?x-ing
used in soups or combination (fishes.
Fruits which could be stcwrfl and
kept are allowed to spoil. Vegetables
and fruits in Quantities often are
stored in hot, dump, and poorly ven
tilated bins and under conditions
which harton wilting, fermentation
Much food is being ruined by being
stoml whore flies or other infects, or
rats and mice can get at it. Mncfi ce
real food ks ruined because it ic not
protected against weevils or other in
SELECTING SOWS AND SOARS
Quality Has Important Bearing on
High Dressing Percentage in
(Prepared hy the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
In choosing sows and boars for
breeding, remember that quality has
an important bearing on a high dress
Evidences of quality are soft, fine,
silky hair; smooth, soft skin, free of
folds or wrinkles; bone of medium
size,- strong, and dense. The general
appearance of the pig should be smooth
and refined. These external Signs are
an indication of the quality of the
meat and of the percentage of offal
when the animal is dressed.
PLANTFOODS FOR A GARDEN
Commercial Fertilizer Enriches Soil
and Increaoes Its Produc
Commercial fertilizer may be used
to considerable advantage as a sup
plement to barnyard manure on many
garden soils. The manure supplies
some plant food and humus to make
the land mellow; the commercial
pla nt foods then enrich the soil and In
crease its productive capacity.
Appealing to the
By REV. JAMES M. GRAY, D. D.
Dean of Moody Bibi? institut??
TBXT-Oh ?rrael, return unto the Lore
thy God, for thou hast fallen by thinf
Iniquity. Ta ka with you words and turi
to the Lord; say unto him. take awaj
our Iniquity and receive us graciously; sr.
will we render unto thee the calves of om
I will heal their backsliding, I will lovi
them freely: for mine anser is turnee
1.-Backsliding In a religious sense is
.falling away from one's profession
even though it 1*
not always visible
to the eyes of men.
A Christian need
nor commit mur
der, nor theft, nor
adultery, to be a
need only exalt his
own reason above
the Word of God,
or neglect the
howse of God, or
begin to fellow
ship with the
people who do not
know God, to
make him a back
slider. Baekslwling imperils the sal'
vatron of the soul, for although the
Bible toaebe* the perseverance of the
saint? it arso teaches the perseverance
of the sinner*. While Christ teaches
that the sheep wiwin the Father hath
glvon him shall never be plucked out
of bis hand, yet the evidence that we
are bis ?heep is that we hear hi? voice
and follow him.
The backslider not only Imperils the
salvation of his soul, but also makes
havoc of his peace from day to day,
ior uloomy thoughts and self-reproach
and an uneasy coa^rtence possess him.
Tltfs must be so because even If he
doe? not doubt his salvation at the
last, he must know that the building
he is erecting on his foundation is one
of wood, hay and stubble, that cannot;
stand th? *est of the fire which ls to
try every Christian's wnrk of what
sort it is in the day of reckoning that
Tlx* backslider ls a serious menace
to other Cluristiai? and a great ob
stacle in the way of those that are
unsaved. Lord Byron is on record ns
dating his earliest feelings against
Christianity from having witnessed
how little some of its votaries were
actuated by the spirit of love they pro
fessed: and David Brainerd, the great
missionary to the American Indians,
tells how tiie savages in Delaware re
fused to listen to him because cf the
bad treatment they had received from
some who culled themselves Chris
ll.-But for the penitent backslider
there is encouragement and hope. His
is not an unpardonable offense, since
God is ever calling upon his people to
return to him on the ground of the
reconciliation which Christ made for
them on the cross. In the text he is
doing that in Israel's case, reminding
them that they had not been thrust
away by him, but that they had fallen
by their own iniquity. It was their
own fault, and yet he tells them how
they might come back, "Take with you
words," lie says, "and turn tn the
Lord." He even puts the words in
their mouths tolling them just what to
say. Tlirv are to say, "Take away in- ?|
iquity and receive us graciously." And
they are to promise him that they will
render him the praise and gratitude of
their hearts, for that really is what is
meant by "the calves of our lips."
It ic not tiie works of our se!f-right
eoiiarivoss that God desires in order to
bring about our restoration, but rather
broken and contrite hearts. Our works
will follow our words rf the latter are
siiicrre and true. In other words, God
commences where man would end. Man
wimbi wont to recall his former life lie
fore he would return to God. But God
would have him return first and then li
he will find that his former life has!?
already neon recalled.
Oh, i? there someone in whose heart\\
this touches a responsive chord?
Some Cliristian whose life has been
crusted over with the cares and pleas
ures of this world, but with whom j I
God's Spirit is now pleading! Let him j
venture wholly on the love of God in!;>
Christ who will not "quenco the sraok- ! j
lng llax r.rtr break the bruised." We
say unto him hi the language of the
prophet. "< ,me, return unto the Lord
Cor he hath torn and he will heal you; ||
he hath smitten and he will bind you '
III.-But let not this exhortation be
eoneluded without a loving word of
warning to those who are not back
slidden, but who may be. You have
stood by the sea and watched the
waves break upon the shore. For a
while they all seemed to touch the
same point. At first it was impossible
to say whether the tide was going out
or coming in. You had to watch close
ly fer a while to determine. By and
by the ebbing waters told the tale.
It is so with backsliding and back
sliders. The process of declension is
very gradual. No Christian ever sub
stituted vice for virtue by a sudden
resolution of mind. The slipping away
began underneath, while the surface
appearance remained unchanged.
Prayer became formal, the eye of faith
grew dim, self-indulgence gained
ground, and at last men could no
longer take knowledge of him that he
had beer with Jesus! Ob, watch and
pray, that ye enter not into tempta
We are making a very low price on the celebrated
FAIRBANKS-MORSE OIL Engines.
1] H. P. ut
ii H. P. at
6 H. P. at
These prices are f. o. b. factory with magneto built in
engine. Do not have to worry with batteries. Kero
sene oil is cheaper than gasoline, which affords the
cheapest power obtainable.
COME IN TO SEE US
STEWART & KERNAGHAN
Large Stock of
Jewelry to Select rom
We invite our Edgefield friends to visit our store
when in Augusta. We have the largest stock ot
AN l) SILVER WA RF.
of all kinds that we have ever shown. It will be a pleasure to
show you through our stock. Every department is constantly re
plenished with the newest designs.
We call especial attention to our repairing department, which
has every improvement. Your watch or clock made as good as
new. Work ready for delivery in a short time.
In keeping with moder? tenden
cies of architectare.
for your Fire Places, Floors aid
980 Broad St.
DR J S. BYRD,
OFFICE OVER POSTOFFICE
Residence 'Phone 17-R.
BAKING'S NEW ?SSC@VEK?
tttfil Surety Stou TQS? GOG???
i*or Weakness and Loss of Appetite
Tlic Old Standard (jrneral .trenpthening tonic,
Malaria and builds up the srstem. A mir tonie
?c.il wrc AmxUacr. l-Vir idv4t? awl cliil.l ?*o. Cf*
Only One "BROMO QUININE"
To irctthe Renuine. call for full name, LAXA
TIVE BROMO QUININE. I.ookforsinnatureof
E.W. GROVE. Cures n Cold in One Day. Stope
cough and headache, and works off cold. 25c
Youngblood's Old-Style Tin.
All grades of Metal and
American Twin Asphalt Shingles.
American Ready-Roll Roofing,
NEPONSET WALL BOARD
Roofing and Mantel Co.
625 Broad St.
The next regular teachers' exami
nation will be held Friday, fi?3y 3.
White applicants will report at
eourthouse; colored applicants at
Macedonia' school building. Work
begins at 0:30 and closes at ?:#.
W. W. FULLER,
Co. Supt. of Education.
We invite our friends to come in and see our pretty spring
goods in every department.
Beautiful assortment of Slippers and Oxfords just received,
and other shipments arriving several times a week.
We invite the ladies in to see our beautiful Silk Dresses,
the prettiest we have ever offered. They were bought be
fore the tremendous rise in price, and are marked very low.
Too many new things to mention them all. Come in and
I Next to Farmers Bank
jj j *" *
Edgefield, S. C.