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Address of Senator Til!
Delivered Before the Sta
Senator Tillman addressed
convention as follows:
Mr. President and Fellow citiz
First, allow me to thank yo
the reception you have given
haven't words sufficient to es
in fitting terms the gratitude ;
for the love and trust the peop
South Carolina have always s
after they came to know me.
I "found myself" at Bennett
in 18S5 and began to know for
purpose I had been sent int<
world. Ever since I have had
one object in life-the honor
welfare of South Carolina and
people. At first, I was distruste*
cause of my radicalism and fi
ness of speech; but the people
learned that I was not a hypo
or a liar and that they could de
. on what I told them.
I served as governor for
years. Then they sent me to the
ate, and have kept me there
since. Four years ago I bade i
well to public life and told the
pie of South Carolina I would
again ask them to re-elect me.
health was poor and ? sought to
from my labors until my time C?
But suddenly and unxpectedly
Weir with Germany was forced t:
us. Honor, patriotism, and ev
thing that men hold dear were
in jeopardy. There was nothing
us to do but fight. Under tl
changed conditions I was confror
with this question: "What is my
ty?" I knew that I held the im]
tant chairmanship of the commi
on naval affairs, and besides
won the confidence and respect
many powerful and influential r
connected with the governmi
This prestige and influence belo
ed to the State more than to
If I held to my announced purp
not to offer for re-election, t
chairmanship and all that went y
it would be lost to South Carob
After thinking it all over from
viewpoints and consulting with
friends, contrary to the expr?s:
wishes and advice of those I h
dearest-my wife and children
reached the conclusion that the le
I could do was to allow the peo
of South Carolina to decide :
themselves. Consequently, I of:
ed for re-election. I thought it v
my duty for these reasons:
Carolina's Enviable Position.
South Carolina now occupies
very enviable position in our pub
affairs. The chairmanship of t
committee on agriculture in t
house and the chairmanships of t
committee on naval affairs and t
committee on interstate coramer
in the senate are held by three
its citizens. Long service, hard wo
and high character alone can w
such high places. Occasionally "i
accident" breaks into the senat
but after six years he is always elir
inated. In the house things are som
what different, but in the main tl
same requirements there as in tl
senate obtain. In both branches <
congress men must win their spu:
and be worthy of them to contint
long to wear them.
On March Cth I made the announc
ment asking the people of South Ca:
olina to re-elect me for the fift
time-something that falls to th
lot of few men and never has falle
to the lot of a South Carolinian i
the State's history. I do not fe<
worthy of it myself, but then circun
stances and not I compel tho situatio
The senatorship belongs to the pe
pie of South Carolina and no ma:
or set of men has any right to pic!
the man to occupy it. If the majorit;
of the people want any other ma:
I want them to have him.
Recently sinister rumors began ti
be industriously circulated. Thesi
reports were whispered from ear t<
ear. Most of you have heard then
and know to what I allude. I say t(
you I have not made and I will no"
make any political deal with any mar
or set of men. I am in this race tc
stay and to win. Other stories have
been and are still being industriously
circulated. The most pitiless and
most pitiful one too, is that I am
' physically unfit and mentally unfit
and that my mind is practically gone.
My friends in various parts of the
State have written me repeatedly of
things of this sort that they have
heard. The only thing that is of any
moment now to you is whether it is
.true or false, and that is the reason
I cm here -to look you in the face
and let you see my real condition.
Even if I were able to make speech
es on "the hustings" the conditions
in Washington are such as will make
it necessary for the friends of Pres
ident Wilson and the democratic ad
ministration to remain at their post
I of duty. I feel that I ought to re
main there and I will remain there.
I In my case it ought not to be neces
sary for me to canvass the State.
For my public career and my life are
an open book and all well informed
men in South Carolina already know
it. I know I have done great work for
the State in more ways than one.
The historian will give me credit for
other things than the establishment
of Clemson and Winthrop Colleges.
I have been trying to discharge the
duties of my office to the best of
my ability both before and since I
was paralized. I believe I can do the
State more good in the senate now
than any other man it could possibly
send there. Every man at the navy
department and in the senate too,
knows that I am performing my du
ties as a senator. The secretary of
the navy's own paper, The Raleigh
News and Observer, had an editorial
on it which I will give to the press
and let the papers publish it or not,
as they see fit.
When the democrats came into
power the democratic caucus saw fit
to give the chairmanship of the com
mittee on appropriations to Senator
Martin. My friends told me the only
reason they permitted it was because
they feared the work would kill me
and I was given the committee on
naval affairs instead. Since the war
came on that committee has had as
much or more work to do than the
committee on appropriations. How I
have performed those duties the
Urges Clean Primary.
South Carolinians have never been
accustomed to seeing their elections
carried by money, and looking back
over an extended experience I do not
remember that any money was ever
used in a primary until 1904 in the
second congressional district. Since
that time I am sorry to say money
has been used more and more lavish
ly as the years have passed. The pros
titution of the primary by the pur
chase of votes ought to be stamped
out now, once and forever. It is a
cancerous growth that should be cut
up by the roots. Naturally I do not
want to be defeated in my old age
but I had rather go down in defeat
than enter upon the diabolical and
criminal business of attempting to
debauch my fellow Citizens. Such con
duct is treason.
I can justly claim to be the father
of the primary system; just as I also
claim to have compelled the democra
tic State committee to inaugurate
the county-to-county canvass. I shall
not see this destroyed if I can help
it. Blackguards have caused it to de
scend into a "mud slinging" match.
But the people should remember that
it served a good purpose in 1890
when men like Earle, Bratton and
Tillman were asking them for their
votes, and it may serve a good pur
pose again. If it is killed it will be a
bad thing for the State and enable
the newspapers too often the tools
of capitalists and corporations, to
"bamboozle" the people and deceive
This is the message I bring to my
people; the world is passing through
the greatest crisis in history. It re
quires men of wisdom and experience
as well as faith and vision to guide
the destinies of this nation. The peo
ple of South Carolina will decide
whether I for another man shall be
elected one of their senators.
As your senator now, and as chair
man of the great committee on naval
affairs of the senate I am proud to
say to you that when the test came
those of us connected with the navy
could truthfully tell our people "All
is well with the licet." It has con
voyed through the submarine zone
transports carrying more than five
hundred thousand men, and their
supplies, and this too without the loss
of a single man.
"To Hell With Hun Lovers."
Feeling as I do , with my record
of achievement in the past and with
the work I am doing now I am con
fident the people will allow me the
privilege of serving them further.
But, win or lose, I want thc voters
of this State to know exactly where
I stand on the one issue before them,
the war issue, and on this I can but
repeat what I have said before :"To
hell with all German sympathizers,
and thank God for Woodrow Wilson."
The preacher was going his night
ly round to see that all was locked up
safely, when he heard someone prowl
ing around in his barnyard. He went
cautiously forward, and soon discov
ered that it was his laborer, who had
been absent for some time with rheu
"What are you doing here this
time of night?" said the good man.
"This cold, damp air can't be good
for your rheumatism."
Doctor's orders, sir," said the
"What's that? Did he tell you fc>
grope around at night?"
"Well, no, sir, not exactly; but he
said the same thing-he ordered me
to eat chicken broth."
Use For Coffee Grounds.
The question of what to do with
the coffee grounds ha* at last been
satisfactorily answered. Just dump
them into the garden. They contain
some valuable fertilizing properties,
including a large percentage of nitro
gen and a fair amount of potassium
and phosphorus.-Popular Science
Some History of the Kaiser.
Mr. Editor: I'm going to give
you a lesson in history about the
Kaiser. If you will look at the
black cancerous growth of German
despotic imperialism during thc
present war gathered in Belgium
and Northern France, Russian Po
land and a large strip of Russian
territory which extends almost to
Petrograd (the Russian capital),
it has gobbled np Romania. Serbia,
and in its march Southward its tena
cl es have hooked in Bulgaria and
European Turkey, for yon must
remember these so-called allies are
merely German vassels, the C/.ar
of Bulgaria being a German prince
and the Sultan of Turkey a mere
profit. The tentacles of the octopus
haye crept too, into Asia minor,
reached out almost, to the Suez
cana' on the west and dug down to
the Persian gulf on the South
east. Thus the Prussian sword has
been thrust through the vitals of
Europe the belt resting on the gray
north sea and its point piercing the
very heart of Eastern Asia anu
and resting on an arm of the In
Now understand, this war is a
war of peoples against Knights, of
democracy against despotic auto
cracy. The Anglo-Saxon ide?l,
which is our ideal, is based on the
conception that the government is
the servant of the people and exists
only for their benefit. The Anglo
Saxon ideal reached its fullest ex
pression and full fruition in the
American Declaration of Indepen
dence- Our forefathers dedicated
their lives to that ideal and sealed
it with their blood. The German
ideal of government is diametrical
ly opposed to ours. There the in
dividual is the servant of the gov
ernment and exists only for the
benefit of the State-and the state
is the Kaiser and his junker aristo
crats. In Germany the State is
everything, the individual nothing,
nothing but a cog in a vast ma
chine, and oiled only so the ma
chine will run smoothly. Such in
dividual liberty as Germany enjoys
is permitted only if it does not in
terfere with the Hohenzallern inter
est and the Kaiser's devine rights.
If the German people had got the
habit the British had, and the
French got a little later, of cutting
off the heads of Kings, and ac
quired the French and British
yearning for self-government, we
should have the United States of
Europe, world democracy, and
there would be no Kaisers and no
war to-day. "From Hamburg to
Bagdad," rs the triumphant cry of
the Pan-German. Soon if this in
ternational burgler is not restrained
lie will sweep across the Suez
Canal into Africa and China, and
later on we are to be enslaved, and
then the cry will be "Hamburg to
?Jape Town, to the straits of Mag
ellan." This looks like a very big 1
world to you, but to the Gerraau :
General*staff and the Kaiser it is a
place little biger than an orange,and
they have decidid, unless you re
sist, that they will swallow it al!.
Prussia has not attempted to cancel
her intentions as regards this
Liston, if you please to what our
Ambassador Gerard, who repre
sented this Government in Germa
ny for four years, has to 6ay in his
tremendously interesting book,
"My Four Years In Germany." "l
had an audience with the Kaiser in
October, 1915. At that time he
rose, walked over to me and, put
ting his face three inches from mine
said: "Remember when this war is
over, I'll stand no nonsense from
the United States, Just bear that in
mind." On another occasion he
told Ambassador Gerard "he'd
make short work of the United
States when he got through with
Europe." Here is the Prussian
threat against the world embodied
in three brief sentences. "One
month for Fiance, one year for
England and three years for the
United States." Then liberty and
feedom were to die, Prussian hel
mets were to be put upon our heads,
and one of the Kaiser's multitudi
nous; sons placed in the White
House, and the whole bunch of us
set to working mud goose-step
ping drilling, fighting and toiling ,
for the benefit of the butcher of
J. Russell Wright.
Miller's Must Furnish Their Own
Blanks For Certificates.
To the Corn Millers of South Car
Hereafter the Food Administra
tion will not furnish millern with
miller's certificates of corn ground.
These can be printed locally or or
dered from some printing house.
We have arranged with the R. L.
Bryan Printing Company and The
State, Job Department, both of Co
lumbia, S. C. to furnish them.
Yours very truly,
Food Administrator for South Car
We were never better prepared to supply the needs
of our friends in warm weather merchandise than we
are to-day. Every department of our store is chock
full with all of the newest things of the season.
We sell the celebrated Walk-Over Shoes for Ladies
and Men. We have all of the late styles in the popular
leathers. Come in to see them.
Large stock of Clothing for Men and Boys. Come
in and let us show you through them.
We have many things in our Ladies' Ready-to-wear
Department that will be of special interest to our lady
friends. We invite them in to see these stylish creations.
In our Wash Goods Department we have just what
you need fer every member of the family. Our prices
too are very reasonable. We bought early. ' ,
Beautiful assortment of Trimmed Hats for Ladies.
Come in and let us show you through our large assort
Stylish Straw and Felt Hats for Men and Boys.
See our good values in Panamas.
Let us show you through our large stock.
We pay the highest cash prices
for guano, cotton seed meal and
oat sacks. See rae at Rubenstein's
store at Edgefield, or L. Weiner's
store at Johnston.
Just received a large line of Silk
Skirts in solid and stripes. Come
in to see them. 1. Mukashy.
Now is the time to protect your
crop from hail. I can place you in
a good company. I can also pro
tect your home with tornado insur
ance. E. J. Norris.
LOST-On Friday an Automobile
tire, 34x4 between Edgefield and
Gaines, or between Gaines and B. A.
Hunters. Tire was on rack. Reward
if returned to G. McG. Smith, Green
wood, S. C.
Cotton Seed Wanted!
If you are through planting bring
me your surplus Cotton Seed. I am
paying market price.
Also have Meal and Hulls for
J. G. ALFORD,
.^..^?UMi .^, uuammpm-Hill -----i ?? ? ? i
Farmers of Edgefield County
We take this means of announcing that we have pur
chased the stock of hardware from E. M. Andrews Fur
niture Company at 1289 Broad street, and will continue
the business at the same stand.
We invite the farmers in Edgefield county to come in to
see our large stock of Plantation Hardware. In addi
tion to plow stocks, plow gears, plow steels, harness, we
carry a full line of shop tools of all kinds.
Do you contemplate doing any painting? If so, see us
before buying your paint.
We have everything the farmer needs. See us when in
Whittle & Plunkett
1289 Broad St. Augusta, Ga.