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TRAGEDY IN BUCHANAN'S LIFE
.Recent Revelations Show Why States
man Selected No Mate to Share
President James Buchanan died r
(bachelor. The story of the tragedy
?that caused him not to marry wa.?
?brought out during the debate in th<
?house of representatives on a motiot
'to erect a monument to Buchanan ic
Washington. Gen. Isaac R. Sherwooc
?of Ohio told the story as he heard it
?from a friend of Buchanan's at thc
I White House forty years ago. .
"In his youth James Buchanan's
,'heart was won by the charms of the
"beautiful Miss Anna C. Coleman, who.
like himself, resided in Lancaster, Pa.,"
isaid General Sherwood. "They were
soon betrothed and were counted the
handsomest couple in all the country
around. Some time after the engage
ment had been announced Mr. Buchan
an was obliged to go out of town on
?a business inp. On his return he
stopped in to see a Mrs. William .Ten
.klns, who was entertaining a Miss
Gracie Hubley, daughter of General
Hubley, an officer of the revolutionary
"A gossiping young woman told Miss
Coleman of Mr. Buchanan's visit and
aroused her jealousy. On the spur of
the moment she penned an angry note
and released him from his engagement.
A short time after this incident a party
was arranged to go to Philade'phia to
.attend an opera. Miss Coleman was
included in the invitation, and on ar
riving at Philadelphia, on a plea of in
disposition, remained at the hotel. On
their return from the opera Miss Cole
man was found dead. She had killed
.herself. This broke James Buchanan's
?heart, and he never married and never
loved another woman."
EVER STAMP WHITE HORSES?
Peculiar Childish Idea Which May
Bring Back Old Days to Some
of the Readers.
The car was a long -time coming,
and a very small, dirty and joyous girl
on one roller skate confided to an In
terested bystander that there were
*TAVO white horses coming."
"I'll stamp 'era both," she added, and
proceeded to lick her thumb and jam
lt late a soiled pink palm. ?Twice over
It had to be done, with eyes fixed upon
the approaching team.
"Why stamp them?" Inquired the
"Why, don't you know? When I
stamp a hundred I'll find something.
Fouad a penny last time."
Just then the newspaper boy arrived
with his sack, and as he took the
money from the wooden bench, a
peany rolled toward the gutter. The
unkempt little figure swayed on its
Bingle skate. A frown of disapproval
followed the boy's industrious search.
While the pennies were In the bag on
the bench, they were property and to
be respected. But it was plain to any
one with eyes that a lost penny be
longed to the finder-lu the code of
the little girl.
When It was picked up and dropped
into the boy's pocket, she turned to
the syr-pathetic bystander. "Don't you
hate boys with freckles?" she asked.
"Besides, I'd only stamped 'leven.
Wait till I get 'nuther hundred."
There was a time when it was held
that a man must be especially born
for aeronautic defies. Experience has
brought ou the fact that the average
young man can make an excellent
aviator. Captain Guyncnior, Major
Bishop. Captain William Thaw, Cap
tain Ball of the Lafayette escadrille,
.and practically all the famous avia
tors were not men who Impressed any
body with being different from other
Of the thousands of allied aviators
there are probably not five hundred
men who had soen more than a few
months of military service before
joining the air service. Most of them
had never seen any military service.
In planning an organization for the
selection and training of aviators, the
aircraft boan! and the signal corps of
the United States have had to prepare
to deal entirely with men who had
uevtr seen military service, as other
countries have done.-Henry Wood
bouse in Everybody's.
Americanisms in Britain.
Lord Derby, In .ndvlsing us not to
.'get rattled." has added another word
to our war vocabulary, or, at any rate,
given an old word a new. meaning. In
this sense "rattled" is an Americanism,
and we remember readlng-an article by
?W. D. Howells some thirty years ago,
Sn which he said he was not very eas
ily rattled. Of course we have used
(the word in this country with other
Saeanlngs for many centuries; even
?Pepys relates on one occasion how he
?rattled his wife.^mt that was more in
?the nature of grumbling, while Lord
?Derby evidently intends us not to get
alarmed or excited, which ls the real
American sense of the word.-London
Phosphorescence on the Moon?
Several European observers of the
(total lunar eclipse of July 4-5, 1917.
bave reported that the brightness of the
jareaad the limb than near the center.
?These observations lead M. A. Nodon
?of Bordeaux to revive a suggestion
|that has sometimes been made to ac
count for the brilliancy of certain lu
fnar craters; viz., that the surface of
?the moon may possess a luminosity of
jits own in the nature of phosphores
cence, th that case, perspective would
Jtacrea.se the apparent luminosity ro
bard the limb-Scientific American.
Are Aviators Born?
appeared much greater
By JACK WALTON.
(Copyr?cht, ISISWestern Newspaper Union, j
Tlie old lawyer carefully searched
the library, but no later "will" could
be found. The one reposing in the
safe could have no special value be
cause across its back was written In
bold letters. . "This will is void. A
later document may be found, leaving
all to the niece whom we have learned
truly loves us."
It was a perplexing situation. The
twin orphaned nieces, Mary and Mar
tha, had lived since infancy, upon their
relatives' bounty, and Uncle Horace
and Aunt Jane had denied them noth
ing Both girls enjoyed the same ad-,
vantages; both had objected tenderly
when the drawing of the will was dis
"Do not let us talk about such
things." murmured Mary.
"Do as you think best with your
property," Martha had unselfishly-ad
The first will divided the estate
equally between the sisters-why the
elderly couple had seen fit to change
their minds was a problem. Vaguely
troubled, the girls aided in the search,
with no success. Alone, they looked
Into each other's faces. "Had either
one of us grieved them?" asked Mary.
Martha shrugged her shoulders. "I
think we've been pretty grateful."
she said, "staying with them night af
ter night. And Uncle Horace "was not
the easiest person to manage, after
Aunt Jane went. However, what dif
ference does it make? Either ene of
us should be willing to divide with
"Of course, dear." Mary hastily
agreed, but a line showed between her
pretty brows. She was thinking anx
iously about the man whom Martha
was determined to marry. His ex
travagances were well known. The
division of property Mary considered
Just, but she wished wistfully that she
might have been able to keep up the
dear home and to live there with old
Mammie Delia-when Martha should
Earnestly she looked over the
months that were gone; could It be
possible that she had offended? They
had been so good to her, so kind al
ways. And Martha, too. looked back.
"They could not have been preju
diced against Lester Blake," she re
marked with satisfaction, "because
they had not heard of his intentions.
You did not tell, Mary?" But as
quickly she laughed. "Of course you
wouldn't, loyal soul," she said.
So weeks went by with no solution
of the difficulty.
"P'raps, Missie Jane an' Mister Hor
ace weren't shuah decided which loved
'em best befoah dey went, honey,"
Mammie Della suggested.
"They probably agreed to leave
things as they were," ho said. And af
ter the throe had exhaustively talked
the subject over one evening. Mary
went to her room and had a dream;
at least It must have been a dream,
though to her at the time it all seemed
very real. She had unhanded ber lon?
hair before the glass, and turned to
sit down in her favorite rocker, when.
In their usual easy way, Aunt Janes
and Uncle Horace entered the room.
Both wore dressed in an old familiar
manner, as arm in arm they stood for
a moment looking down upon her.
"rib! Aunt Jane." she cried, "find
uncle. I have wanted you so much."
But though both old faces were illum
ined with a wonderful smile, Uncle
Horace motioned her hack: his eyes
sought the timepiece upon the mantel.
"Oh. not yet!" begged the sri ri,
"please do not go-" But they were
Stupidly she raised her head from
the back of the rocker-she had been
asleep. And as she still sat blinking,
Martha burst into the room. Martha's
eyes were wide and dark, her cheeks
"Oh, Mary!" she exclaimed. "I have
had such a terrible dream, though lt
wasn't In the least like a dream. I
was reading before the fire, when the
door opened and Uncle Horace came
In. Yes, he did, with Aunt Jane be
hind bim. They seemed to wait until
I could control myself, and then Uncle
Horace looked toward the clock, and
till at once it came to me. like a flash,
now was my opportunity te learn
about the will, so I managed to blurt
lt out: 'Where did you put the Inst
will?' I asked. 'Who gets the prop
erty? Speak quick,' I gasped; but they
Trembling. Martha sank down upon
the bed. "It was terrible!" she re
Across the room came the telephone
call. Mary hastened t? aaswer. "Miss
Wilkins," came the old lawyer's voice
"the hour ls late, but I felt I must call
you up. The second will has been
found, and through the strange process
of a dream. It is actually difficult to
persuade myself that the experience
through which I have passed, was a
dream. Pardon my incoherence-the
incident has unsettled me. I was pen
dering over our recent conversation,
when it seemed, that your old uncle
entered my study. In a businesslike
manner he immediately proceeded to
my safe, tapping a space beaeath a
certain drawer; then he vanished.
Carried by an uncontrollable Impulse, I
hastened to your home, where I am
now In the library. Delia admitted
me, and we have found the will, se
creted In a receptacle beneath the very
drawer Indicated by your uncle's vi
sion, in my safe., In lt everything is be
queathed to the niece, Mary Wilkins,
because of her undoubted true and
lasting affection.' "
LOSS DUE TO CARELESSNESS
Conflagrations Might Be Greatly Re
duced by Preventive Measures
That Are Adopted in Time.
The report of the fire inspection de
partment of Massachusetts will prob
ably be of interest. The total number
of fires in dwellings reported was 3,
905. The careless use of matches
heads the list of causes by children
playing with matches came a close
second with 392. There were 324 fires
Started from unknown causes, and 323
fr.om ignition from lamps or stoves.
Overheated stoves and cooking apa
ra tus caused 231 fires, and careless
smoking started 315.
Defective chimneys were the cause
of 207 blazes, and sparks from the
same source started 214. Spontaneous
combustion was given ns the reason
for 155 alarms, and the placing of hot
ashes in wooden receptacles caused
123. Among the other causes mention
ed by the department in its report
were: defective heating apparatus 49,
electrical causes G3, explosion of lamp
lantern or stove 92, gas jet igniting
other material SO, and incendiary 71
Scores of other causes of fire are enu
mcrated. among which S3 are credited
to rats and matches.
JL little care on the part of the owner
or tenant would do a great deal to
ward eliminating a number of these
causes of conflagrations and prevent a
large proportion of the fire losses that
are suffered annually. Look over the
various reasons given for the fires
and adapt them to your own home
This is a case where an ounce of pre
vention is worth many pounds of the
BOX SERVES DOUBLE PURPOSE
Protects Exposed Roots of Trees and
Adds Greatly to the Appearance
of the Street
When Marengo avenue in Pasadena,
Cal., was extended recently, the
grading incidental to the paving left
a lot of fine old pepper trees with
some of their roots "Ngh and dry."
In fact, the exposure of the roots was
Box Safeguards Tree and Enhances the
Beauty of the Street
so great that the city forester feared
that the trees might be killed or their
health seriously impaired.
Accordingly, to insure the safety of
the trees, concrete boxes were built
round the trunks and were then filled
with rich earth. Plants with beauti
ful foliage were afterward set in the
boxes.-Popular Science Monthly.
Proper Planting of Shade Trees.
The beauty of a shade tree depends
upon its normal and symmetrical
growth. In order to insure this, be
fore planting cut off the ends of all
broken or mutilated roots; remove all
side branches save upon evergreens,
so that a straight whiplike stalk alone
remains. Dig bolos at least two feet
in diameter and one foot deep in good
soil, and make them four feet across
in poor soil. The sides of boles should
be perpendicular and the bottom flat.
P>reak up soil in the bottom of the hole
to the depth of cha length of a spade
blade. Place two or three inches of
fine top soil, freo from sods or other
decomposing organic matter, in the
bottom of the hole. On top of this
place the roots of the tree, spread
them as evenly ns possible over the
bottom nf the hole, and cover with
two or three inches of fine top soil
as before. Tramp firmly with the feet
and fill the hole with good earth, leav
ing the surface loose and a little higher
than the surface of the surrounding
soil. When the work of planting ls
completed, the tree should stand about
two inches deeper than lt stood In the
Well Called "Salt City."
Syracuse, N. Y., is called the Salt
etty, because of Its large deposits.
Much salt is obtained from vats,
called "solar vats," since the salt so
lution Is spread out In them for the
sun's rays which thoroughly evapo
rate the water. Part of the Syracuse
deposits are under Onondaga lake In
the form' of a great basin of salt
water, separated from the fresh water
above an impervious layer of clay.
By boring through this the saline
water ls pumped up In great quanti
ties. Another method of evaporation
employed is by boiling. If boiled
down rapidly a fine table salt ls made;
If more slowly, coarse salt, as large
crystals have time to form.
"Things average up in the long run,"
said the philosopher.
"Yes," rep.'i'ed the busy man"; "lt ls
going to take a great many shirkless
days to make up for these workless
One ia the joy of self denial - the sense of real thrift. His little investment of
25 cents may mean as much to him as the first ten dollars you ever earned-or the
first thousand you ever invested.
He can be made to help wonderfully in developing him into a substantial
citizen. His early habit of sensibly caving will do as much as any other thing to start
him on the straight road to success.
The other lesson is that of patriotism. He has learned "to do his bit" A
country worth living in is a country worth fighting for. He is too young to fight,
but he wants to help.
While you rejoice that he cannot go to the front, teach him to help end this
war by loaning his savings to his government
Thrift and patriotism-two great lessons at one time. All so easy. Just tell
him to get a Thrift Stamp.-and with it a Thrift Card. Then help him add to it
until he has enough for a War Savings Stamp. With that he will get a War Sav
ings Certificate-and his savings begin to draw interest
If you will show him how money breeds money, he will be all the better for it
And every penny he saves and lends may help to save some other mother's boy
may go a long way toward bringing peace to all.
Encourage him to begin saving today. It's real patriotism,-but it is more. It
is laying the foundation for his future-and it is helping to make him what you want
him to be.
Thrift Stamps cost 25 cents
each and draw no Interest. You
can buy them from your letter
carrier, either city or rural
route, at the post office or your
bank. You will be given a card
to paste them on. This costs
nothing. There are spaces for
16 Thrift Stamps on this card.
When your card ls full, take lt
to your post office or bank any
tlme with a few cents additional
and your card will be ex
changed for an Interest-bearing
War Savings Certificate worth
$5 on Jan. 1, 1923.
This gives you 4 per cont In
terest compounded quarterly.
You can buy 20 War Savings
Certificates at one time. They
will coat you $82.40, and their
face value at the time of re
demption, January 1 1323. will
War Savings Certificates may
be converted Into cash at the
post office where issued If you
need the money. You will get
interest, too, at about 3 per
The name and address of the
owner will be placed on each
Certificate at the time it ls is
sued. War Savings Certificates
may be registered at any post
office of" tin First Second or
This Advert izement Paid for and Donated by
THE BANK OF EDGEFIELD
Uncle Sam's Postman
Has a New Job
He is now also a recruiting officer to enlist the financial support of the youngsters. Let him
be your children's adviser in the matter of thrift. Let himN show them what it means to substitute
interest-bearing Thrift Stamps for the penny savings bank. Let him be the medium to put your chil
dren into actual contact with their country's government
The Thrift Stamp represents to the children what the Liberty Bond represents te adults. The
penny embodies war power just as the dollar,-for pennies make dollars. The Thrift Stamp idea is
designed to reach those who think in terms of cents. The power of the penny is shown by the fact that
the government hopes to raise two billions of dollars from the sale of these stamps.
Thrift Stamps make a reality of the children's patriotism by allowing them to aid the govern
ment with money for war purposes. A child's savings may be a means to shortening this war by days,
and every day means the redemption of colossal waste.
Thrift Stamps cost 25c each. Books of 16, with a few cents added, are at any time exchange
able for certificates which will be worth $5.00 in 1923. These Stamps are received as payments oa
Liberty Bonds. You may obtain them at any Post Office, your mail carrier, and at most stores.
i tota ta I?! ta ta ta ta ta Thia Advert?Memtnt Pcdd for and Donated by tatatatatatatatatata
EDGEFIELD FRUIT COMPANY
FRUITS, _CANDY,ISOFT DRINKS AND SMOKING GOODS