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BIRDS PROTECTION IN PARKS
Subject ls Engaging the Attention of
Town Authorities in all Sections
of the Country.
In many eastern cities, where the
winters are most severe, the park
officials maintain feeding stations for
wild birds. Even as far up in "the
frozen north" as Minneapolis a num
ber of such winter feeding places are
found in every park of their extensive
system. Theodore Wirth, the super
intendent of parks, says: "We have
'a long severe winter and find it neces
sary to feed birds regularly every day
for months if we are to hold them in
our paries for the summer. We have
also built and placed a large number
of nesting boxes or bird houses which
are well populated. We protect birds
in every possible way and the local
Audubon society is doing excellent
work. A good many ki inls of birds
which were rarely seen here a few
years ago are now found in large num
bers, and many which formerly left In
the fall now stay with us over winter."
We have, in many parks, sufficient
shrubbery for cover, wc are not trou
bled much with cats, yet park men
should be required to kill all found
within the several larder parks and to
keep none except a single cat in each
storehouse. Encouragement should be
given in every way to the increase of
native birds and those of bright plum
age and sweet song from other lands
should be introduced. The country,
not tho city, should perform the office
of introduction of new kinds. In a
climate so mild as ours there should be
a thousand-fold as many birds as we
now have and the parks should be
filled with them.-Los Angeles Times.
PREPARE FOR HOME GARDEN
National Health, as Well as Conserva
tion and Patriotism, Demand
Planting of Many This Season.
The home garden this coming season
will mean moro than it did last year
or ever before. It is not only a means
of national conservation and patrio
tism; a measure of national health
lies within it. The man who can and
who fails to put in a home garden
next spring will be a slacker. The
government stands ready to help in
the garden, and government bulletins
on garden subjects may be obtained by
wrltb io the Division of Publications,
Department of Agriculture. Washing
ton, D. C., for a list of publications
available for distribution. Many of
the state agricultural colleges, too,
have garden bulletins for free distri
Sometimes, in many states of the
Union, there is a chance to plow the
garden early. When that chance
.comes the garden should be manured
and plowed. Barnyard manure Is a
source of weed seeding, but it ls the
most satisfactory fertilizer usually ob
tainable. A spot four or five feet
square should be selected at the low
est, wettest spot in tho garden for a
compost pile or pit. if not too much
trouble to dig a shallow pit. Into this
pit throw all grafts cuttings, leaves,
vegetable tops and pea vines and to
mato plants. They rot in a year ur
two and form a valuable source of
humus for the garden soil.-Country
Public Building Architecture.
It is an unfortunate circumstance
that the concept of "architecture," to
most persons, is limited to libraries,
art galleries and other public build
ings. These they feel, are "architec
ture;" and "architecture," to fulfill the
most popular conception of it. must
have Greek columns, and be executed
in stone, on a scale more or less grand,
and at an expenditure of equally con
So far as this general popular esti
mate goes, it is an excellent and high
ly desirable thing. The people of
every town and city, the people even
?of every village, should be keenly in
terested in the architectural merit of
every public building which is being
erected with city funds. They should
demand the highest order of archi
tectural merit and should come to
learn some intelligent discrimination
between architectural merit and fi
nancial expenditure. The library, for
example, in a neighboring town may
have cost several thousand dollars
more to build than the library in one's
own town, but it may not be neces
sarily better architecturally.-Ex
Trees Must Have Room.
In order to insure symmetry of
growth, trees must be allowed unn?
stricted area for development. At
least 40 feet should be allowed be
tween trees intended to occupy the
ground permanently. Quick-growing
temporary trees may be planted be
tween the long-lived ones to produce
immediate results, but these should
be removed as soon as they interfere
with the development of the penna??
?ent plantations .
"Tommy, bound Siberia."
"Can't be done." .
"The geography particularly speak*
of the boundless pialas of Siberia."
"WAKE" IS OLD INSTITUTION
Custom Most Prevalent Today in Ire
land Well Known to the Egyptians,
Greeks and Romans.
"The custom of 'waking' the dead,
with the drinking, smoking and con?
versntion of the large company of
neighbors who assemble in the house
if. mourning, appears incongruous and
repulsive to those who are unacquaint
ed with its remote origin or the kindly
and humane motives which underlie
it," says Michael Mncdonagh, in the
English Review. "The wake is a very
old institution. It existed among the
Egyptians, the Greeks and the Romans,
Shakespeare and Scott give instances
of medieval revels in honor of the
dead. The custom survives in a dif
ferent form, but with somewhat identi
cal motives, among the Irish, almost
alone of the ancient peoples.
" 'Waking' means, for one thing,
'watching.' The English way of leav
ing the* body shut up in a room, all
idone, would be most repellant to the
Irish nature. It would be regarded as
desertion. The Irish keep close com
pany with their dead until the very
last moment of the burial. *
"The body is clothed in a shroud
made in imitation of the habits worn
by certain orders of friars and in
the hands, crossed reverently on the
breast, is placed a crucifix. The walls
near the bed are hung with clean
white sheets on which are pinned
bunches of Howers, laurel leaves and
holy pictures. Lighted candles, seven
in number, arc on the table. They are
symbolical of hopes and aspirations
relating to the dead. Ttu'.t he or she
has been cleansed of the seven deadly
sins, possessed the seven gifts of wis
dom, understanding, counsel, fortitude,
knowledge, piety and fear of the Lord,
and the seven principal virtues.
"First entering the room where the
body lies the visitors kneel and say a
prayer for the eternal salvation of the
departed soul. Afterward in the kitch
en, snuff, .pipes and tobacco, whisky
and stout are served to the company.
The dead person is.in his house for tho
last time, and, as host for th? lust
time, dispenses hospitality.
"Memories of his kindliness and
good nature are revived by the neigh
bors. "Tis he that had the bright
j smile and cheery word whenever you
met him, and no matter what you
might want of him, sure you had only
to say the word to get it with a heart
and a half.'"
He Got a Seat
Speaking of street cars reminds one
of the latest-the very latest-thing in
wording heard on a local traction line.
This was sprung on an unsuspecting
world the other night-morning, rather
-about three o'clock.
The springer told about it to his of
fice mates the next morning as fol
"I'm so used to standing up in the
street car that I don't know how to sit
down any more, actually," he said. "I
feel more rested standing up than sit
ting down. We always like what we
grow accustomed to, of course-?ort of
force of habit ; strong thing, you know,
as all our well-known psychologists
"The other afternoon I stood up for
two miles, and finally a lady got out,
and a motherly looking woman said
to me, 'Here's a seat,' and I said, 'It's
a pretty seat, all right.'
"But that night I started to tell you
about-believe me, boys, if you want
to get a seat on a Washington street
car go home at three o'clock in the
morning. It is pretty late, I'll admit,
but the lateness of the hou" has its
"I got on, and there wasn't anybody
else on the car, but I got a seat, boys;
I got a scat !"-Washington Star.
Meat ls Scarce.
Patrick J. Kennedy and Thomas
Carr, farmers of Templeton, Ind., came
to Indianapolis with three carloads of
hogs and cattle, and after waiting all
day at the stuck yards were told that
there was no demand for them, says
the Indianapolis News. The price on
hogs fell off fruin $17.09 to $17.10 while
they were at the yards and finally they
had to sell 12 of the choicest hogs from
one car at $17. They were told that
these hogs were too fat. The razor
backs, comparatively speaking, brought
$17.10. The cattle could not be sold.
After this experience the two went
to a stock yards restaurant nearby and
ordered steak. It was Tuesday and,
therefore, a meatless day.
"We can't buy beef or pork," said the
waitress. 'AU we have for you is fish
and oysters. Meat is very scarce, you
"Yes, we know," said Kennedy, as he
gave in aud bought a substitute.
Businesslike and Efficient.
It is considered worthy of notice In
the papers that a woman has "held
down" a job as agent at a railroad sta
tion somewhere In the West and that a
woman was agent at a Maine station
for a few weeks. People must have
short memories not to recall that the
agent of the Important Grand Trunk
station at Lewiston a dozen years ago
was a woman, who held the job for
some time. And the writer can testify
that she was businesslike and efficient,
for she once kept him waiting at the
ticket window for ten minutes by the
clock while she finished the job she
was doing on the books.-Oxford (Me.)
Adding to lt.
"I fear you are too pretty a nurse
for this case."
"The patient already has palpitation
of the heart."-Louisville Courier'
Gl FIGHT KAISER
BRYAN WILLINGHAM, STATE
PRIZE WINNER IN BOYS' CORN
CLUB CONTESTS FOR 1917,
SETS THE PACE.
Columbia.-What one boy can do,
another can do. There should be an
American boy to match every German
boy in producing food to feed the ar
mies fighting at the front and the fam
ilies of the soldiers left at home. In
Germany the boys are working. On
the farms in America, from which sa
m?ny men have gone to take their
places in the fighting line, there is a
great opportunity for patriotic service
for the farm boys not yet old enough
to fight with a gun. Their weapons
are the plow and the hoe.
Bryani Willingham, of Winnsboro,
Fairfield cunty, first State prize win
ner in the Boys' Corn Club contest for
1917. has set the pace for the farmer
boys of South Carolina. What Bryan
Willingham has done, other boys in
South Carolina can do.
Bryan is seventeen years of age. He
has been a member of the Corn Club
for several years. He has on more
than one occasion won in his county
contest. In 1915 he won a scholarship
to a short course in agriculture offer
ed by Clemson College. In 1916 he
attended the short course, when he
received valuable scientific knowledge
of soils, plants and cultural methods,
which, coupled with his practical
knowledge, he has applied to his farm
ing operations with marked success.
He has learned well the importance
of deep and thorough preparation of
the seed-bed, the value of humus in
; the soil, and of good and well-selected
j seed. He has learned the value of
! commercial fertilizers and how to ap
ply them for best results; the value
of frequent and shallow cultivation,
and the injurious effect of pulling the
blades or fodder from the corn.
With these important principles
j well fixed in his mind, he started out
! with the determination of succeeding,
i and he did so, producing 157.8 bushels
of corn on one acre at a cost of 17.6
cents per bushel. His net profit was
This being the best record made
by any member of the Boys' Corn
i Club in South Carolina in 1917. Bryan
! Willingham was declared State cham
! pion for that year, and won as prizes
a gold medal offered by Hon A. F.
Lever and an International No. 4, 6
shovel pivot axle Riding Cultivator,
value $70, offered by the International
Harvester Company., of Columbia.
The past achievements of this
young farmer have fired him with a
j determination to do even greater
! things. He will continue in the club
I work in 1918, after which it is his
i purpose to attend Clemson College
end take tha complete agricultural
course to fit himself for successful
farming, which he proposes to make
his life work.
Bryan Willingham's achievement
. should prove an inspiration to the
j farmer boys of South Carolina.
j FARMERS URGED TO
PLANT LATE CORN
Columbia.-After grain is harvested,
every available acre of good land
should be planted in late corn, says
the Food Administration. The Con
servation and Production Division of
the Food Administration has secured,
for the benefit of those who will plant
late corn, expert advice.
Corn can be successfully grown, ac
j cording to Clemson College experts,
from Columbia to the coast when
planted by tlrs middle of June. There
is yet time, therefore, if corn is plant
ed after the grain crop is harvested,
to add largely to the corn acreage in
South Carolina, which is greatly desir
Only good land should be planted
In late corn, however. The poorer
land can be made to produce food by
planting cow peas and peanuts.
It is stated that it will probably not
be wise to plant corn after grain in
the Piedmont section, because of the
shorter season. For grain lands in
this section, cow peas, soy beans and
peanuts are recommended.
NO REASON FOR HIGH PRICES
ON WHEAT SUBSTITUTES
Columbiai-The Food Administra?
tlon has sent out a warning to corn
millers and to wholesale and retail
dealers in corn, barley and oats prod
ucts that at the present prices of these
grains cornmeal and oatmeal should
be selling at least twenty per cent
below the price of wheat flour arl
that corn flour and barley flour should
be selling at least ten per cent below
The high level? ruling in grains as
a result of car shortages and storm
weather last winter have now fallen
materially with much greater freedom
of transportation and the stocks ac
cumulated by manufacturers and trad
ers at the prices ruling then should
have been liquidated by this time,
in the view of the Food Administra
tion. The maintenance of higher
prloe levels by millers and wholesal
ers will require justification to the
State and local administrators, and al
though retailors are not under con
trol, wholesalers will be instructed to
cease dealing with retailers who can
not justify thoir prices on tha basia
et the cost of their gooda.
Meatless Days V/ill Not Ee
Inaugurated at Present il
Economy in Eating Meat is
Practiced, Says Food Admin
Columbia.-The Food Administra
tion is extremely desirous of securing
economy in the consumption of all
kinds of meats without the reinstal
lation of meatless days at the present.
The seasonal decline in the volume
of animals coming to market is now
in progress and its volume will un
doubtedly further decrease during the
next few months, as is usual, but the
probable amount of such decrease is
yet obscure, says the Food Adminis
A statement given out here today,
by William Elliott, Food Administra
tor for South Carolua, and signed by
Herbert Hoover, says:
"The necessities for shipment
abroad to our army and allies are very
large and amount to roughly 75.000,
OOO pounds of meat and meat prod
ucts of all kinds per week against a
pre-war normal of less than 15,000,000
pounds. E;en with these large ship
ments the allies have found it neces
sary to reduce consumption of all
kinds of meats and put it to an average
of about one and one-quarter pounds
per week per person in order that no
further draft may be made upon ship
ping that is now required for the
transport of our soldiers.
"Our consumption of moats ls about
three and one-quarter pounds per
week per person, and if we are to
make both ends balance during the
short marketing season, we must have
"If the public will continue rigor
ous elimination of waste and will fur
ther economize by reducing the quan
tity prepared for each meal of all
kinds of meats and poultry, more par
ticularly beef, and will restrict their
purchases accordingly, the Food Ad
ministration hopes that the necessary
balance can be maintained. A general
adherence to these recommendations
will avoid the inconvenience which
arises in many directions from meat
less days and will cause less interfer
ence in the daily preparation of food."
People Asked to Give Up Eating
Wheat Bread Until After
Columbia.-The wheat situation ie
the most serious in the food supply
of the Allied world.
This word comes from Washington
to llxb Food Administration at Colum
bia. The statement continues:
"Our harvest was less than esti
mated; needs of the Allies are greater
than were calculated; losses by sea
and by battle have been heavier than
were anticipated; less comes from the
Argentine than had been hoped; tens
er demands on shipping space restrict
ships more than ever to the shortest
haul and the tightest bulk."
Until the next harvest the crisis will
not have been passed. The call is
therefore issued that all who can and
all who will go without wheat-give
up wheat bread entirely-until the
next harvest, as the club women of
South Carolina have pledged them
selves to do; that those who do not go
on an entirely wheatless ration cut
down the consumption of wheat by at
least one-half, and that households
keep within a weekly allowance for
each person of one and one-half
pounds of flour and all other wheat
IN GROCERS' HANDS
Columbia.-Grocers throughout the
State are now being supplied with
blank certificates, upon the signing of
which persons desiring sugar for can
ning and preserving may obtain the
same. The grocers are being supplied
with these certificates by the county
food administrators, who are in turn
supplied by the State administrator.
The certificate system is used to
make sure that home canners may ob
tain sufficient sugar to preserve per
ishable fruits and at the same time to
place a check upon those who would
endeavor to obtain unreasonable quan
tities for household consumption.
THE IRISH POTATO
BECOMES WAR RATION
Columbia.-"Did you eat a potato
tfith your breakfast?"
This ls the question that the Food
Administration is asking of every per
son In South Carolina.
Hapsburg Liebs says that the home
ly Irish potato has cut, is cutting and
will continue t'o cut almost as great
a figure In this world war as the sub
In Germany, it ls said, potatoes
have been pleated even between the
; ties of railroad tracks. Potatoes have
i kept the people of Germany alive.
Probably Germany would have caved
'in except for the potato
The argument is put forth by the
.Food Administration that if the po
I tato will work for Germany, it will
?likewise work against Germany; and
considering that food will win the war,
there ia n oarticle of food that may
be prepared In so many ways as tho
WHERE TO GO THIS SUMMER
The "Land of the Sky" is
Delightful at All Seasons
The vast platean, with a minimum altitude of
2,000 feet above the sea level, amid a setting of
beautiful mountains and giant peaks. Summer in
this region is one of constant enjoyment and health
in Eastern North America
Camp in Mount Michell Forest Reserve
or Pisgah Forest Reserve
GOLF TENNIS MOTORING
MOUNTAIN CLIMBING HORSE BACK RIDING
CANOEING FISHING HUNTING
NOMEROUS FAMOUS RESORTS
CHARMING SOCIAL LIFE
SUMMER CAMPS FOR BOYS AND GIRLS
MANY NOTED RESORTS IN
CUMBERLAND ISLAND, GA.
VIRGINIA BEACH, VA.
OCEAN VIEW, VA.
OLD POINT COMFORT, VA.
MOREHEAD CITY, N. C.
ISLE OF PALMS, S. C.
SULLIVAN'S ISLAND, S. C.
, TYBEE, GA.
ST. SIMON'S ISLAND, GA.
ATLANTIC BEACH, FLA.
Reached by Convenient Service of
Southern Railway System
SUMMER EXCURSION RATES
F. E. GIBSON, Presidents LANSING B. LEE, Sec. and Treas.
The Best Time to
Build is Now
Free booklets on Silos, Barns,
Implement Houses, Residences,
etc., with suggestions of great
Also "Ye Planary" service
through the Lumber Exchange
Ask for further information it
interested. The servicejs with
Woodard Lumber Co.
'Phone - - 158
AUGUSTA - - - - GEORGIA
BUY War Savin?
you can't see.
Then see me.
Geo. F. Minis,
Edgefield, S. C.
Now is the time to protect your
crop from hail. I can place you in
a good company. I can also pro
tect your home with tornado insur
ance. E. J. Norris.
?Whenever Yon Need a General Tonic
The Old Standard Grave's Tasteless
chill Tonic is equally "aluable as a
General Tonic because it contains the
well known tonic properties of QUININE
and IRON. It acts on the Liver, Drives
out Malaria, Enriches the Blood and
Builds up the Whole System. 50 cents.
?j?iECTRIC Ths Best Tonic,
I take this~means of letting the
people know that I have re-opened
my pressing club, and will appre
ciate their patronage. I am better
prepared than ever to clean and
press all kinds of garments, both
for ladies and gentlemen. All tvork
guaranteed. Let me know when
you have work and I will send for
it and make prompt delivery.
A. H. Corley,
Appointments at Trenton
DR J.S. BYRD,
OFFICE OVER POSTOFFICE
Residence 'Phone 17-R.