Newspaper Page Text
Sketch of Senator Tillman's
(From The State.)
In 1895 when the constitutional
convention was in session, The World
of New York sent its special corres
pondent, James Creeland to Colum
bia. Mr. Creeland wrote a series of
articles describing men and condi
tions here. Senator Tillman had been
elected to the United States senate to
succeed Gen. M. C. Butler, and he
was then a member of the constitu
tional convention. He had served as
governor for two years, his term of
office having expired in November,
1S94. John Gary Evans was governor
at the time of the meeting of the con
The following sketch of Senator
Tillman was written by Mr. Creeland
who was considered an expert and
impartial newspaper man.
(Special Correspondence of The
Columbia, S. C. Oct. 3.-This an
cient and peculiar commonwealth is
at this moment under the domination
of the most notable and exasperat
ing leader the South has known since
the war. With one or two exceptions
he is actually dictating the terms of
the new constitution to the conven
tion that has been sitting in the fam
ous old State house.
Benjamin Ryan Tillman is the ab
solute ruler of the State, overriding
all other authority and trampling
down friends alike when they oppose
When Tillman enters the emited
States senate next winter that aug
ust body will receive a shock, for
this is no sing-songy whiskerado like
Mr. Peffer, but the incarnation of
agricultural socialism armed with
lightning that can blast and scarify.
There is,not a man on the floor of
the senate today fit to cope with Till
man when his oratorical bowie-knife
is out. He thinks in pictures and has
a nimble wit. Even the unterrified
John James Ingall would have a hard
time of it with this one-eyed leader of
the agrarian revolution, who has
smashed the saloon power, over
thrown the heirs of the old-time oli
archy of landed proprietors, humbled
the pride of cities and towns and let
loose seas of reckless rhetoric, engulf
ing the traditions of South Carolina
in a flood of Greek, Latin, slang, pro
fanity, crankiness and common sense.
He towers up in the South.
The sergeant at arms of the senate
has my sympathy, but the senate it
self has a stirring experience in store
Tillmans Die in Their Boots.
The Tillmans of this generation
have mostly died in their boots. One .
of the senator's brothers was killed ?
in the Mexican war, another died
from wounds received in the battle
of Chickamauga and two others were .
shot dead in personal encounters. The ,
whole family is high strung and full
of grit. "Uncle" George Tillman who ;
served in congress for 14 years, was ?
actually turned out of his seat for ;
daring to oppose the will of his young
er brother. Today you may see the j
two brothers grappling with each ,
other in this curious convention, ,
which has met chiefly to provide for (
the permanent disfranchisment of the
negro race and to recognize the So- ,
cialistic principle of State ownership |
of saloons in the Constitution. j
Senator Benjamin Ryan Tillman ,
was born 48 years ago on his father's
plantation at Chester, in Edgefield ,
county, South Carolina. Shortly aft- ,
erwards his father died, and his moth- .
er, assisted by her elder sons, con j
ducted the hilly cotton farm on the j
edge of Chevis Creek. They had a
hundred slaves when the war broke
out. Mrs. Tillman was an intelligent,
not to say brilliant woman, for a 1
plain planter's wife. During the war 1
young Tillman went to school at Lib- ?
erty Hill, 30 miles from home, under 1
the tutelage of George Golphin, a 1
teacher and linguist of local renown. ;
The lad's thirst for knowledge and !
his indomitable will were displayed
in his 15th year. He knew that at 16 '
he must enter the Confedrate army.
His brothers, then serving in the field
wrote back, urging him to get a good
foundation of knowledge, for the wa ,
might last so long that he would
never have another opportunity for
education. When school hours were
over and supper was eaten, young !
Tillman would carry a lighted pine J
knot into the woods and ?lying down .'
in the leafy solitude, would ponder *
over Greek roots and Latin conjuga
tions by the dim, flickering light. He *
was a lank, sinewy, silent and dicta- 1
norial youth, expressing his opinions
in short, sharp and sometimes furi
ons sentences, brooking no contra- .
diction and forgetting nothing that
he ever learned.
How He Injured His Eye. ^
The heat of the pine blaze injured i
his left eye, and an indiscreet plunge I
in cold water brought on a pulpy tu- s
mor. For nearly two years young Till- i
man wt'?? an invalid. When he was I
well again the war was over and his s
eye was gone. From that time on, c
he labored to improve his mind. He
was an omnivorous student, rea
without system, but gathering toj
er an array of facts and ideas,
cient and modern, which asto
those who hear him in a debat<
day. He was a great hunter and
er. On the plantation he was "a si
engine in breeches."
Although he is the most rem<
less enemy of negro suffrage in S
Carolina, his whole history is fu
acts of generosity towards his b
Before 20 he married, and he
now six children. One son is at C
son Agricultural College, on the
Calhoun est?ate, to establish w
the senator made his first entry
public life, and his eldest daugr
Miss Addie Tillman, is studying
the Hollins Institute, Virginia
bright, pretty, high-spirited girl,
son Henry, 12 years old, has inht
ed his father's extraordinary mom
and can tell you off hand any 5
in the World Almanac, the names
congressmen and the majorities
which they were elected, how m
gallons of liquor are consumed in
country and how much money is
Often when the fierce, ruthi
leader returns from battle with
enemies, he lies down on the floor J
in a minute his children are piled
top of him, pulling his hair, pinch
his cheeks, and searching his pocki
Like all really strong men, he is g
tie at home.
The loss of the left eye and the
cessity for care in the use of
right eye prevented Tillman fr
studying law. But for this fact
would have been another Ros<
In Reconstruction Days.
Tillman's young manhood deveh
ed in the reconstruction days wh
the white population threatened to
commence the war unless they wt
relieved of the horrors and humil
tions of negro domination. The ]
publican party was pitiless. It deb;
ed and defrauded the State. Tillm
was captain ofi a company of volu
teer hussars in Edgefield*county a
in 187G his cavalrymen were led
him in the anti negro riots of Elle
ton and Hamburg. Later on he ro
with his company into Aiken to stai
trial for insurrection.
As a taunt to John Sherman ai
his friends, the whole company, i
eluding its captain, were attired
blood-red shirts presented by Sou
Carolina women. The ladies of Aik<
gave a flag of honor to the hussa
and Tillman was chosen to respon
but he was unable to make a speec
He has since gotten over that dirncn
There is not a more remarkable o
ator and debater in the country. H
invectives bite to the bone. He ca
turn and twist around, corner wit
astonishing with dexterity, deludin
and confusing his opponents. He d<
spises and ignores politicians, slasl
ing and stabbing them indiscriminate
ly, whether they support him or no'
The secret of his power is his stron
hold upon the mass of the white pee
pie. He is the god, the redeemer o
the "poor whites." Nothing in heavei
Dr earth escapes his vehement irrev
?renee. He has an especial hatred am
contempt for President Cleveland.
"When I get to the United State
senate," he says, "I'll punch that ol<
jag of beef in the ribs with my pitch
fork and make him show up some
ming about these Wall Street deals.'
Whereat enthuosanded hayseedisn
vags its head, sticks its tongue in it.?
meek and swears that Benjamin R>
m Tillman is the mightiest man thal
ives, has lived, or ever will live. And
;hey really believe it.
Farms to Rule the Towns.
In 188G Tillman was a domineer
ng, somewhat unpopular and tbngue
:ied planter. But he had a vigilant
?ye. Nothing escaped him. He was
nvitc-d to a meeting of the State Ag
ricultural Board, which met at Ben
?ettsville. This body was composed of
"oiiticians backed by the old fann
ies. It spent something like $50,000
i year-certainly a large sum-in
experimental work. Tillman was in
cited to make a speech. He stumped
iwkwardly through written address,
lemanding that the agricultural
joard should be extended: that it
ihould consist principally of farmers,
ind that a college for the instruction
)f the rural youth on agricultural
ndustrial lines should be established.
That sounded the keynote of the pol
ey that was afterwards to embrace
i scheme of modified socialism found
:d upon the right ol the farm to rule
The brutalities of Reconstruction
lays brought about a solidarity of
he white race in South Carolina. No
ssue could divide them. They pre
;ented a united front to the emanci
>ated and enfranchised negroes, who
vere debauching the commonwealth
mder the protection of the federal
>ayonets. But in 1876 the whites
hook off the control of the blacks,
ind what was left of the proud old
bourbon aristocracy -or rather, its
omewhat abashed lagatees, resumed
The city, the town, the factory and
the store worked together. The "poor
whites" scattered throughout the
State had a majority, but they were
disorganized and had neither leaders
nor a formulated policy. From 1876
till 1890. there seven primary elec
tions for the State, county and muni
cipal officers; and it must be remem
bered that, as there was only one par
ty in the State that had any possibili
ty of power-the white man's party
-all struggles for office were virtu
ally settled in the primaries rather
than rather than at the polls. The
majority of defeated candidates dur
ing this period sulked and their fol
lowers gradually ceased to go to the
polls. The white vote grew smaller
and smaller, but it was always able
to control the overwhelming negro
Tillman Sees Kis Chance.
Meanwhile the wealthier farmers
and the "poor whites" were growing
closer together. They were in time to
make common cause. The successors
of the old aristocracy were to fall
out of power and give place to the
great white middle class.
Tillman seemed to be the first man
to comprehend the meaning of these
blind giant stirrings. He put himself
at the head of the discontented rural
mob and fashioned into an army, the
Farmers' Alliance was organized in
1889, and was in full swing by 1890.
Tillman taught the farmers that the
bankers and merchants were sucking
their life blood and that, unless they
organized themselves against the
money-lending element in the cities,
they would in time lose the title to
their farms and become mere agricul
In March, 1890 the farmers held a
convention in Columbia to suggest
a candidate for governor and secure
his nomination within the "solid Dem
ocratic Party." They selected Tillman
as their candidate. The regular Dem
ocratic primaries were to be held that
complete organization of a new party
in every county and precinct. With an
innocent face he went to the Demo
cratic State committee and persuaded
the politicians to allow the Farmers'
Alliance to be represented on the va
rious boards of election officers and
on the executive committees of the
State and counties. The moment that
was clone Tillman was master of
South Carolina. In all other Southern
States the Democrats treated the Far
mers' Alliance as an independent par
ty and would allow it no representa
Tillman was nominated for gover
nor. . ? ? '? -. - &\'i?b&?&?
A Strange and Bitter Campaign.
Then came one of the strangest
and bitterest campaigns in the history
of this restless and unconquerably
proud State. The man who has not
visited Charleston, the home of the
most charming and exclusive aristoc
racy in the South, can scarcely under
stand the horror with which the con
servative element viewed the pros
pect of an uncouth, profane farmer,
in a rusty coat and shocking hat, sit
ting in the chair of Wade Hampton.
There was not more anguish in Mass
achusetts when Benjamin F. Butler
was elected governor.
Revolvers bulged out under coat
tails at all of the political meetings.
Tillman forced the rival candidate,
General Earle, to agree to a joint de
bate. It was a terrific struggle. The
most critical moment in that memo
rable fight occurred at a great mass
meeting here. Three-quarters of the
audience were anti-Tillmanites. Near
ly every man was armed. Most of the
speakers on the platform had revolv
ers in their satchels. Everybody ex
pected a bloody fight.
While Tillman was speaking his
opponent arose and asked him how
old he was when the war closed and
why he was not in the Confederate
army. Tillman turned upon General
Earle in a fury. A hundred fingers
were on triggers. There was a mom
ent of silence. The new leader declar
ed that he was sick in bed when the
Tillman Won the Day.
"As for your insinuations of cow
ardice and lack of patriotism," he
shouted at his adversary, "I spit them
out at you, and spurn you and them
Not a shot was fired. It was a mir
acle. A thunderclap of applause greet
ed his daring speech, and from that
moment Tillman had control of the
multitude. He was elected governor
by a large majority at the end of a
crusade for agricultural independ
ence, the overthrow of corruption in
the State government, a state agri
cultural college, the control of the
barroom politicians, low taxes and
free silver. So terrible did he become
to his enemies on the stump that few
men could face him. He is profane
sometimes, but the. explosive force
af his personality and the pictur
esqueness of his language ?"ive an
impression that he is appallingly in
We have on hand a beautiful as
sortment of ladies silk waists in va
rious colors. We are selling at a very
ANTS MILK THE APHIDS
Insects Give Up ac Contentedly ?8 a
Cow, in Return for Food
How successive generations of
ants learn to milk the aphids is a
mystery that cannot be explained on
any theory of heredity, for, as the
Journal of Heredity points out, the
?nts which do the milking are work
ers, sexless insects that leave no off
spring. "It is, therefore, quite im
possible that they should transmit
their training to offspring which
they do not leave."
The "milk" which the aphids give
up to tlie ants as contentedly as a
cow gives her milk, is the juice of
plants sucked up by the aphids and
transformed in their bodies to a
sirup of invert sugar or glucose.
This is the so-called "honey dew"
often found in vast quantities on
plants. Some species of ants merely
lick this up, but others strike* the
aphids to persuade them to "give
down," just as the hired man of the
farm induces the cow.
In return for this service the ants
fight the enemies of the aphids,
carry them to safety in times of dan
ger, take care of their eggs, place
the aphids where they will get the
best of food and shelter them ii)
their nests in colcT weather. The
aphids like the arrangement, for they
never try to escape.
HOW TO RESTORE CLOTHING
Carefully Brush Before Laying Away
and lt Will Regain Its
It is surprising to see how a suit
of clothes carefully brushed and put
away renews itself and comes out
with almost the original luster. In
these days of renunciation, the
Christian Register ^otes, it is worth
while to postpone the buying of the
usual supply of clothing until a test
is made of the respectability of the
suit in its second year.
Respectability in men and women
is in England not dependent upon
clothes. Indeed, it is wonderful to
see an aged couple of high rank
traveling, waited on by flunkies in
sjjoiless livery, while the noble lord
and lady are as do^y asi if th,ey liad,
cm^'ouToFjn ola coupe's, home.
AtLone of OTK conferences at Sanjg
toga the "president one day carried
on his arm a light overcoat so
shabby that a young minister said1
that-rio'minister would dare to wear
such a coat. It takes some courage
and much self-respect to make a
man independent of his clothes.
Just now it might be considered a
mark of patriotism if a man should
be believed to contribute to the com
mon cause of national defense and
foreign good-fellowship the money
he saved by not replenishing his
wardrobe this season.
THE INSTALLMENT PLAN.
"They must be very rich?"
"Their house is filled with period
"And mine is full of periodic fur
"What kind is that?"
"It was paid for at thirty-day in
Father-When I was a small boy
I was left an orphan.
Tommy-What did you do with
"Chimmie, what's a island?"
"Why, it's a place where you can't
git away from without a boat."
People's Home Journal.
SELDOM WHAT THEY SEEM.
She-The devjl^jsn't always as
black as he's painted. " ' ~ .
He-Nor is a woman always as
"Is he good to his wife?"
"Very. He never even, reminds
her that it is his money she ie
Friend (gayly)-Say, how did
you get in the house when you went
home so late last night?
Staylate (glumly)-I got in bad.
CAUSE AND EFFECT.
"He generally has such loose
"That's so and they usually land
him in tight placee-"
WHERE ?O GO THIS SUMMER
The "Land of the Sky" is
Delightful at All Seasons
The vast platean, with a minimum altitude of
2,000 feet above the sea level, amid a setting of
beautiful mountains and giant peaks. Summer in
this region is one of constant enjoyment and health
' LIVE OUTDOORS E?SS3
Camp in Mount Michell Forest Reserve
or Pisgah Forest Reserve
GOLF TENNIS MOTORING
MOUNTAIN CLIMBING HORSE-BACK RIDING *
CANOEING FISHING HUNTJNG
NUMEROUS FAMOUS RESORTS
. EXCELLENT HOTELS
CHARMING SOCIAL LIFE
SUMMER CAMPS FOR BOYS AND GIRLS
MANY NOTED RESORTS IN
CUMBERLAND ISLAND, GA.
VIRGINIA BEACH, VA.
OCEAN VIEW, VA.
OLD POINT COMFORT, VA
MOREHEAD CITY, N. C. ?
ISLE OF PALMS, S. C.
SULLIVAN'S ISLAND, S. C.
ST. SIMON'S ISLAND, GA.
ATLANTIC BEACH, FLA.
, Reached by Convenient Service of
Southern Railway System
SUMMER EXCURSION RATES
F. E. GIBSON, Presidenta
LANSING B. LEE, Sec. and Treas. R
The Best Time to
Build is Now
Free booklets on Silos, Barns,
implement Houses, Residences,
etc., with suggestions of great
Also "Ye Planary" service
through the Lumber Exchange
Ask for further information it
interested. The servicejs with
Woodard Lumber Co.
'Phone - - 158
AUGUSTA - - - - GEORGIA
Buy War Saving
you can't see.
Then see nie,
Geo. F. Minis,
Now is the time to protect your
crop from bail. I can place you in
a good company. I can also pro
tect your home with tornado insur
ance. E. J. Norris.
Whenever You Need a General Tonic
The Old Standard Grove's Tasteless
chill Tonic is equally valuable as a
General Tonic because it contains the
?veil known tonic properties of QUININE
and IRON. It acts on the Liver, Drives
out Malaria, Enriches the Blood and
Builds up the Whole System. 50 cents.
Tns Best Tonic,
Mild - Laxative
I Family Medicine.
I take thisrmeans of letting the
people know that I have re-opened
my pressing club, and will appre
ciate their patronage. I am better
prepared than ever to clean and
press all kinds of garments, both
for ladies and gentlemen. All work
guaranteed. Let me know when
you have work and I will send for
it and make prompt delivery.
A. H. Cori ey,
Appointments at Trenton
' DR J.S. BYRD,
OFFICE OVER POSTOFFICE
Residence 'Phone 17-R.