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ANNUAL COST OF HIGHWAYS
Construction and Maintenance Involve
Expenditure of $300,000,000
Burden on Roads.
(Prepared by the United Str.tos Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
Hoad construction and maintenance
In thc United States involve an annual
outlay of over $300,000,000, a sum
which, if capitalized at 5 per cent,
would represent an investment of .*?(!,
As recently as IHOG there wore only
100,000 motor vehicles in the United
States compared with nearly 5,000,000
of 1017, while in 1904 the total outlay
Vitrified Brick for Paving Country
Roads-Filling thc Joints, First Coat.
' in money and labor on the publie roads
aggregated only $S0.0p0,000, compared
with some $300,000,000 for 1917. Thus
the public roads have been changed
with bewildering rapidity from the
status of the purely local utility to that
of a utility of national Importance and
It is well known that the railroads of
the United States are unable to parry
th? enormous trafile now offered for
transportation, and it is to be expected
that the public roads will from now on
have added to their present trafile bur
dens such freight as may he shifted to
them to relievo railway congestion.
It is beyond question that for pas
senger haul the public mads are used
to a greater extent than the railroads.
These impressive conditions have been
created withir the span of a single gen
On July ll. 101 G. President Wilson
approved a measure generally known
as the federal-aid road act, which car
ried tm appropriation of $73,000,000 to
aid the states in the construction of
rural post roads and $10,000.000 to be
expended for the const ruction and
maintenance of forest Riads.
BUILDING ROADS IN ALASKA
Read Commissioners Find Trouble in
Maintenance on Account of Nar
row Tired Trucks.
Alaska has been building roads since
100"?. It has built 0-0 milos of wagon
roads. G2i> milos of winter sled roads
and 2,210 miles of trails. Ono of these
roads was built for motorcar tra Hie,
but more than 250 trucks and passen
ger ears were in uso over them at the
close of tho last fiscal year.
Much damage has been done to the
roads by heavy narrow-tired trucks,
and tho hoard of road commissioners
finds troubles of maintenance with
them always. In addition, they found
it necessary to build a five-mile road
along a hillside last summer by cover
ing the road bed with willow 'cordu
roy and surfacing the corduroy with
gravel because the material underlying
the location consisted of six feet of
gravel on the bed rock, forty foot of
clear ice on tho gravel and two feet of
moss and tundra on top.
PERMANENT ROAD IS FAVORED
Saving in Cost of Rebuilding Would
Pay for Them in Comparatively
A writer on the advantage of per
manent highways makes the point that
the saving in trie cost of rebuilding
would pay for them in ti comparative
ly few years-and then there would-be
a prospect of valuable returns. The
thing would be like making a few pay
ments to secure an annuity. Wherever
the money can be raised there should
be permanent highways. That is the
good roads gospel par excellence.
Poor Roads a Loss.
The farmers of the United States
have been allowing !?300,000,000 in
real money to escape from their pock
ets each year because of poor roads,
according to exports.
Cart Before Horse.
Putting the cart before the horse
Installing truck lines before building
Cruse of Mottled Butter.
Mottled butter is caused by the un
even distribution of salt
By AGNES G. BROGAN.
s^7?e?pg:-jkT i in 11 imniiimiiihiiib?Hii?
(Cop.vricht, 101S, by Western Newspaper Union.)
As Donald turned the note over in
his hand, his face was a study. In all
the course of his impulsive career, he
had never faced such a situation. To
number among one's acquaintances
two "Dorothys," was natural enough,
but to fancy one's self alternately in
love with either of tho charmers-was
tragic. This little gray neatly written
note added to his perplexities.
"Dear Donald," it said briefly. "'Will
you call at our house this afternoon
between three and four.-Dorothy."
That was all; to Donald, unacquaint
ed with tho handwriting of either Dor
othy, the invitation tormented, while
Don rumpled his hair as the thought
came to him, reviewing the occur
ances of the past few weeks. Xot
lom: before, when ho had been talking
to Dorothy Reynolds at an evening af
fair in her home, ho had decided for
the hundredth time, that no other plrl
could be at once so sensible and so at
tractive. Dorothy was sweet, that was
the name for lier, and ho had told her
so, holding her hand behind tho shel
ter of tho ferns. And Dorothy Rey
nolds had looked adoringly up into his
face, as she promised "sometime." Io
lot him know her feelings toward him.
"We will tro on being friends until I
am sure. Donald," she had said, "then
T will send for you." And straightway
from his love making, Dorothy's broth
er had carried him into an adjoining
room to meet, so Jack Reynolds said,
"the prettiest girl in the world."
Den tried to turn his eyes away ns
she dimpled and charmed him, tried to
force his reluctant bulk from the chair
nt her side, it was useless. With ad
miration his rebellious eyes sought her
smile, and recklessly ho still lingered.
"You are very Interesting and all
that. Sir, Durr.-," she said, "but I om
neglecting my soei:J duties. Let me
see. I am to give tho next dance to
.Tack Reynolds; after that, if you
4-Ynu will danoo with me?" Don had
"I will meet you on the side veran
da," she replied, "and we will sit it
Don was elated, too elated to notice
her sudden disapproval when ho ap
proached at tho end of the dance, tn
claim his fa vcr. Doro! hy Dalcom
seemed to have forgotten her promise.
But later coming to him upon the ve
randa, she made amends.
".Tack Reynolds is jealous," she ex
plained, "when he is jealous, ho is dis
agreeable. That is why I did not want
him to know anything about our visit
"What rieht has ho-" Don bopan
furiously, but Dorothy's silvery laugh
"Why. I believe you are jealous, too,"
Aa the weeks passed Don was
obliged to admit that fact. Jack Rey
nold's presence at Dorothy Dalcom's
side filled him with wild resentment.
Alone with him upon tho moonlit ver
anda, the girl quieted his disturbing
"You are different from all others
to mo," she murmured : "it is as though
I had known you always - and al
She was very beautiful. "You
moan," Don asked abruptly, "that you
would care more for me more than ail
Dorothy's lovely eyes studied tho
stars. "When I tim' ready to tell you
that. Don," she said, "I will send for
"By ("?onrrro!" bo ejaculated, "which
ever girl sent it. it means I'm engaged,
or will be, promptly." Then he fell tn
nmsinu'. Dorothy Rornolds had not
once summoned him by letter. Dur
ing all tin1 years of their friendship,
her communications had been spoken
over Ibo telephone. That was lier
prompt way of insuring an answer.
Why, now, should she chantre?
As for Dorothy Dalcom. Well, she
would probably wish her message to bo
confidential. Don decided to take a
chance and call at the home whore
Miss Dalcom was a truest. A tenderly
regretful feeling stole about Iiis heart j
as he trudged along-tho other Dor
othy would be surprised.
"Oh! Dan? it!" muttered Don
fiercely, and then 'bis eyes foll upon
two swaying figures in a hammock.
Jack Reynold's foot was propelling the
hammock, .while Dorothy Dalcom's
poldon hoad was very near .Tack's
shoulder. Their backs wore to Don as
they swung to and fm, but the girl's
voice reached him clearly.
"You know. Jack," sin? was snyinp,
"you are different to me from all oth
ers; it seems as though I had known
you always-and always."
The hammock came to an abrupt
stop. Mr. Jack Reynolds was more
Impulsive than Donald had boen upon
a like occasion.
Don was surprised, as ho silently re
traced his steps, to find himself un
moved by tho tableau, surprised ht a
sense of unmistakable relief pervading
Dorothy Reynolds was on tho veran
da as ho canto down the path.
"You pot my noto?" she questioned.
"We want your help ff>r our lawn fete
this evoninir. Will you carry some
things over in your car?"
"If you will go with mo. Dorothy,
dearest," Don answered with empha
A trolled light In the girl's eyes dis
"1 will go, Don," she softly agreed.
TAR AND GRAVEL APPARATUS
Device Invented by New Jersey Man
ufacturer for Heating Miterials
Emulating the famous hunter of the
olden days who killed two birds with
one stone, a New Jersey manufacturer
has recently brought out a combina
tion tar and gravel heater that heat!
these two dissimilar materials quite in
dependently but with one operation.
The device, which is shown in the ac
companying illustration, is particularly
titled for street paving where block
pavements with tar joints are laid.
The apparatus consists of two main
parts, a rectangular tar kettle and a
T-shaped grovel bin. with a furnace
extending beneath both parts, from
one end tn the other. The furnace is
fired from the gravel end of the de
vice. The smoke and gases escape
through an ordinary stove pipe in the
kettle end. The inside of the gravel
\r?;:. ? .....Av"
1 - /
KcTTLE '-j . L
HEATED ' ?T'-i' . i<v''?N -
S ; ^?FosaTED
HCT O?S?S UKDEP. ^. : : \W* f
TA* KETTLE,AND lW \
UP OUT Or STACK "SSa**^ FURWACC
Combination Tar and Gravel Heating
Device in Operation.
heater is triangular shaped while the
outside is made up in stops consist inc;
of perforated metal plates. The Y
shnped top acts as a reservoir bin and
tho gravel feeds down the steps and
out at thc bottom. Tlu> perforations
In the stop plates allow the moisture
In tho gravel to escape readily as it is
turned Into steam by the heat of the
fire, thereby making lt possible? to heat
botb tar and gravel.-Popular Science
BENEFIT OF SHADE TREES
In Wisconsin Owner ls Given Annual
Bounty of Three Cents for Each
Rod of Highway.
The Wisconsin law provides that
financial consid?ration may be given
by the state to people who plant and
cultivate trees hy the roadside. Ev
ery person along or through whose
lands a highway passes may plant and
cultivate on one or both sides of tho
roxd where he shall own land, trees
of such varieties as commonly grow at
least 40 feet high. Those must be
set two rods or less apart and In a
row within eight feet of the outer line
of the highway.
When such trees reach 12 feet In
height the superintendent of highways
shall give tho owner upon request a
certificate accepting the trees as pub
lic shade trees. Thereafter they b?
lons: to tho public and are protected ns
public property, but the title to them
or to the fruit they hear belongs to
the owner as long ns he maintains
the trees and repin?os such as die.
The owner shall receive an annual
bounty of throe cents for each rod of
highway alone: which such trees are
planted on ono side and six cents If
planted on both sides, to be credited
on his highway taxes.
BENEFIT OF IMPROVED ROADS
From Standpoint of Almighty Dollar
lt Pays Handsome Yearly Divi
dend to Farmer.
Let everybody awaken to the Im
portance of Improving tho public road,
for Improved roads will bring:
Better schools and greater attend
Rotter health and quicker medical
Bettor farms and more cultivated
Better crops and better transporta
Better social conditions and less iso
. Bettor churches and better homes.
Better men and a better nation.
Improved roads have a money value
os well as a social value.
Looking at an improved road from
the standpoint of the almighty dol
lar, lt is found to pay a handsome
dividend each yen?.
Maintenance of Gravel Roads.
On many trunk highways, a gravel
surface would ho entirely unsatisfac
tory, but we must not overlook the
fact that on roads carrying compara
tively light traffic the annual interest
cost of a more substantial pavement
may exceed the maintenance cost of
Time-saving, durable roads are now
as Important as quick-firing guns, and ;
It ls high time to speed up construe- '
tlon in order to quicken food delivery.
Notice Of Opening Books
Enrollment For Voters Ii
The Democratic Primary
Election, etc., etc.
Notice is hereby given that
following committees for enrollrr
have been appointed to enroll
voters of Edgefield County in
Democratic Primary for the 3
1918, and said books of cr.rolim
will be opened at the places desig
ted for each club Tuesday, June .
Bacon.-W. H. Smith, Secrets
G. M. Smith and B. B. Bouknighl
Cleveland-C. C. Jones, Secreta
J. W Quarles and T. Wallace Qua;
at Quarles' Store.
Colliers.-Dr. J. N. Crafton, S
retary; D. T. Mathis and E. B. Mi
is at Mathis' Store.
Edgefield Democratic Club No. :
L. W. Cheatham, Secretary; A.
Padgett and N. M. Jones, at Jo
and Son's Store.
Edgefield Democratic Club No.i
J. W. Kemp, Secretary; T. A. Hi
tower and T. J. Paul at the Ed
field Mercantile Company.
West Johnston.-W. M. Sawy
Secretary; E. H. Smith and Jc
Wright, at Lott-Walker Compan
East Johnston.-A. M. Clark, S
retary; W. S. Mobley and S. G. Mi
ley, Jr. at J. C. Lewis' Store.
Long Branch.-E. L. Scott, Se
Luther Yonce and L. C. Clark,
Lewis Clark's Store.
Meriwether.- J. A. Thurmoi
Sec. J. T. Beet- and J. 0. Scott,
J. A. Thurmond'5 Store.
Meeting Street.-J. E. Allen, Se
J. R. Blocker and J. H. Cogburn
J. H. Cogburn's Store.
Moss.-P. W. Cheatham, Se
T. A. Williams and W. A. Reel,
Pleasant Lane.-J. T. McDowe
Sec.; S. T. Williams and F. L. Ti
merman, at F. L. Timmerman's Ste
Red Hill.-H. E. QuarlesJrSec;
0. Timmerman and R. M. Johnson
H. E. Quarles' Store.
Ropers. -F. F. Rainsford," Sec. :
T. Lanham and J. D. Boswell, atJK
Shaw.-W. W. Wise, Sec.; I.
Webb and A. J. Day, at A. J. Daj
Talbert.-J. D. Hughey, Sec.; .
Gilchrist and E. P. ^.Winn, ?at [E.
The qualifications for membershid
any club of the party and for voting
a primary are as follows:
The applicant for membership,
voter, shall be 21 years of age, or sh;
become so before the secceeding^ge
eral election and be ajwhite Democra
He shall be a citizen of Jthe.; Umi
States and of this State. No-Xpersi
shall belong to any club or vote in ar
primary unless he has resided in tl
State two years and in the County s
months prior to the succeeding gener
election and in the club district 60 da]
prior to the first primary following h
offer to enroll; PROVIDED, that pul
lie school teachers and ministers of ti
gospel in charge of regular organize
church shall be exempl frcm the pi
visions of this section as to residenc*
or otherwise Qualified. Under the mk
a new enrollment is required.
B. E. NICHOLSON,
May 27, 191S.
Notice of Election.
State of South Carolina,
County of Edgefield.
Wheras a petition has been filed
and all legal requirements met, it i?
hereby ordered that the regularly ap
pointed Board of Trustees of Mos;
School District No. 22, do hold ar
election at W. T. Reel's store Satur
day, July 20, 1918, for the purpose
of voting upon the question of levy
ing and collecting an additional spe
cial tax of one (1) mill on the dol
lar of all taxable property within
said district, proceeds of such addi
tional levy to be used for school pur
poses in Moss District No. 22. Those
favoring such additional levy shall
cast a ballot with the word "Yes"
written or printed thereon, and those
opposing such additional levy shall
cast a ballot with the word "No"
written or printed thereon.
The polls shall open at 8 o'clock
A. M., and close at 4 o'clock P. M.,
and in all respects comply with sec
tion of Code of Laws governing Gen
W. W. Fuller,
E. H. Folk,
G. F. Long,
Co. Board of Educcation.
We pay the highest cash priceB
for guano, cotton seed meal and
oat sacks. See me at Rabenstein'fi
store at Edyefield, or L. "Weiner's
store at Johnston.
To Prevent Blood Poisoning
ipply at once the wonderful old reliarle DK
PORTER'S ANTISEPTIC HEALING OIL. a sui
?ical dressing that relieves pain and heals ai
"ie situ?; time. Not o liniment. 25c. 50c. $1.00.
^"..??V'.Vt J*' . .*'- -^
4? ' \M
" 'C?iaiii' INI
j??> w t? *yi .
5-^ . ? V.-V
Un c?o Sam pushed the c!ocl: ahead
one hour to give more light
Trike advantage cf it. You owe ii
to yourself and your country to inake
every minute count. .
Use your car-passenger cr com
mercial-to the limit
Samuel P. Colt, president of the
United States Rubber Company,
helped awaken the country to the
economic value of the automobile
last fail. He said
"Everything on wheels must bc
used and mobilized.
"The automobile is second to the
railroads as an adjunct and supple
mentary lo them in cc?ectmg and
Owners should use their cars,
both passenger and commercial, more
Make the mest of your car by using*
the tires that wiil extend its usefulness
lo the utmost.
Use good tires-United States Tires.
They last longest and carry you
farthest at least cost.
There is a United States Tire for
every car or truck-to guarantee un
interrupted service and greatest
Our nearest Sales and Service Depot
dealer will tell you which ones will
serve you best.
GARRETT & COMPANY