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Growing Oats: Five Rules for
The oat crop may be made a pro
fitable one in the Cotton Belt, but,
like every other crop, there are cer
tain essentials that must be looked
to if success is to be made fairly
certain. Among the most, important
of these are the following:
1. Don't expect oats to 'do well on
poor land. Too many farmers plant
oats on the poorest land on the"
place, fail to fertilize them, and
then announce that the oat crop can
not be made to pay. No wonder it
can't, under such circumstances. The
truth is that a goodly percentage of
our ordinary uplands will not, with
out the use of legumes or fertiliz
ers, grow any crop profitably ex
cept cotton, and there is little mon
ey in cotton on such lands, except
in years of good seasons and good
prices. If oats are planted on such
lands, we would prefer that a sum
mer crop of cowpeas or velvet beans
precede the oats. If the whole pea
or bean crop is plowed under, prob
ably no nitrogen will be needed in
the fertilizer, and an application of
30 pounds per acre of acid phos
phate made about the time the oats
are planted will be sufficient. Where
no'' legume crop precedes the oats,
on average land, we would recom
mend a mixture of about 3 00
pounds of cottonseed meal and "00
pounds of acid . phosphate per acre
applied at planting time, to be fol
lowed by a broadcast application of
75 to 100 pounds of nitrate of so
da per acre in March.
2. Plant early. Despite two very
severe winters in succession, we are
still certain that for at least the
lower two-thirds of the Cotton Belt
fall-planted oats will on an average
far out-yield spring oats. The big
mistake many oat-growers have
made has been to plant too late, giv
ing the oats insufficient time to get
well rooted before hard freezing
weather. The best time to plant will
of course vary with the location but,
roughly, we suggest the following
dates as being about right: Upper
third of the Cotton Belt, September
1 to September 20; middle third of
Cotton Belt, September 20 to Oct
ober 10; and lower third, from Oc
tober 1 to October 30.
3. Use the open-furrow method to
prevent winter-killing. Where winter
killing may occur even when oats
are sowed at the proper time, sow
ing by the open-furrow method is
the best preventive we know of.
This method consists in putting the
oats in a furrow and leaving th? fur
row open, just enough soil falling
on the seed to insure germination.
There are now open-furrow drills
that plant three rows of oats at a
through. These are adjustments to
fit rows of different widths. With
one of these drills one man and a
good horse can put in six to eight
acres of octs a day. We know of
oats put in by this method in Septem
ber last year that stood the winter
almost perfectly as far north as Mern
phis, Tenn., and Little Rock, Ark.
4. Plant good seed and treat for
smut. Rust and smut are two of the
most serious enemies of the oat cropi
and both of these are largely pre
ventable. Oats of ^ one of the Red
Rust-proof strains, such as Appier,
Hundred-bushel, Culberson, etc., are
very rust-resistant, though in a sea
son very favorable to rust develop
ment they are not "rust-proof." It
viii be well to use home-grown seed
where they can be had.
5. Growing a second crop after
the oats. One great advantage of
oats, is that they are o?r the land in
time to grow a second crop of some
kind. This double cropping possibil
ity must be taken advantage of if
maximum returns are to be had. On
moist land, lespedeza or Japan clo
ver is an ideal hay crop to follow
oats; on drier soils, cowpeas or soy
beans, or a combination of corn? with
peas or beans may be used. But by
all means plan to grow second ero])
after every acre of oats.-Progres
The Service Flag.
The following poem was recited
by Gell Morgan, daughter of Mr. and
Mrs. Morgan at Gilgal church:
I am the flag in the window,
I am born of the red, white and blue,
And the stars that you count on my
Are the sons I have taken from you.
I tell of a home that is saddened,
I speak of a vacant chair
And a mother's heart that is longing
For news of her boy "over there."
I know when home ties are broken,
And brave hearts over the sea,
And I sigh for the lives that are given
That the world may forever be free.
But I still have another message
Of lads who are loyal and true,
Boys who are willing and eager
To die for Old Glory and you.
So pause in the day's busy hustle,
Don't pass me with only a glance.
Say a prayer for the boys in the home
And the ones who are Somewhere in
i-Camp Lewis "Over the Top."
Housekeeping and Home-Mak
To dry herbs, gather them on a
an aluminum or granite kettle. Heat
until stones and pulp separate; then
strain through jelly bag, add three
pounds sugar, heat to boiling point
and bottle. This will make one gal
lon. The sugar can be left out or
four pounds of syrup or'honey can
be substituted for the sugar. Dilute
one half and serve very cold.
Why is milk like War Savings
Stamps? Both are especially good
Home-made milk shakes are easily
prepared. Pour about half an inch
of syrup in a glass, add a teaspoon
of vanilla or a tablespoon of crushed
fruit or chocolate syrup kept for the
purpose. Fill the glass with milk,
add some chipped ice if you wish;
pour all into a fruit jar, clamp down'
the top and shake well.
A rainy day job-send for those
bulletins you have been wanting and
file those you have.
Fruits, nuts and vegetables would
be more appreciated in the average
farm home if they did not grow so
freely. Loyal Americans can save
wheat, fat and sugar by having plen
ty of them.
Do you sharpen your knives now
and then? A dull tool is a vexation.
Knife sharpeners are inexpensive.
Write a cheerful letter to the sol
dier boy. Tell him you love him, but
do not say that you wish he were
home. Let him know how proud you
are of him, too.
Go over the top-of the wicker
chairs with a good varnish stain.
They will look like new.
Babies need water to drink these
warm days. Giving it from the fam
ily is dangerous for all, but especial
ly so for the baby. A little cool, di
luted fruit juice agrees with most
babies over eight months old.
If there is typhoid in the neighbor
hood boil all water and fear flies.
Have your doctor send a sample of
your drinking water to be analyzed
and know that you are safe.
The United Farm Women can save
the country many, many pounds of
wool and cotton by coming together
and making over old clothes. There
is a county in Utah where the women
saved about $2,500 in one month by
coming together and remodeling
clothes under the direction of the J
home agent. They made over 350 j
hats, made dresses from coat suits,
devised childrens' clothing from wom
en's dresses, cut little trousers from
men's coats and pants, and some
times combined the material of two
parr ly worn dresses into one good,
one. . -~
Low-neck dresses are still most
popular in spite of the fact that
there has been a great effort to make
the high collar fashionable. Dainty
sailor collars of every shape are
worn. They are either of some con
trasting color or white.
One piece dresses promise to be as
popular this fall and winter as they |
were last year. These with a good j
cloak are really more satisfactory
than a suit.
The white silk skirt that can be
washed will last much longer if made
with skirt and over-tunic. One can
lift the tunic to sit on a dusty seat
and thus save washing.
Ministers help in food work in j
many places by giving out notices of j
the food regulations. We are fighting j
for a cause that any church can en
Ugly hands and housework seem
to go together, but I have a friend
who says that is not true. She keeps
a bottle of good cold cream in the
kitchen, and after peeling potatoes
la thing no good American does
now) or washing dishes she rubs a I
iittle of the cold cream into the
hands and then wipes off what will
come. She uses a stilf brush and file
but never cuts the nails.
Baby is not cross; if he cries be
?ure there is something wrong. If he
eats and sleeps well watch the scales I
to see if he gains. You may have the
intervals between feeding too long,
too short or irregular, his mouth may
need care or his clothes may be un
comfortable. If he still cries consult
the best doctor you can find, or bet-,
ter, a baby specialist.
Constipation in hot weather is dan
gerous in a child for it may be fol
lowed by diarrhea. If orange ? and
prune juice are not affective change
the diet giving more well cooked ce
real, oatmeal, jelly, plenty of butter
and cream, stale well baked bread,
prune pulp and apple sauce.
1 Overland car.
1 Saxon car.
1 Jersey Milch Cow.
J. T. Harling,
Edgefield, S. C.
Just received a shipment of No.
2 Cane Mills that were bought early
and I can sell them at the old price.
See or write me at once. J. H. REEL.
ARRINGTON BROS. & CO.
Wholesale Grocers and Dealers in
Corn, Oats, Hay and all
Kinds of Seeds
Corner Cumming and Fenwick Streets
On Georgia R. R. Tracks
YOUR PATRONAGE SOLICITED
See our representative, C. E. May
B. B. RUSSELL, JR.
R. E. ALLEN
RUSSELL & ALLEN
857, 859 and 861 Reynolds Street
Bonded Warehouse. Liberal advances on cotton in
storage. Correspondence invited and consignments
FISK N0N'SKID TIRES
* A real investment
on which you realize
full value in mileage
and Fisk Service,
with an initial price
'r* that is attractive.
-Yoiice Motor Co.
EDGEFIELD, S. C.
BARRETT & COMPANY
WHERE ?O GO THIS SUMMER
The "Land of the Sky" is
Delightful at All Seasons
The vast plateau, with a minimum altitude ot
2,000 feet above the sea level, amid a setting of
beautiful mountains and giant peaks. Summer in
this region is one of constant enjoyment and health
in Eastern North America
Camp in Mount Michell Forest Reserve
. or Pisgah Forest Reserve
GOLF TENNIS MOTORING
MOUNTAIN CLIMBING HORSE-BACK RIDING
CANOEING FISHING HUNTING
NOMEROUS FAMOUS RESORTS
CHARMING SOCIAL LIFE
SUMMER CAMPS FOR BOYS AND GIRLS
MANY NOTED RESORTS IN
V SOUTH CAROLINA
C MISSISSIPPI and
CUMBERLAND ISLAND, GA.
VIRGINIA BEACH, VA.
OCEAN VIEW, VA.
OLD POINT COMFORT, VA.
MOREHEAD CITY, N. C.
ISLE OF PALMS, S. C.
SULLIVAN'S ISLAND, S, C.
ST. SIMON'S ISLAND, GA.
ATLANTIC BEACH, FLA.
Reached by Convenient Service of
Southern Railway System
SUMMER EXCURSION RATES
F. E. GIBSON, President
LANSING B. LEE, Sec. and Treas.
Buy now if you have to buy. labor and
material is scarce. Few saw mills are
operating*. Stocks are bard to get, and
later you may not be able to procure
what von want. Our stocks are full, we
can serve you promptly-Lumber. Laths,
Roofings and Fine Mill Work.
Woodard Lumber Co.
Corner Robert and Dugas Streets
AUGUSTA - - GEORGIA N
'Phone - - 158
Buy War Saving
von can't see.
Then see me.
Geo. F. Minis,
Now is the time to protect your
crop from hail. I can place you in
a good company. I can also pro
tect your home with tornado insur
ance. E. J. Norris.
.Whenever You Need a General Tonic
The Old Standard Grove's Tasteless
chill Tonic is equally valuable as a
General Tonic because it contains the
well known tonic propertiesof QUININE
and IRON. It acts on the Liver, Drives
out Malaria, Enriches the Blood and
Builds up the Whole System. 50 cents.
DK.KIIWS KIEW tflSCOVEin
WI Surely Stop Tba! Coufiib
I take this~means of letting the
people know that I have re-opened
my pressing club, and will appre
ciate their patronage. I am better
prepared than ever to clean and
press all kinds of garments, both
for ladies and gentlemen. All work
guaranteed. Let me know when
you have work and I will send for
it and make prompt delivery.
Sheppard Building Down Stairs
A. H. Corley,
Appointments at Trenton
DR J.S. BYRD,
OFFICE OVER POSTOFFICE