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The Glory of the Capitol.
By Garrett P. Serviss.
The great white Capitol on its
green hill is one of the most power
! ful features of Washington. It reach
es the essentials of monumental archi
tecture as well as the Parthenon at
Athens taught them in its day. It is
one of the happy hits of A*mcrican
genius, like the Federal Constitution.
There is no other thing in Washing
ton so well worth seeing and study
ing. But who studies it? The vast
majority of visitors take a glance at
the Capitol, get a passing impression
of a huge, towering dome and an
enormous outstretching of architec
tural wings that glare in the sunshine
as if a gigantic white bird had settled
down upon the city, and go away with
only a confused notion of what they
have seen. It has stirred their imagi
nation, but they cannot tell why. It
was a "mighty big thing,'' that is all
they are able to say about it.
This is one of the weakest points 1
in American education-the lack of j
any general knowledge or apprecia
tion of architecture. It is a funda
mental cause of the common ugliness
of our cities and buildings. The A
B C of architecture ought to be
taught in the public schools. Archi
tecture was man's first great progres
sive art. Birds and mice can make
nests, but they make them the same
now as their predecessors made them
a million years ago. Man began in
caverns and leaf-covered huts and
towers in trees, but proved his intel
lectual superiority by rising to the
construction of a Parthenon.
A building like the Capitol is a na
tional symbol. This particular symbol
in Washington stands for the Ameri
can people, and the people ought to
study it, for it will repay the trouble.
Foreigners judge us by it; to their
.eyes it is a token or measure of our
importance, as the Pyramids are a
measure of the might of ancient
Egypt or St. Peter's of the historic
greatness of the Christian Church.
We find that foreigners admire the
Capitol rather more than we do. One
reason is that educated foreigners
generally know more about architec
ture; another is .that they study and
Appreciate such things more and bet
ter. They look askajit at some of the
architectural performances of New
York and Chicago, but they never
smile at the Capitol in Washington. It
may hcAp some Americans to be more
attentive to this magnificent struc
ture if, they are assured that it can
triumphantly boar comparison with
architecture in the Old World. Many
thousands of the American soldiers
^re now passing through Washington,
expecting in a few months to be
marching to victory through the fa
mous cities of Eurone. They will see
nothing there to make them blush
for th'j majestic Capitol that symbol
izes the power of their own country.
They should look well at it and fix
its image in their minds before they
go. Pts -towering form will be an in
spiring memory for them.
It is incomparably more splendid
and impressive than the vast houses
of Parliament in London. The palace
in Berlin is a barn beside it. Vienna's
splendid Parliament building falls far
below it in majesty. *Thc- gorgeous
Kremlin, that whipped Napoleon out
of tho heart of .Russia with lashes of
flame, is a nondescript aggregation
of whitewashed walls, bulb-topped
towers, mushroom church domes, and
gilded minarets, utterly lacking the
unity and sublimity of our great pal
ace of democracy.
See if you cannot find for yourself
what are the elements of the wonder
ful impression that the Capitol makes
on your eyes and your mind. Sit
down on one of the stone benches be
fore its great cast front. If you are
an architect, or a connoisseur of
architecture, you will perceive faults
and inconsistencies; but no matter for
them; it is the general impression
that counts. Notice the admirable un
ity of the design: how, notwithstand
ing its enormous size, the entire
structure hangs together and makes
a harmonious whole. That will be a
lesson for you in the elements of ar
With the great building actually
before you, you will see (what no
picture shows) that there is a separ
ate unity pertaining to the old, cen
tral portion, which makes it by far
the most beautiful part of the struc
ture. Tin's is brought out by the white
paint covering the old part, in con
trast with the darker shade of the un
painted stone of the new wings. In
a photograph this distinction is lost.
When you perceive it you are tempt
ed to regret the necessity of adding
those wings. Without them, the vast
lofty dome is the master feature of
the entire pile. The old wings seem
to be only happily proportioned ex
tensions of the base, a kind of high,
white terrace for the great dome to
stand upon, like the buttresses of a
snowy mountain peak.
By placing yourself in the center
of East Capitol Street, about in line
with the third pair of lamp posts, you
will find the new things shut out on
each side by the trees bordering the
way, * ' then you can see, without
the distraction produced by their pres
ence, how very beautiful and harmo
nious the old building was before the
i additions at the ends. The new wings,
where .the Senate and the Representa
tives assemble, are accordant in de
sign with the older portion, but their
elaborate groups of sculpture in the
tympanums above the projecting por
ticos are less pleasing than the sim
ple three figures that adorn the cor
responding tympanum above the old
Then study the extreme beauty and
harmony of proportions exhibited by
the magnificent -dome, with its five
superposed parts, only the lower one
of which, the base, has the least ap
pearance of heaviness. . for all the
rest seems.wonderfully light and airy
although it carries nearly nine mil
lion pounds of metal.
The Capitol is so large and so con
spicuously placed that it becomes a
dominant landscape object and shares
with such objects the variation of as
pect produced by changes of light,
such as are caused by the passage of
clouds, or an alteration; in the angle
of view. You should, therefore, look
at it af different hours of the day
and' evening, in different states of
the weather, and from many different
points. The western side, intended to
be the back, faces the city as it hap
pened to grow, and, with the green,
tree-shaped slopes that lead up to it
and the great white stone terraces,
fountains, flower beds and flights of
steps, presents in some ways the 'most
impressive view of all. But the real
architectural beauty of the Capitol
is to be seen from the east.
Finally, in order to see how the
vast building retains its majesty when
viewed from a distance, go out upon
the distant hills and lock back at it.
That sight will increase your pride
in your country, which is not a bad
thing to cultivate just now.-Wash
Tho Pi!5s Thai Do Cure
To buy Liberty Bonds,
Stamps on the purchase pr
piano or organ. Reason*
price of instrument. Foi
pianos and five makes of p
Reference: The Bank o:
strongest bank in Greenwo
Corner Cumming a:
Distributors of Marathon Tires and
See our representativ
Augusta - - ,
SRO*! xtZ-MZ i>*T*>:<; ? >< '
Notice is hereby given that all
! trespassing in every form is forbid
den upon the lands owned and con
! trolled by the undersigned. The law
will be enforced against all who fail
to heed this notice. This means ev
Abner B. Broadwater.
Mrs. J. A. Cox, of AI
derson, W. Va., writes:
"My daughter . . .suf
fered terribly. She could
not turn in bed ... the
doctors gave her up, and
we brought her home to
die. She had suffered so
much at. .. time. Hav
ing heard of Cardui, we
got it for her."
ssa The Woman's Tonic
"In a few days, she be
gan to improve," Mrs.
Cox continues, "and had
no trouble at... Cardui
cured her, and we sing
its praises everywhere.
We receive many thou
sands of similariletters
every year, telling of the
good Cardui has done fer
women who suffer from
complaints so common to
their sex. It should do
/ou good, too. Try
War Savings or Thrift
ice of a piano, self player
tble credit on balance of
irteen different makes of
layers to select from.
f Greenwood, oldest and
}d Piano Man
BROS. & CO.
?s and Dealers in
Hay and all
nd Fenwick Streets
R. R. Tracks
Tubes. None better, but our price
-e, C. E. May.
Every Department Well
VV e placed large orders early for the several departments on our second floor and
invite our friends, the ladies especially, to inspect these attractive goods;
We are showing some good values in bed-room suits. Also see our sideboards,
hat-racks, sofas, dining tables and china closets. A beautiful assortment of rockers to
select from. ? .
We have a large stock of iron and enameled beds and the best bed springs on the
market. A large stock of cotton and .felt mattresses.
We extend a special invitation to the ladies to come and see our beautiful assort
ment of rugs and art squares. Many attractive designs at very reasonable prices.
We have bought a large stock of stoves, ranges and heaters. Now is the time to
discard your old one and purchase a new one.
We were never better supplied than now to fill the needs of our customers in har
ness, bridles and saddles. Large assortment to select from.
Our undertaker's department is well supplied with coffins and caskets of all sizes
and prices. A share of your patronage is solicited. Our hearse responds to all calls
On our first floor will be found a large stock of heavy
groceries and plantation supplies. We buy in large
quantities and can make very satisfactory prices.
Large shipment of Texas oats for seed-no better quality on the market. Let us
fill your orders.
Edgefield Mercantile Company
Buy War Saving
you can't see.
Then see me.
Geo. F. Mims,
Edgefield, S.C. .
B.x E. TiUSSELL, JR.
E. E. ALLEN
RUSSELL & ALLEN
857, 859 and 861 Reynolds Street
Bonded Warehouse. Liberal advances on cotton in
storage. Correspondence invitedjand consignments
We desire to announce to our Edgefield friends that we are well supplied in every g
department to supply their needs.
Have a Large Stoek of Plows and Harrows
Just what you need for turning your land in the fall.
Our Stock of Harness, Saddles and Bridles is Complete
Anything you want in harness, wagon or buggy harness, single or double, we have
it-WITH PRICES RIGHT.
Large stock of NAILS and all kinds of Builders' Supplies. If you need shop tools of
all kinds come to us. Poultry and pasture fence wire all widths.
Large stock of carriage and wagon material. The best roofing on the market.
Shotguns, loaded shells and cartrides of all kinds. If we have not in stock what you
need we will order it for you at once.
Come in to see us when in town. Mr. J. H. P. Roper is with us and will give his
friends a cordial greeting.
Whittle & Plunkett
1289 Broad Street