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Probable Effect of the Ending
of the War on Southern
Agriculture and Busi
There is no question of more uni
versal interest than, "How is the
coming of peace going rn affect busi
Other wars of much smaller pro
portions have usually been followed
by very active business in almost
every line and general prosperity for
a number of years.
The business of the South is large
ly agricultural. Even'during the war
the South has had little direct bene
fits from war activities, except in a
few localities and perhaps in the lum
ber industry quite generally. In oth
er words, not being a manufacturing
section of the country, we did not
profit largely by war activities or the
manufacturing of war equipment.
But during the war prices on all
products consumed . by the South
have greatly advanced and it must
be remembered that the South is
largely a buyer of most farm prod
ucts except cotton .and !ts by-prod
ucts. Her one large sales crop has al
so, except for the first year of the
war, sold for advanced prices. Dur
ing the first two years of the war
cotton prices were relatively very
much less and during the last two
years a little less, as compared with
pre-war prices, than wheat and corn.
But the forced habits of economy
which we learned before and during
the first years of the war have enabl
ed the South to put herself in the
best financial position of her exist
Therefore, that the good business
and prosperity for every legitimate
and well conducted business is assur
ed to the South for several years
seems as nearly certain as anything
in the future can be. The world is
short of cotton, as compared with ev
en normal needs. The cupboards of
the world are empty and food prod
ucts must remain in great demand
and high-priced. But how long are j
these good prices to last? Beyond
question the conditions limiting cot
ton production makes it reasonably
certain that it will take two crops of j
cotton or the crops of 1919 and 1920
. to bring the supplies anywhere near
up to the demands. It will probably J
take longer, and it is almost certain
it will take considerably longer to
replenish the food supplies of the
world. It therefore seems beyond J
question that the farmers of the
South are assured good prices and
prosperous times for several years
If the farmers are prosperous all
other lines prosper. During the last
three years and during the next few
years the people of the South will
have more money than ever before
with which to continue old lines and
engage in new enterprises to supply
the needs of reconstruction. For in
stance, the war has checked all build
ing activities which' now must be re
vived and increased considerably in
order to make up for the lessened ac
tivity of the years of the war. It fol
lows that building materials, manu
factured goods and all other lines of
commerce must assume more than
usual activity to meet these condi
tions brought about by the war.
Considering the destruction of live
stock and the demands for foods, be
yond question, livestock, food, grains
and other farm products must be in
great demand and for years to come
with corresponding prices and to
meet these demands^ great activity
in these lines of production must be
continued. In short, the South's pre
war condition, the restraint on her
business activities during the war
and the demands which must follow
the conclusion of the war point un
mistakably to a great period of farm
ing, commercial and manufacturing
activity for several years. She has
more money .than ever before and
good prices for her products mean a
continued prosperity which can not
fail to be a great stimulus to all lines
of normal activities - Progressive
Thousands Drop Out in Higher
In the report of the State superin
tendent of education to the legisla
ture covering the scholastic year 1917
ad 1918 one of the most valuable tab
ulations shows the enrollment by
grades in rural graded schools and in
high schools accepting State aid.
These two groups of schools repre
sent the best educational effort of
the public school system. No rural
graded school can employ fewer than
two teachers and no high school few
er than five teachers. This makes the
gradation in classification much more
systematic and effective than in other
and smaller schools.
During the year 731 rural graded
schools were recognized in 45 coun
ties. These schools received $190,300
State aid and enrolled 09,336 pupils.
One school in Horry county received
$200 during the session 1917-18 to
cover an omission for the scholastic
Gradual Filling Off.
Beginning in the first grade with
19,892 children the enrollment in ru
rul graded schools ended in the 11th
grade with 27. The elimination shows
the progressive dropping out of chil
dren. The losses contitute an educa
tional death roll which shows the nec
essity for a compulsory attendance
law and for proper organization and
recognition of the county superin
tendent's office. At least two-thirds
of the children entering the first
grade ought to complete the eight
grade. The man to bring this about
is the county superintendent of edu
cation. The present custom of depre
ciating the county superintendent's
office is one of the most damaging
injuries to the public schools.
The figures for the ll grades are
given in successions: First grade,
19.S92; second grade, 8,915; third
grade, 8,(589; fourth grade 8, 152;
fifth grade, 6,597; sixth grade, 5,441;
seventh grade, 4,550; eighth grade,
3,844; ninth grade, 2,219; tenth
grade. 1,010; 11th grade, 27.
In the 130 State aided high schools
the total enrollment was 49,840. In
40 counties acceptable high schools
were recognized by the State board
of education. In Jasper county Ridge
land did not secure the required high
school enrollment of 25 in time
to be approved for State aid during
the scholastic year 1917.18.
Seven Do Not Receive Help.
Charleston, Columbia, Spartan
burg, Greenville, Aiken, Cheraw and
Beaufort do not accept State high
school aid. In each of these districts
the assigned reason alleges that the
city schools prefer to charge tuition
to outside pupils rather than to ad
mit these pupils free. The collections
from tuitions annually exceed the
maximum amount of State aid now
provided under the high school law.
These schools embrace the four
largest municipalities of the State.
They ought to have the most efficient
schools in the state because they pos
sess the largest amount of wealth
and the largest population. If some
thing could be done to make these
strong centers real educational cen
ters for other counties the results
j would certainly prove helpful to ru
ral schools and to country children.
The State ought to provide enough
money to relieve the city school dis
trict of any added expense. This
could easily be accomplished by pay
ing a monthly tuition charge of $3
per child. A few high schools now en
roll a large number of outside boys
and girls and are burdened because
of the influx of these children. Unless
the situation is relieved, these over
burdened districts will be compelled
to forego the privilege of serving
these rural pupils.
Upper Grades Small.
It is interesting also to note the
progressive elimination of children in
high schools, beginning with 10,721
in the first grade the State aided
high schools end with 622 in the 11th
grade. The arger proportion of chil
dren held throughout the successive
grades is certainly due to the longer
recitation periods, the better organi
zation and the larger teaching force
in high schools. In fact the length of
the recitation periods and the num
ber of daily recitations attempted by
teachers will be one of the best tests
of any school. The enrollment by
grades in high schools is as follows:
First grade, 10,721; second grade,
6,709; third grade, 6,177; fourth
grade, 5,625; fifth grade, 4,843;
sixth grade, 4,029; seventh grade,
3,516; eighth grade, 3,330; ninth
grade, 2,343; tenth grade, 1,925;
eleventh grade, 622. ?
If the figures for private high
schools and for non State aided high
schools could have been obtained
these grade enrollments might have
been increased throughout.
College students are usually re
cruited from the pupils of rural grad
ed schools and of high schools.
These figures show exactly where
and how the colleges must recruit
their freshmen each year. If this con
dition could be sympathetically and
constructively discussed by the edu
cational leaders of the State a pro
gram for better work in rural graded
schools, in high schools and in col
leges ought to be devised.
Premier Clemenceau of France is
reported to have said: "It is harder
to win peace than war." This is true.
Self-control is harder to exercise
than control over others. Control of
self is more important than control
over enemies. There are greater dif
ficulties in establishing peace at
home than in winning a decision on
Democracies have their difficulties
as well as empires, absolute or limit
ed. Where the people rule as we do
in this country it is necessary to cre
ate public sentiment and subdue sel
fish interest before the government
is ready to enter upon an era of
peace and prosperity. War always en
courages selfish design. It demoraliz
es private enterprise and fosters cer
tain business at the expense of others
no less important. To readjust this
martial feeling and bring the indus
rial and financial disturbance back to
, normal is the problem.
"We must act so that France will
win a place in the world of which
she is worthy," declared Premier
Clemenceau when he was congratu
lated upon France's part in winning
the war. That is also our task in
America. We have conquered on the
battlefield; we have sacrificed some
of our best citizens to help save
France and Belgium. Now let us sac
rifice selfishness, politics and wealth,
if necessary, to make America "win
a place in the world of which she is
worthy."-Farm and Ranch.
The County Treasurer's office will
be open for the purpose of receiving
taxes from the 15th day of October,
1918, to the 15th day of March, 1919.
All taxes shall be due and payable
between the 15th day of October,
1918, and December 31st, 1918.
That when taxes charged shall not
be paid by December 31st, 1918, the
County Auditor shall proceed to add
a penalty of one per cent, for Janu
ary, and if taxes are not paid on or
before February 1st, 1919, the Coun
ty Auditor will proceed to add two
per cent, and five per cent additional,
from the 1st of March to the 15th of
March, after which time all unpaid
taxes will be collected by the Sheriff.
The tax levies for the year 1918
are as follows:
For Statepurposes 8T4
For Ordinary County 7
For Constitutional School Tax 3
For Antioch 4
For Bacon School District 7%
For Blocker 2
For Blocker-Limestone 4
For Colliers 4
For Flat Rock 4
For Oak Grove 3
For Red Hill 4
For Edgefield 8
For Elmwood No. 8 2
For Elmwood No. 9 2
For Elmwood No. 30 2
For Elmwood L. C. 3
For Hibler 3
For Johnston . ll
For Meriwether (Gregg) 2
For Moss 3
For Ropers 2
For Shaw 4
For Sweetwater 4
For Trenton 8 Vs
For Wards 2
For Blocker R. R. (portion) 15
For Elmwood R. R. (portion) 15
For Johnston R. R. Bt
For Pickens R. R. 3
For Wise R. R. 1 Vi
For Corporation ll
All the male citizens between the
ages of 21 years aqd 60 years, except
those exempt by law, are liable to a
poll tax of One Dollar each. A capi
tation tax of 50 cents each is to be
paid on all dogs.
The law prescribes that all male
citizens between the ages of 18 and
55 years must pay $2.00 commuta
tion tax. No communtation is includ
ed in the property tax. So ask for
road tax receipt when you desire to
pay road tax.
JAMES T. MIMS,
Co. Treas. E. C.
Notice of Final Discharge. I
To All Whom These Presents May I
WHEREAS, E. M. Whatley has ?
made application unto this Court for
Final Discharge as Guardian in re j
the Estate of Mary Watson a minor,
on this the 29th day of October 1918.
THESE ARE THEREFORE, to
cite any and all kindred, creditors, or I
parties interested, to show cause be- '
fore me at my office at Edgefield
Court House, South Carolina, on the j
30th day of November 1918 at ll
o'clock a. m., why said order of Dis
charge should not be granted.
W. T. KINNAIRD,
J. P. C., E. C., S. C.
October 29th 1918.
Published each intervening Wed- '
nesday up to November 30th, 1918
in "The Edgefield Advertiser."
Lumber for Sale
We have lumber of all kinds on
hand at our mill. Bills cut to or
der from a good grade of yellow
W. M. RANSON,
JNO. R. BRYAN,
Johnston, S. C.
Mow To Give Quinine To Children.
FEBRILINK is the trade-mark name given to aa
improved Quiniue. It is a Tasteless Syrup, picas?
nut to take and does not disturb the stomach.
Children take it and never know it is Quinine.
Also especially n<iar?ted to adults who cannot
Jake ordinary Quinine. Does not nauseate nor
cause nervousness norrinKinj? in the head. Try
?t thc next time you need Quinine for any pur
V>ose. Ask for 2-ounce original package. Tho
tame F?URlI.IiNli is blo-.vu in h?tUe. 25 ecol*
We extend our friends a cordial invitation to make our
store, next door to the Farmers Bank, their shopping
headquarters. Leave your packages with us. v
We have a large stock of Dry Goods, Notions, Clothing,
Hats, Shoes and Underwear. Can sell you your bill for
the entire family and thus save you money. Come in
let us prove what we say. We do not make a state
ment in our advertisements that we cannot make good.
If we have not what you want we will order it for you
on short notice.
A cordial welcome awaits you at our store.
All persons are hereby notified not
to hunt or trespass in any manner
whatsoever on lands owned or con
trolled by the undersigned. The law
will be enforced against all who fail
to heed this notice.
BI. C. PARKER.
I take thisTmeans of letting the
people know that I have re-opened
my pressing club, and will appre
ciate their patronage. I am betterl
prepared than ever to clean and
press all kinds of garments, both
for ladies and gentlemen. All work
guaranteed. Let me know when
you have work and I will send for]
it and make prompt delivery.
VY?si Surety Sion Thai Couoh.
Light Saw, Lathe and Shin
gle Mills, Engines. Boilers,
Supplies and Repairs. Porta
ble, Steam and Gasoline En
gines, Saw Teeth, Files. Belt
and Pipes, WOOD SAWS
GINS and PRESS REPAIRS
DR J.S. BYRD,
OFFICE OVER POSTOFFICE
Residence 'Phone 17-R. Ofttce 3
FOR SALE-A 309 Acre
well improved, farm near
Trenton, on the Augusta Road.
Well watered, well improved,
Splendid dwelling, barns,
Fine crops of cotton, corn,
wheat, oats this year. Let me
drive you over the very best
farm available. Hurry!
E. J. NORRIS,
Real Estate and Ins.
Edge?eld, S. C.
i#j;res via Sores, ?mei Basadlo* Won't Cuiu
The worst caf.es. no matter cf how lon? standing
.?re cured fay the wonderful, old reliable Er
Porter's Antiseptic Healing Oil. It relicvci
.'ain and Keals at UM nam* "~c. 25c. 50c. SUP
fen and Boys
If you have not completed your winter wardrobe, and it
is hardly probable that you have this early, call at our
store and let us supply your needs.
Our Stock of Shoes for Men,
Boys and Children
was never more complete. Large shipments from some
of the leading manufacturers are still coming in. All of
the popular leathers in the latest styles.
A Large Stock of Clothing and
Overcoats to Select From
It is made by dependable manufacturers. Dependable
both in quality and'style.
We have a big stock of HATS. The latest styles are
shown in large variety.
Big stock of SHIRTS and UNDERWEAR. Can
please and fit everybody.
Beautiful assortment of NECKWEAR. It will be a
pleasure to show you through our stock.