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H?RV?ST FROM UNDER Z2-:...
Kelp Has Been Proved cf Such VrJu
in Industry Thr.i lt ls Nev Care
A good deal has been written abon?
the use of tho seaweed, le?.-;:), for tilt
production of potash, and a good deal
of extravagant dreaming has lava in
dulged in. However, the fcelp<industry
hus put itself on a solid and prosper
ous footing, and gold in the simpe of
tho indispensable potash is being har
vested from the waters of the Pacific.
The cmters or harvesters are ocean
going boats and stay out at sea all the
time, while the barges carry thc mac
erated kelp back to the wharf, where it
is pumped from the holds into fer
menting t:::?::s. -Foreign matter such
as Lolts, nuts. etc.. brought in with the
kelp are removed by electromagnets
before the pumps are reach? I;
Harvesting consists in cutting the
plant about six f?e? below the surface
of the water, lr has actually boen
iound tliat this treatment Improves (In
growth and stand of the beds t<> such
un extent that they may br eur over
about every HO days. The ar? ti cut at
present extends from Point Conception
south to thc Mexican line.
The potash is all used for chemical
purposes, owing to irs IVA'. ;i:v purity,
and there is not enough of ii to sup
ply this demand. The trna! quantity of
the pure product is not great enough
to be considered seilo?sly Cor fertiliser
purposes. There are, however, a num
ber of residues produced containing
potash which amount to quite a ton
NOW SHORTAGE Gr C'^LES
Britirh Fee;! Ministry S-?eks Method by
Which lt May Be Er.r.blcd to
News is coming from many parts
of the country that the shortage of
candles is increasing owing to the fact
thar maur people v ho did apt use them
before are now supplementing their
gas and electric lig'u rations by th^ir
use. It is becoming more clear ? . >ry
day that sena? means must be adopted
tr. insure that householders in rural
districts, where there is ho gi s or elec
tricity, have an adequate supply "?
illuminants, Important nation.-.! indus
tries which cannot weil be carried <>n
without an adequate ca!!'!!.- supply
must also bc protected; A scheme fur
controlling; cainT:- snppllcs is enirnsing
the attention of the ministry of food.
During and si;. :e last winter tl? ?re
has been a camile shortage; The oils
and fats branch of the ministry of ' .?
within whose view rbis matter comes,
have received numerous complaints
from rural councils and individuals of
the difflcnlty of getting supplies and of
retail prices going up by leaps and
hounds. There is evidence cf a new
demand haying sprung up within the
last six weeks. accentuating last win?
tor's shortage and making a candle
famine imminent.-Manchester Guard
War Co:r.in.? in Germany. N
. Dtfe to metal shortage G? nnany has
Institute?! iron coinage. Th? fraction
al mark coin? are no longer of e< pj er
and nickel, but are forgings nf Sie
mens-Martin steel. Tho coinage Of
copper was discontinued in 1917; Alu
min.tm? had been coined to :. small* ex
tent before the war ; the smallest
coins, ono and two pfennig pk'cbs. aro
now made of aluminum, which is moro
attacked by ordinary water, s? ila,
salts, etc., than by distilled water;
Zinc coins have recently been intro
duced. Z'nc coins had been used in
French Indo?.China: they are again
more apt to corrode, especially when
impure with lead, cadmium and iron,
in distilled water than in ordinary wa
ter: tiley turn yellow-brown. Inri as
sume a pleasant gray tint In soda and
salt. Oh the whole, the cheapest Iron
coins have answered best.-Engineer
New Burlap Substitute.
Manufacturers engag? 'I on govern
ment contracts are being o:Tere?I ?1 sub
stitute for burhill !>y a ?a;-',"' Massa
chusetts mill which has discovert ?! a
?jjuaterial that eau successfully be used
for haling Instead of tf"? per rent
jute, the substitut" is naide of ?m?1
strand or Swedish pulp paper and two
strands of jut", it is made nine ami
Iii ounces in weight and "<;. !??. arid 4S
Inches deep. A government ti s; 6f.the
nine-ounce product shows a t? lislle
strength of Hi? pounds, as against 00
pounds f?ir regular eight-ounce burlap.
-New Bedford Standard.
. New Textile Materiel;
TextUit, said to be used In of
the largest German factories, is a ^in
stitute material that is predicted to
outlast the war as a permanent addi
tion to tho textil" Industry. IL con
sists of a paper thread and a fiber
thrend twisted together and. though
the percentage of Jong fiber is very
small, lt ls claimed to have yielded
products that th?' uninitiated cannot
distinguish from the former lim n nnd
Jute fabrics. The fiber gives a firm
ness tiiat paper fahrics <1" not pos
sess. The material is made into weav
ing and sewing yarns and webs of all
A funny one occurred in Judge
"Wood's court the other day. observes
the Los Angeles Times, lt vyas a ?li
vorce case and tho witness v. is in
clined to be vague. Finally h.- mus
tered up courage anti said:
"T can", testify much, judge, 'cause
I don't know what this incompatibility
"Cold feet and hot words," snapped
INCUBATORS ?ND BROOD
ERS FOR ?mmm
. xM&i?Mil R?MllhL
Clorasen Collage, S. C.-Recent
ly mr. ny letters have been re
ceived by the Poultry Divisi?n askinj
for information relative to the use o:
incubators and breeders in hatch;:!
and rearing chickens. The high co?;
I of poultry foods and the great deruauc
j for fresh eggs and frys have convince;
j poultry raisers that it will pay to usc
i a dependable ^y.:..u lo outaia chick;
j The old sitting hon will not wort
i when we want lier to. She and hei
friends refuse to go broody in Januarj
and February, lui they GU every avail
j abie nest as econ as the weather turra
I warm and the time of hatching tilt
j besi chickens is over.
|vMy hens would not sit early and '.
! could net buy any early siit rs;" i.:
j heard every summer and fall by own
j ers of little chickens.
1 Any one who tikes poultry can op
j erato an incubator successfully. Ii i:
necc-s >ary io turu .thc eggs morning
' and night ard fill the lamp once a day
: It is net necessary to examino a gooc
j machine moro often than two or three
times daily, when the above work car
Every incubator is equipped with r
; thermostat to regulate the tempera
Tho more popular typos of kerosene
j lamp incubators are heated by hot air
I although there ere some good style
heated by thc circulation of hot water
\ Tito main advantage of the hot air ma
I chine is that of durability.
The past year has found tho electric
j incubator springing rapidly to the
! front This machino can new 1:3 ob
j fained for use on any voltage, lt :.
. also made to be used with ono cf tire
I home lighting systems found on nianj
Som h Carolina farms. Tho cost -J:
j open: ting an electric incubator is rc
! gre a: cr than that cf a lr. mp mai ki:; :
! at a uniform degree and the machine
! can bo placed in any room of tilt
It is usually found that a prc fit ab!?
; size incubator to i rv is ona with t
; capacity cf about 240 eggs. Tao size
! containing from 120 lo l?ft eggs is als*
I popular with poultry men who da nc?
j desire 10 raise more than 200 or SOC
j chickens a year. fcTowever. a jarge in
give as good hatching results as i
hat a big
chine, gives you ra opportunity t<
hatch eggs for others or hatch suffi*!
cicnt chicks to sell the surplus to yon
neighbor;.-. The best size tor an eleci,
trie machine is about 150 eggs. Just
now these machines are rather higi
but it i:; hoped that within a short time;
the price of the ele?-trie will br- about
tho same as the lamp-heated incubator !
T'o? better tynes of incubators art'
built v.-ih double walls with "one i nc i j
! or moro of insulating material bcSwec:
? .' ' '
turo of th . hoing
j temperature of tho roora; Tito ihr-.-?
er incubators have" simply a singli,
wal . . ;
to buy rho cheaper incubators mab- i:
Ser:o mr-rhin'rs have a sparst?
compartment below tho c-~::\ ir.-.c
\vhi: tho' chicks <!
are hatched. Thi? is a convenience
but ii is of no special advantage; j
Th' average humber of chicks
hatched from the eggs placed in ar
incubator is about one-half: Wi: r
you buy an incubator it is wr'l tb or
der ono or more portable brno si
lowing 50 chicks to each brooder. Mo<i
of the manufacturer/ rote the capacifj
of their brooders at about twice aa
many chicks as they v/ill sali s f ac io . i ! 3
Thes?e portable brooders are nboul
two feet in diameter and stand qr
three cast iron legs; The kerosene
lamp is under ono side and a weelo.-.
curtain surrounds the lower part n:
the brooder. Tho baby chinks pusb
under this woolen curtain and thc
heat, of tiio lamp keeps the inside ol
the brooder at the required tempera
ture cf ninc-ty to ninety-five degree.: :
It is a simple, matter to mise in
rold weather almost all thc chickens
in a brooder of this kind when it is
placed in a bright room. Later cn it
the season when tho days begin r .? gel
warm, the portable hover is prefcrablj
pu: in a s-roall wire front house.
An incubator and one or more brood
ors will enable any ono to ii ai cfc
chicks when he wants thom. F hru j
ary and March aro tho two best li;.'' li
in g rn or. tl: .s of tho spring season. Pul
le-s batched these months will acm
meneo to lay MJ ha early fall and ci
tinue to lay ^ ng the winter. Il i.
easy to koop a pullet laying during the]
cold wea Iber but il i s difficult to star:
a young pullet to laying until aftei
tko ; ;.idcr weather is past. .Then thc
old hens which have completed theil
molt betcm laying. This is why it i
best to hatch pullets early and hov.
them laying when the price of cgg3 Ir
so high in ibo fall.
Extension Bulletin IC. "Poultry Hui
turo fox South Carolina." which ?
mailed frc? to any rr.- by tho !'\
sion Service of Clemson College con
tains full directions for operating in
cub?tors and brooders. Thc Poultry
Division wiil be glad io tell any o::<
where the best mak is 61 incubator!
and brooders ena be obtained.
Ti n* potatoes and other starchy
vegetables can save -.-N it if you us?
them in broad or instead of b^ad?
BIST V?RfflES OF COTT??
m BOLL ??zzm
Clemson College^-Tho boll weer!
has m: dc its appearance In ie
cour.;'.- ; o? South Carolina. In severa
of tb ?se counties the weevil is ni
nierons enough to damage thc cotto:
crop to a i on sid ci able extent in 191?
Consequently, some changes in th
method of producing cotton must b
made to combat this pest.
Among these Changes .will be tb
p!r.:.;ing of better seed of earlie
fruiting varieties ?han aro now ger
emily usi !. A varlet}.ist bo use?
thaj wi]] begin to fruit early and se
u good crop ol bells by tho first o
August. Cor after this time tho weevil
arc usually abundant enough to di
stroy all squares that appear. I
ohouid be .; good yielder with a hig]
percentage of lint. A medium siz
plant is d?sirable. It should have bu
3 or 1 vegetative brauche.:, but fruii
ing branches should bo numerous
bu h sets bf branch?e coming out nea
Tl e co? : of growing an acre of coi
to:: from the best B_eed is no greate
than the cost of growing the sam
acre from inferior seed, bu:" tho diffei
ence in yield will. often bo from ??
to 500 pounds of- need cotton per ?ncr
in favor of 'he good seed. At the pr?!
cn price of cotton this would be a
leas! ?Sft.OO per aero, net counting th?
seed. The above figures are con sen's
tire, for in variety tests coi sistinj
o:i!y of varieties considered s tandan
for the State, results have been o ?Hair
ed showing a greater difference tba:
above li tween the highest and lowes
yielding varieties, though in man;
r;,-r ; tiic yield cf :ho lowest yic?din;
variety in these tests would be greate
' than iv n "gin mixed" seed of inferi?
varier! ? commonly used by man;
growers. Consequently, those wh
; u:<o low grade seed in the weevil \r.
?e:>tod area will suffer a double Joss
while those who use the vest va rie tm
adapt? d to ?iicir sections will lose onl;
to thc extent of damage due to th
weevil:*. That many farni? rs ar? bi
ginning to realize this fact is indicat
e.'. by th ' many inquiries for bette
varietio:- and sources of seed.
There is no such thing as a "hoi
weevil proof" cotton. Select a varlet:
that br;:; beca triad and has proved il
self adapte:! to the section in which i
is to be ?grown. Then purchase sco<
from a gi.cd reliable breeder as nea
I home as possible; for results shoi
that seed ordered :':-.;:n a distant stat?
wjaere conditions a.**e ont ?rely different
do not produce as ?-ell as native grew:
Early fruiting and late fruiting vs
ri- ios should not be planted in th
same Community, as the weevils wii
have had time ?o multiply in the frui
formed on the early cotton and be
come numerous enough to destr??
practically all fruit as fast as forme*
o:i the late variety.
During tho last two yearsimore tba*
tv; atv of i lie best varieties have bee*
te: ;. i in Edgefield; Aiken. Rr. m wei!
Hampton, Beaufort, Charleston, am
Dorehest r Count!'1-;. Prom the xi
eui /, so far obtained and from ohsei
ration as to fruiting and growth, th er
are o vera! that seem io be well adapt
ed to these reetions.
Of the short staple varieties fha
con b . < omni mded for South Carolin*
r .: Cleveland Big Boll; Cool?
J ?xh Triumph, and Dixie are tile prir.
cipa] ones. Thc first two aie wei
a !: ted for all sections of the Stat?
except whore tito land is wilt-infected
Cleveland i:. now marc generali;
. .. i in ?he Stale than any other va
riot .! thousand bushels grew:
cai brett in the Sta:o ara sold over*
yen; /ri the weevil district f?rtli?
S and it is giving good results
S . I of ibis variety can bo ob taine*
, fr? ni reliable breeders o the State
who have for sever;'.!.years been se
fleeting and breeding for earliness
' TV i . considered one of the host vari
t- i vi t developed for South Carolini
Cook ranks among tho highest yield
. in*-*: varietiac in the State, but is no
'as generally grown, as anthrocoose <.
I boll rot .- -ems to be worse in thi
ta :.;<.: y than any other. Cut severn
i breeders have s ira ir. s that ore noi
; practically free from this disease.
On wilt-infected land m thing bu
w?h-r? sistai t varieties should he plani
#d. Of these Dixie Triumph and Dixi
hove given best result?. Dixie Tr
umph i: a new variety developed by
prominent breeder of the State, lt L
? early, with medium siz? plants, larg j
bolls, and is a good yielder. Seed oj
.this variety cannot be obtained fo;
?planting the coming season.
Mexican Big Boll and Sawyer an j
?hon. staple varieties thu aro earl;
and have yielded well in the lowe
count irs of the Stale. Sawyer is -
serai-cluster cotton with large bolls oi
medium io small plants. It ?-cfs frui
early, matures quickly, bul does no
rank high in yield, and sheds frui
hcaviiy in unfavorable weather.
Webber .!!> and Webber S2 are th
earlie-:; long staple varieties. Both ar
well adapted to the State, fruiting a
early as the short Staple varieties an
frequently yielding as much seed coi
ton per acre.
In securing seed of any of the abov
varieties got seed that have been bro
for earliness from some reliabl
?breeder. Tho extension Sen-ico c
Clemson College will furnish farmer
with a lim of the best, sources of seo
In the Slate upon application.
That one of the best ways to marlen
tsuch crops as corn, -peanuts, beans, i
"on the hoof"?
nj? a u L, J ?;
TXT "j .- ?_
VV S ?ieSl?c CO liv.
j ready to supply tl
; for delivery reliai:
j tested for years
! over and over ?gz
Besides the mi:
! meal and acid ph:
! desire at home.
Come in to see '
your fertilizer .cor
.Ile I I o
-~~'-: .' "~**T: ??[j??-' '7~7," ~ '.
St : v
I m I ll li il I! ! ?i li liri
^ colcl trip
I (ave arrived the
that you have been looking
lor. W rite us or come to
Greenwood and see what they
will do. Will give you any
demonstration you want to
sec. They will pull any place
a mule will.
JOHN I. CHIPLEY,
Greenwood, S. C
-n in TI T
*\ ?"ft .?? ??'*"*? ?f -f^P 1
il g Jr */ J 3 /V ?; i;:
> .o_^.? ii; v.-.^>? ??/iuc
' - - ? ? .' --. .. \- ?.*?*?? A
.V ft ?. B " ' ?' >. . p
: o:H> ?~ 2* ?V / ... f 7u ~ fg? VJ
'luy our-;iciraier melius ixi>tt we eire ?
leir fertilizer needs. We have ready |
ile brands of .. tilizers that h we been I
by farmers of this county, and have I
du proven thc ir merit. ^ :!
Ked goods, we carry a large stock of I
Dsphate for mixing any formula you |
,j_ ?. "j Ol Q
us and get our prices Deiore you make |
$7, IT^FTi's ?'li^n
siro !lllim inn
>me. No mc :e EriiMess hugging a radiator
prices sea! the eton cf extravagant
*p / o J
? ' heating plants. IT you want a per- .
feetly heated herne mci greatly reduced
fuel bills yeti will invest in
mus mt aim
ii..-' u-.:.-...-J* ^ - ..J tii? i IVfcU
li v.'?S! savo fche rjr.??or. ir.K?icfis in
?ioney trtis winter. ?cir.av/.
? T 53 .?wf."*}-j erik <?BSJ,J?*!i>i'eDn!* o g?W-A"6!??
.^ ??i >?0 H?'
?I^^^PRtSERVE THE LEATHER