Newspaper Page Text
Report on Edgefield County
Mr. T. C. Broadwater, foreman.
Visited November 7, 1918, by As
sistant Secretary Broyles and Fiscal
Agent Dixon, with Mr. H. C. Porter.
Camped ten or twelve miles from
Edgefield, working the Dixie High
way. IS convicts present, of whom 8
were trusties. The camp site was a
good one, except that the mule pen
was too near the sleeping quarters
of the prisoners and guards.
We found this gang located for
the winter in a snug little cove, sur
rounded by wooded hills. A fairly
good spring, in the center of the
camp, furnishes abundant water, and
the foreman has constructed the best
shelter for his mules that we have
seen put up at any camp. He has
built a regular, tight stable, using
pine slabs for the purpose.
The greatest need on the Edgefield
gang is for a proper place to cook. A
rude shed, not water tight, has been
erected, and cooking is done under
this in bad weather, but at other
times it is done in the open air. No
stove is used at any time. Food can't
be properly prepared over an open
fire except by an expert camper, and
and no one can cook thus without
poorly prepared, and waste of, food.
Besides, in very severe weather it be
comes an impossibility to cook at all,
and this subjects the negroes to un
necessary hardships. We strongly re
commend that the supervisor and i
commissioners purchase a good stove,
and provide either a tent or a screen
ed wooden car on wheels for a kitch
en. The car is much better, and is I
cheaper in the long run, as the best
of tents very quickly wear out, or are
torn up by storms.
We further recommend that the
supervisor have the prisoners' cage
screened early next summer; that he
keep in his office a suitable book, a
complete record of the convicts on
the gang, showing the name, date of
commitment, age, race, length of sen
tence, data of discharge, and reason
for the discharge, and some personal
description of the prisoner, with dis
tinguishing scars, etc., which would !
make identification easy should he
escape; and finally, that the county
commissioners employ a physician on
a salary to make a complete physical
examination of each new convict
within 48 hours of his commitment
which couid often be done at the jail
before taking him to camp-to vac
cinate against small-pox when indi
cated, and to make regular weekly
inspections of the prisoners' food,
quarters, and particularly the sani
tary arrangements of the camp.
We recommend that the foreman
at camp require the negroes to keep |
the cage cleaner and the bunks in
better order; that all blankets in use
bc washed at leasf monthly, and that I
each new prisoner brought to the j
gang be given clean blankets for his
bed; and that he keep in a suitable
book at camp a similar record to that
recommenc'ed above to the supervi
sor. These two records will act as a
check against each other, and will |
serve as a guard against unintention
al injustice to the men or the fore
man himself, should charges ever be
brought against him of having kept a
prisoner over his time, or of having
disposed r. prisoners illegally. We
realize that these things happen very
seldom, but they have happened in
this State, and a complexe system of
duplicate records makes irregularities
practically impossible un!ess the men
keeping both sets of records agree.
We have no idea that such things
have ever happened or ever will hap
pen at this camp, but the general
principal of accurate, systematic
record keeping should bc carried out
at every camp. Finally, we recom
mend that the foreman take more
pains with camp sanitation. When
camp is made, dig a pit at least 150
yards away from camp and the water
supply, and into this pit dump the
sewerage buckets every morning, im
mediately covering the focal matter
with three inches of dirt. When the
buckets i re put under the cage at
night, put three or four inches of
water into it. and on the surface of
the water pour a little kerosene oil.
Once each week burn the pit out
with straw ond oil. Keep the kitchen
slops covered tightly always, and
clean the mule pen daily, piling the
manure in a bin or tight pen and
haul it away and scatter over a field
weekly. This careful management of
the sanitation will require little time,
and if strictly carried out the camp
will be practically free from flies
next summer, as it probably was not
during the past summer.
STATE BOARD OF CHARITIES
G. CROFT WILLIAMS,
Periodic Billious Attacks.
Persons subject to periodic billious
attacks will observe that their appe
tite fails them just before an attack.
That is, they really do not crave food
but eat because it is meal time. If
they will eat only a light meal and no
meat, ther. take two of Chamberlain's
Tablets the attack may be avoided.
There are people who never have
a movement of the bowels without it
is produced by a cathartic. Most of
them have brought that condition on
themselves by the use of mineral
waters and strong cathartics that
take too much water out of the sys
tem and aggravate the disease they
are meant to relieve. A mild laxative
tonic like Chamberlain's Tablets af
fords a gentle movement of the bow
els that you hardly realize has been
produced by a medicine, and their use
is not so likely to be followed by con
FOR SALE-Rhode Island Red Eggs
for setting. $1.25 per 15. Three pens
to select from, 1 Rose Comb and 2
J. D. Kemp,
Edgefield, S: C.
I take thi3~mean9 of letting the
people know that I have re-opened
my pressing club, and will appre- |
ciato their patronage. 1 am better
prepared than ever to clean and
press all kinds'^of garments, both
for ladies and gentlemen. All work
guaranteed. Let me know when
you have work and I will send for
it and make prompt delivery.
Sheppard Building Down Stairs
Haul Fertilizers While You
Can Get Them
The Edgefield Mercantile Company
announces that it has on hand a
large stock of the BEST BRANDS
of MIXED FERTILIZERS-16 Per
Cent Acid Phosphate, Cotton Seed
Meal, Nitrate of Soda for Grain.
MR. R. C. PADGETT or MR. A. E. PADGETT
No car is better than its tires.
And time lost through tire troubles cannot
Good tires are the best practical guarantee
of your car's continuous and ec nomical
United States Tires are good tires-the best
tires our 76 years of experience in the rubber
business have taught us to make.
You have your choice of five different
types for passenger car or light delivery use
'Nobby', 'Chain\.'Usco\ 'Plain', and the
famous 'Royal Cord'.
There is also the 'Nobby Cord' for heavy
duty vehicles, as well as the Solid Truck Tire.
Among these good tires you will find
exactly the treads best suited to your car and
your driving conditions.
Our nearest Sales and Service Depot dealer !
will gladly point them out to you.
United States Tims
are Good Tires i
LARGE STOOH OF
The war practically stopped all building, but now people can
resume their building operations.
We carry a large supply of building material of all kinds.
When in need of
BRICK, LIMB, CEMENT
and Builders' Hardware of kinds. Come in to see us.
OUR STOCK OF GROCERIES
and Plantation Supplies is always complete. Coniein to see us.f
W? W. Adams & Co.
Notice to Creditors.
All persons indebted to the estate
of the late W. H. Crim will maki pay
ment at once to the undersigned and
all persons holding claims against the
said estate will present them proper
y attested for payment to the under
Mrs. L, J. Crim,
In Her Mother's Home, Says Thia
Georgia Lady, Regarding Biack
Draught. Relief From Head
ache, Malaria* Chills, Etc.
Ringgold, Ga.- Mrs. Chas Gaston,
of this place, writes: "I am a user
of Thedford's Black-Draught; in fact,
it was one of our family medicines.
Also in my mother's home, when I
was a child. When any of us child
ren complained of headache, usually
caused by constipation, she gave us
a dose of Black-Draught, which would
rectify the trouble. Often lu the
Spring, we would have malaria and
chills, or troubles of this kind, we
would take Black-Draught pretty reg
ular until the liver acted well, and
we would soon be up and around
again. We would not be without it,
for it certainly has saved us lots of
doctor bills. Just a dose of Black
Draught when not so well saves a
lot of days in bed."
Thedford's Black-Draught has been
In use for many years in the treat
ment of stomach, liver and bowel
troubles, and the popularity which lt
now enjoys Is proof of its merit.
If your liver Is not doing its duty,
you will suffer from such disagree
able symptoms as headache, bilious
ness, constipation, indigestion, etc.,
and unless something is done, serioua
trouble may result.
Thedford's Black-Draught has been
found a valuable remedy for these
troubles. It is purely vegetable, and
nets in a prompt and natural way,
regulating the liver to its proper
functions and cleansing the bowels of
impurities. Try it. Insist on Thed
lord's, the original aud genuine. B 70
All persons owning property of |
any kind whatsoever, or in any ca
pacity, as husband, guardian, execu
tor, administrator or trustees are re
quired to make returns of the same
to the Auditor under oath within the
time mentioned below and the Audi
tor is required by law to add a pen
alty of 50 per cent to all property
that is not returned on or before the
20th day of February in any year.
All male citizens between the ages
of 21 and 60 years except those ex
empt by law are deemed taxable polls
The 50 per cent penalty will be added
for failure to make returns.
For the convenience of tax payers,
I or my representative will be at the
following appointed places on the
dates mentioned to receive tax re
The office will be open to receive
returns from the first day of January
?ill the 20th day of Feb. 1910, as pre
scribed by law.
J. R. TIMMERMAN,
Auditor, E. C. S. C.
The demand thc coming year for Cotton, Corn, Grain, etc..
will far exceed that of any recent years.
Thc hn]f-starv< d peoples of Europe are even now crying out for food ar.d cloth
ing. And thc -voriu is depending upon thc Farmers of America to Supply it.
You cannot ra:se a 100 fo crop unless you have a 100'? soil. Fertility is largely
a matter of balanced conditions of the soil. Phosphoric Acid, Ammonia, ar.d
Potash must oe present in tiic proper proportions if bumper crops arc to
B fa W
@UBLS$ vom VIILO
because it contains available Phosphoric Acid, Ammonia ar.d Pota::: ? t
Every bag is stamped with o:ir Giant Lizard Trade-Mark. Loni; f : '.-:
for your protection, and better place your order for Planter's right .
avoid delayed delivery.
Ask our agent in your town fer information, fres advice, or prices, or
amers Fertilizer &. Phosphate Co.
ARRINGTON BROS. & CC.
Wholesale Giccers and Dealers in
Corn, Oats, Hay and al?
Kinds of Seeds
Corner Cumming and Fenwick Streets
On Georgia R. R. Tracks
Distributors of .Marathon Tires and Tubes. None better, but cur pr?
' YOUR PATRONAGE SOLICITED
See our representative, C. E. May.