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Suggestions For Its Success
Clemson College.-The far-reaching
value of the garden in our national
food supply makes it imperative that
all gardeners, large or small, plan a
careful rotative system to use wisely
all garden space that can he worked.
The actual need under normal condi
tions, combined with the present food
shortage, demands that we produce a
larger garden crop than ever. Ordi
narily, th*e: average Southern garden
is a spring, or one-season producer,
few vegetables being available after
this period. Therefore, great care and
judgment should be exercised in mak
ing consecutive plantings of our more
common vegetables, to furnish a sea
sonal supply with the necessary can
The fundamental principles in good
gardening are: (a) site and soil selec
tion; (b) advanced planning; (c) deep
and thorough preparation of the soil;
(d) judicious liberal application of fer
tilizers; (e) careful selection and lib
eral planting of seed; (f) thorough
cultivation; and (g) insect and dis
SITE AND SOTL SELECTION: Or
dinarily the site find soil conditions,
especially of the city and urban gar
dens, are pre-dctermined by the loca
tion of the home and the lack of gar
den space; but. conditions permit ting,
the site should bo a southern, eastern,
or southeastern exposure, and should
nave ample sunlight "and a well-drain
ed, easily tilled soil.
GARDEN PLANNING: Advanced
planning should include every detail
of tho garden, and cannot be too
strongly emphasized. The method nf
cultivation is usually determined by
tho size and shape of plot. The one
fourth acre or largor garden gives op
portunity for horse cultivation: the
one-eighth acre or smaller plot, for
hand cultivation. Those vegetables
that can be dried, stored or canned,
.should have preference over short-sea
son vegetables, such as lettuce, rad
ishes and mustard. Under present
conditions, the chief purpose of the
gardener should be to produce as
much real food as possible.
SOHL, PREPARATION": Deep and
thorough working of the soil prepnr
.atory to planting is of vital impor
tance in growing any crop, and most
especially is true of t*ic garden crops.
.Garden soils should be thoroughly
turned or spaded, followed by consecu
tive harrowing or raking, until the
.seed bed is thoroughly pulverized.
Best of judgment must be exercised
not to cultivate the soil when it. is too
wet. or the texture will bc greatly in
jured and its value as a garden soil
FERTILIZERS: A snrresyfuj gar
den mint be fertile. Liberal applica
tions of both commercial fertilizers
-1 manures should be giv
er. ']"? ? animal manure will assurf
vorable to the ?rrnw?h of most vege
tables. A fertilizer containing S per
cent available phosphoric acid, 4 per
cent nitroge.. and no potash, applied
at the rate of 800 to 1.000 pounds per
.acre, will give good results when the
physical condition cf Cae garden s.:il
?has been corrected by the addition of
'barnyard manure. If woods soil, rich
in organic matter, is used instead of
?manure, we suggest the uso of a com
.ploie fertilizer analyzing. S per coat
available phosphoric acid. 4 per cent
initrogen and 4 per cent potash, ap
plied at the rate of S"0 to 1.000 pounds
iper acre. If no organic matter i;; add
ed, the 8-4-4 fertiliser shou'.l bc ap
plied at the rate of 1.200 to 2.000
iponads per acre.
Fertilizers, applied either in the drill
|?r l-roadcast. should be thoroughly
imixed with the soil, to prevent tho
'seeds or plants from being seriously
I injured by burning.
SEED SELECTION* AND PLANT
iTN'G: The uso of scant cjuantitier i i
I cheap, poorly selected seed often
icnuses a great reduction or an entir?i
[failure in a croo. The necessary sup
ply of well selected, star dard gi.I
?peed should he purchased al an earl?
Idate from a reputable seed dealer.
CULTIVATION. AND CONTROI
?OF PESTS: Frequent and th .v..::r!i
?cultivation should he practiced. Sha!
?low cultivation should bo given as
|Soon after each rain as soil condition?
I will permit.
? The expense of preventing and eon-1
?trolling insects and discasos is small
'.compared with the value of thc gat* J
r REFERENCES For planting char"
j and for further Information writ?
?the Extension Service. Clemson Cid
ilei-e, S. C.. for Extension Bulletin 42
i "Home Gardening in Routh Carolina.*'
. For disease and insect control write
!for Farmers Pull"!in No. S"". United
.States Depnrtment. of Agriculture
^'Control of Diseases and Insect Ene
['mies of the Home Vegetable Garden.'
The Cotton Poll Weevil will deter
?mine in each county in South Caro
.lina, as it becomes infested, thos*
?farmers who are MEN. Men who hart
?determination, courage. 4 and conn"
?dence in the fact that we must no,
[expect to receive something for noth
ling. To grow a colton crop under bm'
j weevil conditions venires "vVOr.r*
? first, last and all the yenr.
. * Tt costs about as much to raise r
iRon-nnn.nd scrub as it does to raise r
?1,000 pound well-bred steer.
i There is nothing better than alfalti
'hov for balancing " rat'nn.
i A dairy cow requires an ounce
..salt a day. .
GOOD WORK OF-' A ROAD DRAG
Implement Should Be Used Properly at
Right Time-Repair All Ruts and
After two days of rain, says a writer
In Hoard's Dairyman, we took an
eight-mile drive out into 1:he country
to buy some pigs. One piece of road
was like a city boulevard, only better.
Despite its being only a gravel road j
there was little mud or water, and one j
would have thought that there had
been only rain enough to sollie the
dust instead of the big rainstorm. We
inquired and found that two neighbors
had made it a practice to alternate In
going over tins road with a road drag
after every rain. Just beyond, we came
'o a piece of road muddy, slippery and
full of chuck holes that sent us up a
milo for every mile covered.
.Thc only difference between these
two pieces of road was a road drag
and an hour's time spent when field
work could not be done. We estimate j
that it look twice as much gasoline to
cover the undragged road. Multiply
our experience by the dozens of teams
and autos going over this muddy road,
and then compute ibo expense of fail
ure to use tho road drag that was
doubtless rotting away in some fence
Wc do not now have in mind the de
mands of tile good roads extremist, but
are considering what may ho done and
what should be done with the common
dirt road. It does more harm than
good, as a general rule, to plow up the
sod on the sides oj the traveled track
and pile it up in big lumps in the cen
ter of the track, leaving them there to
be broken up by passing vehicles, and
the loosened dirt washed away by the
rain or blown away by the wind. ?Koop
nil the sod, grass roots and oilier j
Perspective View of Split-Log Drag, j
trash out of the road bcd. It merely
decays and makes ready for a splendid
hole to form.
Whatever is worth doing at all is
worth doing well. No part of a re
paired highway should bo left until its
surface has been thoroughly and even
ly compacted and shaped to let all the
waler run off. And when, as will most
always happen, ruts aud depressions
make their appearance, they should be
smoothed down, filled, and well com
pacted so that water may net remain
in them to soften the ground and per
mit further damage by the trallic.
When using the road drag, use il
properly at the right time. Don't, go
out when the road is too wet or 1:00
dry. Take it when the mud will make
a good mortar and' will puddle down
like the litllo girl's mud cakes or the i
MACADAM ROAD PROVED BEST I
There Are Several Varieties, Changed
to Suit Localities and Circum
For over a century now the macadam
road has been in use and has proved
itself to be the best all-round road
that can bo built. In fact, so good ls il
that nil military roads in tho war area,
in France aro of this type. There arc!
several varieties of it, changed to suit
localities and circumstances. The regu- ;
lar water-bound macadam is, with-j
out doubt, the best, and safest foi
horses. But we cannot build for horses
alone, it is necessary to preserve thc
broken stone road against the auto
mobile tires, otherwise tho road sur
face would soon go to pieces.
Inadequate Roads Costly.
Both town and country lose money
because of our very inadequate roads.
Rape Good Hog Pasture.
Rape is a profitable crop for pro
viding fall pasture for hogs where
farmer:; harvest corn by hogging ll
Braak Land Sefcr? Freezes.
lt will pay generally to break the
laud before freezes so thc woods and
oilier vegetation may be turned while
?ji i eu?
Why Colds are Dangerous.
You are often told to "beware of
a cold," but why? We will tell you:
?Every cold weakens tne lungs, lowers
the vitality and paves the way for the
more serious diseases. People who
contract pneumonia, first take cold.
The longer a cold hangs on, the great
er the danger, especially from the
germ diseases, as a cold prepares the
system for the reception and devel
opment of the germs of consumption,
diphtheria, scarlet fever and whoop
ing cough. The quicker you get rid
of your cold, the less the clanger of
contracting one of these diseases.
Chamberlain's Cough Remedy has a
great reputation as a cure for colds
and can be depended upon. It is
pleasant to take.
when you refinish furniture
and woodwork yourself with
MO m31ter how badly
scratched your doors,
floors or furniture, you can
easily restore them with'onc
coat of Pee Gee RE-NU-LAC.
The cost is smail, the results
It comes in all sizes, from
15c up. Made in 20 Natural
Wood and Enamel Colors.
White Gold and Silver.
PEASLEE-GAULBERT CO., Inc.
W. E. LYNCH & CO.,
Edgefield, S. C.
K-c-*4?? "J.?-J t"2.?.-o-i'L,,?f2 ?
LS THE CQL'S??. CUR?S T?= LU?GsT
i rn 171
i ADE MARK
i '3 i**
OEDEE NOW AND AVOID DISAPPOINTMENT
F. S, ROYSTEE GUAN? CO. '
Norfolk, Va., Baltimore, Md., Toledo, 0., Tarboro, N.' C.
Charlotte, N, C., Columbia, S. C., Spartanburg, S. C.
Atlanta, Ga., Macon, Ga., Columbus, Ga.
j-- ^-JJ J-1
J i J ls <??
fe .. ? r^-^r- : m r- pkg(f^>
(Red Steer Brands)
Proven Their Qiialiti
? have maintained highest rank for many years,
istomers say they are the best- In materials
i care m manufacture- In crop results,
ure you get the best-SWIFTS,
lulas for any crop on any soil.
)elieve that most soils are becoming sadly lack
ask We can supply any desired percentage of
)r and ears are not normal yet. ^ Order Swift's
rs early and be sure of your supply.
Manufactured byi .
IMP pf' ?mdl ^ftBIPlv|i?
?W ip i feLi ii^J W Ss? ... isl ?ssa L. ?t? v- ?
Pacfcsr?os: WiMK-gSon, ?. Gre<2 Bsfsoro, Ki. Ctf u?ibia, S. C.
Edgefield Mercantile Company
Agents, Edgefield, S. C.
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