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In Southern Agriculture
Farmer-Banker Discusses Real Value of Fertilizers Out of His Years of
Experience. Observation and Study-Timely Topic Relating
to Vital Southern Problem-Extracts' From an Address.
Bright Williamson, Darlington, S. C.
Agriculture is the bed rock ana
foundation upon which every other in
dustry must stand or fall. All the
people prosper or fail to prosper ac
cording to the abundance of the har
vest of the soil, and upon agriculture
depends the prosperity and happiness
of the world.
Better methods of agriculture In
clude the use of modern implements,
modern cultivation and soil improve
ment. This brings us directly to the
importance of She fertilizer industry
as. a means of improving our soils. Fer
tilizers are absolutely essential in or
der to increase the fertility of the soil.
They have a direct effect upon agri
cultural production and through the
products of agriculture a direct effect
upon all other industries.
Anything which contributes to an
increase in our agricultural produc
tions, contributes to the welfare, com
fort and prosperity of our people as
a whole; and .this brings us directly
. to the consideration of the Importance
of the fertilizer industry in relation to
other lines of business.
Fertilizers Necessary in South
The very nature of oar soil, climate
and rainfall makes it impossible to
:farm successfully without regularly
feeding our crops from artificial
sources with at least two of the sev
eral principal elements entering into
the composition and development of
plant life. Without fertilizers much of
the best producing cotton lands in the
South would become unproductive and
farming would be unprofitable. In
many states, except in a few locali
ties, soil is no more capable of pro
ducing without being fertilized than
stock is capable of performing work
without being fed. Our lands must be
fed just as we feed the stock that
"work them or they will become too
poor to even pay the -cost and* expense
Large sections of land in various
and abandoned fields of South Caro
lina yield a greater profit per acre
than the richer river lands, once the
pride of the Southern cotton planter,
or than the more fertile lands of
Land Values Increased
This statement is reflected in the
fact that these same lands in parts
of South Carolina are selling freely
for more than $100.00 per acre.
I have been dealing with the effect
of the fertilizer industry and the use
of fertilizers on agriculture, because,
as I have said, the effects on business
generally must result from the effect
on agriculture, and it is obvious that
they must be innumerable. The fer
tilizer business in the South is one
of the most important, and concerns
our prosperity more directly than any
other industry, and in its effects no
other industry so ramifies into other
business or has a greater effect on the
industries and business generally.
Helps Railroads and Manufacturers
Perhaps among the industries which
are more particularly and'dlrectly ben
efited by the use of commercial fertil
isers are the railroads and common
carriers, which first bring fertilizers
to the farmers, and in return trans
port the increased products of the
farm to the ends of the earth; and
finally when these products are sold,
for a third time, the railroads are call
ed upon to bring to the farmer his
supplies of foreign and domestic prod
The use of fertilizer has made more
spindles in the South, more oil mills,
more live stock, more people and more
commerce. The tobacco crop and our
trucking industry, requiring intensive
fertilization and plant food, would be
practically unknown to us. Ships bring
raw material from foreign shores in
greater quantities and in return carry
away more cotton and grain.
I Cheapens Cost of Producing Crops
The commercial business is affected
parts of the South Atlantic States, for-. In even greater proportion than the
ty or fifty years ago, required four
or^five acres to produce one bale of
cotton, which now, by intelligent farm
ing, made possible by the use of fer
tilizers, .yield one bale to. each acre,
or the equivalent, of other crops. Pov
erty stricken sections of one or two
generations ago have been transform
ed into populous and prosperous com
munities. Our ability to rebuild and
make our lands more fertile has en
abled people to live and settle in ?more
desirable communities, and to enjoy
advantages of better markets, schools,
churches and social conditions. Bet
ter rural conditions have made the
"back to the farm" movement not only
a possibility, but a reality.
Prosperity Due to Fertilizers
Whatever may be the direct benefit,
#lt' is obvious from a study of the sit
uation that tho present prosperity and
greater population in South Carolina
is due more largely to the use of
commercial .fertilizers than to any oth
er cause, because in South Carolina
fertilizer,, are absolutely necessary to
profitable agriculture, upon which most
of our business and other .industries
depend. Had it not been for the use
of commercial fertilizers South Caro
farmer himself, and there is no farm
er in the South -who is not benefited
by the judicious use of commercial
fertilizer. Large crops give to the
people a greater supply at a lower cost
of production and at a lower price
to the consumer, while on the other
hand small crops not only increase the
cost of production, but may increase in
even greater proportion the price to
the consumer. .When harvests are
?bundant the consumer and producer
alike share in the increased prosper
Other means of cheapening the cost
or production can be used profitably
only on a very large or on a very
mall scale, but fertilizers can be ap
plied with practically the same suc
cess to the smallest as well as the
largest undertaking from the ind i vid- j
ual plant in the flower pot to the thou
sand acre cotton field.
Tt was my pleasure some years ago
to know many more manufacturers
and dealers in fertilizers than I know
at present, but I wish to testify to .
the high character and intelligence of
those with whom 1 became associated, j
The proper use cf commercial f?rtil- i
izer by ?ho larmer is obviously of vital
lina could not be considered-an agri-(importance to the fertilizer industry
cultural state. ?as well as to the farra er, and it is a
Taking into consideration the cost j matter .that should receive thought and
of fertilizers, statistics will bear out I careful consideration at all times by
the statement that the once worn out j those who promote the industry.
Aim At Above-the-Average
Yields In 1919
(From Progressive Farmer, Dec. Si.) jthem, it should bf* remembered that
For the average Southern farmer, rather liberal expenditures are justi
fiable. For instance, when a bale of
we cannot tiri "k of a better resolution |
for the New Year than one railing
cotton with the seed is worth $150, our
j average per acre yield of one-third of a
for better than average yields. Aver-j bale is worth $50: but when we in
age yields, whatever the crop, mean, crease this io two-thirds of a bale,
over a period of years, little more worth $100. we have a gross profit of
than a living wage. But as the indi-!$50 with which to pay for the cost of
vidual farmer rises above the average, ; the increase. Of course the cost of
his net profits, nine times in ten, corre- this increased yield, if the matter be
spohdingly rise. The man who raises gone about judiciously, will practically
cotton must see that our average of j never be as much as $50. More often
about one-third of a bale per acre can than not, in fact, it will be $25 or less,
only mean poverty to the grower; the leaving a net profit of $23 or more per
man who grows corn and cats at our | aire. And the same rule will hold with
average rate of 15 to 20 bushels per ?other crops and livestock as well. The j
acre must see that there can be no ?higher the yield per acre or per animal,
profit in such yields; our peanut and i within certain limits, the greater the
tobacco fanners, our dairy and general |net return.
livestock farmers must see that so I The new year and the years to come
long as they are content with a mere- j hold great things for the thinking, pro
ly average yield per acre or per ani-1 gressive, business-like farmer. Prices
mal, just so long will they find th?" j promise to remain good for a long
farming game unprofitable and unsat-.time. and fair profits seem certain for
isfactory. the man who farms right.
Good land, planted to good seeds ! Let us, as our first New Year rasolu
and well fertilized and well tilled is the ' tion. aim at putting our farms on a
key to successful fanning; for good j big yielding, money-making basis,
land, plus good seed, fertilization and i There is no surer way for making farm
tillage, means high yields and good!life more attractive and desirable and
profits. lat the new year, every farm-i for keeping the boys and girls on the
or should aim at these; and in getting !farm3.
How Diphtheria is Contracted.
One often hears the expressoin,
"My child caught a severe cold which
developed into diphtheria," when the
truth was that the* cold had simply
left the little one particularly suscep
tible to the wandering diphthera
germ. If your child has a cold when
diphtheria is prevalent you should
take him out of school and keep him
off the street until fully recovered,
as'there is a hundred times more dan
ger of his taking diphtheria vwhen he
has a cold. When Chamberlain's
Cough Remedy is given it quickly
cures the cold and lessens the dan
ger of diphtheria or any other germ
disease being contracted.
Barred Plymouth Rock eggs for
hatching,' pure breed; 15 eggs for
Miss Virginia C. Addison.
I wish to say co the public that I
shall resume the practice of law a
bout'April the 1st next; my office will
be located over the store of Reynolds
and Padgett. I will practice in all the
courts and will give prompt attention
to all'business intrusted to me.
J. H. Cantelou.
3-5-tf. . '
When you- come to Edgefield to
haul guano, freight or on other busi
ness put a sack of corn on your wag
on and bring to my mill. I have just
had my mill rocks sharpened and I
make better meal now than I have
ever made. You can save time by
patronizing my mill. Your corn
ground while you wait, practically no
time lost. Give me a trial. Satisfac
A. L. KEMP,
Edgefield, S. C.
Do not allow the
poisons of undigested
food to accumulate in
your bowels, where they
are absorbed into your
system. Indigestion, con
stipation, headache, bad
blood, and numerous
other troubles are bound
to follow. Keep your
system clean, as thous
ands of others do, by
taking an occasional dose
of the old, reliable, veg
etable, family liver meat
Mrs. W. F. Pickle, of
Rising Fawn, Ga., writes:
"We brave used Thed
ford's Black-Draught as
a family medicine. My
mother-in-law could not
take calomel as it seemed
too strong for her, so she
mild laxative and liver
regulator... V/e use. it
in the family and believe
iHs the best medicine for
the liver made." Try it.
Insist on the genuine
Thedford's. 25c a pack
$125 a Month
Young Men, Young Women
If you have completed the eighth
grade or its equivalent, mail the fol
Draughon's College, Atlanta, Ga., A:!
Without obligating me, send FREE j
book on Bookkeeping and Shorthand,
giving NEW, EASY METHOD for
training nie, at my home, within few
weeks, for guaranteed position, as
bookkeeper or stenographer, at $65 :
to $125 a month, and tell me why j
business men prefer to employ a
Draughon graduate. 1
State of South Carolina..
County of Edgefield.
Pursuant to an Order of the
Court of Probate, I shall offer for
saie at Public Auction on Saturday,
April 12, 1919, said sale to be held at
lace residence of W. H. Pardue, de
ceased, all Personal Property as was
owned by ; id deceased at time of
his dc 1 same consisting of four
mule .ic Oakland automobile, one
cow, live hogs, two two-horse wagons,
one buggy, farm implements, one
mowing machine and rake, corn, fod
der, peas etc.
Terms of salo, CASH.
Mrs. Saliie R. Pardue,
Dated March 25,- 1919.
Notice of Final Discharge.
To All Whom These Presents May
! WHEREAS, Josephine Hammond
has made application unto ?.his Court
for Final Discharge as Administra
trix in re the Estate of John Henry
Hammond deceased, on this the 18th
?day of March 1919.
THESE ARE THEREFORE, to
: cite any and all kindred, creditors or
?parties interested to show cause be
fore me at my office at Edgefield
I Court House, South Carolina, on the
j21st day of April 1919 at ll o'clock
(a. m., why said order of Discharge
! should not be granted.
' W. T. KINNAIRD,
J. P. C., E. C., S. C.
March 18th, 1919.
j t. '.U?lii? ? Ri ?99 ????CiyV?iSn
I '?'-? Surely Sics Thai CCI?OI??
EDGEFIELD, S. C.
We are well equipped for making all kinds of repairs
on automobiles on short notice. Whether you need us
day or night we are already to serve you, always guar
We carry a full line of auto accessories, tires, inner
tubes, oils and gasoline.
Whenever you need an auto mechanic or have an en
gine or other machinery that needs repairs call on us.
We are well equipped for all kinds of work.
We,are equipping our garage for re-charging batte
ries. ' Hereafter you will not have to take your car to a
city to have your batteries re-charged. We have the
Permolite Battery Service,, and can take out your dead
batteries and replace them with batteries already
charged. You will not have to wait for re-charging
batteries. This is something new for Edgefield, and
will fill a long standing need for car owners.
When in need of anything in ^ur line call to see us.
LARGE STOCH OF
The war practically stopped all building, but now people can
resume their building operations.
We carry a large supply of building material of all kinds. '
When in need of
BRICK. LIME, CEMENT
and Builders' Hardware of kinds. Come in to see ns. *
OUR STOCK OF GROCERIES
and Plantation Supplies is .always complete. Tome in to see us.
Whenever You Need n General Tonic
The Old Standard Grove's Tasteless
chill Tonic is equally valuable as a
General Tonic because it contains the
"well known tonic properties of QUININE
and IRON, lt acts on the Liver, Drives
out Malaria, Enriches the Blood and
Builds ap the Whole System. SO cents.
Mow To Give Quinine To Children;
?MvBRILINTv is the trade-mark name (river to zn
Improved Quinine. 1 t :?=' Tasteless Syrup, pie;;.
oat lp take an?; docs not disturb the ttmn-cl;.
Children take it and never know it is Quinine.
Also especially adapted to adults who cannot
take ordinary Quinine. Does not nauseate nor
cause nervousness nor ringing in the head. Try
ft the vxt time you need Quinine tor any re
pose. A?k for 2-outice crijiinal package. Thc
lame FliaKlLlNIi i* blown i*i bottle. 25 cents
AND HIS BARBERS
FROM THE ALBION HOTEL
TO THE STAG.
750 ?R0AD STREET
will be pleased to see our MANY FRIENDS and CUSTOMERS
M HARRIS, E. M. HEATHC?CK, R. DUERRELL