Newspaper Page Text
M J. 8. WANNAMAKER GIVES
STATEMENTS OF FARMERS
?suth Realizes Ita Futur? lt at
Staku and Must Act
Mr. J. Skottowe Wannamaker,
chairman of the South Carolina Cot
ton Association, upon the request of
? wall known magazine that he fur
.cisa them with a statement "showing
tb? cost of cotton to the South," sent
'them the following article: .
Cost of Cotton to tile South.
first, as to the cost of cotton to
?tbs South, I have estimated the cont
of cotton to the South includes the
1. The production of cotton cost the
2. It caused the War Between the
3. The production of cotton has
brought slave labor. Regardless of the
tact that cotton is a hand-made prod
uct, a price has been established on
cotton on the basis cf slave-labor,
from which price it has never been
4. It caused the South to become
5. It caused the South to merely ex
ist; denying to the producers the ne
cessities and comforts of life.
6. To produce cotton and exist at
the price paid for it by the manipu
lator necessitated the establishment
of starvation wages In the South,
-which exist even unto today.
. 7. It has caused the illiteracy of
the South, through the manipulations
of the cotton bears.
8. It has caused the impoverishment
jand pauperism of the South.
; 9. The production of cotton has
?caused the bad roads of the South,
through the impoverishment of the
producer by the manipulator.
10. It has driven from the rura?
communities the white man, who is
no longer contented to eke out an ex
istence; to deny to himself and his
family the comforts and necessities of
life; to work without a fair remunera
11. It is even driving the negro
?way; he has received a new vision;
he is no longer satisfied with his un
comfortable surroundings; he is insuf
Has Made Other Sections Prosperous.
12. It has made other sections of
tho country prosperous; it has fat
tened the bears and manipulators of
the North; it has blessed mankind in
every spot of the globe where the
son shines except in the South, where
it has proved a curse.
13. The producticn of cotton In the
South today has caused the descend
ants of the , people who fou'ght to
"breat the chains of physical slavery
from the black man to fight for the
parp?se of forging the chains of
?lavery, of poverty, of Illiteracy on
the woraea and children working in
the cotton fields, both white and
black, still tighter. .
14. It has filled the grave-yards of
th? South with men, women and lit
tle children who existed and passed
?way without necessities, comforts
15. It has created one of the great
est gambling hells on this globe, the
?New York Cotton Exchange, extend
Inj its damnable and blighting ma
nipulations and schemes throughout
jour nation; fattening and prospering
the gamblers and manipulators on the
life-blood of the toiler.
i ,16. The production of cotton in the
.South has caused the producer to be
come a commercial cannibal, this be
jtef absolutely necessary to enable
/bim to exist He has destroyed his
forestry, fleeced his soil of its fer
tility; existed on his natural assets;
'denying to himself and his family
?reasonable hours of work and proper
working conditions; a decent home;
the opportunity to play and to learn.
17. It has caused child labor in the
?South. It has caused the women and
children of the South, both white and
?black, to perform not only labor, re
gardless of hours, but even to per
form the manual labor of tilling the
soil with the plow. (White women
and colored women can be seen plow
ing the cotton fields of the South,
with little barefooted children plod
ding along behind them, scattering
compost, rud performing their work
from the break of day to the twilight
-underfec, impoverished, half-cloth
ed, worn ?nd "weary.)
18. It has caused the producer of
cotton to go without the necessary
(cotton clothing-the white man sel
dom having enough to meet the re
quirements of health and hygiene; the
negro being seldom blessed with more
fthan four cotton undersuits-one for
(life use, one when he Joins the church,
?one when he marries the first time,
,and one when he is buried. (This be
ling in excess of the average.)
As to the Cost of Production of Cotton
In the South.
I requested the Hon. D. H. Houston,
Secretary of Agriculture, to furnish
me with a detailed~Btatement showing
the cost of production of cotton in
the South for the year 1918. He has
Just telegraphed me as follows:
"Itemized estimate of total cost of
.production of cotton for 1918 not yet
completed. Work now being done will
provide basis for estimate in few
weeks. Would be glad for your as
sociation to select committee of three,
to be in Washington April 21, for
special conference on factors to be
considered in estimating cost of pro
For the purpose of estimating the
cost of production by the producer,
by the experienced business man and
by the experienced banker, I have
?elected various men from onr State.
The result is aptly furnished by the
following statements, which are in
line with the various statements re
ceived. These statements - are from
three men of unquestioned veracity,
fine business judgment, long business
experience and men whc hare been
actively engaged In farming for over
a quarter of a century; men who
would not purposely make a mislead
ing statement, even though they felt
satisfied it would result in assisting
ns to win this campaign, regardless of
the deep Interest they feel in the suc
cess of this movement for the com
mercial freedom of the South
Cost of Production Illustrated en a
One-Horse Farm of Fifteen Acres,
Planted by J. M. Holman.
The production of this farm is based
on a ten-year average production of
I have been farming for thirty-five
years, and hav9 also been actively en
gaged in cotton for the past ten years.
All past years must be left out of any
calculation in Anding the cost of the
1919 crop, for the reason that all val
ues have advanced ont of all reason.
Labor and fertilizers cost three times
as much as they did at the beginning
of the war.
The calculations herein are made
with the actual cotton planted on this
Dne-horse farm, and thr? expenses are
figured only for the actual working
period, ray only object being to Und
out what it will actnally cost to pro
duce a pound of cotton. The owner of
this farm gets nothing for himself out
of this farm except his profit of $96.50
and he will not get this profit if his
I cotton is damaged by storm or other
wise and is reduced in grade, also pro
vided he gets thirty cents for his cot
ton and $60 for his seed. I have not
charged this farm with any expense
for hoeing. I expect the plowman to
have time to do this work.
15 bushels planting seed_$ 15.00
3 tons high grade fertilizers 1S0.00
750 pounds rent paid, at 30c.. 225.00
Ginning, bagging and ties, 7
bales cotton . $5.00
Wages one man, eight months
at $40 . 320.00
Feed of mule eight months... 120.00
Rent of mule .30.06
Picking 9,000 pounds of cot
ton at $1 . 90.0G
Hauling to gin and market... 21.00
Expense handling seed. 15.0(
Wear and tear tools and fix
tures . 15.00
3.375 pounds cotton at 30c.. .$1,012.50
5,000 pounds s ted at $60. 150.00
Profit .$ 96.50
..Cost per pound, 31.58.
? certify that the above statement
ls correct and true. J. M. Holman.
Cost of cotton production illustr?t
edon one-horse farm of thirty acrei
(twenty acres cotton and ten acres
food) by J. A. Banks.
8 tons 8-4-0 at $50.f
1 ton soda .
1 plowman at $40 per month..
Hoe labor .
Extra labor .
Picking 12 B-C at 75c per
20 bu. planting seed at $1 bu.
10 per cent depreciation on
$500 equipment .
Current co-it farm equipment
Ginning and bagging and Mea,
12 B-C at $5.
. ff-^T" $1,302.50
276 bu. cotton seed at $1 bu..S 276.00
3,600 lbs. cotton at 28He lb.. 1,026.00
This farm should produce under
average conditions in this county of
Calhoun, 8. G. food sufficient to feed
the horse that plows it and twelve
400-pound bales of cotton (three bales
of which shall ba taken for rent of
land) and 276 bushels of cotton seed.
This makes a balance and leave:
the farmer nothing for his time and
I have been farming for the past
forty years and I am thoroughly
familiar with cotton production, have
liso had many years' experience in
general merchandise business, supply
ing fertilizers and supplies to farm
ers, also have had twenty-five to
thirty years' experience as a banker,
being engaged during this period in
farming, merchandising, operating
sales stables and furnishing HT?
The above Is a correct statement
Illustrating the cost of production ol
cotton. J. A. Banks,
of Cotton Production Illustrated
on a One-JHorse Farm of Twenty
seven Acres (18 Acres Cotton
and 9 Acres Corn and
Hay). By T. A. Amaker.
?, tons fertilizer 8-3-2 at
$58 .$ 391.5C
ton nitrate soda . 90.0f
plow hand 12 months, at $40 480.0?
Hoe labor, 18 acres at 32J26 40.50
Extra labor, gathering corn,
hay, etc. 60.00
Picking 10 bales cotton at Si
per hundred weight. 120.00
18 bushels planting seed at $2
a bushel. 36.00
10 per cent depreciation on
3600 equipment . 60.00
Incidental expenses . 30.00
Ginning and bag and ties 10
h. e.. 60.00
7 b. e. 400 lbs. each at 30c. $ 840.00
249 bushels cotton seed at 31 240.00
The above farm should produce 10
b. c. and tenant must pay three bales
rent After paying entire proceeds ot
sale of cotton and seed on his year's
expenses, he owes a balance of $268.
Land planted in corn and hay win
produce enough to feed horse.
I have been engaged in fanning
for the past thirty years and am
thoroughly familiar with the cost of
production being now extensively en
gaged in farming, and also thoroughly
familiar with same as a merchant
selling fertilizers and* supplies, hav
ing been extensively engaged in the
mercantile business for the past thirty
The above is a correct statement
illustrating the cost of production of
cotton. T. A. Amaker.
Referring Back to the Cost of Cotton
to the South.
Cotton production has cost the
South all that I have said and a vast
amount more. The cost is so great
that it would require the judgment o!
God Almighty to render a decision
a to what cotton has actually cost
the South. No mortal man can make
the estimate. j
Henry Grady more than thirty-one
years ago delivered a speech in New
England, which made a more lasting
impression possibly on the country
than any one speech ever delivered
by any human being. The production
of cotton in the South has prevented
his prediction from coming true.. He
?aid in part:
"When every farmer in the South
shall eat bread from his own fields
and meat from his own pastures and
disturbed by no creditor, and enslaved
by no debt shall sit amid his teeming
gardens, and orchards and vineyards,
and dairies and barnyards, pitching
his crop in his wisdom and growing
them in independence, making cotton
his clean surplus, and selling it in his
own time, and in his chosen market
and not at a master's bidding-get
ting his pay in cash and not in a re
ceipted mortgage that discharges his
debt but does not restore his free
dom-then shall be breaking the full
ness of our day.''
The cost of production of cotton in
the South has made the loyad Ameri
can citizen realize that it. ie?abeo>
lutely necessary for him in carrying
out his pledge to help make fhe^Vo^d
safe for democracy, to help in every
way possible, using every ounce ot
energy at his command to help im
prove conditions in the South, so that
it will be a fit place for people to
live in. He has made this decision be
cause he realizes, first that it is his
duty as a loyal American citizen and
because it is his duty in justice to
God and man. He realizes:
'Once to every man and nation
Comes the moment to decide;
In the strife of truth with falsehood,
For the good or evil side.
."Then to siderwdth truth is noble.
When we share our wretched crust;
Ere her cause bring fame and profit
And 'tis prosperous to be jost.
Then it is the brave man chooses,
While the coward stands aside.
Doubting in his abject spirit,
Till his Lord is crucified."
South's Future at Stake.
The South realizes that its future
existence is at stake, and that it is
absolutely necessary to market, bank
and finance its cotton crop and that
if this is not done, the cotton produc
tion of the South will follow the in
digo production, and that the cotton
production will be referred to only as
something that once existed in the
For this reason .the farmer, mer
chant and banker have absloutely de
termined to arrange to market cot'
ton. They are forming a $200,000,000
corporation for this purpose known as
th? Marketing, Exporting and Financ
ing Corporation. The manipulators
and gamblers who have fed on the
life blood of the South will, of course,
Violently protest. We realize that
commercial freedom of the South is
absolutely necessary to the future
progress and prosperity of the South.
Hie banking interests of the South
iwill increase their capital and sur
plus by at least 50 per cent, and will
accept liberty loan bonds in payment
for additional stock Issued. Oppor
tunity only knocks once. The South
realizes that it is knocking today and
the door will be opened. . .
Are You Helping, j
Are you helping in the fight for
commercial freedom of the South? If
not, you are not a loyal son of either
A merica or the South. Not only this
-you do not realize that America, of
which the South is a part, is your own,
your native land; you do not realize
that God Almighty made all men free
and equal; you do not believe on
"Peace on Earth good will to men."
No loyal American will so far forget
his duty as an American citizen; no
loyal Aanerican will so far forget hie
pledgj to make the world cafe for
IThe season for i
merits is here, and
we are in a better
entire family than
Since moving ii
creased every dep*
let us show you ou
We are in a posi
not fail to call at (
Next door to Lynch Drug S
When you come to Edgefield to
haul guano, freight or on other busi
ness put a sack of corn on your wag
on and bring to my mill. I have just
had my mill rocks sharpened and I
make better meal now than I have
ever made. You can save time by
patronizing my mill. Your corn
ground while you wait, practically no
time lost. Give me a trial. Satisfac
A. L. KEMP,
Edgefield, S. C.
Have arrived th?
that you have been looking
for. Write us or come to
Greenwood and see what they
will do. Will give you any
demonstration you want to
see. They will pull anyplace
a mule will.
JOHN I. CHIPLEY,
Greenwood, S. C
I desire to :
field county 1
et for cotton
until the nig]
will pay the g
seed. Now i
cotton seed i;
Meal and I
at all times.
naking a complete change of all gar
we wish to inform our friends that
position to supply the needs of the
we have ever been before.
ito our larger quarters we have in
irtment of our stock. Come in and
ir large stock of
DS, NOTIONS, SHOES
G, HATS and UNDERWEAR
?tion to make very close prices. Do
>ur store before purchasing.
You Should Be Considering the
We believe our mill-made
screens will, more than inter
est you. We manufacture
them of various woods and of
bronzed, galvanized or black
Every order is special for
either windows, doors or
porches. We carry no stock
of made up screens.
Write for Free Catologue
WOODWARD LUMBER COMPANY
notify the farmers of Edge
bhat I will be in the mark
seed every day from now
tit of the 20th" of May. I
government price for sound
s the time to convert your
lulls for sale or exchange