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PURE BRED POULTRY
What Clemson s Poultry Div
sion is Doing.
Clemson College. - Improvements
are being constantly made in the poul
try plant operated by the Division of
Poultry Husbandry of Clemson Col
lege. The main object in establishing
this plant was to enable the students
talcing the poultry course at tie Col
lege to study and handle typical speci
mens in the popular breeds of poul
try, and also to supply breeding stock
of high quality to the farmers of the
State and to others who wish to im
prove the breed of chickens "kept at
The following breeds are represent
ed: Barred Plymouth Rocks, in which
both the cockerel-bred and pullet-bred
lines of breeding are being carried on
separately; Single Comb Rhode Island
Reds, White Wyandoties, Single Comb
Buff Orpingtons, Dark Cornish (Indian
Game). Black Langshans and Single
Comb White Leghorns.
Every specimen in these breeding
pens has been personally selected, and
many State Champions, blue ribbon
winners, and fowls of exceptional
merit can be found therein. For ex-'
ample, the cock heading the first pen
of Rhode Island Reds is a brother of.
the State Champion Male; the cock, at
' the head of the Barred Plymouth Rock
pen for producing exhibition cock
erels came from Judge Cosh in New
Jersey at a large outlay; the dark
Cornish pen contains females that
were never beaten in the shows of
For four years Clemson College
bred the Tom Barron "strain of heavy
layiag Single Comb White Leghorns.
The stock and eggs of this strain have
been distributed over the State alid
the females are certainly heavy egg
? producers. However, there is one ob
jection to this strain of White Leg
horns and that is their unfitness for
.exhibition purposes. Since every other
breed bf poultry kept at the College
ls o( the highest quality, the Tom Bar
.Ton White Leghorns with their big
. combs, high tails and sometimes
brassy -plumage looked entirely out of
This year a breeding pen of the best
.'exhibition strain of Single Comb
.White 'Leghorns has 1 just been ob
tained from the leading breeder of Il
linois. The male won second at the
.recent Chicago Show in a class of
over three .hundred Leghorns, While
'the females are of the same high
.quality. As many chicks as possible
will be reared from this pen so that
the flock of White Leghorns will be
built up to its former number.
While it is not the intention of the
?Division ot Poultry Husbandry to
;grow stock for 3ale or to sell eggs for
hatching, it frequently happens that
fine breeding and exhibition birds can
.be obtained and also a few sittings of
eggs from some of these high class
breeding pens. That the farmers and
breeders of the State are availing
themselves of this opportunity to ob
tain the best breeding stock and eggs
is shown by the fact that the demand
far exceeds the supply.
Further information can be obtain
ed from the Division of Poultry Hus
bandry, Extension Service, Clemson
College, S. C.
Water Glass Keeps Them at Two
Cents Per Dozen.
. Clemson College.-The preservation
of eggs in a solution of water glass
is increasing in popularity every year
It is unquestionably a successful meth
od of keeping fresh eggs from sprinp
until the winter months. The process
is very simple and no loss can be sus
tained if the eggs are placed in the
solution the day they are laid and the
solution is pure and suitable for the
Unless a good grade of water glass
. for preserving eggs can be obtained
.from the local druggist, it is prefer
-able to order the liquid direct from
the manufacturers. One gallon of the
:"E" brand used will make sufficient
preserving solution to cover from fifty
to eighty dozen eggs. A gallon car
?shipped by -prepaid Parcel Post costs
a little more than $1.00. The expense
of the solution is, therefore, less thar
2c per dozen eggs.
. Wooden kegs, tubs or pails, sion*
crocks, galvanized iron cans, or an.j
bother convenient vessels will serve
the purpose.' It is important to keer.
the vessel covered tightly to preveni
the preserving solution drying down
and exposing the e. ^s. At least twe
.inches.of solution should be above thc
top layer of eggs. The vessels con
.faining the eggs should be kept undei
the house or in a cool place in sum
.mer. and in the pantry in cold weath
'er. It has been found, however, thal
:even if the solution froze solid the
.eggs were not injured in any way. Th*
?name of the manufacturer of wutei
,glass and ?urther information can bf
i obtained from the Extension Service
' of Clemson College.
1 Do not wait when insects are found
'doing damage to crops of any kind
Start control measures a* once. I'
control measures are not kno*m, se
your County Demonstration Agett oi
write to the Division of Entomology
Clemson College. The best results an
secured by prevention.
The deeper you cultivate your bran
the better the soil ot your farm w?*
Fall field-selected seed corn will out
yield spring crib-selected seed ^corn.
SE SEB TO
Often Desirable to Employ Some
Method Surer Than That of
AUSTRALIAN FLAN IS GOOD
Useful Directions for Making Poison
Solution for Quick and Effective
Work in All Kinds of Timber
. Are Given.
(Prepared by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
In cleaning up pasture land or clear-'
ing new land for crops it is often
desirable to kill trees by some method
surer and quicker than the old-time
method of girdling. In dealing with
thu kinds of trees which sprout from
the stump, such as the oaks, hicko
ries, and red gum, a reliable method
of kiiling is especially needed.
For the purpose of poisoning trees,
arsenic has been successfully used in
both this and other countries, often
killing trees In a few weeks or a few
days which by the simple girdling
process wojild require months. Useful
directions for making up a poison so
lution for quick and effective work in
all kinds of timber, together with the
method of application are given be
low, quoted from a recent number of
the Australia Forestry Journal. In
Australia, it appears, much investiga
tion has been widely used with ex
Formula Found Good.
Following is the formula:
Arsenic. 1 pound. ...5IS2?T
Whiting, Vi pound.
Water, 4 gallons.
Washing soda, 1 pound, or .caustic soda,
Since the ordinary white arsenlous
oxide of commerce is not soluble in
water to any great degree, soda has ,
to be used for the purpose. When
large amounts of the poison are de
sired washing soda will be cheaper,
but for small amounts caustic soda
wIH perhaps be found the handiest.
To prepare the solution, first dis
solve the soda (either form) in a con
venient amount of water, using heat,
if desirable, to assist and hasten it;
then slowly add the arsenic, previously
mnde into a thin paste (as the house
wife treats her corn-flour), stirring
all the time; place on a strong fire,
and after it has come to the boil, al
low it to remain boiling for at least
half an hour; stir from time to time,
and be careful to stand on the side
away from the fumes, as, being pois
onous, they are apt to cause sickness.
When the arsenic is thoroughly dis
solved, the solution may be made up
to the required bulk by adding the
remainder of the water, either hoi
or cold. The whiting is added merely
to serve as an inaicator of the trees
treated, as lt turns white on drying.
Winter Best Season.
The best? time for carrying on the
operation of poisoning is when the
tree is dormant, or during the winter
months. This will most surely pre
vent suckering, although trees can
be killed practically any time of the
In applying the poison, the tree is
first girdled by a series of heavy down
ward strokes of the ax through the
bark and well into the wood, leaving
the chips protruding outward in n
"frill" extending completely around
the tree. It IS necessary that this
"frilling" process be thoroughly done,
which alone would ordinarily kill the
tree after some time. A half p|n1
for small trees to a quart for verj
large trees of the poison is then poured
into the chipped surface, taking care
to saturate the wood thoroughly. AE
old teapot or kettle with a spout
serves well the purpose of pourini
without needless waste or spilling
down the, trees. Saplings may be cu!
off low down and the poison 'applied
over thc stump by a swab stick. Il
this is done when the sap is dowr
the tree will be completely killed anc
INCREASE" HAY 25VPER CENT
Recommended by Department of.Agri
culture to Maintain and In*
crease Live Stock.
(Prepared by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
A 23 per cent increase in the pro
duction of hay, in order to malntair
and if possible to increase the suppl3
of live stock, is recommended by the
... .. _ j
Harvesting Hay Crop With a Push
United States department o? agricul
ture. Tlie production of hay in th<
United States in 1!)1S was only 00.000,
OOO tons, as compared with 03.000.00t
in 1017. end 111.000,000 in 1010. Thh
falling ..iT was due to unfavorable sea
sons and to plowing up meadow land;
for other crops.
How Valuable-Pedigree Plus
Clemson College.-"lt is a common
saying that the sire is 'half the herd.'
As a matter of fact, in most cases, he
is of even greater value," says Thos
W. Moseley, Dairy Specialist of th?
A Common Practice.
Yet many farmers do not appre
ciate the above statement and year
after year are content to usevany bull
that will make their cows come fresh.
The result of the use of- inferior or
scrub sires is that the calves are near
ly always inferior to their dams, and
after awhile the farmer complains
that his stock has "run out." One
farmer who owned a scrub bull bred
him to his cow. which had produced
146.S pounds of butterfat in one year,
and their daughter when she came
into milk produced only 12C.3 pounds
of butterfat. This heifer ' was bred
back to the scrub hull and' a heifer
from this mating produced only 99.7
pounds of butterfat, of 47.1 pounds
less than her grandmother. At 50c.
per pound for butterfat tfiis would
mean an annual loss of $23.55.
An Investment That Paid.
Another farmer who had "become
discouraged with^scrub sires decided
to buy the best he could afford. He
mated him with his cows, which wera
just "ordinary," and the first six heif
ers produced an average of 93.8 pounds
of butterfat more than their dams
With butterfat at 50c per pound thia
would mean an increased yearly in
come of $281.40. These heifers were
retained for five years and in that
time brought in $1,407.00 more than
their dams. In other words, through
the use of a good pure-bred sire for
only'one year he realized $1,407.00.
.Only Pure-Bred Bulls Are Good Bulls.
But you can't expect' these results
by using a scrub bull. The scrub
bull has no individuality. He ls the
result of years of careless, indiscrim
inate, haphazard breeding. In his
blood runs the inferiority of many an
tagonistic breeds. The scrub bull is
a mixture and almost without excep
tion the bad far out weighs the good.
The scrub bull chokes instead of pro
moting improvement in the herd.
And you can't expect these resulta
from a grade bull, no matter if he is
the son of a high-producing cow.
The grade bull has, no lines of good
blood back of him. He is more apt to
transmit the weakness of bis make-up
than his strong points.
But you can expect these results by
using a good bull. A good bull must
be a pure-bred bull. He must be
more. He must be a good pure-bred
Use Only Bred-For-Production Sires. ?
A good bull must have back of him
a family of high producers, because
he can transmit to his offspring only
what he has received from his ances
try. His mother must be a family of ?
high producers, because he can
transmit to his offspring only what
he has received from his ancestry.
His mother must be a high producer,
and his sire must come from a high
producing dam. His sire must have
sired high-producing daughters.^ If
his family for two or three generations
back has a record of uniformly high
production, there is little doubt that
he will be able to transmit that qual
ity, to his offspring. And such a bull
can earn for the dairyman many times
But Pedigree ls Not Everything.
Many, an animal has a fine pedigree
but is a very poor individual. The
right dairy sire should be a good in
dividual .as well as have a good pedi
gree. He should be fairly typical of
his breed and show Masculinity, Ca
pacity. Size and Quality.
The real value of a dairy sire to
any herd is told when his daughters
freshen. Then we are able to tel]
whether he is improving the herd. If .
his daughters are better producers
than ...th^ir "dams were at the same
age. tl - ve are on the right track.
A siro .vliich does not improve the
herd and whose daughters are not
better than their dams should be sold
If you caught a man running off
with $100.00 worth of your property,
would you sit back in your chair and
let him do it? Well, then, why be so
partial to the scrub or grade bull?
He is robbing you of $100.00 every
time he breeds one of your cows. He ?
is breeding your herd down and not I
HOW TO PREVENT COTTON AN
Cotton anthracnose. the fungus boll
rot of cotton, is carried in the seed.
The*fungus lives over from oojc year
to the next in the boll. To prevent
this troublesome and destructive dis
ease it is necessary to practice a ro
tation, and to secure seed for planting
purposes from fields where there was
no disease last year. Seed may also
come in contact with the disease at
the* gin, and thus carry the trouble
into the field. Cotton seed three years
old will be free from disease even
though they came from fields where
the disease was present. Avoid this
disease by observing these precau
Even when they appear clean, da'ry
utensils may harbor large number,? ll
bacteria. Sterilise thoroughly.
EDGEFIELD, S. C.
Notice to Drivers and Owners of Automobiles:
We take this means of informing you that we are now better equipped to take care
of your wants in the automobile repairs, accessories and general service than in the past;
also, that we are receiving most daily additional supplies and equipments, and within
a short time we expect to have the best and mrst up-to-date garage in this section.
It is our aim to render the most efficient and polite service possible, and we solicit
a trial, which we feel sure will result in a permanent customer.
We are agents for the Pennsylvania Diamond Grid Batteries, the Permalife and
Willard Storage Batteries. We also handle the Hood, Goodrich and Southern Tires
and Tubes.. , _
We have an assortment of the Titanic Guaranteed Springs to fit any car. In fact
we have, or will get for you, any and all accessories or short notice.
We handle the Famous GREEN FLAG CYLINDER OIL.
We have added to our force Captain O. P. Bright, who has served you in the past
in the automobile business as well as other capacities. He will meet you at the front
serve you with free air and make note of your wants, which we will endeavor to furnish
you promptly and reasonably.
We rent batteries while yours is being re-charged at 25c. per day.
Protect your clothing and upholstering with Seat Covers. Insure your life and
car-PUT ON BUMPERS.
We also announce (especially the ladies), don't dread your trip on account of blow
outs or punctures. Phone or send us word and we will come to you as soon as possi
ble. In case of breakdown we will repair your car day or night.
Yours for Service,
DIXIE HIGHWAY GARGAE
New McCormick Binders
The grain crop will be good in Edgefield county and a
number of farmers will have to buy a binder or lose
some of their grain. Labor is scarce and it will be im
possible to harvest much grain with a cradle. Better
place your order at once for a binder. ,
The demand will be great, and doubtless some who
want binders will be unable to get them. The supply
is limited, as our allotment for this territory is only six
machines, and unless orders are soon placed for these
we will lose them. They will be transferred to some I
other territory where the demand is greater. We can I
sell you the New McCormick Binder, which is a light I
Will sell for cash or on easy terms
within reach of all
We carry a full line of parts and repairs for binders.
Drop us a card if you want a binder and we will call to j
STEWART & KERNAGHAN