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LAW ENFORCEMENT CON
Governor Discusses Problem
Methods to coordinate the energies
of the various agencies for the en
forcements of laws in the State and
divers ways of quickening the public
pulse and stimulating public senti
ment for law and order were debated
from every angle in the conference in
Columbia yesterday of solicitors, sher
iffs, magistrates and foremen of
grand juries, called by Governor
That there is a pronounced senti
ment sweeping over the State against
wilful disregard of legal restraint was
almost universally expressed. In sev
eral instances there was eloquent tes
timony to the awakened public con
science. One instance in particular
was the message brought up from
Cbarlestont Sheriff Elmore Martin,
and Frank J. Simmons, foreman of
the Charleston grand jury, both paid
wholesome tributes to the potent
moral force which has been given and
the remarkable results attained
through the war period through com
munity cooperation on the law en
, forcement program.
Another tribute to the awakened
sense of obligation of juries to con
vict and of the citizen to give moral
and active support to those charged
with enforcing the laws was brought
by Chief State Constable Eichelber
ger from Florence. In his reecnt
work he has brought 86 indictments
to the attention to the grand juries.
In each instance a true bill was hand
ed down and 83 convictions were pro
cured against three acquittals. There
has been an improvement of at least
75 per cent., Mr. Eichelberger said,
in public sentiment toward assisting
officers to take hold of violators of
Two particular problems over
which officers have much anxiety are
those of dealing with extracts that
may be used as beverages, the negro
soldier who has come back from
France with altered views as to social
equality. To further strengthen the
hands of the officer in dealing with
lemon extracts and other bitters, used
as beverages, a resolution was adopt
ed, appealing to the federal govern
ment to investigate the manufactur
ers of these goods, now flooding the
State. The resolution offered by So
licitor L. M. Gasque of Marion mads:
"Whereas, the State of South Caro
lina is being flooden with socalled pat
ent medicines, known as 'Jamaica :
ginger,' 'beef, wine and iron' bitters
and various and sundry other concoc
tions which contain a large percent
age of alcohol and are sold as bever
"Whereas, the manufacture of all
these socalled medicines im beyond
the law of the State, being situated
in Richmond, Va., and other places;
"Whereas, the sale of such in our
State is not only prohibited by law,
but is a menace to good health, mor
als and society;
"Therefore, be it resolved by the
solicitors, sheriffs and other peace of
ficers of the State of South Carolina,
in convention assembled by the call
of the governor, that the federal au- j
thorities be requested to investigate
the manufacture and sale in our State
of the aforesaid concoctions by what
ever name known and see if the same
in this State can be prohibited ; and 1
be it resolved further that a copy of
the resolutions be furnished District
Attorneys Francis H. Weston of Co
lumbia and J. W. Thurmond of Edge
field, to each of our members in Con
gress and that a copy be given to the
press of the State."
Committee Will Act.
At the conclusion of the general
discussion of conditions, Solicitor J.
K. Henry of Chester, who had been '
named as chairman of the meeting,
appointed a committee of five sheriffs
to communicate with all sheriffs of .
the State to ascertain in just what
way the State may come to their aid
in furthur strengthening the hand of
the officers. In some counties it was j
ascertained yesterday that rural po-1
lice were greatly needed and more
deputy sheriffs. In others there was
urgent assistance needed from the
federal revenue officers. Members of
this committee are: Elmore Martin,
Charleston, chairman, who offered
the resolution; Sam D. Willis, Green
ville; John V. Powell, Marion; John
P.- Hunter, Lancaster, and Cannon G.
Blease:, Newberry. These will report'
to the governor who will take what
ever steps necessary to bring the de
sired relief, whether it be acting on
his own authority or bringing the mat
ter directly to the attention of the
When taking the chair Solicitor
Henry emphasized that officers who
failed to do their duty were imperil
ing their own lives. "Our own self
preservation depends on our enforce
ment of the law," he said. The g
task was to create public sentii
that would see that the law was
Later in the conference there
considerable debate as to the mei
incident to the returned negro
diers' social equality desire. Soli<
Henry has no fears of the ne
There will be sporadic outbreaks 1
and there, but the negro probier
not greatly intensified, he thinks,
should Educate People.
"The greatest trouble is the 1<
conscience of our own people, t;
lack of a sense of responsibility
suggest that each of you go h
home and organize thoroughly
educate the people up to the nd
sity for their active cooperation ,
moral support in the enforcement
the law. Let the private citizen une
stand that he owes a duty to the St
and if he doesn't perform it, he'
slacker and a traitor. Teach th
Jhat it's a duty to enforce the 1
against a friend as well as against
enemy. A few years ago it was <
honorable to report a blind tiger,
some places they don't back us ;
as they should do. In others we do |
that support, and where we do I
land is always 50 per cent higher
Solicitor Edward C. Mann of
Matthews said severer Ipunishm?
should be dealt out to the white s
dier back from France and par;
ing obscene pictures than that met
out to the negro. What better cox
be expected of . the negro, if t
whites had T?O higher sense of dv
to society. "If you find a negro wi
these picutres, take them away frc
him and arrest him. If you find
white man, he ought to be tarred a:
feathered." This officer greatly fez
ed that service during the war hi
greatly increased the number of ?v
grants among the negroes.
Solicitor Homer S. Blackwell
Laurens has also made certain o
serations concerning the negro pro
lem. From the Laurens postoffice 1
found that 35 negroes were receivii
a Northern newspaper, filled with i
flammatory articles against the whit'
of the South. In one case the negrot
were urj:;ed to lynch the lynchers, 1
procure Winchester rifles and 2C
rounds of ammunition each. M
Blackwell was of the opinion that tl
law relating to the sale of extrae
should be either replaced or luv\
teeth pu:; in it. It protected the deal?
in extracts instead of punishing, I
Refuge for Lawyers.
Solicitor Gasque of Marion pointe
out tha; ?'.wo reasons conducive t
failure to enforce laws in the Stat
were the technicalities of the lav
which was the refuge of the profei
sion and constant postponement o
trial. Ht regarded the conference on
of the most important acts of Go1*
ernor Cooper's administration. Jus
now the sale of extracts is proving
serious menace to the State. Ever
little corner or cross roads store i
carrying a stock of from $100 t
$200 worth of extracts, some of i
with an alcoholic content of 80 to 9'
per cen:. "We've either got to curl
the sale of these extracts, or we'l
have a worse condition than when wi
Sheriff Blease of Newberry sah
the firsr. killing of a white man ii
Newberry by a negro since he becami
sheriff teven years ago took place las
Monday night. He brought with hin
photographs and a description of th<
negro recently mustered out of th<
service and charged with the shoot
The Newberry officer did not thinl
there vas a drug store in Newberry
County that would violate the extrad
law. He had procured the convictior
of one white man and later two otheri
pleaded guilty. He had seized aboul
$900 worth of extract and would nol
return it until compelled to do so bj
law. If he found any of the papers
referred to by Solicitor Blackwell, he
would make him stop it.
Frank Simmons, foreman of the
Charleston grand jury, said Charles
ton had passed through a great trans
formation. Out of 58 indictments
placed in the hands of the grand jury,
56 true bills were returned and of
these 53 were convicted. His criti
cism was that the fines imposed were
too light. He had never voted prohi
bition but when the opportunity pre
sented itself, he would be glad to
The foreman of the grand jury of
Calhoun County also brought a good
report. Of 18 prisoners at a recent
term of court, 12 entered pleas of
bein.? guilty. The court adjourned
within 'four hours after it had con
vened. There were no charges of mur
der or assault and battery.
C.' J. Kimball, recorder in Colum
bia, made an interesting report of the
cases brought before him. Before the
troops went to France practically all
the men in service brought before
him were whites. Among ti .e returned
soldiers who came before him, near
ly all are blacks. He has had five with-,
in the last few weeks before him for
having obscene pictures in their pos
^Others who made interesting talks
were: Sheriff Padgett of Colleton
Sheriff McCain of Richland, Sheriff
Miller of Lexington, J. S. Morse of
Abbeville and Solicitor Timmerman
J. Wilson Gibbs of Columbia acted as
secretary of the convention.
Has Enviable Record.
One of those who followed the dis
(eussions with keenest interest yester
day was Sheriff Hunter of Lancaster,
He has held the office of sheriff in his
county at different times for 33 years
and is regarded as an exceptionally
good officer. He said:
"I seldom have many prisoners in
jail at a time ; have only two now, but
this does not mean that we do not
have a good deal of trouble at times
|n Lancaster County. We have had
several good white men killed by ne
groes in the last few years. So I wel
come -cooperation in putting a stop to
crime if possible."
G Croft Williams, secretary of the.
State board of charities and correc
tions, brought an intersting array of
statistics as to the increase of crime
over the State. These showed that
there was an average of nearly one
homicide in the State a day.
Violations of the prohibition law
showed a steady increase. For the
quarter ending March 31, 1919, there
were 71 commitments for offense,
while in the quarter ending June 30,
there were 193. There was also a
steady increase recorded for the
crime of larceny.
tual Insurance Asso
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WRITE OR CALL on the under
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The officers are: Gen. J. Frasei
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J. R. Blake, Gen. Agent, Secty. and
Treas., Greenwood, S. C.
A. 0. Grant, Mt. Carmel, S. C.
J. M. Gambrell, Abbeville, S. C.
J. R. Blake, Greenwood, S. C.
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February 1st, 1919.
62 Broad Street
CHARLESTON, S. C.
A BOARDING and DAY School
Begins its session October 1, 1919.
Historic Institution situated in a
Advantages ol city life with large
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WELL PLANNED COURSE of stud
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For catalog and furthur informa
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Work your crops and bring in your
Cotton Seed later.
I am in the seed market for the
summer months and will pay Gov
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keep hulls and meal always on hand.
M. A. TAYLOR.
WANTED: A second-hand cane
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We give the ladie
Crepe de Chine and ?
We have a stron;
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Our stock of ppp
shown. It will be a
Ase Whole Life 20 Yr'?
15 ' $16.24 $24.81
16 16.53 25.15
17 16.83 25.50
18 17.16 25.87
19 17.51 v 26.25
20 17?87 26.64
21 18.25 27.05
22 18.64 (, ,: 27.48
23 19.05 27.92
24 19.48 28.37
25 19.94 28.85
26 20.41 29.33
27 20.91 _ 29.85
28 21.43 30.37
29 ; 21.98 30.93
30 ( 22.56 : 31.50
31 23.17 32.10
32 23.82 32.72
33 24.51 , 33.38
34 25.22 j 34.05
35 1 25.98 34.76
36 26.78 " 35.50
37 27.64 36.28
38 28.55 37.09
39 29.49 37.96
40 30.51 8?.87
45 36.59 44.25
50 44.93 51.55
55 56.45 61.60
At these low rates Prudential Poli
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GEORGE F. MIMS
Eyes examined and
Glasses fitted for all
Errors of refraction.
JOHN A. HOLLAND,
The Greenwood Piano Man.
The largest dealer in musical instru
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pianos, self-player pianos, organs and
?ewing machines. Reference: The
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strongest Bank in Greenwood County.
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Co?TX??ht 1909. bt C. E. Ztoi>cnnM C0.--N0. 51
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