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TO MEET GOOD ROADS BONDS
Motor-Vehicle Revenues Devoted to
Maintenance and Repair of State
(Prepared by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
In most states the motor-vehicle
revenues are devoted to the ma?": te
nance and repair of the state ronds
or other improved highways. These
states thus seem to have solved fairly
well the knotty problem of how to
secure sufficient funds to mnintain tho
more important roads under the ever
increasing traffic requirements. As
both the traffic and the revenues in
crease with the number of r:?.rs:. lhere
exists a possibility of so adjusting the
registration rates as to keep pace with
the ever-growiug maintenance charges.
Recently, however, a movement to
capitalize the motor-vehicle revenues
and devote these funds to road con
Good Roaos Mean Greater Rural Com
fort and Prosperity.
structlon has been quite noticeable.
This is especially true in those states
which have a comparatively large i
number of cars and only a small mile
age of improved roads. Thus. Illinois, j
last November approved a bond issue
of $60.000,000 for the construction of a :
system of state roads. The interest
and principal of these bonds are to be j
paid entirely from the motor-vehicle
revenues. There is no doubt that these
revenues wlft prove sufficient Tor this :
purpose. The main question which re- |
mains is whether or not a satisfactory |
source of maintenance revenues can j
be secured so as to prevent these
roads, when constructed, from dete
EARTH ROADS IN CONDITION
Drainage Is Chief Essential in Putting !
Earth Roads in Proper Shap?^ I
>*^>?>^1_ Draq Must Be Used.
It can be truthfully" said that drain- j
age is the chief essential in puttTn^
earth roads into proper condition. A?
old Scotchman, an expert road builder,
aptly said that the three requirements ,
of good earth roads are. drainage, more
drainage, and still more drainage. E
W. Lehmann of the University of Mis
souri college of agriculture indorses
this sentiment and adds : Roads mus?
not only have good surface drainage
but must also have good nnderdrain
age. Sui'ace drainage is secured bj
proper grading, adequate side ditches
and by keeping the crown of the road
properly dragged. Stretches of road
that do not dry out quickly must be
underdrained by tile.
The drag must he used after each
rain, If the best results are to be se
cured. Don't go on the road while too
muddy, let it dry out slightly; lt should
be wet enough, however, so it will not
crumble, but linear. When properly
used, the drag brings a thin layer of
earth toward the center of the road
which is rolled and packed between
wet periods. If too much crown is se
cured by dragging, the angle of the
drag should be reversed.
Getting the earth -oads graded,
ditches open, well drained, and prop
erly crowned by dragging is about all
that can be done until the people are
ready to surface the road with gravel,
broken stone or some other surfacing
GREAT ROAD WORK PLANNED
Approximately $300,000,000 for High
way Expenditures to Be Used
Estimates of contemplated highway
expenditures in the United States for
the season of 1919 place the total at
approximately $300.000,000. Because
of governmental restrictions the
amount was considerably lower than
this in 1918, while in 1917 it was nlaced
Concrete Road Building.
A great era of concrete road build
ing has begun. Comprehensive sys
tems are being constructed in many
counties and many through highways
are being improved with concrete in
various states under state supervision.
Discomforts of Poor Roads.
If people don't invest in good roads,
they invest in getting stuck in the
mud, more horsepower for hauling,
more time spent on the road, and
Canch discomfort when they ride.
ROUSE OF FOES
CARRIES HI3 BATTLE FOR
LEAGUE OF NATIONS INTO
HOME OF HIS ENEMIES.
GIVES COST OF GREAT WAR
Informs Them of Lives and Treasure
Poured Out to Save
(By Mt. Clemens News Bureau)
Aboard President Wilson's Special
train-Carrying his war against those
who oppose the adoption by the Uni
ted States of the peace treaty and th&
covenant of the League of Nations in
to their households, President Wilson
last week invaded California.
And there, where the question on
which league opponents have ham
mered the hardest, that of Shan Tung
is of most interest, the president found
the same enthusiasm among the peo
ple for peace and for insurance
against future wars. The people want
the long controversy ended. They
want this country to be able to again
turn its undivided attention to social,
economic and industrial development.
Their leaders may not feel thiB way,
but judging from the. expressions
which met the president or every side.
The leaders have overstepped the
limits of the peoples patience in their
stubborn determination to force a
change in the great document.
Must Take This League.
"We must take thiB League of Na
tions," said the president, "for there
is no way in which another can be
obtained without compelling 'recon.
sideration by the powers. And it
would sit very ill upon my stomach to
take it back to Germany fer considera
"All over the world people are look
ing to us with confidence our rivals
along with the weaker nations. I pray
God that the gentlemen who are de
laying this thing may presently see it
in a different light.'*
Germany, (he president declared, is
taking new courage from our delay in
ratifying the treaty and her news
papers and public men were again be
coming arrogantly out-spoken.
Deeply impressive were the figures
of the cost of the late war, In lives
and dollars, lt was the first time that
the official statistics have been made
public and the tremendous totals
shocked the president's audiences.
Show3 Cost pf World War.
"The war." ?aid President Wilson,
coBt Great Britain" and and her Do
mains $38,000,000,005; France' ?26,000r
000,000; Jie United States |22\00'?V
000,000; Russia $18,000,000,000; Italy
$13,000,000,000 and a total, Including
the expenditures of Japan, "Efelglum
and Other small countries of $123,000,
COO.olut !Tyy??* A\i??r'"-*mm'
?^?i "S?st the Central Powers as fol
lows": "Germany $39,000,000,000; Aus
tria-Hungary, $21,000,000,000; Turkey
and Bulgaria $3,000,000,000.
"The United States," the president
Bald, "scent one million dollars an
hour night and day for two years in
its struggle to eave civilization. All
this, however, fades into insigni
ficance when the deaths hy
battle are considered," declared
the prssident. Russia gave 1,
700,000 men; Germany 1,600,000;
Prance 1,380,000; Great Britain 900,
000; Italy 364,000; the United States
50,300. In all, almost 7,500,000 men
perished in the great struggle, or
1,500,000 mor9 men than died In all of
the wars of the previous 100 years.
Should Remember Recent Horrors.
"These are terrible facts, and we
ought never to forget them. We went
luto this war to do a thing that was
fundamental for the world and what I
have come out on this journey for ls
to determine whether the country has
forgotten or'not. I have found out.
The country has not forgotten and it
will never permit any who stands
In the way of the fulfillment of our
great pledges, ever to.forget the sor
rowful day he made the attempt."
Arbitration and discussion, the pres
ident pointed out, must replace force
of arms in the settlement of world
controversies. Constantly he dwells
upon the fact that all the nations In
the League agree to do one of two
things, first to submit their differences
to arbitration, in which case they
agree to abide by the decision ren
dered, or, if unwilling to arbitrate, to
have their case discussed by the Coun
cil of the League, in which case six
months is granted for discussion.
Three months must elapse following
thf> result of this last step in arbitra
tion before the nation concerned can
Holds Out Hope for Ireland.
The president took advantage of
questions propounded hy the San Fran
cisco Labor Council to give the infer
ence that he believes Ireland can bring
her case before the League of Nations
for settlement when the League is
actually in existence.
Shan Tung, he declared, will be re
turned to China. Japan, he said, had
given her solemn pledge to that effect.
And with the League of Nations in
force.- ?cid the president, we can, if
occasion arises, stand forth and say,
"Thii shall be done."
If you are we can save you
money on your Roofing Mate?
rials, Mantels and Builders'
Hardware. Prices are ad
vancing, materials are scarce,
and therefore it will pay you
to anticipate your needs and
We are at the present time
offering some attractive prices
on Galvanized, Corrugated
and V Crimped Roofing, Tin,
Galv. and Asphalt Shingles,
Tin and Rubber Roofing,
Builders' Hardware, Copper,
Write us to day for catalogue
and prices. Don't delay. Let
us quote you now.
David kSluskv & Son
Lumber for Sale
My saw mill is located on the Five
Notch road, near Cedar Grove church,
and I have lumber to sell from the yard
or can cut it any dimensions when bill
is furnished. Better buy while you can
H. H. Sanders
Notice of Final Discharge
I To All Whom These Presents May
WHEREAS, B. R. Tillman, Jr.,
?has made application unto this Court
for Final Discharge as Executor in
re the Estate of B. R. Tillman, Sr.,
?deceased, on this the 6th day of
These Are Therefore, to cite any
and all kindred, creditors, or parties
interested, to show before me at my
office at Edgefield Court House,
South Carolina, on the 14th day of
October 1919 at ll o'clock a. m.,
why said order of discharge should
not be granted. ?ji
' W. T. KINNAIRD, .
J. P. C., E. C., S C.
tual Insurance Asso
Pr operty Insured $4,268,300.
WRITE OR CALL on the under
signed for any information you maj
desire about our plan of insurance,
We insure your property against
FIRE, WINDSTORM or LIGHT
and do so cheaper than any Com
pany in existence.
Remember, we are prepared tc
prove to you that ours is the safesl
and cheapest plan cf insurance
Our Association is now licensee
to write Insurance in the countiei
of Abbeville, Greenwood, McCor
mick, Edgefield, Laurens. Saluda,
Richland, Lexington, Calhoun and
The officers are: Gen. J. Frasei
Lyon, President, Columbia S. C..
J. R. Blake. Gen. Agent, Secty. an?
Treas., Greenwood, S. C.
A. 0. Grant, Mt Carmel, S. C.
J. M. Gambrell, Abbeville, S. C.
J. R. Blake, Greenwood, S. C.
A. W. Youngblood, Hodges, S. C.
R. H. Nicholson, Edgefield, S. C.
J. Fraser Lyon, Columbia, S. C.
W. C. Bates, Batesburg, S .C.
W. H. Wharton, Waterloo, S. C.
J. R. BLAKE,
Greenwood, S. C.
February 1st, 19iy.
Foundry, Machine, Boiler
Works and Mill Supply
Cotton Oil, Gin, Saw, Grist, Cane,
Shingle Mill, Machinery Supplies and
Repairs, Shafting, Pulleys, Hangers,
Grate Bars, Pumps, Pipe, Valves and
Fittings, Injectors," Belting, Packing
Hose, etc. Cast every day.
GASOLINE AND KEROSENE
Pumping, Wood Sawing and Feed
At all times tte arcistic dwelling
is in demand, whejher large or small,
expensive or inexpensive. An at
tractive, inexpensive br-uss. however,
is an exception. QUICKBILT Bunga
lows combine beauty and economy.
BUNGALOW INTO. -43
thoroughly covering tho needs nf the average renter; U especially
built for remine; purposes. It is well built, cozv. convenient, well
lighted, well ventilated, attractive holli inside and out, and small,
but cozy. It ls Inexpensive i:i construction, hut will hrln?; .1
pond rent. A house ir,.) larsre is 1 s much drawback as n house too
small. This mc ls just thc ri;;!:: size. Bungalows are always lu
demand. QUICKBILT Bungalow la neither cheap nor elab
orate. It is especially designed to make the best Investment I rom
a rent standpoint.
In erecting this bungalow you will
WA S TP -A" l!,c nwUTlitl ls already prepared ?n? the largs
' . ,"W:'S'1' n,,c* "r K'T;'" lumber are Unis eliminated
Every Toot of lumber is used. You buy no surplus material.
TIMF- Ku*ry ,,ie''L> "f ?,;,terii|l ?ns ?ts own place. Everything
, MlTii- is numbered and systematized. Tl:c Instructions to
the carpenter are completo and the order of erection Li simple
>o time is lost in looking for material. Tito time ordinarily re
quired in preliminary cutting and trimming is saved As a lar-o
portion of the house is built in panels, ju: ? that much time and
cost is eliminated in construction.
I ARCif? U?:|1 ,lie entire prnrcsr, nf erection systematized
? and complete, the g.-or.t building "Busaboo"-i?rc
SmHSiipCTTs,T^i,!S,2,trtil:;l"r ,n ,h0 cructlH" ot ;l
QUICKB.'LT Burralow is reduced t.> a minimum and therefore, a
minor consideration. A carpenter of a ventee speed and experience
with two laborers can erect the bruise in 7 *ia\s. The ordinary
house Will take almost as many weeks.
A saving in waste of material, tim" ?nd labor. Is
a saving in money. With tile C(J!C'<C!LT It ::i"a
low t.i-j expense cf erection is cut in half, but that is 1: ,t ;:H You
need not pay a contractor's fee. The erection N s-i B 'o s*id
A Safe, Profitable Investment.
One 'nf tho bes! !v- .s'rrer.t'; cMsinable is the attractive,
r.?rvlecablc. rentable hoi&e. That ?A. if thc cost of the house
ia not toe great. It is d ill cult to lower the cost without cheap
ening the house. It is possible, however, with thc QUICKBILT
Bungalow No. 43. tor lt is built fer just that purpose. A hons j
end lot costing ?i,:,ou.i)o and renting for an average of
ncr month, is bringing 25 per cent. Interest. Taxes, Insurance,
repairs, etc., will reduce it to about 10 per cent.. Can you
??.?.'-f. a ?icttcr investment? Tiie rent Incomes from on attractive
QUICKBILT Bungalow ct this time cf high rents and universal
demand for houses, will make it a profitable investment.
Puild Cn Tour "ndevelc^d Lot.
T -.ft it
. pty un
systematic that any carpenter of average Inteili ..
with ease. Many owners build them themselves
architect's fee. The complete plans with a l sjteciCc
Instructions are furnished FltEE. And vet the 'jil nn
after cartful study hy thc best and most experienced
leets, with a view to eliminating waste and gaining the greatest
possible convenience, economy and strength T::e cost of t
material is further reduced by the fact Ui.-.t you luv it from t'ie
mill, manufacturer and forest in one. Our complete plants cover
the entire process, fr?ni thc tree :.> r!i- convicted In-- You pnv
no middle-man a profit. You buy direct from thc source'of material
Thc price Is therefore rock l:.?t;o?:i in ,fcT nimnle.e panis ii
which hundreds of houses are h:it siTitoncnusiy cverv r.'icrt
cut to perfection is used and ?vcr.- cys;, avoided. As tho boes s
are made in great quantities, you g;i:i t ie advantage of the
low cost of quantity production.
QUICKBILT Bungalow Dept.,
A. C. Tuxbury Lumber Co.,
. Charleston, S. C.
fir fur:h' ?formatlen and a rnny or attractive Illustrated
book, "QU10K6ILT Bungalows" No. C110.lt will explain all about
No >:: and many other attractive QUICKESILT Bungalows It is
PK EE for the asking. Merely fl!l out thc (oupon below and mall lt.
netter still, if Bungalow No. 4:: pleases you. tell us the color de
sired and instruct us to ship immediately.
Popular for its Convenience,
Thc house is shipped P. O. B. Charleston, eomnleto with nil nec
essary material except brick work. Size, over all,
51-ft x SO-i't. Ther? are two largo bed rooms, one 12-ft. x 12-ft.,
end one 12-ft. x 9-ft., a spacious living room, 12-ft. x 18-ft., a
kitchen. 1 "-ft. x n-ft., closets and an attractive fror.: porch, 16-ft
x C-ft. The construction is largely of North Carolina Pine the
"Wood Universal," thoroughly kiln dried. Excellent flooring' and
cei.ing. \.alls i,ui!t in panels of siding lined with haafv paper to
insure warmth. Durable, Hre-reststiiig, standard asphalt shinies
with slate preen or red finish. Excellent doors and sash Ali
necessary nails and hardwire furnished. Hollie comes with ex
terior walls stained any om: of a
number of standard colors, or
painted with 0:1c heavy cost of
priming paint. Exterior tri n and
inside finish painted With ono
heavy coat of priming p:.i.it.
: ;-CR ?MP -CUT ^
??KC BfrKKftiB PIPI AND
PUT it flush up to Prince Albert to produce more smoke
happiness than you ever before collected ! P. A.'s built to
fit your smokeappetite like kids fit your hands! It has the
jimdandiest flavor and coolness and fragrance you ever ran
Just what a*whale of joy Prince Albert really is you want
to find out the double-quickest thing you do next. And, put
it down how you could smoke P. A. for hours without
tongue bite or parching. Our exclusive patented process
cuts out bite and parch. *
Realize what it would mean to get set with a joy'us jimmy
pipe or the papers every once and a while. And, puff to
beat the cards I Without a comeback! Why, P. A. is so
good you feel like you'd just have to eat that fragrant smoke!
R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company, Winston-Salem, N. G