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STORED FOR WINTER
Approximately One-Third of Crop
ls Marketed in Fall.
Reserve Supply Must Be Protected
From Extremes of Heat and Cold
-Provide Sufficient Ventila
ti on and Avoid Moisture.
CPrepared by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
Potatoes properly stored should not
sustain a loss throughout the winter
season of more than 5 per cent, and
under exceptionally good conditions not
more than 3-or 4 per cent. The max
imum return from the crop after it ls
produced depends on the care with
which the potatoes are harvested,
stored, graded, sacked, and the ability
ef the grower to sell at the most ad
vantageous time. Approximately one
third of the main potato crop is mar
keted at harvest time, and the re
mainder is stored as a reserve supply
for winter and spring. It is physically
impossible, as well as economically un
desirable, to attempt to market the en
tire crop in the autumn, and the only
way in which potatoes can be handled
successfully, so as to Insure a uniform
supply, ls to provide sufficient storage
on the farm or at the shipping station
for from 65 to 75 per cent of the crop.
Various types of storage places are
now in use, ranging from pits or
Cheaply constructed dug-outs to large,
substantially built storage houses.
?Plans for the construction of storage
'houses are given In the department's
(Farmers' Bulletin 847.
For successful storage, the tubers
must be protected from extremes of
?cold and heat; a temperature of from
?35 to 40 degrees F. ls considered sat
isfactory. Sufficient ventilation must
;be provided to remove foul air and
excessive moisture. The storage house
?must be so constructed as to make lt
?possible to exclude the light, as tho
table quality of potatoes quickly de
teriorates in the light
The tubers should be dry and reason
ably free from dirt when put Into
storage, an excess of moisture or soil
Increases the amount of heat In newly
stored potatoes. The soil tends to fill
up the spaces between the tubers, thus
cutting off air circulation, and helping
to retain heat that would otherwise
escape. 'All diseased, badly cut, or
jbrulsed tubers should be removed from
?the crop before putting it Into storage,
j It ls a common practice for commer
cial growers and shippers to store po
tatoes In bins to a depth of 10 to 15
feet. This Is almost certain to entail a
'.much heavier shrinkage loss than when
?stored to a depth of not more than 6
feet. The heavier shrinkage is the
?result of the greater amount of heat
generated by a large pile of potatoes,
j which results in a higher amonnt of j
'moisture loss as well as a heavier loss
?from decay, as heat and moisture both
?help to develop organisms causing
tuber rots. Frequently the losses sus
tained when the potatoes are stored
under these conditions reach 25 per
cent, and where rigid care has not been
exercised to remove all diseased tubers
before storing the crop, the loss is even
greater. It is advisable, therefore, to
pile the potatoes not greater than 5 or
6 feet deep, and the floor dimensions of
thc bin should not be greater than 12x
12 feet unless provided with a series of
ventilating shafts or division walls for
the escape of moisture and heat.
RAISE RABBITS FOR PROFITS
Little Domestic Animals Are Easy to
Handle and i?emarkably Free
Rabbit raising on a backyard scale
is not an experiment. Thousands ?i
small rabbitries in this country are
producing meat crops regularly for
family tables. These domestic ani
mals are easily raised and remarkably
free from disease when properly rared
1 The Belgian hare is one of the best
rabbits for table use. It weighs more
than most breeds, develops rapidly
Female Flemish Giant.
?s? the quality of the meat is superior
to ?ul the others. The Flemish giant
is a Belgian hare bred exclusively for
large size, with the result that the
meat is coarser and less delicate in
flavor. These characteristics are con
sidered by some persons as desirable,
but this is largely a matter of Individ
EXPERIMENT IN STEER FEED
Pennsylvania Station Makes Success
ful Test With Si (age, Stover and
Linseed Oil Meal.
Twelve head of two-year-old steers
were fed at' the Pennsylvania experi
ment station on a ration of 41.09
pounds of corn silage, 2.12 pounds of
shredded corn stover and 3.02 pounds
of linseed oil meal per head dally.
They made an average dally gain of
2J22 pounds per head at a cost of $13.84
per hundredweight. The cattle were
. valued at $14.40 per hundred, making
a net profit of $20.93 per head.
REPORT OF GRAND JURY
To the Hon. S. W. G. Shipp. presid
ing Judge Court of General Sessions.
Under instructions from your honor
the Grand Jury of Edgefield County
begs leave to report as follows:
That it has passed upon all bills of
indictment handed to it by the Solic
itor. We, the Grand Jury, recogniz
ing the importance of the enforce
ment of the law prohibiting the car
rying of concealed weapons, appre
ciate your Honor calling to our at
tention the heretofore non-enforce
ment of this very important law,
have decided unanimously to recom
mend that the sheriff and his assist
and see that this law is enforced to
"We respectfully recommend that
the office of the supervisor be requir
ed to inventory all county property,
such as mules, machinery, tools, and
wagons, and further that this inven
tory be kept perpetual. Each article
is to be fully described, and when
factory number is indicated that it be
shown on inventory with the name of
the manufacturer. When any depart
ment shows that the specific quantity
of any article needs replacement that
the salvaged parts be returned to the
supervisor's clerk and th? disposition
of same be noted in r.hd inventory.
We also recommend that the sher
iff have electric lights installed in the
jail at once.
We beg to submit herewith audi
tor's report covering the county's af
fairs for 1917 and 1918. We are
pleased to advise that the report has
been examined very carefully and
our comments are as follows.
We wish to commend highly the
manner in which the records are
kept and the accuracy of same in the
following officers: Auditor J. R. Tim
merman, Clerk of Court W. B. Cog
burn, Judge, of Probate W. T. Kin
naird, Master J. H. Cantelou. Super
intendent of Education W. W. Ful
ler, Sheriff W. R. Swearingen, Super
visor R. N. Broadwater, Superintend
ent of Poor House J. R. Scurry and
former Treasurer J. T. Mims.
In conclusion the Grand Jury begs
leave to thank the presiding Judge,
the Sheriff, the Clerk of Court, the
Solicitor and all other court officials
for their courteous attentions during
We attach hereto the report of the
auditor, who has audited the ac
counts of the various offices. Also re
port of committees.
J. W. STEWART,
Foreman of Grand Jury Edgefield
County, October term of court.
Good roads are one of the burning
issues of the day with every public
spirited and progressive people.
It is a self evident proposition that
the present system of road building
and the laws relative thereto and the
labor available for such purpose, are
entirely inadequate to give us such j
roads as the material, economic and
social conditions of our country de
mand; and in order to construct such
roads as we have, it is our opinion
that there must be a radical change
in the present system.
It requires money to build good,
permanent roads; far in excess of the!
amount now available for such pur-i
pose, and we believe that a State or
County Bond Issue should be had,
properly safeguarded, as the best
means to procure such roads as a
suffering public demand and are en
We recommend, therefore, to our
members of the General Assembly
that they use their influence and best
service looking to the issuing of
bonds, State or County, for the
building and improvement of the
roads of our County.
Apropos of good roads, we desire
to commend the people of the Collier
section of our County for their vol
untary action in improving and work
ing: the Martintown Public Road,
which we understand, due largely to
their activities, is now in a reason
ably good condition. Their activities
as above referred to is ample proof
of the inadequacy of our present sys
tem, and unless a change is made, it
will become incumbent upon the pri
vate citizenship of our County to
supplement the work of the County
Supervisor, however efficiently he
may be performing his duties, in the
up-keep ?~t building of roads.
Committee on Chaingang
Make the following report:
We find at Charley Broadwater
Camp 9 mules and one horse, four
wagons, one one-horse wagon, eight
convicts, one road scrape, three new
tents all in very good condition.
We find at Covar camp five white
men (salary men) five convicts, four
trucks (one not in use) two scrapes,
t\Vo tents all in very good condition
except one truck which is not in use.
Convicts state that they are well
treated. We find where the chaingang
has worked the road is in fairly good
condition but the general conditions
of the road are bad, all bridges we've
inspected we find passable.
The people co-operated with the
Supervisor in replacing bridges .
working the roads, especially on the
Martintown road and Johnston com
We find the Shaw and McKie ferry
still in bad condition.
Signed H. W. McKIE.
For Committee. "
Columbia, S. C. Oct. 16, 1919.
F. A. Project No. 21,
Mr. R. N. Broadwater, Supv.,
Edgefield, S. C.
Dear Sir: '
I am enclosing herewith copy of
project agreement estimate for build
ing the road between Edgefield and
Reynold's bridge. This estimate is
based on lowest prices bid for the
work and requests Federal Aid from
the Government to the amount of
$32,538.86, leaving a like amount to
be provided by Edgefield County.
Yours very trity,
F. H. MURRAY.
Chief of Construction.
How about our Main Street from
monument to the depot? Let's get to
gether and pave it. What say you?
We'll pave our part.
; YONCE '& ?TO?NET.
Do not allow the
poisons of undigested
food to accumulate in
your bowels, where they
are absorbed into your
system. Indigestion, con
stipation, headache, bad
blood, and numerous
other troubles are bound
to follow. Keep your
system clean, as thous
ands of others do, by
taking an occasional dose
of the old, reliable, veg
etable, family liver medi
Mrs. W. F. Pickle, of
Rising Fawn, Ga., writes:
"We have used Thed
ford's Black-Draught as
a family medicine. My
mother-in-law could not
take calomel as it seemed
too strong for her, so she
used Black-Draught as a
mild laxative and liver
regulator... We use it
in the family and believe
it is the best medicine for
the liver made." Try it.
Insist on the genuine
Thedford's. 25c a pack
tual Insurance Asso
Property Insured $4,268,300.
WRITE OR CALL on the under
signed for any information you maj
desire about our plan of insurance
We insure your property against
FIRE, WINDSTORM or LIGHT
and do so cheaper than any Com
pany in existence.
Remember, we are prepared to
prove to you that ours is the safest
and cheapest plan of insurance
Our Association is now licensed
to write Insurance in the countiet
of Abbeville, Greenwood, McCor
mick, Edgefield, Laurens, Saluda,
Richland, Lexington, Calhoun and
The officers are: Gen. J. Fr?Vei
Lyon, President, Columbia S. C..
J. R. Blake. Gen. Agent, Secty. and
Treas., Greenwood, S. C.
A. 0. Grant, Mt. Carmel, S. C.
J. M. Gambrell, Abbeville, S. C.
J. R. Blake, Greenwood, S. C.
A. W. Youngblood, Hodges, S. C.
R. H. Nicholson, Edgefield, S. C.
J. Fraser Lyon, Columbia, S. C.
W. C. Bates, Batesburg, S .C.
W. H. Wharton, Waterloo, S. C.
J. R. BLAKE,
Greenwood, S. C.
February 1st, 19ia.
If you are we can save you
money on your Roofing Mate
rials, Mantels and Builders'
Hardware. Prices are ad
vancing, materials are scarce,
and therefore it will pay you
to anticipate your needs and
We are at the present time
offering some attractive prices
on Galvanized, Corrugated
and V Crimped Roofing, Tin,
Galv. and Asphalt Shingles,
Tin and Rubber Roofing,
Builders' Hardware, Copper,
Write us to day for catalogue
and prices. Don't delay. Let
us quote you now.
David Sluskv & Son
WANTED: One live representa
tive for Edgefield and community,
to the right party I have an attrac
tive proposition to offer.
Address Box 143,
Gaffney, S. C.
Say, what about that Ford of
ybUrs that needs repairs-did you
know that we are specializing on
YONCE & MOONEY.
Built for a Purpose
To serve long, hard miles of real usefulness, Fisk
Tires are bigger and stronger and sturdy--just to
serve you more faithfully than you've been served.
Handsome, too, with tough, black non-skid treads,
and light side-walls.
They are built to an ideal!
"To be the Beat Concern in the World tc Work for and
the Squarest Concern in Existence to do Business with."
Yo nee & Mooney
Time to Ro-Uro?
XB 07 Flak)
Lumber for Sale
My saw mill is located on the Five
Notch road, near Cedar Grove church,
and I have lumber to sell from the yard
or can cut it any dimensions when bill
is furnished. Better buy while you can
H. H. Sanders
The C. & B. Hat Company
123 Broad Street
the owner of and is carrying on the
ail Order business formerly handled
by the H. W. Clarke Hat Company.
All orders should be sent to them.
SEND FOR CATALOGUE
To Prevent Blood Poisoning
apply at once the wonderful old reliarle DI
PORTER'S ANTISEPTIC HEALING OIL. a sui
?rical dressing that relie%,es pain and heals ai
IV sam* time. Not a liniment. 25c. SOc. SLOG
?****4*^*?H**'M^-H'????'fr**4^^ 'H' 'I1 'H' 'H' ?t"H'
AUGUSTA BEE HIVE
is showing Fashions Latest', in Millinery
that fit both purse ana figure
t SHOES for the entire family at pre-war prices.
One of best assortment ot MEN'S SUITS to be found
in the city.
- CLOTHING for the conservative as well as for those
who demand fashion's latest.
The Augusta Bee Hive
972 Broad Street
PUT it flush up to Prince Albert to.produce more smoke
happiness than you ever before collected 1 P. A.'s built to
fit your smokeappetite like kids fit your hands! It has the
jimdandiest flavor andi coolness and fragrance you ever ran
Just what a*whale of joy Prince Albert really is you want
to find out the double-quickest tiling you do next And, put
it down how you could smoke P. A. for hours without
tongue bite or parching. Our exclusive patented process
cuts out bite and parch. ?
Realize what it would mean to get sot with a joyous jimmy
pipe or the papers every once and a while. And, puff to
beat the cards ! Without a comeback! Why, P. A. is so
good you feel like you'd just have to. eat that fragrant smoke!
_ R. J. Reynolds Tobtet? Company, Winston-Satan, N. G