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TRACING ORIGIN OF NAMES
Well-Known Surnames of English
Families Had Their Beginning
at the Baptismal Font
'. Many English surnames had theil
origin in baptismal names. The fol
lowing well-known names are of this
kind: Adams and Addison! from
Adam ; Atkins and Atkinson, from Ar
thur; Anderson and Henderson, from
Andrew; Sanders and Saunders, from
Alexander; Elkins and Elkinson, from
Allan; Benson, from Benjamin; Bates
and Bartlett, from Bartholomew; Kel
ley, from Charles; Davidson. Davison
and Dawson, from David ; Ellis, Ellison
and Elliott, from Elias; Gill. Gilpin
Gibbs and Gibson, from Gilbert; Jef
ferson and Jeffries, from Geoffrey
Harris, Harrison, Hawkins and Hall
(sometimes), from Henry; Hewson
from Hugh; Jones. Jennings, Jenkins
and Jackson, from John; Lucas (Lat
in), from Luke; Madison and Matson
from Matthew; Pierce and Perkins
from Peter; Pollock and Polk, from
Paul; Paterson and Pattison, from
Patrick; Dick, Dickson, Dixon, Dick
ens, Dickinson, Dickerson and Rich
^ards, from Richard; Robinson, Rob
bins, Roberts, Dobson, Dobbins and
Hopkins, from Robert; Hudson and
Rodgers*, from Roger; 'Simpson, from
Simon ; Thompson, Tomson, Tomkins
from Thomas; Watson, Watkins, from
Walter; Wilkins, Wilkinson, Williams
Wilson, Wilcox, Willis, Wylie, from
William; and, of course, all Christian
names ending in son, such as William
son, Johnson, Robertson, and the like
COULD NOT SEE THE FUTURE
Ofdtime Cievelander's Rebuke of "Vi
sionary" Makes Interesting Read
j? ing at This Time.
A Cleveland man who has inherited
a mass of ancient correspondence ran
across the following letter some tira?
ago and found in it a little sermon on
time's mutations. It was written in
' 1853 to an ancestor of his, a citizen of
' many activities, the writef being Hon
John W. Allen, lawyer, editor, con
gressman, the first president of the So
ciety for Savings.
It appears that the recipient of the
letter had written to his congressman
suggesting a railway across the contl
, neut, an amazing vision in 1853.
Did Congressman Allen take kindly
to the suggestion ? He did not. On the
contrary he gave the author. of? the
' wild scheme a neat dressing down.
"Why do you want at your age," he
wrote, "and with property enough for
your comfort and the well being of
your children, to embark in such a
crazy undertaking? . . . When you
are well, don't take physic. Truly your
friend, J. W. Allen."
It will be noted that tho world and
the railways have advanced a good
deal since that solemn warning was
Comforts Over a Volcano.
! . Up In the mountains, where snow
covers the ground more than half the
year and zero blasts whistle out of
the north. Hes the town of Chaudes
aigu?s, and In this town there has not
been a heating stove or a furnace for
many years. Coal, firewood and gas
are unknown and there are no chim
neys in this town of 2.000.
No,' Chaudesaigues is not in Utopia.
It is in Auvergne, France, and the ex
planation of its emancipation from soot
and furnaces and ashes lies in the fact
that it is built in what was the crater
of a volcano. Kind from the ground be
neath comes boiling water in great vol
ume. Lectures Pour Tous, a Paris
magazine; tells how this water is piped I
through the streets and nuder houses
throughout the town without cost to
the resident. Even in the colde.se of
weather, and It gets very cold In
Chaudesaigues-well below zero-the
houses are kept .at a balmy tempera
ture merely by raising a trap door In
the floor and letting out the heat from
the flowing waters, the magazine says.
Looting by the Ancients.
After the battle of Cannae-August
2, 216 B. C.-In which the Romans
were totally defeated by Hannibal, the
Carthaginian leader ordered that the
'gold rings should be taken from the
hands of th? dead Romans and heaped
up in the vestibule of his quarters.
Enough were collected to fill a bushel
basket, and they were sent to Car
thage, not as valuable spoils of war.
but as? proof of the great slaughter
among the Roman patricians and
knights, for at that time none below
the rank of knights, and only, those of
nighest standing among them, those
-provided with steeds by the state, had
been given the right to wear gold
rings. On days of national mourning
the gold rings were laid aside as a
mark of sorrow and respect and IroD
rings were substituted. This wa1? the
case after the defeat at Cannae and
on the funeral day of Augustus Caesai
In A. D. 14.
Beautiful American Bird;.
In his distinguishing black on th?
i forehead and yellow on the throat, the
Maryland yellow-throat is one of th?
, most beautifully mark?d of any mern
j ber of nls tribe and gives an appear
! ance of Spanish grandeur, says tin
; [American Forestry association ol
' Washington. There Is no mistaking
the sound of this bird, and It Is ren
dered in a variety of ways whicr
make it sound like any one of the fol
lowing: "Which-Is-it?" or "Whnt-a
|>Ity, what-a-pity ;" or "Whlch-way
slr? whlch-way-sir?" or "I-beseec?.
you, I-beseech you;" or "Witchery
?witchery, witchery." The bird is par
tlcuuarly fonr. of thickets by the sid?
?af running water.
Collection From Dealers Proceed
ing and Growers Will Get
Their Share Soon.
REPORTS NOT YET COMPLETE
Auditing of Accounts of Large Firma
is Considerable Task-No Re
fund to Growers Who Con*
signed Their Clips.
(Prepared by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
Collection of excess profits, from
wool dealers is proceeding, and theil
distribution to wool growers will be
gin in the near future. This announce
ment is made by the United States de
partment of agriculture, which is com
pleting the work of the; domestic wool
section of the war industries board, in
accordance with a provision of the
agricultural appropriation bill.
Reports thus far received show that
excess profits were made by about iG
per cent of the "country" dealers. Cor
respondence with "distributing center"
dealers, whose total reports are not yet
completed, indicate that some of them
have accumulated substantial amounts
of excess profits on the wool which
they actually bought. Auditing of the
accounts of the larger dealers is a con
siderable task and will require several
months. The bureau of markets, which
acts for the department of agriculture
Medium and Finer Grades of Choice
Wool Are in Keen Demand.
In this work, will enclose with each
check sent to a grower a circular letter
giving the name of the firm wb^Icb
hnndled his wool and which has re
turned the excess profits, of which th?
customer is receiving his share.
No Refunds to Consigners.
The deportment calls attention . tc
the fact that the regulations of the
var industries hoard did not permil
the purchase of wool in the great woo]
growing states of the Rocky mountain
and Pacific coast region except in the
case of clips of less than 1,000 pound?
each. All larger clips were required tc
he consigned. This region produces
about two-thirds of the entire wool
clip of the country, which was abpul
257,000,000 pounds in 1018. Growers in
the eastern states were urged to pool
and consign their wools and many of
them did so. Since the government
paid the dealers a fixed commission on
consigned wool, excess profits could he
made only on that part of the wool
which they bought outright. Therefore,
growers who consigned their clips
should not expect to receive refunds.
Since the government control of wool
has ceased the work of the department
of agriculture In this onnection ?on
sjsts only of auditing the records and
accounts of approved wool dealers, the
collection of any profits which they
may have made in excess of those.per
mitted under the regulation of the
war industries board, and the distrl* '
hutlon hy the department of agricul- !
ture of these profits directly to the
growers upon whose wool the profits i
were,made wherever the Identity of the ']
wool can be traced. !
Permits Issued to Woo! Dealers. (
The war industries board issued per
mits to about 3,500 "country" dealers I
authorizing them to buy wool directly
from the grower. Permits were also
Issued to 170 "distributing center'1
dealers who had facilities for nandling
wool in large quantities and most o?
whom were located on the eastern sea
board near the centers of wool manu
facture. These larger dealers were re
quired to handle wool on consignment
from either growers or country dealers
and were also permitted to buy from
country dealers direct, or from growers
through their agents.
.Blank forms calling for a detailed
accounting have been sent b.v the de
partment to both classes of dealers.
Reports have heen received from about
3.000 of the country dealers and about
one-half of the dealers in distributing
centers. The-taking over of the wool
by the "war department was completed
so recently that many of the larger
dealers have been unable to prepare
their reports at an earlier date. The
auditing of these reports is proceeding
as rapidly as it can be done with the
limited force available for assignment (
to this work, the department says. <
Selection of Seeds.
Every farmer should study and pro
mote methods that will insure larger
crops'and better quality, ('lose selec
tion of seeds pays big profits.
A vast amount of work no'
Intervention of war ba? DI
lated, and the result is that
expenditures ought to be
rup'jons inevitably due to I
roads to serve adequately I
But we can't co
production unless w
our railroad facilities
The farms, mines
increase their outpul
of the railroads to h
3;! Railroads are now
' carrying capacity.
x' Without railroad
' gines, more cars, m
? But this country
keep right on growii
must grow with it.
To command in tli
the flow of new capi
facilities-ana* so i
there must be pub
future earning powei
The nation's busi
fast as the railroads ?
Those deriving information
aiton may obtain liieratur
tiou of Railway Executive
A special examination will be held
Saturday, January 10. Teachers with
out certificated will appear before
County Boai*d on that date. White
applicants report at Court House,
colored applicants at Macedonia.
W. W. FULLER,
Co. Supt. Education.
We are conducting 'a first-class
dairy at my farm in the edge of town
and will deliver rich, Jersey milk at
15 cents per quart . at your door
every morning. We will steadily en
large our dairy so as to supply all of
the local demand. Let us have your
orders for milk.
> SUNNYSIDE DAIRY FARM,
J. W. Quarles, Prop.
I hereby give notice ibat I posi
tively forbid hunting, fishing and
all other form of trespassing upon
all lands I control. All who fail to
heed this notice will be prosecuted
under the law, without exception.
JOHN" P. MEALING.
Ail persons are hereby warned
nOt to hunt or trespass in anyway
On lands owned or controlled by
me. This means that you'are asked
off and gentlemen will do it.
G. T. Swearingen.
Record 4 bales per acre. Free from
disease and weevil. It's a boll weevil
smasher. Write for facts.
HEAVY FRUITER CO.,
, The Advertiser $2.00 a year
m remains to be done which th? vi
reessarily delaytd and accum*- %- g
very large capital
made to make up (or tbe inter
the war, and to prepare the rail- *. "
the increased traffic througboirt , ?? : .
WALKER D. HINES. ' 1 ' \
Du ic ur G tm-tl ?/ R*:!r,t?t, . _ ^, ,
_ - . AH hi
we- >: ../^^fe
nt?nue increasing our
e continue increasing
: and factories cannot
t beyond the capacity
aul their products.
near the peak of their
lore tracks, more ter
be little increase in
of ours is going to
ag-and the railroads
ie investment markets
ital to expand railroad
ncrease production -
lie confidence in the
r of railroads.
ness (ian grow only as
concerning the railroad ?r?
t by writing to the Asaocia
.1, 61 Broadway, New York.
All persons owning 'property of
any kind whatsoever, or in any capa
city, as husband, guardian, executor,
administrator or trustees are requir
ed to make returns of the same to the
! Auditor under oath within the time
mi tioned- below and the Auditor is
?required by law to add a penalty of
50 per cent to all property that is not
returned, on or before the 20th day
of February in any year.
All male citizens between the ages
of 21 and 60 years except those ex
empt by law are deemed taxable
polls. The 50 per cent penalty will be
added for failure to make returns.
For the convenience of tax payers,
I or my representative will be at the
following appointed places on the
dates mentioned to receive tax re
Ropers, Thursday, January 15th.
Thurmond's Store, Friday 16th.
Colliers, Saturday, 17th.
Red Hill, Monday 19.
W. R. E. Winn's Store, Tuesday,
Cleora, Wednesday, 21st.
Pleasant Lane, Thursday, 22nd.
Meeting Street, Friday, 23rd.
Johnston, Tuesday 27th.
Herin's Store, Wednesday 28th.
Trenton, Thursday 29th.
The office will be open to receive
returns from first day of January till
the 20th day of February 1920, as
prescribed hy law.
J. R. TD?5?ERMAN,
Auditor, E. C." S. C.
STRAYED: Dark bay mare stray
ed from my home Friday, December
26. Cut on left hip. Any information
will be appreciated. Will pay for
feed or expense of keep.
Trenton, S. C.
'.V&&5T S. X.
EVERY HATTY tim
IS A BANK A&XM?
Copyright 1909, by C. li. Zimmerman Co. No. ty
NO true happiness can ever
eome unless the faet of
possible dependency has been entirely eliminat?d, and
this can only be done by means of a bank account.
You should acquire one, and once started you will be
surprised how easily and rapidly it grows.
BANK OF EDGE IELD
OFFICERS: J. C. Sheppard, President; A. S. Tompkins, vice-President;
E. J. Mims, Cashier; J. H. Allen. Assistant Oashier.
DIRECTORS : J. C. Sheppard, Thos. H. Rainsford, John Rainsford, M. C.
Parker, A. S. Tompkins. C. C. Fuller. E. J. Mims. J. H. Allep
LARGE STOCK OF
JEWELRY TO SELECT PROM
We invite our Edgetield friends to visit our store when in Au
gusta. We have the largest stock of
AND * SILVERWARE
of all kinds thai: we have ever shown. It will be a pleasure to
show you through our stock. Every department is constantly re
plenished with the newest designs.
We call attention to our repairing department, wbicb has every
improvement. Your watch or clock made as good as new.
A. J. RENKL
980 BROAD ST. AUGUSTA, GA.
We can fill your order for all fertilizers, and would
be glad to see you before you buy.
We have in the warehouse now 10-3-2, 8-3-0 and
9-2-2. Better haul before the roads get bad.
Seaeoast Fertilizer Co.
S. B. NICHOLSON, Agt. :-: Augusta, Ga.
Can you be
What will it
How long will
I treat successfully:
PILES. Without operation, pain
or loss of time. \
STOMACH,.KIDNEY, BLADDER, SKIN
DISEASES AND NERVOUS TROUBLES.
DP. P. J. O'Neill
Carolina National Bank Building
COLUMBIA, S. C.
Special effort made to avoid delay inj
?abit cured the easy and gentle way.
Whiskey habit by gradual reduction.
Mso tobacco cure, at
Columbia, S. C.
BRIGHT GIRLS WANTED.
The State Hospital for the Insane
Columbia, S. C. need white women,
jreferably between the ages og 18
ind 35, to work as attendants or en
,er the training school. For informa
;ion apply to the Superintendent.
J. H. CANTELOU
Attorney at Law
Will Practice in All Courts.
Office Over Store
REYNOLDS & PADGETT
Telephone No 103.
FOR SALE: Or rent, one one
horse farm and one two-horse farm.
W. D. OUZTS,
Johnston, S. C.