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Old Times in Hamburg, S. C.
The passing away of the old town
of Hamburg has recalled the recol
lections of his boyhood to a friend
of the Florence Times, and he has
recounted some of them in the fol
lowing article, which will be read
with interest in this section of the
Before the advent of the iron rail
and steam locomotive, the old town
of Hamburg was one of the largest
cotton markets in the Southern
States. Being at the head of naviga
tion on the Savannah river ft was for
the inland planter, the nearest point
of water communication with the
coast, and consequently cotton wag
ons came from the up-country as far
west as Alabama and Tennessee.
During the winter months the town
presented a lively and interesting
sight. The line of wagons resting on
the river extended for miles out on
the plank road. The stores were filled
with the sturdy, homespun clad far
mers with their varied local charac
teristics, while the new comers
among the boys and negroes with
wide-eyed wonder took in themes for
many a yarn around the plantation
fires. Never hefore had they seen so
many people, so much cotton or such
a big boat, "two stories high, run
with biling water." At night the
white covered wagons drawn up
around the bright fires presented the
appearance of an army encampment.
On' the far away plantations the
trip to Hamburg was the event of the
year. All could not go, but everyone
was interested in what the return
trip would bring. A "store bought"
dress for the girls, a ?un or saddle
for the boys, were the subjects of
many pleasing dreams and consulta
tions. When the time to start arrived
several farmers met and traveled to
gether for mutual assistance in time
of accident or trouble.
The outfit consisted of a large
wooden axle wagon on which the
bales of cotton were piled and secur
ed by a long pole fastened to front
and rear of the wagon. A good 'pos
sum dog was tied to the hind axle,
for when camp was fixed for the
night "old Tige" would often add to
the fare as well as the pleasure of the
journey/The canvas covered frame
was placed on *op of the cotton and
beneath it were stored the provisions
for men and team.
From four to six mules were hitch
ed to each wagon and there was much
good-natured banter or rivalry as to
who hr.d the best team. In these sal
lies the negro drivers always took
a zealous and amusing part. A poetic
feature of the equipment was a
chime of musical bells attached to
the harness of the lead mules, . and
this was especially true of the Ten
nesseeans, who as a rule, had the
finest teams, and they no doubt as
cribed the high heads and proud step
of their "noble leaders" to the in
spiring music of the little bells.
The driver was the most important
member of the party, for on him de
pended the care of the team and the
safety of the top heavy wagon over
hundreds of miles of roads often in
bad condition. It required no little
skill and care to guide his team with
a single line over the difficult places
and make, them all pull true and
steady with but little use of whip or
voice. Such men were usually select
ed from the best of the plantation
hands, and as a rule were faithful to
the owners' interests, and he repre
sented a type of the old South and
numbered in proportion to the kind
and considerate masters. Now, alas!
like the prestige of old Hamburg,
they have gone "where the wood
Some of the boys of the family
usually attended the wagons on horse
back, and many Southern youths
thus had taste of life in the saddle
and around the camp fire which they
were afterwards to experience in a
long and desperate war.
The purchases made in Hamburg
were confined to such things as could
not be produced at home. These were
chiefly iron, salt, sugar, coffee and a
few pieces of calico andy other dress
goods for the ladies. The limited out
lay for dry goods does not indicate
that anyone at home was neglected.
In every "household there was a spin
ning -wheel and loom, cotton and
wool were plentiful, and the womer
were kept busy spinning, weaving
and sewing until all were supplied
with clothing. There were tan yards
and shoe makers in every communitj
and many, perhaps the majority ol
farmers could boast that everj
piece of clothing was made on the
This was true of the men; the girls
they would nave for their adornmenl
the .fine artistic work of the f oreigr
loom. Some of the ladies, liowever
were independent of the storekeeper
We have at nome a piece of silk mad<
about sixty years ago by my grand
mother. She conducted the variou:
processes of manufacture from th?
care of the worms to weaving th?
Hamburg was not only the favor
tte market of the up-country, Tmt i
was the mecca of the ambitious youfl
who longed for a wider sphere thai
the farm. One of this character cam?
down from Anderson with a caravan
of wagons early iii the last century
and applied for work in the town.
Finding no opening, and being a
strong and lusty fellow, he hired to
strike in the blacksmith shop. An old
merchant to whom he applied saw
him there and said if he was willing
to work1 he could come down to the
store. He did so, and when the town
was at its best that youth was the
largest merchant and cotton buyer
in the place.
Hamburg, being located on the flat
land near the river wis subject to
overflow, and some of the merchants
had homes about three miles from
town on a ridge called Summer Hill.
Near here was some of the kaolin de
posits which are now of so great
commercial importance. We then
called them the chalk hills, and it was
a favorite pastime to carve the snow
white cakes into various shapes;
when dry it could be pulverized into
v.jry fine powder. We did not dream
that it would one day become of
great value and that we would be eat
ing some of it in our "strictly pure,
high grade flour" and choicest can
When the iron pathways were push
ed towards the mountains of Caro
lina and Georgia, the steam whistles
sounded the doom of old Hamburg.
The planters then shipped their cot
ton to Charleston or sold it to the lo
cal buyers in the railway towns.
Some of the Hamburg merchants
then folded their tents and moved
away to meet their old customers in
the "city by'the sea."
A traveler now passing the old
town on the Savannah river could
never realize the great extent of
country which sought a market there
or what an important factor it once
was in handling the great staple
which is now of world-wide interest.
Foundry, Machine, Boiler
Works and Mill Supply
Cotton Oil, Gin, Saw, Grist, Cane,
Shingle Mill, Machinery Supplies and
Repairs, Shafting, Pulleys, Hangers,
Grate Bars, Pumps, Pipe, Valves and
Fittings, Injectors, Belting, Packing
Hose, etc. Cast every day.
GASOLINE AND KEROSENE
Pumping, Wood Sawing and Feed
Attorney at Law
Will Practice in All Court?.
Office Over Store
REYNOLDS & PADGETT
Telephone No- 103.
New Year Resoultions for Far
1. Resolved, that I will spend much
of last year's profits in permanent
improvement of farm and home and
not in wasteful luxuries.
2. Resolved, that I will start a
bank account, pay bills with checks,
and keep a more business-like record
of my farm business.
3. Resolved, that I will provide my
family with a better all-the-year gar
den and with good fruit.
4. Resolved, that I will not he
caught by the boll weevil in staking
everything on that "one more big
crop of cotton."
5. Resolved, that I will raise home
supplies to the fullest extent consist
ent with my land and conditions.
6. Resolved, that I will market as
much of my farm produce as possi
ble in the form of livestock.
7. Resolved, that I will not rob my
farm of its fertility.
8. ResolVed, that I will get my ni
trates more and more each year,
from the air through legumes rather
than from Chili.
9. Resolved, that if I swear at alb
I will swear at scrubs and swear by
10. Resolved, that I wil lterrace all
of my land that needs terracing, and
will build up the waste places.
11. Resolved, that I will read more
agricultural literature and study
closely farming as a business.
12. Resolved, that I will make
more and better use of my agricul
tural agent and my agricultural col
13. Resolved, that I will pass on
good farming ideas to my neighbors.
14. Resolved, that I will take and
make opportunities to cooperate with
others to improve agricultural and
economic conditions in my commu
15. Resolved, that I will provide
more conveniences and comforts for
the farm and the home.
16. Resolved, that I will make the
home more beautiful hy paint, shrub
bery, shade trees and flowers.
FOR QUICK SALE: 342 ?/2 acres
of land 2 miles from Trenton on the
Trenton-Aiken road. Known as part
of the old Padgett place formerly
owned by the late S. T Hughes. One
dwelling, two tenant houses, three
barns and other out-buildings. Very
South Atlantic Realty Co., Inc.,
"Servie? of Guaranteed Satisfaction"
Home Office, Greenwood, S. C.
Attorney at Law
Office in the
ADDISON LAW BUILDING
BITTERS Family Medicine.
Ev??jy Chero-Cola 1
Dre being refilled.
The empty bottles
ition of caustic-of-?
race of dust. They
de and outside, tl
in and again.
The Chero-Cola bottle th
sed air and filtered water,
Every precaution is tai
i wholesome and delight!
This is ONE reason for
We carry a
of these cari
the people o
We have 01
Come in whei
We carry "Di
kinds of repai
tumber for Sale
My saw mill is located on the Five
Notch road near Cedar Grove church,
and I have lumber to sell from the
the yard or can cut it any dimensions
tvhen bill is furnished. Better buy
svhile you can get it.
H, H. Sanders
bottle is thoroughly
are soaked in a b
soda, destroying e\
are then thoroughly
ie operation being
sn is rinsed with a combim
forced in and out under 1
Len to make its content
' Chero-Cola's remarkabl
ll of these cars in i
in giving a demor
5 are increasing in
f Edgefield count}
Ask your friends i
i hand a full line <
i you need anything
isings and tubes.
of competent mee
iring, rendering proi
e. We also do we
habit cured the easy and gentle way.
Whiskey habit by gradual reduction.
Also tobacco cure at
Columbia, S. C. ,
BUGKLEN'S LS THE ONLY
GENUINE ARNICA SAUTS
ition of com
s reach you
stock and will
j know more
who own one.
f for your car.
hanics do all
npt and guar
ding of any
BRIGHT GIRLS WANTED.
The State Hospital for the Insane
Columbia, S. C., need white women,
preferably between - the ages og 18
and 35, to work as attendants or en
ter the training school. For informa
tion apply to the Superintendent.
Dr* King's New Bisons?
?US THE COUGH. CITES THE LUNGS.