Newspaper Page Text
PEANUTS AS A CASH GROF
Soils, Fertilizers, Varieties, Cultiva
Clemson College, Dec. 15.-Witt
the boll weevil present in South Caro
lina, a great many farmers are look
ing about for some cash crop to take
thc place of cotton. Perhaps no other
crop is attracting so much attention]
as the peanut. Our supply of bulle'
tins on peanuts has been exhausted,
says Prof. C. P. Blackwell, agrono
mist, but we are preparing another
bulletin which will soon be ready for
distribution. We are giving below the
answers to the questions we are most
1. It the peanut a profitable cash
A. Yes, if given the proper atten
tion, it compares fuvorably with cot
ton. I recently asked a number o?
farmers of Georgia and Alabama this
question, and here are some of their
answers: "The peanut has the best
future to it of any crop we know."
"Bankers and business men in peanut
territory will testify in favor of peay
nuts." "Banks are more willing to
lend money to the poor farmer and
tenant who is willing to grow a good
crop of peanuts." "Cash returns from
peanuts haven't been so great as
from cotton before the weevil 'infes
tation, but we have not become very
efficient in the production of peanuts
yet. At the present time peanuts
pay as much better than cotton un
der weevil conditions." "Farmers
here are in much better financial con
dition than ever and would continue
to plant peanuts if weevils were not
2. Do peanuts require as much la
bor as cotton?
A. No. Different farmers who have
had experience with both estimate
from half as much to the same
3. Are peanuts a sure crop?
A. Yes. They are safer than cot
ton if given as careful attention.
4. What kind of soil is best for
A. Peanuts can be grown under a
wide range of soil conditions. The
best soil is a well drained sandy loam
with a reasonable amount of humus
and plenty of lime. The heavier soils
will make good yields of nuts, if they
have plenty of humus and are friable,
but they are not so easily cultivated
and they may stain the nuts. This
makes the nuts less saleable but does
not injure them for home use.
5. What kind and amount of fer
tilizer should be used for peanuts':
; A. For the Coastal Plains section
ot South Carolina we recommend an
2-S-3 fertilizer. The amount will de
pend on the kind of soil. Five to
eight hundred pounds will pay best
en the average. On soils that are
rich in organic matter an 8-2-3 fertili
zer will probably pay best. In the
Piedmont section a 9-2-3 will give
fi. Is lime necessary for peanuts?
A. Soils that are acid need lime.
These are usually the soils that are
poorly drained or have been poorly
.drained in the past. If your soil
needs lime, apply 1,000 pounds of
burnt lime or 2,000 pounds of ground
limestone per acre.'
7. When should peanuts be plant
A. The best time to plant is when
the soil becomes thoroughly warm in
the spring. They i?ay be planted
as late as July the 15th. This means
they can be planted after a crop of
oats is harvested.
8. What distance should be given
A. The Spanish variety should be
planted in rows 30 to 36 inches apart
and about 6 inches between plants.
For the large varieties more distance
9. What variety is best to use?
A The White Spanish is besf for
milling and for grazing. The "Vir
ginia Bunch, Red Tennessee and Va
lensia are good for home consumption
and peanut stands.
10. How much seed are required
to plant an acre?
A. Of the Spanish variety one
peck shelled or one and one-half to
two pecks unshelled. The Virginia
Bunch requires about one .ind one
half pecks shelled.
11. How should they bo cultivat
A. Cultivation should begin imme
diately after the plants are well up
and should be continued until they
begin to "peg" or form pods. After
this they should not be disturbed.
Never let peanuts get grassy or
weedy. They should have frequent
.shallow cultivation. The soil should
be moved gradually toward the
plants to afford loose earth for the
"pegs" to penetrate.
12. Is it necessary to cover blos
soms with soil?
A. No. The "pegs" will find their
way into the soil if they receive the
proper cultivation. Covering the
blossoms prevents pollination.
13. Are there machines for plant
ing, harvesting and picking peanuts?
A. Yes. There are several ma
chines which do these various opera
tiona with reasonable success. Mor<
information will be given on thia
point In our bulletin which is to com?
14. It there a certain market foi
peanuts next year?
A. We feel very sure thora will be
The oil mills of this state claim
they will need 500,000 tons to keel
running all the year.
Tor information about where th?
need may be secured writs the Agroa
?my Division of Clemson Collage.
The care given the Chero
Cola bottle and the accuracy in
measuring Chero-Cola syrup
would be labor lost without
proper carbonation. To in
sure perfect carbonation, cold
water, chilled by ice machines
to ^38? F is used in making
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Capital and Surplus Profits - - - $135,000.00
Total Resources Over.$800,000.00
SAFETY AND SERVICE IS WHAT WE
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My saw mill is located on the Five
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