Newspaper Page Text
Colored Farmers' Conference
at Pleasant Lane.
Please allow me space to speak of
our farmers' conference held on the
29th and 30th of January. The meet
ing was conducted by Prof. W. H.
Hilyard, the Agricultural Extension
Agent (colored) of South Carolina.
The meeting was represented from
?very angle, in spite of the muddy
roads and bad weather. The farmers
from Greenwood, Edgefield and Mc
Cormick gathered in large numbers,
together with their wives, to hear
. the general discussion of the boll
-weevil and how to eradicate him.
Then a discussion on how to grow
.corn, peas and peanuts, etc was held.
The first day was given altogether
to the boll weevil discussion which
proved to be very stimulating to the
farmers. The second day was taken
up in a general farmer discussion,
giving their views on farming.
At noon a large barbecue dinner
was served by the trustees of the
school and the farmers of the com
munity. At 2 o'clcok a very interest
ing game of ball was played between
the Brewer Normal Team of Green
wood, S. C., and Springfield Bethel
Academy team. The score was 4 to
3 in favor of the Springfield Bethel
Academy boys. Hurrah for this acad
P. L. ANDERSON.
Small Gotten Crop Again This
W. P. Houseal, the Dutch weather
prophet, says the cotton crop this
year will be approximately half a mil
lion bales below that of 1919. This
reduction will be brought about by
the adverse weather conditions, he
says, the area of excessive precipi
tation in the Southwest moving east
ward into the South Atlantic states.
The planting of early vegetables may
be begun now with practical assu
' rance of immunity from killing
frosts. He says:
"February is the climatic month of
the v/inter. It is the month of the
.winter in which the lowest temper
atures have occurred in the South
notably February 14, 1889, when
temperature eight degrees below zero
was recorded along the 34th parallel
(in the clay region 30 miles north of
Columbia). In February, 1727, St.
John's river in Florida was frozen
.over, with the most severe weather
.ever known in Charleston.
"Exactly the reverse is also true
as to high temperatures in February.
On February 14, 1874 (compared to
the same date in 1899), boys played
barefooted in the streets of Newber
ry with the temperature at 80 de
.."Comparatively warm weather is in
dicated for spring. Early vegetables
.such as are reasonable to plant the
latter part of February can be start
ed now with safety from killing
frosts. It is not said that no frosts
"I am entirely satisfied that the
presence of the ultra violet ray with
more or less intensity in the atmos
phere is the controlling element in
the occurence of killing frost. The
ultra violet ray inflects the two ex
tremes-the cold of the temperate
zone and the heat of the tropics-in
the same manner.
"One of the Haskin articles in The
State recently advanced the theory
that the reason why the white man
could not endure the heat of the trop
ics is due to the presence of the ul
tra violet rays in superabundance in
those regions. In this region the force
of the ultra violet ray is multiplied
intensly under centain conditions
which occur at irregular stated inter
vals not more often than twice each
month during the year.
"Rain will be more abundant dur
ing the spring. I said in my Febru
ary forecast last year that it would
be more a matter of precipitation
than low temperatures which would
retard the planting of cotton and the
production of a large crop. Condi
tions still prevail when prospects for
large fiber crops will not be realized.
In the case of cotton, the boll weevil
to some extent may be left out of
the question and still cotton will be
affected generally, more by adverse
weather conditions than any other
"February 6, 1919, my forecast
for the cotton crop of the year was
10,480,180 bales. It will not vary
200,000 from this estimate in the fi
"My forecast for the cotton crop
of 1920 is 9,998,130 bales.
"The area of excessive precipita
tion which has existed in the South
west almost continuously since Au
gust, 1918, will move to the South
Atlantic states during 1920, and thus
overflows are indicated in bottom
.lands to an extent equal at least to
the seasons rf 1919.
"Special forecasts of temperatures
.will be given in future from time to
REAL CAREER EN AGRICULTURE
A Higher Dignity For The Great Bus!
ness of Farmers.
Clemson College, Jan., 5-"As a man
thinketh in his heart, so is he". So
speaks Holy Scripture, and all exper
ience confirms its truth.
The most important consideration,
therefore, for the farmer is his attitude
toward his farm. What does he think
about it,-what does he think Mahout
farming? Does he love his fields and
woods ?Does his eye rest with peculiar
fondness on his sleek mules and fat
cattle? Does he feel in his very soul
that farming is a high calling, the only
vocation for him? Or does he value
fields and woods and cattle in terms
merely of money? Will he sell them all
for a price, and gladly turn away from
them forever? Is he a farmer by chanco
or by choice? Has he simply "inherit
ed" a farm? Is he a farmer because he
i knows no other way of "making a liv
ing," because it may seem to him tee
easiest, most independent life? Has he
looked the world and its businesses in
the face, and deliberately decided that,
as for him, the plow and the fresh
earth upturned, and the growing plant
have charms above all?
Before any further real progress can
be made in the development of our
country life.that country life must be
saturated with love of the country.
Many more farmers there must be,
whose determination to stay on the
farm is quite as fixed as their determbv
ation to win success, and comfort and
happiness, for themselves and their
families, by means of their farming.
Such farmers will not be bribed by a
sudden rise in the prices of farm lands
to "sell out" and move to a neighbor
ing town. They will not be driven away
by labor troubles. They may sell a part
of their holdings, but they will still
cling to the soil. By the use of modern
machinery in the home and on the
farm, they will so multiply personal
efficiency as to reduce greatly the nunv
ber of leborers, and increase the output
of all who work. These farmers will ba
fully persuaded in their own minds,
that they above men in other callings,
have opporunity to raise strong healthy
children. They wiLl appreciate at their
true worth, the breeze blowing clear
and pure over the wheat, the sight of
cattle on the hill feeding slowly home
ward, the run in the woods after nuts,
for the children's growth, both of body
and mind. Who but the farmer caa
furnish in abundance to his children,
clean milk, fresh eggs, tender vegeta
bles, home-raised bread and meat? The
medical records of the Selective Draft
Board.have just revealed that the
healthiest zone in the United States il
from North to South, practically co
incident with the zone of greatest
agricultural development, the greaf
Mississippi Valley. May not the more
abundant food supply there be th*
secret of the stronger, healthier
"Bread" is the universal human cry.
Only the farmer can furnish it. No
other occupation fills so fundamental
a need. Preacher, lawyer, doctor, mer
chant, manufacturer, banker,-we caa
not do without them, but their import
ance to society is less than the fann
er's. The first occupation both in point
of time aud point of logic is farming.
And the farmer, the real farmer, will
realize that he is. under God, the dis
penser of the bounties of Nature to hts
hungry fellowmen. He will value bia
The ^ery prac::ce ci '.he art ol
fanning affords opportunity to
the farmer to grow to the full,
mentally and spiritually. He ia
not dependent on men and thinga
as other men are. He is dependent
on cloud and sunshine, on the hidden
processes cf life; that is. he is depend
ent on the wisdom, power and goodness
of God. He ought to be a better man
for it. Just because the farm gives this
opportunity for oloser relationship wirb
the Lord of life, there is a higher dig
nty about this business than wa hav?
ocmmonlv accorded it. We have looked
at the dirty hand, and the bent back,
and we have called the farmer uncouth
and his profession unclean. The world
has taught hiim to despise his work and
himself. It admires the skill of the
great surgeon, but forgets the years
he spent in the gruesome work of the
dissecting-room. It praises the artist
who sings a song, or write:; a story, or
paints a picture, but the artist who
gave us our breeds of cattle, or strains
of wheat or corn, our improved meth
ords of tillage, are almost unknown.
Yet their reward ls with them. In th?
quiet, even in the obscurity of theil
farms, they so lived and worked that
mankind is perpetually their debtor.
Your farming holds the possibility
of such a career for you.
Some recent publications of later?
est to South Carolina farmers ar? list
ed below and may be obtained ire? by
writing to the Agricultural Editor,
Clemson College, S. C. Extension
Bulletin 43, "Tobacco Culture In South
Carolina." Extension Bulletin 44,
"Fighting the Boll Weevil with Pas
tures and Fencing." Experiment Sta
tion Bulletin 200, "Analyses of Com
mercial Fertilizers." Experiment Sta
tion Bulletin 201, "Cresotlng Fence
Attractive and sanitary buildings
are a business asset to any farm; they
suggest healthy livestock, protected
machinery always ready for use, and
other farm equipment and supplies
well cared fer.
The County Treasurer's office will
be open for thc purpose of receiving
taxes from the 15th day of October,
1919, to the 15th day of March,
All taxes shall be due and payable
between the 15th day of October,
1919, and December 31st, 1919.
That when taxes charged shall not
be paid by December 31 t, 19?, the
County Auditor shall proceed to add
a penalty of one per cent, for Janu
ary, and if taxes are not paid on or
before February 1st, 1920, the Coun
ty Auditor will proceed to add two
per cent, and five per cent, addition
al, from the 1st of March to the 15th
of March, after which time all un
paid taxes will be collected by the
The tax levies for the year 1919
are as follows:
For State purposes_ 9
For Ordinary County_ 7
For Special County_ 3
For Constitutional School Tax 3
For Antioch _ 4
For Bacon School District_10
For Blocker_ 2
For Blocker-Limestone_ 4
For Colliers_ 4
For Flat Rock._ 8
For Oak Grove.___._ 3
For Red Hill __.____ 6
For Edgefield '._. 8
For Elmwood No. 8_2
For Elmwood No. 9_ 2
For Elmwood No. 30_ 2
For Elmwood L. C._ 3
For Hibler _._ 3
For Meriwether (Gregg) _ 2
For Moss_ 3
For Bronson School_ 4
For Ropers_ 2
For Shaw _ 4
For Sweetwater_ 4
For Talbert_ 2
For Wards _ 2
For Wards No. 33 -. 4
For Blocker R. R. (portion)_15
For Elmwood R. R. (portion)_15
For Johnston R. R._ 3
For Pickens R. R. 1_ 3
For Wise R. R. _? 3
All the male citizens between the
ages of 21 years and 60 years, ex
cept those exempt by law, are liable
to a poll tax of One Dollar each. A
capital tax of 50 cents each is to be
paid on all dogs.
The law prescribes that all male
citizens between the ages of 18 and
55 years must pay $2.00 commuta
tion tax. No communtation is includ
ed in the property tax. So ask for
road tax receipt when you desire to
pay road tax.
J. L. PRINCE, "
Co. Treas. E. C.
tual Insurance Asso
Property Insured $8,875,360
WRITE OR CALL on the under
signed for any information you ma;
desire about our plan of insurance
We insure your property agaiinv
FIRE, WINDSTORM or LIGHT
and do so cheaper than any Com
pany in existence.
Remember, we are prepared tc
prove to you that ours is the safes!
and cheapest plan of insuranct
Our Association is now licensee
:o write Insurance in the countiei
of Abbeville, Greenwood, McCor
mick, Edgefield, Laurens, Saluda,
Richland, Lexington, Calhoun and
The officers are: Gen. J. Frase?
Lyon, President, Columbia S. C..
J. R. Blake. Gen. Agent, Secty. and
Treas., Greenwood, S. C.
A. O. Grant, Mt Carmel, S. C.
J. M. Gambrell, Abbeville, S. C.
J. R. Blake, Greenwood, S. C.
A W. Youngblood, Hodges, S. C.
R. H. Nicholson, Edgefield, S. C.
J. Fraser Lyon, Columbia, 3. C.
W. C. Bates, Batesburg, S .C.
W. H. Wharton, Waterloo, S. C.
J. R. BLAKE,
Greenwood, S. C.
January 1, 1920.
Attorney at Law
Office in the
ADDISON LAW BUILDING
FOR SALE: In car lots ONLY,
North Carolina Seed Peanuts and
Small White Spanish! All well selec
G off-Hutchison Mere. Co.,
yfe have the
TO FARMERS who know the value of
their Fertilizer, we announce that v?
ample supply* of fish scrap to meet al]
want the genuine, original Fish Scrap Fertiii
The Fertilizer That
Fish Scrap Fame
F. S. ROYSTER GUANO C(
Norfolk, Va. Richmond, Va. Lynchburg, Va
Charlotte, N. C. Washington, N. C. Columbia, S. i
Atlanta, Ga. Macon, Ga. Columbus, Ga. W
Baltimore, Md. Toledo, Ohi<
Can you be
How long will
Will it Cost?
I treat successfully:
PILES. Without operation, pain
or loss of time.
STOMACH, KIDNEY, BLADDER, SKIN
DISEASES AND NERVOUS TROUBLES
Dr. P. J. O'Neill
Carolina National Bank Building
COLUMBIA, S. C.
Special effort made to avoid delay in
BARRETT & COMPANY
LARGE STOCK OF
JEWELRY TO SELECT FROM
We invite our Edgefield friends to visit our store when in Ac
gusta. We have the largest stock of
of all kinds that we have ever shown. It will be a pleasure to
show you through our stock. Every department is constantly re
plenished1 with the newest designs.
We call attention to our repairing department, which has every
improvement. Your watch or clock made as good as new.
A. J. KENKL
980 BROAD ST.
fish and want it in
re have laid in an
I demands. If you
zer, insist on
. Tarboro, N. C.
C. Spartanburg, S. C.
Buy now and be prepared for the
early planting of
(Crimson and White)
! Onion Sets Lawn Grassea
and all other seeds
COLUMBIA, S. C.
If you anticipate the erection of
Marble or Granite Monument,
Marker or Headstone, it will be to
your interest to consult us. .
Large assortment of finished mon
uments on hand ready for lettering.
Workmanship and materials first
class. Prices reasonable.
S. R. KELLY & SON
9th and Fenwick Sta., Augusta, Ga.
One Block South Union Sta.
On and after February 1st, 1920,
we will discontinue buying cotton at
GRANITEVILLE MFG. CO.