Newspaper Page Text
Treaty of Versailles Fails
Washington, March 19.
Treaty of Versailles failed of ra
cation for the fourth time ton
and then the senate voted to ser
back to President. Wilson wit
notification that it had finally
fused to advise and consent tc
On the decisive roll call the 1
was 49 for ratification to 35 agai
the opposition numbering in its ra
20 Democrats who were unwilling
see the treaty go through with
Republican reservations objected
the president and three Democr
and 12 Republican irreconcilab
Twenty-one Democrats quit the p
ident's lead and voted for ratif
tion but the defection failed by se
votes of providing the two-thirds
quisite to ratify.
The result was regarded eve
where at the capitol as having
over into the political campaign
decision the long and bitter fight
tween the chief executive and
senate majority. A move to recon:
er the vote and try once more to r?
fy collapsed in its inception, lead
on both sides agreeing that furt
ratification efforts would he a wa
of time as long as the senate mc
bership remains as it is.
Whether the president would
turn the treaty to the senate rema
-ed undetermined but the Repul
-cans served notice that if he did
would repose for many weeks
.come in a committee pigeon hole,
the vote of 49 to 35 by which the si
ate washed its hands of the subji
and sent the treaty to the Wh
House, the Republican leaders I
the support of the mild reservat?
ists as well as the irreconcilables
their party, while the Democrats v
.ed almost solidly in opposition.
Another Fight Coming.
The next step planned by the s(
ate majority is a declaration of
state of peace to relieve the nati
of the war status which the Den
crats maintain can be ended only
the treaty's ratification. A fight
that proposal probably will beg
when the senate reconvenes Mond?
The roll call on ratification cai
four months, almost to the hour,, i
ter the failure of the three attemi
at ratification on November 19. (
that occasion the greatest streng
developed for ratification with t
Republican reservations was 41 vot
only seven Democrats voting with t
Republicans in the affirmative. T
"vote again was 51, made up of '.
Republicans and 38 Democrats. T
night's call follows:
For the reservation: Republicans
Ball, Calder, Capper, Colt, Curt
Dillingham, Edge, Elkins, Frelin
huysen, Hale, Jones of W?shi?gto
Kellogg, Kenyon, Keyes, Leiiroc
Lodge, McLean, McNary, New, Pag
Phipps, Smoot, Spencer, Sterlin
Sutherland, Wadsworth, Warre
Watson and Wolcott-29.
Chamberlain, Fletcher, Gore, Hei
?derson, Kendrick, King, Myers, Ni
gent, Owen, Phelan, Pittman, Pome:
'ene, Ransdell, Smith, of Georgi;
Smith of Maryland, Trammell, Wals
of Massachusetts and Waist of Mor
Total for ratification-49.
Against: Republicans - Bora?
Brandegee, Fernald, France, Gronnz
Johnson of California, Knox, La Fol
lette, McCormick, Moses, Norris an
Democrats - Comer, Culbersor
Dial, Gay, Glass, Harris, Harrison
Hitchcock, Johnson of South Dakota
Kirby, McKellar, Overman, Reed
Robnison, Sheppard, Shields, Sim
mons, Smith of. South Carolina, Stan
ley, Swanson, Thomas, Underwood
Seven Hours of Debate.
In seven hours of debate preced
ing the vote, Republican leaders de
dared themselves ready to take th<
issue to the people. From the Demo
eratic side several senators bitterly
assailed the president for his stanc
and declared the administratior
could not afford to carry the issue a:
it presented itself today in the cam
paign. There was no reply from those
who opposed ratification. Irreconcil
ables and administration Democrats
alike remained silent in the confi
dence that they were in control oi
After the roll call the mild reserva
tion Republicans joined with the
Democrats to set the parliamentary
stage for a reconsideration that
would permit another vote on ratifi
cation, but the effort soon was aban
doned. Compromise Democrats advis
ed the Republicans that they thought
it futile to try to change seven more
Democratic votes. The motion to re
consider, made by Senator Robinson,
Democrat of Arkansas, finally was
thrown out on a point of order and
no appeal was taken.
The lineup of the entire senate to
day was 57 for ratification to 39
'against, including members paired.
?Four months ago the total alignment
'was 42 for ratification and 53 against
with one seat vacant.
Eighteen Democrats today chang
ed from their position of November
119. Seventeen who then voted against
ratification favored it today, while
one, Senator Shields, of Tennessee,
j who voted for ratification November
?19, and since has become known as
jan "irreconcilable," today voted
Of the Democrats who switched to
support the treaty, 15 voted for rat
ification and two additional, Sena
tors Gerry of Rhode Island and
Jones of New Mexico paired for rat
ification. The 15 were: Ashurst,
Beckham, Chamberlain, Fletcher,
I Henderson, Kendrick, King, Nugent,
Phelan, Pittman, Ransdell, Smith of
Maryland, Tammell, Walsh of Mon
tana and Wolcott.
"Bitter Enders" Remain.
In the Republican ranks the "irre
concilables" gained but one new ad
herent, Senator Penrose of Pennsyl
vania, who voted for ratification four
months ago but today was paired as
an opponent of the treaty. Twelve
Republican "bitter enders"-Borah,
Brandegee, Fernald, France, Gronna,
Johnson (California), Knox, La
Follette, McCormick, Moses, Norris,
and Sherman-voted today as they
did four months ago, against ratifi
cation, while three others, Penrose,
(Fall, (New Mexico) and Poindexter,
.were paired today in opposition. On
November 19, Senator Poindexter
voted in opposition, while Senator
Fall was not present, but his oppo
sition was announced.
In sending the treaty back to the
president the senate acted on the mo
tion of Senator Lodge of Massachu
setts, the Republican leader, who de
clared that to bring the question of
ratification 'before the senate would
be a waste of time and delay public
business. The Democratic leader,
Hitchcock, pleaded that the action be
'withheld ,for a few days "because
there always is a chance of action."
He added that if a reasonable delay
brought no prospect of ratification,
the move of the Republican leader
'might be concurred in with virtual
j unanimity. Senator Hitchcock also
objected to a request by Senator
Lodge for unanimous consent to take
'another vote on ratification tonight,
made after Senator Robinson's re
consideration motion had been ruled
'out. Just before the senate adjourned
Senator Knox moved to take up his
resolution declaring a state of peace.
The attempt will be renewed Monday
under present plans, and the Repub
lican leaders expect the resolution,
'or some similar measureto De adopt
ed. President Wilson has Indicated
his opposition to such a course, how
'ever, and should he veto a peace de
1 clafHfcion the leaders are uncertain
j whether tit?y could muster the neces
sary two-thirds of both senate and
j house to repass it. The Knox resolu
tion introduced in December provides
for repeal of the declaration of war,
for retention of certain concessions
granted by Germany in signing the
I peace treaty and for a declaration
of the hope of congress that some
tribunal may be created to adjust in
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AGREE TO RETURN
(Continued from page Two)
mittedly false. With the softening
qualifications put in the resolution
was adopted. The statement the stu
dents will be required to sign reads
Oath to Be Taken.
"I hereby affirm that distinctly and
positively I denounce any deliberate
intention to defy the college authori
ties or to rebel against its rules and
regulations by my conduct of March
10, and I subscribe anew to the
pledge given upon my former en
trance into the college, to obey and
abide by its rules and 'regulations."
Throughout the afternoon there
was much consideration of the vari
ous complaints and grievances thus
brought forward and consideration
of the military regulations to enforce
At the outset J. A. Banks, state
senator of Calhoun county, caution
ed action with deliberation, as the
movement was fraught with such
grave possibilities for the future of
the college and the educational wel
fare of the state.
Prof. S. B. Earle, who has been at
Clemson 18 years at the head of the
engineering department and acting
president while President Riggs was
abroad, said everybody at the college,
faculty and. students, were bound
under certain regulations. He wanted
the boys to return. He invited full in
vestigation, but investigation could
only be made where all sides could be
heard and full facts presented. Pres
ident Riggs had asked that the offices
of the president be investigated, and
Commandant J. M. Cummings had
made a similar request. This would
be done at the April meeting of the
Defends Dr. Riggs.
Commandant Cummings occasion
ally took the floor to correct any mis
conception as to the military regula
tions. He also vigorously defended
President Riggs against criticism
which had occasionally crept into the
discussions. The commandant had
worked with President Riggs four
years prior to the war and has been
at Clemson the last session, and the
commandant had never come in con
tact with a more zealous and devoted
man to an institution. The rules and
regulations were specific and the au
thorities at all times were conscien
tious in their efforts to apply them
D. W. Robinson of Columbia sharp
ly criticised the institution's authori
ties, saying the two main troubles at
Clemson were that the food with
which the boys were being fed was
not fit for swine, ?nd a lack of re
spect on th? part of the boya for the
president. Mr. Robinson ?sk?Y Stu
dent G&fkin if he know boya who had
.respect for President Riggs. "No sir,"
was Gaskin'a reply. Mr. Robinson lat
er called on any student to stand up
who had any respect for the presi
dent, but none stood up.
Dr. Summers who was one of the
parents who called the meeting, urg
ed the boys to go back, assuring them
that the parents thoroughly sympa
thized with the view the boys had
taken of the matter and that this ac
tion was only the beginning of the in
terest the parents of the boys would
take in the affairs of the institution.
The resolution was prepared by
Dr. Summers, Senator Banks and Mr.
Derham. A. C. Summers of Columbia
served as secretary of the meeting.
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